Iambic Pentameter - effinghamschools.com

Iambic Pentameter - effinghamschools.com

Identify the rhyme scheme and determine what type of sonnet this is using your sonnet notes. The expense of spirit in a waste of shame Is lust in action; and till action, lust Is perjured, murderous, bloody, full of blame, Savage, extreme, rude, cruel, not to trust, Enjoy'd no sooner but despised straight, Past reason hunted, and no sooner had Past reason hated, as a swallow'd bait On purpose laid to make the taker mad; Mad in pursuit and in possession so; Had, having, and in quest to have, extreme; A bliss in proof, and proved, a very woe; Before, a joy proposed; behind, a dream. All this the world well knows; yet none knows well To shun the heaven that leads men to this hell. Essential Question

How does a sonnets structure impact its meaning? Today Take out your sonnet notes and yesterdays TP-CASTT on Nuns Fret Not at Their Convents Narrow Room Finish TP-CASTTing the poem. IAMBIC PENTAMETER RHYTHM The beat When reading a poem out loud, you may notice a

sort of sing-song quality to it, just like in nursery rhymes. This is accomplished by the use of rhythm. Rhythm is broken into seven types. Iambic Monosyllabic Anapestic Spondaic Trochaic Accentual Dactylic Most Used Less

Common These identify patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry. That means one syllable is pronounced stronger, and one syllable is softer. iambic: anapestic: trochaic: dactylic: unstressed stressed METER The length of a line of poetry, based on what type of rhythm is used. The length of a line of poetry is measured in metrical

units called FEET. Each foot consists of one unit of rhythm. So, if the line is iambic or trochaic, a foot of poetry has 2 syllables. If the line is anapestic or dactylic, a foot of poetry has 3 syllables. (This is where its going to start sounding like geometry class!) Each set of syllables is one foot, and each line is measured by how many feet are in it. The length of the line of poetry is then labeled according to how many feet are in it. 1: Monometer 5: Pentameter 2: Dimeter 6: Hexameter 3: Trimeter

7: Heptameter 4: Tetrameter 8: Octameter *There are rarely more than 8 feet* She Walks in Beauty I. She walks in beauty, like the night Of cloudless climes and starry skies; And all thats best of dark and bright Meet in her aspect and her eyes: Thus mellowed to that tender light Which Heaven to gaudy day denies.

Reading this poem out loud makes the rhythm evident. Which syllables are more pronounced? Which are naturally softer? II. One shade the more, one ray the less, Count the Had half impaired the nameless grace syllables in each Which waves in every raven tress, line to determine Or softly lightens oer her face; the meter. Where thoughts serenely sweet express, How pure, how dear their dwelling-place. III.

And on that cheek, and oer that brow, Examination of this poem So soft, so calm, yet eloquent, reveals that it would be The smiles that win, the tints that glow, considered iambic tetrameter. But tell of days in goodness spent, A mind at peace with all below, A heart whose love is innocent! 1 Ta-TUM Ta-TUM Ta-TUM Ta-TUM Ta-TUM Ta-TUM 4

3 2 Ta-TUM Ta-TUM Ta-TUM Ta-TUM 5 Five Feet! II Shall Shall SUMSUM-

a a PARE PARE com com DAY? DAY? mers mers TO TO thee thee

How How sweet sweet the the moon moon upon upon light light sleeps sleeps this thisbank!

bank! WHY did Shakespeare use iambic pentameter? To show emotion or importance Shakespeare was meant to be heard! It made it easier for the audience to follow the lines. It helped the actors to memorize their lines.

It made sure that the actors emphasized the words Shakespeare wanted to emphasize. Watch where your stressed syllables fall As YOU You can

CAN SEE its NOT its not THAT see that HARD

hard TO learn Which sounds better?? But I am GIV ing YOU a BET ter CAR. I AM giv ING you A bet

TER car to TOO. LEARN. THIS. DO! Living iambic pentameter In sooth I know not why I am so sad. It wearies me, you say it wearies you

And such a want-wit sadness makes of me That I have much ado to know myself. Five (PENTA) feet (IAMBS) = IAMBIC PENTAMETER! As YOU

You can CAN SEE its NOT its not THAT see that

HARD hard TO to learn LEARN. THIS. CAN write JUST like SHAKE speare DID back THEN. Did YOU know THAT Im WRITing LIKE that NOW? You And I

IT gets EA si ER AMB ic PEN ta the ME MORE ters NOT

you TRY. that BAD! You Try! Write 5 lines in iambic pentameter about yourself ON YOUR INDEX CARD! Write your name on your card to be collected, but DO NOT include your name IN the poem so we can guess who wrote it.

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