Medical Terminology Abbreviations - Perry Local

Medical Terminology Abbreviations - Perry Local

Medical Terminology Abbreviations

Miscellaneous Abbreviations Used

In the Health Care Field

a.c.

Before meals (ante cibum)

ADL

Activities of daily living

b.i.d.

Twice a day (bis in die) _

c

with

CCU

Coronary care unit DOA

Dead on arrival

DOB

Date of birth

DRG

Diagnosis-related group

Dx

Diagnosis

ECF Extended-care facility

ER

Emergency room

FH

Family history

h/o

History of

HPI

History of present illness h.s.

At bedtime (hora somni)

hx

history

OR

Operating room

p.o.

By mouth (per os)

PH Past history

p/o; postop

Post operative

preop

Pre operative

p.r.n.

As required (pro re nata)

PTA

Prior to admission q

Each; every

qam

Every morning

qd

Every day (quaque die)

qhs

Each bedtime (quaque hora somni)

qid

Four times daily (quarter in die)

qod

Every other day

r/o

Rule out

ROS

Review of symptoms

Rx Treatment; therapy;

prescription

_ s

without

stat

Immediately

tid

3 times daily (ter in die)

TPR Temperature pulse

respiration

Tx

Traction; treatment

VS Vital signs

y/o

Year old

Abbreviations

Associated With the Digestive System

abd

abdomen

BaE

Barium enema BMR

Basal metabolic rate

DM

Diabetes mellitus

GI

gastrointestinal

IBD

Inflammatory bowel disease

LFTs

Liver function tests

NG tube

Nasogastric tube

NPO Nothing by mouth

(nulla per os)

TPN

Total parenteral nutrition

UGI Upper gastrointestinal

Abbreviations

Associated With the Urinary System

ARF

Acute renal failure

BUN

Blood urea nitrogen

CRF

Chronic renal failure C&S

Culture and sensitivity

cysto

Cystoscopic examination

IVP

Intravenous pyelogram

HD

hemodialysis

KUB Kidney, ureter, bladder

pH

Symbol for degree of

acidity or alkalinity

sp. gr. Specific gravity

U/A

urinalysis

UTI

Urinary tract infection

Abbreviations Associated With the

Female Reproductive

System

ab abortion

C-section; CS

Cesarean section

CVS

Chronic villus sampling

D&C

Dilation and curettage

ERT

Estrogen replacement therapy

Grav (1, 2, 3, etc.)

Number of pregnancies

GYN

gynecology

HCG, hCG

Human chorionic gonadotropin

IUD

Intrauterine device

IVF

In vitro fertilization (vitre/o = glass)

LMP

Last menstrual period

NB

newborn

OB

obstetrics Para

(1, 2, 3, etc.)

Numbers of live births

Pap smear

Papanicolaous smear PID

Pelvic inflammatory

disease

PMS

Premenstrual syndrome STDs

Sexually transmitted

diseases

Abbreviations Associated With the

Male Reproductive System

BPH

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (hypertrophy)

GC

genitourinary

PSA

Prostate specific antigen

TUR, TURP

Transurethral resection of prostate

VDRL

Venereal disease research lab

HSV

Herpes simplex virus

Abbreviations Associated With the

Nervous System

Ach

acetylcholine AD

Alzheimer disease

ALS

Amyotrophic lateral

sclerosis ANS

Autonomic nervous system

CNS

Central nervous system

CSF

Cerebrospinal fluid

CP

Cerebral palsy

CVA Cerebrovascular accident

EEG

electroencephalogram

HD

Huntington disease

LP

Lumbar puncture

MS

multiple sclerosis TIA

transient ischemic attack

Abbreviations

Associated With The Cardiovascular

System ASHD

arteriosclerotic heart

disease

A-V

atrioventricular BP

blood pressure

CABG

coronary artery bypass

graft CAD

coronary artery disease

CHF

congestive heart failure

CPK

creatine phosphokinase

ECG; EKG

electrocardiogram

HDL high-density lipoprotein

LDH

lactate dehydrogenase

LDL

low-density lipoprotein

MI

myocardial infarction

MVP

mitral valve prolapse PAC

PVC

premature ventricular

contraction

S-A node sinoatrial node

tPA

tissue plasminogen

activator

troponin T protein in cardiac

muscle cells

VLDL

very-low-density lipoprotein

Abbreviations Associated With

The Respiratory System

ABG

arterial blood gases

AFB

acid-fast bacilli

ARDS

acute respiratory distress syndrome

CF

cystic fibrosis

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

CPR

cardiopulmonary resusicitation

DOE

dyspnea on exertion

RDS

respiratory distress syndrome

PCP

pneumocystis carinii

pneumonia PPD

purified protein derivative

SOB

shortness of breath

TB

tuberculosis

URI

upper respiratory infection

Abbreviations Associated With The Blood System

ABO

three main blood groups

bld.

blood

CBC

complete blood count

ESR; sed rate

erythrocyte sedimentation rate

Hb; Hgb

hemoglobin

Hct

hematocrit H&H

hemoglobin and

hematocrit

MCH

mean corpuscular hemoglobin

MCHC

mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration

MCV

mean corpuscular volume

PT

prothrombin

PTT

partial thromboplastin time

RBC

red blood cell count

WBC

white blood cell count Abbreviations

Associated With The Lymphatic and

Immune Systems

AIDS

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

ELISA

enzyme-linked

immunosorbent assay

HIV Human

immunodeficiency virus

HSV

herpes simplex virus

lgA, lgD, lgE, lgG, lgM

immunoglobins

KS

Kaposi sarcoma

NK natural killer cells

PCP

pneuomocystis

carinii pneumonia

T4 helper T cell lymphocyte

T8

cytoxic or killer

T cell lymphocyte

Abbreviations Associated With The Musculoskeletal

System

C1, C2, etc.

cervical vertebrae

Ca calcium

EMG

electromyography

Fx

fracture

IM

intramuscular

Inj.

injection jt

joint

L1, L2, etc.

lumbar vertebrae

Ortho.

orthopedics

ROM

range of motion

T1, T2, etc. thoracic vertebrae

Abbreviations

Associated With The Skin

bx

biopsy

Derm.

dermatology

subcu; subq

subcutaneous Abbreviations

Associated With The Sense Organs:

Eye and Ear

D

diopter (lens strength) Em

emmetropia

(normal vision)

OD

right eye Ophth.

ophthalmology

OS

left eye

OU

each eye

PERRLA

pupils equal, round, react to light and accomodation

VA

visual acuity

VF

visual field

AC air conduction

AD

right ear

AS

left ear

BC

bone conduction

EENT

eyes, ears, nose, throat ENT

ear, nose, throat

Oto

otology

Abbreviations Associated With

The Endocrine System

ACTH

adrenocorticotropic

hormone ADH

antidiuretic hormone

(vasopressin)

BMR

basal metabolic rate FSH

follicle-stimulating

hormone

GH

growth hormone IDDM

Insulin-dependent

diabetes mellitus; Type 1 diabetes

LH

lutenizing hormone

MSH

melanocyte-stimulating hormone

NIDDM

non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus; Type 2

diabetes

PRL

prolactin

PTH parathyroid hormone

RIA

radioimmunoassay;

measure hormones in blood

T3

triiodothyronine

T4

thyroxine

TSH thyroid-stimulating

hormone

Abbreviations Associated With

Oncology

bx biopsy

Ca

cancer

CIS

carcinoma in situ

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid

mets

metastases Path.

pathology

TNM

tumor, nodes, metastases

Abbreviations Associated With

Radiology, nuclear Medicine, and

Radiation Therapy

AP

anteroposterior CAT

computerized

axial tomography

CT

computed tomography CXR

chest x-ray

DSA

digital

subtraction angiography LAT

lateral

MRI

magnetic

resonance imaging NMR

nuclear

magnetic resonance

PA

posteroanterior PET

positron emission

tomography

SPECT

Single-photon emission computed tomography

Abbreviations Associated With

Psychiatry

ADHD

attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

DT

delirium tremens

ECT

electroconclusive therapy IQ

intelligence quotient

MMPI

Minnesota Multiphasic

Personality Inventory psy; psych

psychiatry

SAD

seasonal affective disorder

TAT

thematic apperception test

WAIS

Wechsler adult intelligence scale

WISC

Werchsler intelligence scale for children

Abbreviations

Associated With A Medical Laboratory

ABG

arterial blood gases

AFP

alpha-fetoprotein

ALP alkaline phosphatase

ALT (SGPT)

enzyme test for

liver function

AST (SGOT) enzyme test for

liver function

ANA

antinuclear antibody

BUN blood urea nitogen

FBS

fasting blood sugar

GTT

glucose tolerance test

PaCO2; pCO2

partial pressure of carbon dioxide

PaO2; pO2

partial pressure of oxygen

CPK

enzyme test for

cardiac damage

LDH enzyme test for

cardiac damage

Ca++

calcium

CI chlorine

HCO3

bicarbonate

K+

kalium, latin for potassium

Na

+

natrium, latin for sodium

P phosphorus

PKU

phenylketonuria

troponin T

protein test for cardiac damage

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