Hualapai Renewable Energy Workshop

Hualapai Renewable Energy Workshop

Hualapai START: Review of activities leading up to, during and after the Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team workshop from October 2012 Prepared for the Tribal Solar Working Group Meeting March 24-25, 2015 Richard Knott and Kevin Davidson Hualapai Planning and Economic Development Department Map of Hualapai Reservation showing place names and locations of various studies Blue Mountain Clay Springs

Nelson Current Environment (selected from START) 1.0 million acres, 108 miles of river front, 1,335 people on Reservation New Head Start, Boys & Girls Club, Health Dept and Day Care buildings Skywalk & Grand Canyon West development have grown Tribes economy Tribal government employees = 350 in 15 departments Tribal Council supportive of new community projects Own language & culture 60% + adult population ages 30+ have Type II diabetes Overweight youth, young and old adults Our young people dont grow old. (alcohol/drugs) under 40 years old. A number of individuals (40-60 yr.) going to rehab in Flagstaff & Phoenix Most tribal members contribute to social security but dont live to

receive it, Life expectancy = 60+ Pre-START List of Grants for Renewable Energy Development 2002 DOE - Native American Anemometer Loan Program - 20-meter MET Tower at radio tower site 2003 BIA - Energy and Mineral Development Program Renewable Energy Feasibility Study- Phase 1 MET Towers 2004 - RUS- High Energy Cost Rural Communities Program GCW- Solar Power Construction Project 2005 DOE - TEP - Tribal Utility Feasibility Study 2006 BIA EMDP - Biomass Feasibility Study 2007 - BIA EDMP - Wind Energy Feasibility Study 2009 DOE TEP - Wind Energy Development Feasibility Study 2009 DOE - EECBG - Juvenile Detention Center Solar System and Planning Office Energy Efficiency Improvements 2010 BIA EMDP - Solar Development Feasibility Study 2011 - MEC School Solar Program for PV array at Peach Springs Elementary School

2002 - DOE- Native American Anemometer Loan Program Project: Install one 20-meter meteorological tower located at Radio site in Peach Springs for a Community Wind Power Project of 2MW. Findings: Class 3 wind regime suitable for utility scale wind turbines. However, development will be limited to small-scale machines due to communitys sensitivity to large wind turbines close to the town. Status: No wind turbines constructed. 2003- BIA- Energy and Mineral Development Program

Proposal: Renewable Energy Feasibility Study - Phase I consisted of four 50-meter MET towers at: Peach Springs - Community Power of 2 to 5 MW Blue Mountain - Wind Farm of 5 to 10 MW Grand Canyon West Integration of wind for Solar Hybrid system Nelson Community-scale Wind Farm up to 5 MW and commercial-scale wind farm up to 10 MW. Findings: Peach Springs Site limited to small wind turbines (see above) Blue Mountain site eliminated due to proximity of Tribal Cultural Resources

The Nelson site has excellent potential due to its close proximity to the Nelson Substation, however, the wind potential at that location is marginal for utility scale development. The Grand Canyon West site emerged as the best candidate site for a large-scale wind farm Status: No wind turbines constructed. Data collection from the Grand Canyon West tower has just ceased and will be used for 2009 DOE grant funded wind study. MET towers decommissioned in 2013. 2004 Rural Utility Service - High Energy Cost Rural Communities Program Grand Canyon West - Solar Power Construction Project Proposal: $2 Million Grant to fund Solar Hybrid Power

Plant consisting of 34 kW solar array and diesel generator backup 100 kW battery charging system to reduce diesel generator use. Status: Solar array under repair. Battery maintenance practice needs to be improved to make system reliable. 17 kW array at Shop

17 kW array at Airport 2005 DOE Tribal Energy Program - Tribal Utility Feasibility Study Situation: Mohave Electric serves Hualapai Reservation (mainly along Route 66) 75-mile Power line to Havasupai abandoned to BIA No Power at Grand Canyon West, load 500kW+ and growing No Power to most of Reservation Colorado River Storage Project Allocation Sold to Navajo Tribal Utility Auth Electric Load in Peach Springs at approx 1 MW Renewable energy resources are available to develop and sale Feasibility Study for:

Tribal utility to operate power system at Grand Canyon West Tribal take-over of MEC utility system on Reservation Status: 2006 BIA Energy and Mineral Development Program Biomass Feasibility Study Proposal: Reservation-wide assessment of Hualapai renewable energy resources including wind, solar, and biomass. Outcome: Wood to energy not economically viable at this time. The study also looked into markets for other forest based products such as building materials and found only very

limited and specialized markets for such products in the region. Status: Inactive; however, a British Columbia wood pellet making company looking to Stone Forest Products sawmill repowering project in Eagar 3MW Initially - 21,000 MWh per year Wood pellet stove 2007 - BIA Energy and Mineral Development Program - Wind Energy Feasibility Study Proposal: Extension of Reservation-wide assessment of Hualapai renewable energy resources to focus on wind

energy development. Outcome: Wind energy project areas expanded to Clay Springs and refined according to wind resource, transmission availability and environmental considerations. Status: Data collection from towers has ceased and will be used for 2009 DOE grant funded wind study. Met towers decommissioned in 2013. 2009 DOE TEP - Wind Energy Development Feasibility Study Proposal: $742,494 allotted to advance the development of the Hualapais wind energy resources from the initial assessment and feasibility study phase to the business plan development phase which will allow the

implementation of construction activities as soon as a power purchase agreement has been secured between the project developer and a buyer of the electricity. Progress to date: Interconnect application filed w/ Western Area Power Admin Critical Issues Analysis Avian Use Study Fall Raptor Migration Study Turbine array planning Solicitation of wind developers, in progress Final Report to include above reports which was presented to DOE on November 16, 2012, in Denver. Final Report presented to Council in January 2013. Status: Grant closed June 30, 2013

2009 DOE - EECBG - Juvenile Detention Center Solar System and Planning Office Energy Efficiency Improvements Proposal: $114,670 to Increase energy efficiency of tribal office buildings and install solar array at Juvenile Detention Facility. Outcome: a 10kW solar PV array was installed at the new Juvenile Detention Center in 2011. Monies were also spent on installing solar tube skylights, better insulation and exterior windows at Tribal offices, and a more efficient water heater and AC unit at the Planning Dept Status: Operational.

2010 - BIA Energy and Mineral Development ProgramSolar Development Feasibility Study Proposal: $276,605 to advance the development of the Hualapais solar energy resources from the initial assessment/feasibility phase to the business plan development and power purchase agreement which will allow for construction. Progress to Date: Preliminary Solar Feasibility Report prepared Peach Springs/ Nelson, Clay Springs and Grand Canyon West GCW Option 1: 250 kW solar array without storage to address peak demand GCW Option 2: 500 kW solar array to charge batteries & supply off peak use. Status:

Grant closeout September 2013 2011 - MEC School Solar Program - PV array at Peach Springs Elementary School Project: As part of the Renewable Energy Standard Tariff (REST), Mohave Electric Cooperative (MEC) set a goal of allocating $50,000 to every public school in its service territory for the installation of a solar energy system. The Grand Canyon Trust will also contribute $30,000 to build the solar array. 19kW array should offset

10 - 12% of the schools annual electrical costs Review of START Planning Session of 2012 Applying for START Application submitted by Hualapai in January 2012 and awarded in June 2012 to provide updated resource assessment analysis and project feasibility analysis, with primary focus on a renewable energy project to help power the Tribes Grand Canyon West development. What does START do? The START Program seeks to spur clean energy project development by providing Tribes with tools and resources needed to foster energy selfsufficiency, sustainability, and economic competitiveness. With the support of technical experts from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), START assists tribal leadership with project development and financing and helps tribal communities strategically plan their energy future .

START - Practical Vision Workshop, part 1 1. Towards: Safe & Socially Responsible Energy Use & Management in Daily Life for 2022 a. All Hualapai Have Access to Affordable or Free Transportation b. Sustainable Economic Security c. Protection of Environment Through Sustainable Clean Energy 2. Towards: Mental, Physical, Spiritual Health & Well Being For Community, Family & Individual in 2022 Assuring Healthy Food Availability For Community WellBeing a. START - Practical Vision Workshop, part 2 3. Towards: Healthy, Viable Economic Community Through Individual

Independence by 2022 a. Deeper Connecting Harmony & Accountability Between Government & the People b. Energy Independence Through Utility Ownership c. Well Balanced Hualapai Living Happy & Healthy Lifestyles d. Thriving Cultural Identity & Education Woven Into Daily Life START - Practical Vision Workshop, Brainstorming for Safe & Socially Responsible Energy Use & Management in Daily Life Clean Energy Straw Bale Home & Building Construction With Solar & Wind Energy New Energy Source Solar Over Wind Structural (Aesthetics) Savings in Home Energy Expense Tribal Wide Adaptive Strategies to Climate Change

Solar Panels: Street Lights, Homes Access to Affordable Transportation Motor Pool With Fuel and Transit Station and Mechanic Metro-Link (Train) to Kingman, Flagstaff Tribal Owned Gas Station with Car Wash Revenue for Tribe Tribal Mini-Bus Transit throughout Peach Springs Community START - Practical Vision Workshop, Brainstorming for Safe & Socially Responsible Energy Use & Management in Daily Life Energy Independence Utility Authority, Local Power Access, Local Billing

Power is Power - We Control Our Destiny Having Our Own Utility Empowers Our Community With More Jobs: Local Opportunity GCW is Solar/Wind Powered, Peach Springs is Solar Powered Cost Saving to Our Community by Providing Local Service Power to Tribal Members Homes (more & larger)-Better Industry & Economy Colorado River Water Right in Place START - Underlying Contradictions Workshop What are the issues and obstacles which block progress towards our shared energy vision? FEAR OF FAILURE FUELS JEALOUSY SEPARATION & COMPETITION EDUCATION &

TRAINING OPPORTUNITIES NOT LOCALLY VALUED OR AVAILABLE DISJOINTED & UNDERDEVELOPED COMMUNICATION SKILLS INHIBIT UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN INDIVIDUALS & COMMUNITY REMOTE LOCATION MAKES TRANSPORTATION ISSUES MORE CRITICAL

START Strategic Directions Workshop for 2014 DIVERSIFYING DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITIES TO NURTURE LEARNING, GROWTH & ACHIEVEMENT = MORE CHOICES FOR HUALAPAIS! Establish & Implement Longer Hours For Education Center For Adult Workers & Head Start Student After Hour Access Educate Adults Distributed Wind & Solar Interconnection Workshops Adult/Youth Nurturing Develop & Design a Plan For a Training Class Focusing on Wind & Renewable Develop a Teaching Plan to Educate the Public/Community on Energy Technology Educate the Community For Readiness Implement Better Access to On-Line Classes & Tutoring Diversify & Expand access to Career & Education Counseling

Locally START Strategic Directions Workshop for 2014 DEVELOPING COMMUNITY AWARENESS & PARTICIPATION IN RESPONSIBLE ENERGY OPPORTUNITIES = ALL HUALAPAIS HAVE A STAKE IN THE GAME! Create a Tribal Energy Committee: Energy Education, Searching For Sites Prioritize Peach Springs Power Supply Over GCW Develop a Tribal Utility Authority to Spearhead/Guide Development of Energy Infrastructure Award Water Rights Settlements Revenue to Tribe for congressional funding that builds the infrastructure to deliver the water to Tribe: Better Services to Community, Education, Language Cultural Preservation Build electric distribution grid at Grand Canyon West Develop a Roof-Based Generation Program to Help Reduce Residents Cost For Power Select Site For Solar Array to Serve Peach Springs Establish a Hualapai Tribal Utility Cooperative/Authority

Design Cultural Landscape Map Showing Proposed Energy Projects For Community Viewing START Strategic Directions Workshop for 2014 COMMUNICATING EASILY DIGESTIBLE INFORMATION WITH A PROCESS TO REPLY & RETORT = ALL HUALAPAIS GET INVOLVED! Provide Technical & Financial Analysis Assistance For Commercial-Scale Renewable Development Projects Community Outreach with This Plan Map Showing Flow of Electrons Money To and From the Hualapai Tribe, Showing Benefit to Community Discuss & Secure Informed Consent On-Site location (of renewable energy projects) & the Benefits to the Community Develop Information Flyers to Inform the Community About the START Program and the Results of These Meetings Emphasizing Project results & Benefits Positive Information in Gamyu (newsletter) and EPCH (radio station) Develop a Community Strategy That Incorporates All Media/Information

Outlets Listening to Individual Barriers & Needs & Not Being Judgmental Make Information Available on Facebook Provide Updated Resource assessment Analysis & Project Feasibility Analysis With Primary Focus on a Renewable Energy Project to Help Power The Tribes Grand Canyon West Development START Strategic Directions Workshop for 2014 COORDINATING MULTI-AGENCY EFFORT TO ESTABLISH TRANSIT SYSTEM = HUALAPAIS ON THE MOVE! Implement a Mini-Van Route Serving Peach Springs Develop a Mechanic/Auto Shop Avoid Fuel Cost Increases Establish a Tribal Transit System to Serve Local Transportation Needs Post-START Grants referencing Strategic Energy Launch Plan 2013 ADOT Planning Assistance for Rural Areas (PARA) for

Hualapais Long Range Transportation Plan. 2014 ADOT Transit Feasibility Study for Hualapai Tribe 2014 BIA Indian Energy and Economic Development (IEED) for Tribal Energy Development and Capacity Building for management training and apprenticeship program 2014 USDA/Rural Utilities Service - High Energy Cost Rural Communities Program - Power Line Construction along Diamond Bar Road to Grand Canyon West (in review by USDA) Projects after START Adopted Strategic Energy Launch Plan in November 2012 Launched remodel of existing market with addition of tribally- owned fuel station in July 2014 (estimated completion date in early May) Established Hualapai Utility Authority in September 2014 2013 ADOT Planning Assistance for Rural Areas (PARA)

for Hualapais Long Range Transportation Plan Proposal: Planning Assistance for Rural Areas (PARA) for Hualapais Long Range Transportation Plan. Plan includes roadway inventory, suggestions for transportation system improvements, including transit a system and network of walking trails Progress to Date: Award to Jacobs Engineering in Summer of 2013 Plan Adopted by Tribal Council in December 2014 2014 ADOT Transit Feasibility Study for Hualapai Tribe Proposal: ADOT 5311 grant in conjunction with existing FTA grant for transit feasibility study to develop a transit plan for the Tribe which may

include a shuttle bus service serving greater Peach Springs and Grand Canyon West. Progress to Date: Award Summer of 2014 Negotiating contract with transit consultant Kimley-Horn 2014 BIA - IEED Tribal Energy Development Capacity Grant Proposal: $100,300 allotted to: Establish training a program for GCRC staff to operate the mini-grid and GCW and begin an electrical apprenticeship program for solar PV installation on the Reservation. Provide training to Hualapai to negotiate power line rights-of-way leases Implement a Tribal Utility Authority

Hire a renewable energy expert to seek a buyer of solar power produced on the Reservation. Prepare a energy capacity assessment report. Progress to date: Award announced in May 2014 RFPs advertised 2014 USDA/Rural Utilities Service - High Energy Cost Rural Communities Program Proposal: $1,881,130 request to: Construct 20.8 KV 20-mile power line along Diamond Bar Road to connect the Grand Canyon West micro-grid to the regional electric grid.

Grant to pay for the prorated share of residential electrical demand at Grand Canyon West (16% of project cost). Grant to be coupled with a USDA loan to pay for the commercial electrical demand at Grand Canyon West. Will establish Hualapai Tribal Utility Authority to be the wholesale customer and to set retail electrical rates sufficient to cover operations and pay back loan to USDA Progress to date: Applied for grant in August 2014 Established HTUA in September 2014 Award announcements expected in May 2015 Questions and Comments Thank You! Hualapai Planning and Economic Development Department 887 West Hwy 66, Peach Springs, Arizona (928) 769-1310

Kevin A. Davidson Director Richard Knott, Grant Writer [email protected] [email protected]

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