Moisture Barriers

Moisture Barriers

WEATHERIZATION INSTALLER/TECHNICIAN FUNDAMENTALS Moisture Barriers WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM July 2012 1 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM July 2012 eere.energy.gov Learning Objectives MOISTURE BARRIERS By attending this session, participants will be able to: Identify symptoms of moisture problems in houses. Name sources of moisture.

State moisture terms and concepts. List moisture tools and their functions. Demonstrate moisture barrier installation. Describe roof repair techniques. (Continued on next slide) 2 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM July 2012 eere.energy.gov Learning Objectives MOISTURE BARRIERS By attending this session, participants will be able to: Identify flashing locations. State basement and crawl space retrofit options as related to

moisture issues. Identify techniques for basement and crawl space retrofits. Demonstrate moisture assessment logic, and list various moisture control strategies. 3 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM July 2012 eere.energy.gov Symptom #1 MOISTURE BARRIERS Excessive window condensation Photo courtesy of PA WTC

4 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM July 2012 eere.energy.gov Symptom #2 MOISTURE BARRIERS Frost on underside of roof sheathing Photo courtesy of PA WTC 5 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM July 2012 eere.energy.gov Moisture Sources

MOISTURE BARRIERS Foundations Unvented space heaters Unvented dryers Disconnected ventilation fans Drying wood indoors Excessive mechanical or passive humidification Photo courtesy of PA WTC

These water stains are a result of fan venting into the attic. 6 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM July 2012 eere.energy.gov Sources of Water Vapor MOISTURE BARRIERS 7 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM July 2012 eere.energy.gov Important Terms and Concepts MOISTURE BARRIERS

Condensation: Water vapor transformed to liquid water. Evaporation: Liquid water transformed to water vapor. Absolute Humidity (vapor pressure): The ratio of water vapor to a given volume of air. Relative Humidity (RH): The ratio of the amount of moisture in the air compared to amount of moisture that the air can hold. Dew Point: The temperature at which condensation occurs. 8 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM July 2012 eere.energy.gov RH: Things to Remember MOISTURE BARRIERS Warm, wet air contacting cold surfaces creates condensation

instantly. Cold winter air typically contains very little moisture and therefore has a low RH. When that air is heated, the RH drops even lower. RH below 15% can lead to respiratory problems, failure of furniture glue, and other problems. 9 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM July 2012 eere.energy.gov Moisture Meters MOISTURE BARRIERS Photos courtesy of PA WTC

10 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM July 2012 eere.energy.gov Roof Flashing Locations MOISTURE BARRIERS Valleys and roof edges are important locations for proper flashing. Photo courtesy of www.stewartroofing.com 11 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM July 2012 eere.energy.gov Vent Installation

MOISTURE BARRIERS Cut hole to fit; test fit vent. Caulk edges of hole where flange will sit. Slide vent into place under shingles. Seal and nail. Photo courtesy of the US Department of Energy 12 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM July 2012 eere.energy.gov

Chimney Flashing MOISTURE BARRIERS Stepped flashing, combined with effective overflashing, protects the chimney penetration from moisture intrusion. Photo courtesy of www.stewartroofing.com. 13 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM July 2012 eere.energy.gov

Mobile Home Roof Repair #1 MOISTURE BARRIERS Photos courtesy of PA WTC Bend the roof flap down and overlap the seams with a precut piece of galvanized metal roofing. Back-caulk the patch with high-temperature silicone caulk, and attach with hex head screws set every 2 inches.

14 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM July 2012 eere.energy.gov Mobile Home Roof Repair #2 MOISTURE BARRIERS Photos courtesy of PA WTC Cover with two coats of elastomeric roof coating over fiberglass mesh 15 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM July 2012 eere.energy.gov Visual Assessment Exterior

MOISTURE BARRIERS Driveway back A Driveway slopes back A disconnected disconnected downspout downspout Waterslopes Mismanagement into causes into foundation,

foundation, carrying carrying causes water water to to pour pour down down moisture walls moisture there. there. walls during during weather weather events. events.

Photos courtesy of PA Weatherization Training Center Basement moisture problems may be traced back to poor exterior drainage. 16 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM July 2012 eere.energy.gov Foundation Moisture Issues MOISTURE BARRIERS Foundation spaces account for the vast majority of moisture and indoor air quality (IAQ) issues in houses. Standing water is often caused by poor exterior or interior drainage. Many homes dont have sump

systems; many homes have sump systems that dont work. Condensation on cool surfaces during warm, humid periods can cause moisture problems. Saturated building and cellulosebased materials lead to mold problems. Resolve all major moisture issues before weatherizing a home. Photo courtesy of the US Department of Energy Whats the difference between a basement and a pond? Sometimes very little. 17 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM July 2012

eere.energy.gov Photo courtesy of PA WTC 18 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM July 2012 eere.energy.gov Crawl Space Condensation MOISTURE BARRIERS Symptoms Wet wood

Condensation on foundation surfaces Possible Reasons High ground moisture source Warm humid air entering vents from outside Photo courtesy of PA WTC

Crawl space surfaces are below the dew point or mold threshold of the outside air Water droplets of condensation on AC ducts 19 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM July 2012 eere.energy.gov Control Strategies MOISTURE BARRIERS

Install a ground vapor retarder. Control moisture sources and remove susceptible materials. Consider converting to a conditioned crawl space. 20 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM July 2012 eere.energy.gov Photo courtesy of INCAP 21 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM July 2012 eere.energy.gov

Basements and Crawlspaces Photo courtesy of INCAP 22 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM July 2012 eere.energy.gov Attic Case Study #1 MOISTURE BARRIERS Floored Attic and First Condensing Surface Photo courtesy of PA WTC 23 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM July 2012

eere.energy.gov Attic Case Study #2 MOISTURE BARRIERS Symptoms Condensation or mold growth on attic surfaces (rafters, sheathing or underside of flooring) Possible Reasons Moderate to high interior moisture source Attic surface temps are below the dew point of the indoor air Air leaks to attic Control Strategies

Source control Air seal the attic 24 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM July 2012 eere.energy.gov Crawl Space Case Study #1 MOISTURE BARRIERS Water Droplets of Condensation on A/C Ducts Photo courtesy of PA WTC 25 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM July 2012 eere.energy.gov

Crawl Space Case Study #2 MOISTURE BARRIERS Symptoms Wet wood Condensation on foundation surfaces Possible Reasons High ground moisture source Warm humid air entering vents from outside Crawl space surfaces are below the dew point of the outside air Conditioned crawlspace with air sealed and insulated walls

Control Strategies Photo courtesy of INCAP Install a ground vapor retarder. Control moisture sources and remove susceptible materials. Consider converting to a conditioned crawl space. 26 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM July 2012 eere.energy.gov Summary MOISTURE BARRIERS Identifying the source of moisture should inform moisture

solutions. Understanding the effects of temperature and vapor pressure on RH can help identify solutions. Source control, air sealing, ventilation, and thermal improvements are important moisture mitigation strategies. Photos and diagnostic equipment help document existing conditions. Follow proper installation guidelines for moisture barriers and roof repair. 27 | WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM STANDARDIZED CURRICULUM July 2012 eere.energy.gov

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • MGMT303: Tutoring Week One Nov '18

    MGMT303: Tutoring Week One Nov '18

    IKEA: To create a better everyday life for the many people. ... Running Head- SWOT ANALYSIS-Company Name. Page number in the upper right. Name, School, Professor, and Name of assignment (centered) Abstract (If your professor requires it).
  • Effects of Molecular Orientation and Annealing on Optical ...

    Effects of Molecular Orientation and Annealing on Optical ...

    EFFECTS OF MOLECULAR ORIENTATION AND ANNEALING ON OPTICAL ABSORBTION OF ORIENTED PET POLYMER By Montaser Daraghmeh 1.1 Definition Polymers 1.2 Crystalline and Amorphous Polymers EFFECTS OF MOLECULAR ORIENTATION AND ANNEALING ON OPTICAL ABSORBTION OF ORIENTED PET POLYMER By Montaser Daraghmeh...
  • Industrial Enginnering Dep, Sharif University of Technology

    Industrial Enginnering Dep, Sharif University of Technology

    International Campus - Kish, Sharif University of Technology. PM (Project Management), Session#7. 6.2 TIME ROBBERS. The most challenging problem facing the project manager is his inability to say no. Consider the situation in which an employee comes into your office...
  • Watch, Think, Color!

    Watch, Think, Color!

    How to play this game: Students each get a hundreds chart. There are two slides with hundreds charts you can print. They watch the board, think about the number, and color the space indicated.
  • Fotos para la historia - erdei

    Fotos para la historia - erdei

    1938. Átkelöhely a Mexikói Tijuana És a kaliforniai San Ysidro között, mely késöbb a világ legforgalmasabb HATÁRátkelöjévé vált. (Megjegyzendö, hogy az amerikaiak már akkor kerítést és falak építettek). 1943. NOVEMBER 28. SzTáLIN, ROOSeVELT és CHURCHILL A TEHERÁNI KONFERENCIán. 1944. JÚNIus...
  • Financial Accounting and Accounting Standards

    Financial Accounting and Accounting Standards

    Contrast the accounting for stock warrants and for stock warrants issued with other securities. LEARNING OBJECTIVES. Describe the accounting and reporting for stock compensation plans. Compute basic earnings per share. Compute diluted earnings per share. After studying this chapter, you...
  • Bellringers - Moore Public Schools

    Bellringers - Moore Public Schools

    Tuesday, May 15 fraction, fragment, fracture . gracious, grateful, gratuity . reflection, deflect, reflex . Circle the Latin root used in each of the
  • UNCLASSIFIED Global Household Goods Industry Day 19 February

    UNCLASSIFIED Global Household Goods Industry Day 19 February

    -Link and FAQs for login.gov are accessible from the SAM page. Doing Business with the Government. Select "Getting Started". Statutory Requirement of the Small Business Act {15 U.S.C. 637(d)} Requirement for Other Than Small Business Concern (LB)