Poetry Unit - Tolar High School

8th Grade PLEASE GET YOUR JOURNAL What is Poetry? Poetry is words arranged in a rhythmic pattern with regular accents, like beats in music. Words are carefully selected for sound, accent and meaning in order to express ideas and emotions in an imaginative way.

Types of Poetry Narrative: -tells a story -has a plot, characters, conflict, problem, setting, etc. -Ballad is one example of this poetry

Types of Poetry Lyric: -deals primarily with feelings -is usually, but not always, shorter than a narrative poem Examples: -limerick, sonnet, free verse, blank

verse This term refers to the rhyme pattern in a poem. Schemes are labelled according to their rhyme sounds.

Rhyme Rhythm A musical quality produced by the repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables When you string a lot of words together, you start seeing patterns. Figures of Speech

Simile a comparison is made between two objects which are mostly unlike but resemble each other in some aspect. The comparison always contains the words like or as. Example: The cats fur was as fluffy as cotton. Figures of Speech Metaphor two things are compared without

the use of the words like or as. Example: The ballet dancer was a feather as she danced. Figures of Speech Alliteration the repetition of a consonant sound, usually at the beginning of two or more words. Example: She sells seashells by the seashore.

Figures of Speech Personification a non-human object is given human qualities or characteristics. Example: The sidewalk stretched across the field. Figures of Speech

Onomatopoeia the sounds of word imitate the sound from real life. Example: The bang of the pistol started the race. Figures of Speech Hyperbole great exaggeration is used. Example: There are a million things on my mind!

Blackout Poetry I like to think of blackout poems like those old Word Search puzzles we used to do in elementary school a field of letters with hidden messages to find. -Austin Kleon, word artist

Blackout Poetry Read through your copy of Twas the Night Before Christmas Use the copy of the poem to create a shape that is unique or symbolic to the poem. The words you choose to leave exposed should compose a poem. Use your imagination, make sure it flows and makes sense and is school-appropriate.

Blackout Poetry Dont worry about messing up if you like it its all good! This is supposed to be fun! Scan the poem for an anchor word to build your poem around. Next, look for connecting words. Remember, your poem will be read from left to

right, top to bottom. Dont confuse your reader. Lastly, turn your poem into a work of art illustrate around your words. Blackout Poetry Blackout Poetry Blackout Poetry

Limericks 5 lines Lines 1, 2 and 5 are longer (8-9 syllables) Rhyme with each other Lines 3 and 4 are shorter (5-6 syllables) Rhyme with each other

Main purpose is to amuse Limerick Write this poem down. Label the rhyme pattern at the end of each line. Label how many syllables each line has at

the beginning the line. Cinquain Five line poem Line one has one word which is actually the title. Line two has two words which describe the title. Line three has three words

ending in ing which describe the typical actions of the subject. Line four has a four word phrase describing your reactions to or main impression of the subject. Line 5 has one word which can be a repetition or synonym of line one.

Cinquain Write this poem down. Now label each line and what each one is. Haiku A traditional 3 line Japanese

poem 17 syllables in total 5 syllables in lines 1 and 3 7 syllables in line two Does not rhyme Often deals with nature Usually has contrasts Haiku

Write these poems down. Now label each line and write the syllable count for each line at the end of the line. Sonnet

Follows a very specific pattern 14 lines (10 syllables) The first 8 lines form one group called an octave. The poet uses these to pose a problem or describe a situation. The last 6 lines form another group called a sestet. The poet uses them to answer the problem or provide a conclusion. Shakespeare is one of the most famous sonnet

writers. Sonnet http:// www.pbs.org/shakespeare/edu cators/language/lessonplan.ht ml After Turkey Day, the garbage bags sat;

My dog was tempted by the tasty sight. He tore them open, gorged big, and grew fat, But first he made a mess and caused some blight. He ate some hot sauce and blueberry pies, Then laid around and moaned out loud in pain. I worried in my heart of his demise, And tried to scrub the purple carpet stain. He slowly came around and waddled slow, His belly wide and nearly to the floor.

So sad to see my hungry doggy grow So portly wide, he barely fit his door. He survived, but still he is more than stout. Ive learned. Next time Ill take the garbage out! Shakespeare Sonnet 18 Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate: Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,

And summer's lease hath all too short a date: Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimmed, And every fair from fair sometime declines, By chance, or nature's changing course untrimmed: But thy eternal summer shall not fade, Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st, Nor shall death brag thou wand'rest in his shade, When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st,

So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, So long lives this, and this gives life to thee Shakespeare Sonnet 18 OOOOH Baby I think I shall compare you to a summer day But, you know, you're prettier and even better, even calm Because sometimes it gets windy and the buds on the trees get shaken off And sometimes summer doesn't last very long

Sometimes it's too hot And everything gorgeous loses its looks By getting hit by a truck Or just because everyone and everything gets old and ugly and shabby BUT (and here's the turn) you're going to keep your looks for ever Your beauty will last for ever I'm going to make sure that you never lose your good looks And that nasty old Death can never brag about owning you Because I shall write this poem about you

As long as men can breathe (are you breathing?) As long as men can see (are you looking at this poem?) Then this poem lives, and it gives life and memory to your beauty. Rhyming Activity Rhyme each one of these lines - be mindful of syllables as well. 1. My feet were screaming at me to stop 2. The boxes were piled as high as my head

3. Today is the day the tornado hit 4. Lotion is the best thing for my hands 5. The earthquake left the street in shambles 6. Snow cones make me happy Narrative Poems

A poem that tells a story They can be long or short Has a beginning middle end Can have several different rhyme patterns The Dog and His Boy The dog owned a boy, and one fine day,

They went to the store to buy the boy some treats, The dog walked the boy every single day, The boy and the dog loved one another, Today I wrote this poem, but I'm not sure if it's good. It doesn't have the things my teacher says a poem should.

It doesn't share the feelings I have deep inside of me. It hasn't any metaphors and not one simile. It's missing any narrative. Alliteration too. It isn't an acrostic, diamante, or haiku. There's nothing that's personified.

It doesn't have a plot. I'm pretty sure that rhyming is the only thing it's got. It sure was fun to write it, and I think it's long enough. It's just too bad it's missing all that great poetic stuff. I put it on my teacher's desk and, wow, she made a fuss.

She handed back my poem with an A++++! --Kenn Nesbitt Spoonerism a verbal error in which a speaker accidentally transposes the initial sounds or letters of two or more words, often to humorous effect, as in the sentence you have hissed the mystery lectures,

accidentally spoken instead of the intended sentence https:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=vexdVbSb4K0 Spoonerism Blank Verse Unrhymed

Written in iambic pentameter (5 beats of syllables each per line, unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable) Usually used for serious topics Free Verse Does not try to follow any rigid requirements or obey conventional rules The lines may vary in length from on word to

several.

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