Management of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus ...
Management of MethicillinResistant Staphylococcus Aureus Keratitis in Postsurgical Patients: Two Case Reports Sujata P. Prabhu, MD and Timothy Y. Chou, MD Department of Ophthalmology SUNY at Stony Brook Stony Brook, New York, USA The authors have no financial interest in the subject matter of this poster Purpose To describe the clinical course and
treatment regimen of two patients with prolonged Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) keratitis after cataract surgery and penetrating keratoplasty. Background
Reports of MRSA-related ocular infections have been increasing in recent years. Several case series detail MRSA infections after refractive and cataract surgery1-5. Chiang and Rapuano describe one case and Cosar et al report 2 cases of MRSA-related corneal infection after cataract extraction. The first case resolved after 60 days and time to resolution was 108 days in the second.4-5 No ideal treatment regimen for MRSA-related corneal infections has been determined. Methods
The medical records of two patients with MRSA keratitis, one after clear corneal cataract surgery and the other after penetrating keratoplasty, were retrospectively reviewed. Data extraction included age, sex, medical history and risk factors for infection, eye culture results and antibiotic sensitivities, and treatment regimen. Results Case 1
52 year old with male with multiple medical problems including uncontrolled type 1 diabetes for 40 years who underwent cataract extraction of the right eye. MRSA keratitis occurred 5 days after cataract extraction associated with
endophthalmitis (Figure 1). Duration of keratitis was 3 months. Figure 1. Slit lamp photo on post-operative day 10 showing keratitis and endophthalmitis. Arrow points to infiltrate at paracentesis incision site. Results Case 2
75 year old white female with multiple myeloma with history of cataract extraction of the right eye complicated by corneal ulcer and endophthalmitis. She later underwent penetrating keratoplasty in the right eye for central corneal scar. Diagnosis of MRSA keratitis was made 1.75 years after PK associated with suture abscess (Figure 2). Duration of keratitis was 1.5 months. Figure 2. Slit lamp photo showing MRSA infiltrate and ulcer.
Results Treatment in both cases included topical fortified vancomycin (50 mg/ml), fortified bacitracin (3000 U/ml), and oral doxycycline to reduce corneal collagenase activity. Eradication of MRSA colonization was done with mupirocin ointment applied
twice daily to the nares for 5 days and bathing with chlorhexidine gluconate 4% soap. Conclusion We describe the successful treatment of two cases of MRSA keratitis using topical fortified vancomycin, fortified bacitracin, and oral doxycycline. Nasal mupirocin and chlorhexidine gluconate 4% soap baths to reduce MRSA colonization may be a useful adjunct to treatment.
Conclusion Possible risk factors for infection include an immunocompromised state in both cases due to poorly controlled diabetes mellitus in case 1 and multiple myeloma in case 2. MRSA-related keratitis may require prolonged treatment for complete resolution.
References 1. Solomon R, Donnenfeld ED, Perry HD, et al. Methicillinresistant Staphylococcus aureus infectious keratitis following refractive surgery. Am J Ophthalmol 2007; 143: 629634. 2. Rubinfeld RS, Negvesky GJ. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ulcerative keratitis after laser in situ keratomileusis. J Cataract Refract Surg 2001; 27: 15231525. 3. Rudd JC, Moshirfar M. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus keratitis after laser in situ keratomileusis. J Cataract Refract Surg 2001; 27: 471 473. 4. Chiang R and Rapuano C. Recurrent methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus wound ulcer after clear-cornea cataract surgery. The CLAO Journal 2002; 28(3): 109-110. 5. Cosar C, Cohen E, and Rapuano C, et al. Clear corneal
wound infection after phacoemulsification. Arch Ophthalmol 2001; 119: 1755-1759.
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