Periodic Table - Fcps

Periodic Table - Fcps

PERIODIC TABLE Groups Periods Dmitri Mendeleev Moseley Alkali metals Alkaline earth halogens

Dmitri Mendeleev

Noble gases Light metals Transition metals

Metalloids Lanthanide series Actinide series Harry Potter elements Henry Moseley

Metals Nonmetals Good . Poor

Metal nonmetal Good conductor of heat and electricity

Malleable Ductile Form + ions Metallic bonding Shiney(metallic lustre) Left side Solid and gray

Poor conductor Brittle

Form ions Covalent bonding Dull Right side All colors and phases

Periodic trends atomic radii (size) Atomic radii (size of atoms) Same trend for metallic character. ION SIZES

Activity Metals nonmetals F o

increase Fr increase

Octet Rule Every atom wants to obtain a full outer shell of electrons. Usually 8 To be more stable. Oxidation number

The charge on an atoms after it gains or loses electrons to gain a full outer shell of electrons. OXIDATION NUMBERS Group

GROUP IA GROUP IIA GROUP IIIA GROUP IVA GROUP VA GROUP VIA GROUP VIIA

GROUP VIIIA OX. NO. VALENCE e

+1 +2 +3

+/-4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2

3 4 5 6 7 8

Ion sizes Na Na+ Metals

smaller lose electrons positive Cl ClNonmetals larger gain electrons

negative Warm-up

Tell what group(s) the following are in. Halogens

Noble gases Alkaline earth metals Lanthanide Series Transition metals Metalliods Alkali metals

Oxidation number warm up Find the oxidation number and number of valence electrons.

Ba Ca Zn

F Fr B He DIAGONAL RULE

Models of atoms Dalton J J Thomson plum pudding model

Cathode ray tube Millikan Oil Drop Experiment http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=XMfYHag7Liw Rutherfords experiment

http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=_uEFKG122dA

New Zealand currency Ed Hillary,

Kate Sheppard, QEII, Apirana Ngata, Ernest Rutherford - Bohr model

Schrdinger modeldinger model Shells or energy levels

1st shell can hold 2e2nd shell can hold 8e3rd shell can hold 18e4th shell can hold 32e- Subshellss p d f

s subshell can hold 2ep subshell can hold 6ed subshell can hold 10ef subshell can hold 14e-

1st shell can have one s 2e2nd shell can have s and p 2 + 6 = 8e3rd shell can have s, p, d 2 + 6 + 10 = 18e4th shell can have s, p, d, f 2+6+10+14=32e- Diagonal Rule

Sections on the periodic table

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