Kinesthetic Sculpture Kinesthetic Sculpture Three dimensional artworks that possess parts designed to move either by internal mechanism such as motor or by outside force such as wind or light
First example of kinetic sculpture is History credited as The Bicycle by Marcel Duchamp Born in Normandy France in 1887 Initially worked in style of post impressionists and then Cubism His painting Nude Descending a Staircase was in Cubist style, but not the analytical style that locked a subject in placehis painting was moving
Not accepted at first, then sparked interest in NY His readymades , sculptures created from mass produced industrialized products, pushed the boundaries of what we considered art Considered one of the most influential artists of the 20th century Literature at the time: Ubu Roi Died in 1968 rotoreliefs: http://www.aqualoop.com/aqua_sound/delia/d_corolles.html Marcel Duchamp Nude Descending a Staircase (No. 2),
1912 Marcel Duchamp (French, 18871968) Oil on canvas works Marcel Duchamp, "Fountain," photo by Alfred Stieglitz *Born in Naum Pevsner in Russia in 1890 *Older brother Antione = sculptor
*Studied Medicine, Natural History and Engineering *Met Wassily Kandinsky in 1913-4 *Moved to Paris & settled with bro *Among artists frequently *War caused him to move to Oslo\ *Began creating his constructions at that time *Took the name Naum Gabo *1917-22 moved to Moscow and collaborated upon Realistic Manifesto: Constructivism philosophy *Moved to Berlin 1922-32: Influenced by Bauhaus artists *Exhibited internationally *Moved to US in 1946: citizen by 1952
*Professor in Harvards Graduate Architecture program Naum Gabo http://www.tate.org.uk/art/artists/naumgabo-1137 Outdoor fountain: http:// www.panoramio.com/photo_explorer# view=photo&position=979&with_phot o_id=28248320&order=date_desc&u ser=1166271
Kinetic Construction (Standing Wave) 1919-20, replica 1985 o o o o o o o o
o o o o o o Born in 1898 Parents artists: Dad sculptor and mom painter Art commissions called for frequent travel Alexander had own art studio regardless starting at age 9 Graduated with engineering degree
Worked various jobs: engineer for hydraulics/automotive, timekeeper and fireman for boiler room on ship During travels with ship off Guatemalan coast, experienced sunrise and moon scape simultaneously: Huge impact on his life: referred to it often Enrolled as art student at Student Art League in NYC (Premier school for art that generated numerous famous artists for Modern art movement) Worked as sketch artist and commissioned to sketch Ringley Bros and Barnum & Bailey circus for 2 weeks in 1925 Moved to Paris in 1926 and created Cirque Calder: mixed media found object moveable sculpture manipulated by artist for performances that lasted up to 2 hours (40 years prior to concept of performance art) Rep grew and soon had shows internationally
Friends with Mondrian, Jean Arp and became member of AbstractionCreation group 1931 created first truly kinetic sculpture: mobile named so by Duchamp which means motion and motive Worked often designing sets for Perfomances especially Martha Graham=pioneer Modern dance Alexander Calder Hanging mobiles: http:// www.calder.org/work/by-category/hanging-mobile Standing mobliles: http:// www.calder.org/work/by-category/hanging-mobile
Works "Just as one can compose colors, or forms, so one can compose motions." Contemporary artists 25 experimental http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vqc9BiGsVoo&feature=related articulated cloud: http:// www.youtube.com/watch?feature=endscreen&v=nvkNdlKVP2Y&NR=1
Gadget: http://www.wired.com/gadgetlab/2010/10/mailable-mechanical-movable -sculptures-for-the-geek-in-your-life / Sensory sculptures http:// www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&feature=endscreen&v=4B0hGyKV9qs Various works Found object inspiration: how can you move the object with a machine?
Arthur Ganson: http:// www.ted.com/talks/arthur_ganson_makes_moving_sculpture.h tml http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dehXioMIKg0 Reuben Margolin: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WcR7U2tuNoY http://www.arthurganson.com/pages/Sculptures.html
Theo Jansen How can you create a kinetic sculpture that explores the movement of a natural element in a new way? OR How can you create a kinetic sculpture that explores the movement of an existing subject in a new way? Problem to solve:
how to: http:// www.ehow.com/how_4866368_build-simple-machin es.html http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qs88aC0k0yI wave sculpture: http:// www.ehow.com/how_8729659_build-kinetic-wave-s culptures.html How to make things move? Gear train
crank 4 bar linkage http:// www.wintech-winches.com/net_files/mechanical_engineering_form ulae.htm formulas *minimum of 3 materials *one material has to be found object *only 20% of the sculpture may be
created using a material already constructed for building *must address one of the problems to solve *movement created from hand crank or natural force Requirements http://www.huntfor.com/arthistory/C20th/kineticart.htm http://www.calder.org/ http://www.moma.org/collection/object.php?object_id=81631
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