Human Rights & the United Nations a http:// www.dailymail.co.uk/wires/ap/article3039683/UN-21M-children-Mideast-r isk-missing-education.html b http://
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s-way-Europe-30-victims-beheaded-s hot.html History of the United Nations After WWII and the events of the holocaust had been discovered, the POTSDAM agreement established an international organization called the UNITED NATIONS.
History of Human Rights World War II is the backdrop for the UNs adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on December 10, 1948. The war had inflicted such massive human suffering on the people of the world that the international community resolved to never let it happen again. In Russia alone, it is estimated that over 20 million people lost their lives. European and Asian cities were bombed and destroyed. Adolf
Hitler and the Nazi army forced Jewish citizens of many countries out of their homes and communities and put them into concentration camps where millions died of torture and starvation. Two atomic bombs were unleashed in Nagasaki and Hiroshima, Japan killing thousands and poisoning thousands more with radiation. It was because of the horrors of modern, technological warfare that the United Nations General Assembly put its support in a new promise of rights for every person on the Earth, regardless of race, age, sex, or nationality.
History Continued. In 1945, representatives from 50 countries came together to discuss international organization and how to stabilize international relations. The UN was officially established on October 24, 1945 when the UN Charter was ratified by China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, the United
States, and a majority of other countries. The purpose of the UN is to bring all nations of the world together to work for peace and development based on the principles of justice, human dignity, and the well-being of all people. UN Day is celebrated on October 24 every year. Goals of the United Nations The United Nations has four main goals:
to keep peace throughout the world; to develop friendly relations among nations; to help nations work together to improve the lives of poor people, conquer hunger, disease, and illiteracy, and encourage respect for each others rights and freedoms; to be a center for harmonizing the actions of nations to achieve these goals.
Structure of the U.N. There are 2 governing bodies that comprise the United Nations: The General Assembly (UNGA): the main assembly consisting of all member states (countries) .
The Security Council (UNSC): oversees and authorizes military action and establishes peacekeeping operations; consists of five permanent members (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States) known as the P5, all of which have veto power, and ten other countries that serve two year terms and are elected by the
General Assembly . The United Nations Today Has its own police force and it is considered a sovereign entity. The United Nations has its own flag, its own post office, and its own postage stamps. Six official
languages are used at the United Nations Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish. The senior officer of the United Nations Secretariat is the Secretary-General. Ban Ki-Moon from South Korea holds this position at present, and he has been in office since 2007. Universal Declaration of Human Rights The UDHR is so special because it represents
the first time in human history that all nations of the world agree to recognize and uphold the dignity of each and every person regardless of what country they come from. The UDHR is considered the foundation of international law and the rights outlined in it can be put into two basic categories: civil and
political rights and economic, social, and cultural rights. Civil & Political Rights Civil and political rights guarantee freedom to life and personal security, protect personal privacy and the right to a family life, and uphold the right to be free from
torture and the right to a fair trial if accused of a crime. These rights are associated with being a citizen of a country and protect individuals from people or governments that intrude in personal life or attempt to use violence against others to get what they want. Economic & Social Rights
Economic, social and cultural rights focus on what human beings need to achieve their full potential. Ensuring that all people enjoy economic, social, and cultural rights is central to much of the work that the United Nations does because much of the worlds population do not have the resources they need to exercise their right to self-determination. Self-determination: the power to make decisions
about your life free from interference from any person, government, or lack of resources; free will Who remembers where this idea originated? What happens when HR are in trouble? This does not always happen and so the UN also created an International Peace Keeping Force to be used in countries and
conflicts where the UN feels that a particular group or groups human rights have been compromised. Examples of these include UN actions in Rwanda(Africa) and Bosnia( former Yugoslavia). Regents Review
The primary purpose of the United Nations is to (1) control world grain prices (2) promote democratic governments (3) resolve conflicts between nations peacefully (4) unite all nations militarily through alliances
Examples of Human Rights Violations PreWWII Examples of Pre WWII human rights violations include: Spanish in Latin America the Atlantic Slave Trade Irish during the famine Armenian genocide by the Turks in the
Ottoman Empire European colonial practices during the Age of Imperialism Examples of Human Rights Violations After WWII Examples of human rights violations Post WWII include:
Pol Pot in Cambodia who targeted intellectuals the former Yugoslavia Apartheid ( government system of segregation and racism) in South Africa. Soviet occupation of Eastern Europe during the Cold War Protecting Human Rights
Actions taken to protect human rights: -the formation of the U.N. - Nuremberg Trials after WWII - Creation of NATO( North Atlantic Treaty Organization) Declaration of Human Rights Truth Commissions NGOs (Non-Governmental Organizations)
such as Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch. http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=oh3BbLk 5UIQ Thematic Essay Suggestions:
Apartheid Tiananmen Square Globalization Sharia Truth Commissions
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