Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development

Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development

Piagets Theory of Cognitive Development Jean Piaget Jean Piaget was a Swiss psychologist Born: 1896 Died: 1980

Studied children and how they learn Piagets Theory Piaget developed a theory of how we, as humans, develop mentally, with the ability to learn

Piaget broke his theory up into four stages Sensorimotor Pre-operational

Concrete operational Formal operational Sensori-Motor Stage (0-2 years)

Sensory contact understanding. The child explores the world surrounding them using its senses Initially sucking/grasping reflex and moving onto reaching for objects out of reach. Object

permanence Major development within this stage. Initially the baby cannot understand a object exists out of

sight. As the baby reaches around 7/8 months a child will begin to understand the object/person still exists when out of sight. Pre-Operational Stage

This is the Second stage of Piagets theory that is broken up into two levels (L1) Preoperational Phase (2-4 years) Egocentric thinking The Im always right syndrome

(L2) Intuitive Phase (4-7 years) Egocentric thinking fades; still errors in logical thought Concrete Operational Occurs between the ages of 7-11 Characterized by appropriate use of logic

Ability to perform multiple classification tasks Order objects in logical sequences Comprehend the principle of conservation Some reversibility possible 3+4=7 and 7-4=3

Formal Operational Ages: 11+ Final stage of Piagets theory Linked to ability of abstract thought Ability to reason logically Ability to use information to draw

appropriate conclusions Puberty occurs during this stage Ability to understand terms such as: love, shades of gray, and values Quick Review

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