Chapter 5: Making Inferences Regardless of what your

Chapter 5: Making Inferences Regardless of what your

Chapter 5: Making Inferences Regardless of what your situation is, there is always the possibility of improvement. 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers In this chapter you will

learn how to: Make inferences from facts and written material. Analyze the process of making inferences. 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers

What is an inference? An inference is a reasoned guess based on the facts on hand. 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers How to Make Inferences Understand the literal meaning.

Notice details. Add up the facts. Be alert to clues. Consider the authors purpose. Verify your inference. 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers Examples of Inferences When you figure out why someone

doesnt want to go out with you. When your mom uses that tone of voice with you, you know how shes feeling. When someone gives you that look and you understand what they mean. 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers

Understand the Literal Meaning Step 1: Find the: topic main idea pattern of organization 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers

Notice Details Step 2: Notice clues: What is unusual or striking about this piece of information? Why is it included here? 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers

Add Up the Facts Step 3: Notice facts (details): What is the writer trying to suggest from this set of facts? What do all these facts and ideas seem to point toward or add up to? Why did the author include these facts and details? 2005 Pearson Education Inc.,

publishing as Longman Publishers Be Alert to Clues Word choices Details included and omitted Ideas emphasized Direct commentary 2005 Pearson Education Inc.,

publishing as Longman Publishers Consider the Authors Purpose Step 4: Ask why the author wrote this: . Knowledge of the authors purpose helps the reader make inferences 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman

Publishers Verify Your Inference Step 5: Verify inferences: Check accuracy of inferences. Check stated facts for sufficient evidence. Check for overlooked inferences. 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers

Practices Practice #4 p. 105 (#1-3) Practice #5 pp. 105-107 (#1-3) 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers U-Review p. 1 What is the first step to making inferences?

What questions should you ask when looking at the details? What kind of clues should you look for in the details? 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers

U-Review p. 2 Which of these will help you to make valid inferences? a. vocabulary in context b. authors purpose c. recognizing opinions What should you do when you think you have made a correct inference?

2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers U-Review p. 3 What is the difference between an inference and an assumption? What is an invalid inference? 2005 Pearson Education Inc.,

publishing as Longman Publishers Visit the Companion Website http://www.ablongman.com/mcwhorter 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers

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