Poetry - robeson.k12.nc.us

Poetry - robeson.k12.nc.us

Types of Poetry What is the difference between Prose and Poetry? What is Prose? Prose is writing or speaking that is done in an ordinary form using sentences and paragraphs. What is Poetry? The word Poetry comes from the ancient

Greek word - poieo - which means I create. Poetry is written in lines or stanzas which may or may not contain complete sentences. Poetry is usually shorter than prose. Words and lines in poetry have more rhythm than prose and there is sometimes rhyme in poetry. Cinquain A five line poem containing 22

syllables Two Syllables Four Syllables Six Syllables Eight Syllables Two Syllables How frail Above the bulk Of crashing water hangs Autumnal, evanescent, wan The moon.

Diamante Poems Line 1: one word (subject/noun that is contrasting to line 7) Line 2: two words (adjectives) that describe line 1 Line 3: three words (action verbs) that relate to line 1 Line 4: four words (nouns) first 2 words relate to line 1; last 2 words relate to line 7 Line 5: three words (action verbs) that relate to line 7 Line 6: two words (adjectives) that describe line 7 Line 7: one word (subject/noun that is contrasting to line 1)

Diamante Poems Example: square symmetrical, conventional shaping, measuring, balancing boxes, rooms, clocks, halos encircling, circumnavigating, enclosing round, continuous circle Haiku

A Haiku is a 3-line, unrhymed nature poem of 17 syllables, divide so that the first and third lines have 5 syllables each and the middle line has 7 syllables. Haiku poetry originated in Japan. An essential element of Haiku is that a season - or something that indicates a specific season - must be mentioned. Haiku A Haiku is a 3-line, unrhymed nature

poem of 17 syllables, divide so that the first and third lines have 5 syllables each and the middle line has 7 syllables. Haiku poetry originated in Japan. An essential element of Haiku is that a season - or something that indicates a specific season - must be mentioned. Tanka The Tanka poem is very similar to haiku but Tanka poems have more syllables and it uses

simile, metaphor and personification. It consists of 5 lines for a total of 31 syllables. The syllables per line are according to the pattern: 5 -7 -5 - 7 - 7 Concrete Poems In concrete poems, the words are arranged to create a picture that relates to the

content of the poem. Poetry Is like Flames, Which are Swift and elusive Dodging realization Sparks, like words on the Paper, leap and dance in the Flickering firelight. The fiery

Tongues, formless and shifting Shapes, tease the imiagination. Yet for those who see, Through their minds Eye, they burn Up the page. Limerick A limerick is a 5-line jingle whose purpose is humor. It usually has an aabba rhyme scheme. With the first, second, and fifth lines either anapestic or amphibrach trimeter, and

the third and fourth lines of anapestic dimeter. There once was a lady from Niger Who smiled as she rode on the tiger. They returned from the ride With the lady inside, And the smile on the face of the tiger! Free Verse Free verse is just what it says it is poetry that is written without proper rules about form, rhyme, rhythm, meter, etc. Free verse poetry is very

conversational - sounds like someone talking with you. A more modern type of poetry. Blank Verse Written in lines of iambic pentameter, but does NOT use end rhyme. Example: Cowards die many times before their deaths; The valiant never taste of death but once. Of all the wonders that I yet have heard, It seems to me most strange that men should fear;

Seeing that death, a necessary end, Will come when it will come. from Julius Caesar Narrative Poetry A poem that tells a story. Generally longer than the lyric styles of poetry b/ c the poet needs to establish

characters and a plot. Examples of Narrative Poems: The Raven The Highwayman Casey at the Bat The Walrus and the Carpenter Epic

An epic is a book-length narrative poem about a single hero or group of people. Examples: Homers Iliad is a epic about the Trogan War Longfellows Evangeline ia another example of an epic Lyric Poetry Lyric poetry is one of the broad divisions of poetry. They are based on the personal thoughts and

feelings of the author. They have a musical quality to them. They include a wide variety of patterns including sonnets, odes, and elegies. Example: "Dreams" "Dream Deferred" by Langston Hughes Shakespearean Sonnet A fourteen line poem with a specific rhyme scheme. The poem is written in

three quatrains and ends with a couplet. The rhyme scheme is abab cdcd efef gg Shall I compare thee to a summers day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate. Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summers lease hath all too short a date. Sometimes too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimmed;

And every fair from fair sometimes declines, By chance or natures changing course untrimmed. But thy eternal summer shall not fade Nor lose possession of that fair thou owst; Nor shall Death brag thou wanderest in his shade, When in eternal lines to time thou growst So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, So long lives this, and this gives life to thee. Sonnets Sonnets use 14 lines to develop a

theme. Each set of 4 lines is called a quatrain and the last pair is a couplet. The 1st quatrain states the theme The 2nd quatrain develops the theme The 3rd quatrain develops the theme or expresses conflict The couplet unifies the whole and provides the climax. Sonnets Examples: Shakespeares

Sonnet XVIII-"Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? or Elizabeth Barret Browning's Sonnet XLIII- How do I love thee? Let me count the ways Ballads A ballads is a type of lyric poem that tells a story about a famous person or event. Originally ballads were written to be sung, like song lyrics.

Ballads usually feature a refrain, which is a repeated phrase or idea. In most cases, ballads contain a specific rhyme pattern (abab or aabb), but may also be arranged in free verse form. Ballads Famous ballads include: Henry Wadsworth Longfellows The Wreck of Hesperus and his Paul Reveres Ride.

Elegy An elegy is a poem of mourning that is written in memory of someone. The mood of an elegy is usually somber. It may have any rhyme scheme, rhythm pattern, or stanza pattern. Example: "O Captain! My Captain!" by Walt Whitman, written for President Abraham Lincoln. Ode

An ode is a lengthy lyrical poem of praise. An ode may have any rhyme scheme, rhythm pattern, or stanza pattern. Examples: Ode to Duty by William Wordsworth To a Skylark by Percy Bysshe Shelley Parody Parody poetry is based on a poem that is well known that mimic of its rhythm, rhyme scheme, or phraseology is immediately recognized. The topic

may be totally different from the original poem or it may have a different view or slant on the same topic. Example: Twas the night before Christmas and all through the flat, Not a creature was stirring, not even a rat.

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