HOW TO PROTECT SOFTWARE - Bilkent University

HOW TO PROTECT SOFTWARE - Bilkent University

HOW TO PROTECT COMPUTER PROGRAMS BLGSAYAR PROGRAMLARI NASIL KORUNUR? M. KAAN DERCOLU Ankara Patent Brosu Limited irketi [email protected] [email protected] 0532 614 1212 M. Kaan DERCOLU 1 The protection of computer programs is included in the Intellectual Property as scope.

For this reason, before explaining the protection of computer programs, it will be useful to refer to intellectual property and the types of rights in this context. Bilgisayar programlarnn korunmas kapsam olarak Fikri Haklar iinde yer alr. Bu nedenle bilgisayar programlarnn korunmasn aklamadan nce fikri haklar ve bu kapsamdaki hak trlerine deinmekte yarar olacaktr. M. Kaan DERCOLU 2 What is Intellectual Property? Fikri Haklar Nedir?

Intellectual property refers to creations of the mind: inventions; literary and artistic works; and symbols, names and images used in commerce. Intellectual property is divided into two categories: Industrial Property includes patents for inventions, trademarks, industrial designs and geographical indications. Copyright covers literary works (such as novels, poems and plays), films, music, artistic works (e.g., drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures) and architectural design. Rights related to copyright include those of performing artists in their performances, producers of phonograms in their recordings, and broadcasters in their radio and television programs. Fikri haklar zihnin yaratlarna atfta bulunur: bulular; edebiyat ve sanat eserleri; ticarette kullanlan simgeler, adlar ve resimler. M. Kaan DERCOLU Fikri haklar iki kategoriye ayrlr:

Snai Haklar unlar ierir: Bulular iin patentler, markalar, endstriyel tasarmlar ve corafi iaretler. Eser sahibinin haklar, edebiyat eserlerini (romanlar, iirler ve oyunlar gibi), filmleri, mzikleri, sanat eserlerini (r. izimler, resimler, fotoraflar ve heykeller) ve mimari tasarmlar kapsar. Eser sahibinin haklar ile balantl haklar; yorumcu sanatlarn yorumlarn, ses ve grnt kayt edicilerin kaytlarn ve radyo ve televizyon kurulularnn yaynlarn kapsar. 3 Intellectual property is divided into two categories: - Industrial Property - Copyright and related rights M. Kaan DERCOLU 4

M. Kaan DERCOLU 5 M. Kaan DERCOLU 6 M. Kaan DERCOLU 7 M. Kaan DERCOLU 8 FKR HAKLAR AYIRIMI ve BELGE TRLER DISCLOSURE OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND TYPE OF CERTIFICATE FKR HAKLAR - INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY SINA HAKLAR INDUSTRIAL PROPERTY ESER SAHBNN HAKLARI ve

BALANTILI HAKLAR COPYRIGHT AND RELATED RIGHTS FKR RN INTELLECTUAL PRODUCT BELGE CERTIFICATE FKR RN INTELLECTUAL PRODUCT BELGE CERTIFICATE BULULAR INVENTIONS PATENT veya FAYDALI MODEL BELGES PATENT and UTILITY MODEL CERTIFICATE ESERLER WORKS

YOK NONE ENDSTRYEL TASARIMLAR INDUSTRIAL DESIGNS ENDSTRYEL TASARIM TESCL BELGES INDUSTRIAL DESIGN REGSITRATION CERTIFICATE YORUMLAR PERFORMANCES KAYITLAR RECORDS (RADYO-TV) YAYINLAR BROADCASTS MARKALAR TRADEMARKS MARKA TESCL BELGES TRADE MARK REGISTRATION CERTIFICATE

CORAF ARETLER GEOGRAPHIC INDICATIONS OF SOURCE CORAF ARET TESCL BELGES GEOGRAPHICAL REGSITRATION CERTIFICATE YOK NONE Eserlerde belgeye gerek yoktur. Bu kural, btn lkeler iin geerlidir. There is no need for certificate in works. This rule applies to all countries. M. Kaan DERCOLU, M. Kaan DERCOLU 9

FKR RNLER KORUMA SRELER - PROTECTION TIMES OF INTELLECTUAL PRODUCTS FKR RN INTELLECTUAL PRODUCTS ESER WORKS BALANTILI HAK RELATED RIGHT BULU INVENTION ENDSTRYEL TASARIM INDUSTRIAL DESIGN ENTEGRE DEVRE TOPOGRAFYALARI TOPOGRAPHY OF INTEGRATED CIRCUIT YEN BTK ETLER NEW VARITIES OF PLANT MARKA TRADE OR SERVICE MARKS SRE TIME ESER SAHBNN YAADII SRE + 70 YIL LIFE TIME + 70 YEARS 70 YIL

70 YEARS PATENT: 20 YIL - 20 YEARS FAYDALI MODEL BELGES: 10 YIL UTILITY MODEL 10 YEARS - TASARIM TESCL: 5X5 YIL DESING REGISTRATION 5X5 YEARS - ESER: ESER SAHBNN YAADII SRE + 70 YIL WORKS LIFE TIME + 70 YEARS - MARKA TESCL: YENLENEBLR 10 YIL TRADE MARK REGISTRATION RENEWABLE 10 YEARS - HAKSIZ REKABET: SRE YOK UNFAIR COMPETITION NO TIME 10 YIL 10 YEARS 25 VEYA 30 YIL 25 OR 30 YEARS YENLENEBLR 10 YIL RENEWABLE 10 YEARS M. Kaan DERCOLU Koruma sreleri farkldr. Protection times are different. Markalar dnda, btn fikir

rnleri snrl bir sre korunur. All intellectual products are protected for a limited period of time, except trademarks. Markalar her on ylda bir yenilenebilir. Trade marks are renewable every ten years. Koruma sreleri bittii zaman, fikir rnlerinin kullanm serbest olur. When the protection periods are over, the use of the intellectual product is free. 10 Why promote and protect intellectual property? Fikri haklarn tevik edilmesi ve korunmas neden gerekiyor? There are several compelling reasons. First, the progress and well-being of humanity rest on its capacity to create

and invent new works in the areas of technology and culture. Second, the legal protection of new creations encourages the commitment of additional resources for further innovation. Third, the promotion and protection of intellectual property spurs economic growth, creates new jobs and industries, and enhances the quality and enjoyment of life. Birka zorlayc neden vardr. Birincisi, insanln ilerlemesi ve refah, teknoloji ve kltr alanlarnda yeni eserler yaratma ve icat etme kapasitesine dayanyor. kincisi, yeni rnlerin yasal olarak korunmas, daha fazla yenilik iin ilave kaynaklarn taahht edilmesini tevik eder. ncs, fikri haklarn gelitirilmesi ve korunmas ekonomik bymeyi hzlandrr, yeni i ve endstriler yaratr ve yaam kalitesini arttrr.

M. Kaan DERCOLU 11 What is an invention? Bulu nedir? In patent jargon, an invention is generally defined as a new and inventive solution to a technical problem. It may related to the creation of an entirely new device, product, method or process, or may simply be an incremental improvement to a known product or process. Patent dilinde bir bulu, genellikle teknik bir sorunun, yeni ve yaratc bir zm olarak tanmlanr. Bu tamamen yeni bir

cihazn, rnn, yntemin veya srecin yaratlmas veya bilinen bir rnn veya srecin sadece bir artmsal gelitirilmesi olabilir. http://www.wipo.int/edocs/pubdocs/en/sme/917/wipo_pub_917.pdf M. Kaan DERCOLU 12 According to Article 52 (1) of the European Patent Convention, there must first be an invention, then the invention must meet the criteria for patenting. If an invention is not the case, the existence of patentability criteria will not be investigated. Avrupa Patenti Szlemesinin 52(1) maddesi hkmne gre nce bir bulu olmal, daha

sonra bu bulu, patent verilebilmesi iin gerekli ltleri karlamaldr. Eer bir bulu sz konusu deilse, patent verilebilirlik ltlerinin varl aratrlmayacaktr. M. Kaan DERCOLU 13 Kaynak: http://documents.epo.org/projects/babylon/eponet.nsf/0/56911A5D DF284B55C1257D81005FA359/$FILE/ guidelines_for_examination _2014_en.pdf M. Kaan DERCOLU 14 What is a patent? Patent nedir? A patent is an exclusive right granted by the State for an

invention that is new, involves an inventive step and is capable of industrial application. Bir patent, yeni olan, bir bulu basama ieren ve sanayiye uygulanabilir bululara Devlet tarafndan mnhasr bir hak verir. http://www.wipo.int/edocs/pubdocs/en/sme/917/wipo_pub_917.pdf M. Kaan DERCOLU 15 Some questions about the invention: What the invention is? (Device, system, component, method, use) Which problem does the invention solve? How does the invention work? Drawings? What is the prior art known to the inventor? What are the disadvantages of the prior art? How does the invention overcome these

disadvantages? Does the invention have any other advantages? Some disadvantages? Are there several ways for carrying out the invention? What are they? What is the best mode for carrying out the invention and why? Bulula ilgili baz sorular: Bulu nedir? (Cihaz, sistem, bileen, yntem, kullanm) Bulu hangi problemi zyor? Bulu nasl alyor? Buluunun nceki teknik ile ilgili bilgisi nedir? nceki tekniin dezavantajlar nelerdir? Bulu bu dezavantajlarn stesinden nasl geliyor? Buluun baka avantajlar var m? Dezavantajlar nedir? Buluu gerekletirmek iin baka yollar var mdr? Varsa bu yollar nelerdir? Buluu gerekletirmek iin en iyi yol nedir ve neden en iyi yoldur? Kaynak: Pre-Drafting and Drafting of Application Kaisa Suominen & Erich Waeckerlin

epi Seminar in Istanbul, 12-13 May 2014 M. Kaan DERCOLU 16 A computer program is a list of instructions that tell a computer what to do. Everything a computer does is done by using a computer program. A computer program is written in a programming language. Bir bilgisayar program, bir bilgisayara ne yaplacan anlatan talimatlarn bir listesidir. Bir bilgisayarn yapt her ey bir bilgisayar program kullanlarak yaplr. Bir bilgisayar program bir programlama dili ile yazlmtr. Source/Kaynak: Wikipedia M. Kaan DERCOLU

17 Computer software (often called just software) is a set of instructions and associated documentation that tells a computer what to do or how to perform a task or it can mean all the software on a computer, including the applications and the operating system. Applications are programs that do a specific thing, such as a game or a word processor. Bilgisayar yazlm (genellikle yazlm olarak adlandrlr), bir bilgisayara bir grevi gerekletirmesini veya bir grevi nasl uygulayacan belirten bir dizi talimat ve ilgili dokmantasyon olup, uygulamalar ve iletim sistemi de dahil olmak

zere bir bilgisayardaki tm yazlmlar anlamna gelebilir. Uygulamalar, oyun veya kelime ilemci gibi belirli bir eyi yapan programlardr. Source/Kaynak: Wikipedia M. Kaan DERCOLU 18 Yasal Kaynaklar/Legal Sources WIPO Copyright Treaty - WCT Article 4 - Computer Programs Computer programs are protected as literary works within the meaning of Article 2 of the Berne Convention. Such protection applies to computer programs, whatever may be the mode or form of their expression. World Trade Organization TRIPS - Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights TRIPS Article 10 Computer Programs and Compilations of Data Computer programs, whether in source or object code, shall be protected as literary works under the Berne Convention (1971). Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works Article 2

[Protected Works: 1. Literary and artistic works; 2. Possible requirement of fixation; 3. Derivative works; 4. Official texts; 5. Collections; 6. Obligation to protect; beneficiaries of protection; 7. Works of applied art and industrial designs; 8. News] M. Kaan DERCOLU 19 In Turkey, under the Law on Intellectual and Artistic Works No. 5846, the computer programs expressed in every form and their preparatory designs are protected as works, provided that they produce the program in the next stage. Trkiyede 5846 Sayl Fikir ve Sanat Eserleri Kanunu kapsamnda, her biim altnda ifade edilen bilgisayar programlar ve bir sonraki aamada program sonucu dourmas kouluyla bunlarn hazrlk tasarmlar da eser olarak

korunur. M. Kaan DERCOLU 20 Law on Intellectual and Artistic Works Number 5846 5846 sayl Fikri ve Sanat Eserleri Kanunu Art. 2- ( Amendment: 7.6.19954110/2) The following shall be deemed scientific or literary works: 1. all works of language and writing in any form of expression, and computer programs . MADDE 2 - lim ve edebiyat eserleri unlardr: (Deiik: 4110 - 7.6.1995) Herhangi bir ekilde dil ve yaz ile ifade olunan eserler ve her biim

altnda ifade edilen bilgisayar programlar M. Kaan DERCOLU 21 Nasl korunuyor? How is it protected? Manevi hak olarak; - topluma sunmak hakk - adnn belirtilmesini istemek hakk - eserde deiiklik yaplmasn yasaklamak hakk As a moral right; - Right of Communication to the Public - Right to Be Named - Prohibition of Modification Ekonomik hak olarak; - ilemek hakk - oaltmak hakk - yaymak hakk - temsil hakk

- iaret, ses, grnt iletimine yarayan aralarla, kamuya iletim hakk As an economic right; - Right of Adaptation - Right of Reproduction - Right of Distribution - Right of Performance - Right of Broadcasting Because of the right to reproduction, which is the most important type of rights, it is referred to as COPYRIGHT LAW and is represented by the symbol . En nemli hak tr olan oalmak hakk nedeniyle birok lkenin kanunlar COPYRIGHT LAW olarak anlr ve iareti ile ifade edilir. Sample: 2017 M. Kaan Dericiolu M. Kaan DERCOLU 22 Requirements of protection:

Korumann koulu: All of the works benefit from a protection that does not require any registration, starting from the time they are created. The Bern Convention provides this for all the countries that are members of the convention. Eserlerin tm yaratldklar andan balayan ve herhangi bir kayt gerektirmeyen bir korumadan yararlanr. Bern Szlemesi bunu szlemeye ye tm lkeler iin salamtr. They will automatically be protected in every country where computer programs are created as part of literary works. Edebiyat eserleri kapsamnda olan bilgisayar programlar oluturulduklar anda otomatik olarak her lkede korunacaktr.

However, a registration system is being implemented because the time when the work is created is important for the right to ownership. M. Kaan DERCOLU Ancak eserin oluturulduu zamann belirlenmesi, hak sahiplii iin nemli olduu iin bir kayt sistemi uygulanmaktadr. 23 REGISTRATION PROCEDURES KAYIT LEMLER Many people, especially those who own ideas and art, are worried that their work or ideas will be stolen and used without permission. For this reason, it uses methods such as enrolling in various institutions

(Notary, Court) to obtain time information or sending it by selfregistered letter. Bata fikir ve sanat eseri sahipleri olmak zere pek ok kii, almalarnn ya da fikirlerinin alnacandan, izinsiz kullanlacandan endie eder. Bu nedenle zaman bilgisi elde etmek iin eitli kurumlarda (Noter, Mahkeme) kayt ettirmek ya da kendi kendine taahhtl olarak mektup gndermek gibi yntemleri kullanr. Registration of the works can be done optionaly, in order to ensure the proof of the rights and to determine the powers to enjoy the economic rights. Hak sahipliklerinin belirlenmesinde ispat kolayl salanmas ve ekonomik haklara ilikin yararlanma yetkilerinin belirlenmesi amacyla, istee bal olarak, eserlerin kayt ilemi yaplabilir.

M. Kaan DERCOLU 24 KLTR BAKANLII STEE BALI KAYIT MINISTRY OF CULTURE OPTIONALY REGISTRATION The On-demand Registration process, which is performed through the works, is a noncompulsory form based on a procedure in order to make it easy to determine who has been brought to the work. All rights on the work belong to the person who brought it to the genre and can not be taken through any institution. The process is never carried out through ideas and ideas are not protected. The document given as a result of the Optionally Registration process performed on the basis of the congratulations makes it easy to prove who is the person or person who brought the title to the title. Eserler zerinden gerekletirilmekte olan stee Bal Kayt ilemi, eserin kimin tarafndan

meydana getirildiini belirlemeye kolaylk salamak amacyla yaptrlmas zorunlu olmayan beyana dayal bir ilemdir. Eser zerindeki tm haklar, onu meydana getiren kiiye aittir ve herhangi bir kurum araclyla alnmaz. lem, kesinlikle fikirler zerinden gerekletirilmez ve fikirler korunmaz. Beyana dayal olarak gerekletirilen stee Bal Kayt ilemi sonucunda verilen belge, eser sahibinin yani eseri meydana getiren kii ya da kiilerin kim olduunun ispat edilmesinde kolaylk salar. http://www.telif.gov.tr/Istege-Bagli-KayitTescil M. Kaan DERCOLU 25 ESER NTELNDEK VERLER N ZAMAN DAMGASI - TASDX FOR WORKSHEET QUALIFICATIONS TIME STAMP - TASDIX Tasdix is a digital time-stamping application that can show as evidence

in any dispute that the computergenerated data has been electronically stamped and that no changes have been made since then. The certificate that is generated as a result of the tasdix transaction to be made with the mobile signature also contains the data about who made the transaction. Tasdix, bilgisayar ortamndaki verilerin elektronik olarak damgaland zaman ve o tarihten itibaren zerinde hibir deiiklik yaplmadn gsteren, herhangi bir uyumazlkta kant olarak gsterebilecek bir saysal zaman damgas uygulamasdr. Mobil imza ile yaplacak tasdix ilemi sonucunda oluan sertifikada, ilemin kimin tarafndan yapldna ilikin veriler de yer alr. http://www.e-guven.com/Documents/Tasdix.pdf

M. Kaan DERCOLU 26 M. Kaan DERCOLU 27 https://copyrobo.com/ M. Kaan DERCOLU 28 Trkiyeden kan Vietnam merkezli giriim Copyrobo.com, yazl ve grsel belge korumasnda blockchain (blok zinciri) teknolojisiyle sra d bir yol izliyor ve bu alanda kolay uygulanabilir iddial bir zm teklifiyle geliyor. Copyrobo, ksaca eser veya patent korumasna ihtiya duyulan belgelerinizi, Blockchain Zaman

Damgas (Bitcoin, Ethereum) ve Nitelikli Zaman Damgas ( EU Digital Single Market, 910/2014 ve TR 5070 Elektronik mza Kanunu) ile iaretleyen bir giriim. iOS, Android, Chrome ve Web uygulamalar zerinden 60 saniye gibi ksa bir srede mahkemelerde kullanlabilecek bir delil elde etmenizi salyor ve dijital29 M. Kaan DERCOLU paylamlarnz koruma altna alyor. Copyrobo.com based initiative Vietnamese arising from Turkey, blockchain written and visual document protection (block chain) with extraordinary technology and is pursuing a course in this field comes with easy to implement ambitious offer a solution. Copyrobo is an initiative that briefly identifies your documents that require copyright or patent protection with the Blockchain Time Stamp (Bitcoin, Ethereum) and the Qualified Time Stamp (EU Digital Single Market, 910/2014 and TR 5070 Electronic Signature Act). iOS, Android, Chrome, and Web

applications, and protects your digital shares in as little as 60 seconds. Therefore, it considers all individuals and companies that need copyright and patent protection to be potential customers. COMPUTER PROGRAMS FOR THE PATENT SYSTEM In Article 82 of the Industrial Property Law No. 6769, computer programs are mentioned as subjects that can not be patented. PATENT SSTEM AISINDAN BLGSAYAR PROGRAMLARI 6769 sayl Snai Mlkiyet Kanununun 82 inci maddesinde bilgisayar programlar patent verilemeyecek konular arasnda belirtilmitir. Exceptions to Patentable Inventions and Patentability ARTICLE 82: (1) Patents are granted on the condition that the invention is new to all aspects of technology, including the inventing step and industrial application. (2) The following are not inventions. If the patent

application or patent relates to the following subjects or activities, only the subject matter or activities themselves are outside the patentability: . Computer programs. M. Kaan DERCOLU Patentlenebilir Bulular ve Patentlenebilirliin stisnalar MADDE 82: (1) Teknolojinin her alanndaki bululara yeni olmas, bulu basama iermesi ve sanayiye uygulanabilir olmas artyla patent verilir. (2) Aada belirtilenler bulu niteliinde saylmaz. Patent bavurusu veya patentin aada belirtilen konu veya faaliyetlerle ilgili olmas hlinde, sadece bu konu veya faaliyetlerin kendisi patentlenebilirliin dnda kalr: .. Bilgisayar programlar. 30 Computer programs that are not protected by patents according to legal provisions;

- As a method or - With a hardware If it can be defined, it can also be protected by granting a patent, provided that the patentability conditions (novelty, inventing step, industrial applicability) are met. Yasal hkmlere gre patent ile korunamayacak bilgisayar programlar; - bir yntem olarak veya bir donanm ile birlikte tanmlanabilirse, patent verilebilirlik artlarn da (yenilik, bulu basama, sanayiye uygulanabilirlik)

karlamak kouluyla patent verilerek de korunabilir. M. Kaan DERCOLU 31 What is Trade Secret? Ticaret Srlar nedir? An important issue that can be considered as one of the most important elements of the enterprises is the knowledge gained with experience. This issue, commonly referred to as "Confidential or Undisclosed Information" or "Trade Secrets", affects the productivity of businesses. Such information is as important as inventions, marketed in secret prescriptions with Know-How Agreements, and affects the competitiveness of businesses. letmelerin en nemli unsurlar arasnda saylabilecek bir nemli konu da, deneyimle

kazanlan bilgi birikimleridir. Genel olarak Gizli ve Aklanmam Bilgiler veya Ticaret Srlar olarak adlandrlan bu konu, iletmelerin verimliliini etkilemektedir. Bu tr bilgiler, bulular kadar nemli olup, Know-How Anlamalar ile gizli reeteler halinde pazarlanmakta, iletmelerin rekabet gcn etkilemektedir. 12.03.2018 - M. Kaan DERCOLU - Ankara Patent Brosu 32 A trade secret does not represent a right itself. It is a piece of information that is protected by law under certain conditions. A trade secret is information that is (a) not known to the public, (b) more valuable if not known to the public and (c) subject to reasonable efforts to maintain its secrecy. Reasonable efforts include, for example, non-disclosure agreements (NDAs) with employees and business partners and measures to prevent industrial espionage.

Bir ticaret srr, baz koullar altnda kanunla korunmakta olan bir bilgiyi ifade etmekle birlikte tek bana bir hak tekil etmemektedir. Ticaret srr, (a) kamu tarafndan bilinmeyen, (b) kamu tarafndan bilinmiyorsa daha deerli olan ve (c) gizlilii srdrmek iin makul aba gerektiren bilgidir. Bu makul abalara alanlarla ve i ortaklaryla yaplan gizlilik (aklamama) szlemeleri ve sanayi casusluunu nlemeye ynelik abalar rnek olarak verilebilir. Kaynak: Patent Teaching Kit, European Patent Office Publication http://www.oepm.es/cs/OEPMSite/contenidos/PDF_Varios/Leaflet%20_EPO_patent_teaching_kit.pdf 12.03.2018 - M. Kaan DERCOLU - Ankara Patent Brosu 33 Though the first thing that comes to mind to protect the inventions is patent protection, inventors not making it public and keeping

it as trade secret within the rules of secrecy is also another way of protection. If it is not possible to reverse engineering a production that is produced according to an invention and to reach the invention, it can be kept as trade secret. Bulularn korunmas iin ilk akla gelen uygulama patent alnarak koruma olduu halde, bulu yapan kiinin yapt buluu aklamamas ve gizlilik kurallar kapsamnda ticaret srr olarak saklamas da bir koruma yntemidir. Eer bir bulua gre retilen rnden tersine mhendislik yntemi ile bulua ulalmas olas deil ise, ticaret srr olarak gizli kalmas salanabilir. 12.03.2018 - M. Kaan DERCOLU - Ankara Patent Brosu 34 A nonalcoholic beverage can be given example to this issue. How this beverage is produced is kept secret for many years. In this example, it should not be forgotten that

as well as being able to keep it secret, there is a very successful doing business method that is applied to keep it that way. Bir alkolsz iecek bu konuda rnek olarak verilebilir. Uzun yllardr bu iecein nasl retildii gizli tutulabilmitir. Bu olayda sr olarak saklayabilmenin yannda, gizli tutmay salamak iin uygulanan, ok baarl bir i yap ynteminin de olduu unutulmamaldr. 12.03.2018 - M. Kaan DERCOLU - Ankara Patent Brosu 35 In the patent system, right owners are protected with a patent in exchange for disclosing the invention they disclose to the public. However, in trade secret, the information is protected as long as it remains secret. Patent olaynda kiiler gelitirdikleri buluu topluma aklamalarnn

karlnda kendilerine verilen patent ile korunurken, ticaret srlarnda bilgi gizli kald srece korunur. 12.03.2018 - M. Kaan DERCOLU - Ankara Patent Brosu 36 How are trade secrets protected? Ticaret srlar nasl korunur? The WTO-TRIPS agreement mentions this issue in Section 7 under the title of protection of undisclosed information. Protection Against Unfair Competition in Paris Convention, Article 10bis, is referred to as source in the protection of trade secrets. (TRIPS Article 39) . WTO-TRIPS metni bu konuyu aklanmam bilgilerin korunmas bal altnda Blm 7 de vermektedir. Ticaret srlarnn korunmasnda Paris Szlemesi 10bis maddesindeki Haksz Rekabete Kar Koruma kaynak olarak gsterilmektedir. (TRIPS Madde 39)

https://www.wto.org/english/docs_e/legal_e/27-trips_04d_e.htm#7 12.03.2018 - M. Kaan DERCOLU - Ankara Patent Brosu 37 Since the patent system is the subject of invention, the computer programs have to be presented as an invention. M. Kaan DERCOLU Patent sisteminin konusu bulu olduu iin bilgisayar programlarnn bir bulu zelliinde sunulmas gerekiyor. 38 EXAMPLES:

RNEKLER: 1) The problem with the mixing of the colors coming from the televisions. It can be defined and preserved as a program method that prevents color interference from the broadcast. 1)Televizyonlarda yayndan gelen renklerin karmas ile ilgili sorun. Yayndan gelen renk karmasn nleyen bir program yntem olarak tanmlanp korunabilir. 2) The problem that recorded voices recorded at the courts are not available due to the possibility of being recorded by recorders. It is possible to protect the sound recorder developed by the program with the patent, which allows the sound to be recorded for later modification. 2) Kayt cihazlar tarafndan kaydedilen ancak deitirilme olaslklar yznden

mahkemelerde kant olarak kaytl seslerin kullanlamamas sorunu. Seslerin daha sonra deitirilememek zere kayt edilmesini salayan ve program ile gelitirilen ses kayt cihaznn patent ile korunabilmesi mmkndr. M. Kaan DERCOLU 39 3) A program has been patented to allow multiple windows on one computer screen to not overlap each other (IBM patent) 3) Bir bilgisayar ekrannda alan birden ok pencerenin birbiri ile akmamasn salayan program patent almtr.(IBM patenti) EP0767419, t970935 EPO DECISION US5841420 PATENT M. Kaan DERCOLU

40 5) Bulular patent dnda faydal model belgesi olarak adlandrlan bir belge ile de korunabilir. Ancak bu korumada yntemler kapsam dnda kalmtr. Programlar da bir ynteme baml olarak tanmlanmak zorunda olduklarndan faydal model belgesi ile korunamaz. Program eer bir cihaz ve cihazn bileenleri olarak tanmlanabiliyor ise faydal model belgesi ile korunmas mmkndr. rnek: Bir tanabilir telefonda telefon ald zaman a tuuna baslncaya kadar ekranda reklam gsterilmesini salayan sistem. Bu sistem bir yntem ile saland iin faydal model belgesi verilmemitir. Faydal model belgesi alnabilmesi iin yntem yerine bir cihaz deiiklii yaplarak bavuru yenilenmi ve faydal model belgesi alnmtr. Telefon ald zaman a tuuna baslncaya kadar ekranda reklam gsteren bir tanabilir telefon M. Kaan DERCOLU 41 5) Inventions may also be protected by a certificate called a utility model certificate other than a patent. However, methods in this protection are out of scope. Programs also need to be defined as a method dependent, so they can not be protected by utility model

certificate. If the program can be defined as components of a device and a device it is possible to protect it with a utility model certificate. Example: A system that allows advertisements to be displayed on a mobile phone until the phone is switched on when the phone rings. Since this system is provided by a method, no useful model document has been given. In order to be able to use the useful model document, a device change was made instead of the method and the application was renewed and useful model document was taken. "A portable phone that displays advertisements on the screen until the phone is switched on when the phone rings" M. Kaan DERCOLU 42 Birleik Devletlerde ve Avrupa Patenti Sisteminde bilgisayar programlarna, baz zel durumlarda, patent verilmektedir. In the United States and in the European Patent System, patents are granted to computer programs, in some special cases. Ancak patent bavurusu genellikle

Apparatus for vb., olarak sunulur. Bunun anlam, iin cihaz konusunda patent talep edilmekte ve genellikle kodlar belirtilmeden algoritmalar ve akm emalar yardm ile bulu tanmlanmaktadr. However, the patent application is generally referred to as "Apparatus for ......". This means that the patent for "device for ......" is claimed, and the invention is generally described with the aid of algorithms and flow charts without the codes being specified. US2001011244A1 GB2365573A Pamuk borsas oluturulmas ile ilgili bu patent bavurusunda apparatus kullanlmtr. US2001011244A1 GB2365573A "Apparatus" has been used in this patent application relating to the creation of the cotton stock exchange.

M. Kaan DERCOLU 43 Avrupa Patenti Szlemesinde (EPC-European Patent Convention) bilgisayar programlar ve algoritmalarnn patent ile korunamayaca belirtilmitir. ( EPC Article 52 Sec. C) It is stated in the European Patent Convention (EPC-European Patent Convention) that computer programs and algorithms can not be protected by a patent. http://www.european-patent-office.org EPC Article 52 Patentable inventions (1) European patents shall be granted for any inventions, in all fields of technology, provided that they are new, involve an inventive step and are susceptible of industrial application. (2) The following in particular shall not be regarded as inventions within the meaning of paragraph 1: (a) discoveries, scientific theories and mathematical methods; (b) aesthetic creations; (c) schemes, rules and methods for performing mental acts, playing games or doing business, and programs for computers; (d) presentations of information. (3) Paragraph 2 shall exclude the patentability of the subject-matter or activities referred to therein only to the extent to which a European patent application or European patent relates to such subject-matter or activities as such. (See decisions of the Enlarged Board of Appeal G 1/98, G 1/03, G 2/03, G 3/08 (Annex I))

M. Kaan DERCOLU 44 Programs can be read and analyzed solely as a text book. In addition, these programs can be translated into another language. The state of the art protected the certificate without protection as a literary work. However, unlike patent protection, "Protecting Literary Works" (Copyright) protects expression, not functionality. Programlar bir metin kitab gibi yalnz okunabilmekte ve analiz edilebilmektedir. Ayrca bu programlar bir baka dile evrilebilmektedir. Sz konusu durumun belgesiz koruma yolu, edebiyat eseri olarak korumadr.

Ancak, patent korumasndan farkl olarak Edebiyat Eseri olarak korumak (Copyright), ilevsellii deil ifadeyi korumaktadr. M. Kaan DERCOLU 45 M. Kaan DERCOLU 46 2) Komutlarnn elektronik bir devrede gsterilmesi, programn bir cihaza uyarlanmas, bir cihazda okunmas ve yrtlmesi ile teknik sorunlar zlebilirse, patent ile koruma bu aamada mmkn olabilir. 3) Eer programn bilgisayarn almas ile dorudan teknik bir ilikisi var ise, konunun patent ile korunabilmesi mmkndr. M. Kaan DERCOLU 47 4)Program teknik ynler ieren bir sorunun zm ise patent konusu olabilir. T769/92 sayl karar yine bu konuya bir rnektir.

5)Bir bilgisayarda altrldnda, bilgisayar (hardware) ve yazlm (software) arasnda gerekleen normal fiziksel etkileimlerin tesinde ayrca bir teknik etki oluturuluyor ise bilgisayar program patent verilebilirlik kapsamnda deerlendirilmelidir. (T1173/97 sayl (IBM) veri taycs karar) M. Kaan DERCOLU 48 AMERKA BRLEK DEVLETLERNDE DURUM Amerika Birleik Devletlerinde programlar iin patent korumas salanmas dier lkelerdeki koruma sistemlerine gre daha esnektir. Teknik zellii ve bulu basama olmas halinde bilgisayar programlarna patent verilmektedir. (US Patent Act. Part II Ch. 10 Sect. 101) 35 U.S.C. 101 Inventions patentable. Whoever invents or discovers any new and useful process, machine, manufacture, or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement thereof, may obtain a patent therefor, subject to the conditions and requirements of this title. (Public Law 112-29, sec. 33, 125 Stat. 284 (Sept. 16, 2011) provided a limitation on the issuance of patents (see AIA 33).) M. Kaan DERCOLU 49

Birleik Devletler Patent Kanununun bilgisayar programna ilikin yaplacak bir patent bavurusu srasnda programn algoritmas ya da ak kaynak kodunun ibraz edilmesi gerekmektedir. (37 CFR 1.96 Submission of computer program listings) 1.96 Submission of computer program listings. General. Descriptions of the operation and general content of computer program listings should appear in the description portion of the specification. A computer program listing for the purpose of this section is defined as a printout that lists in appropriate sequence the instructions, routines, and other contents of a program for a computer. The program listing may be either in machine or machine-independent (object or source) language which will cause a computer to perform a desired procedure or task such as solve a problem, regulate the flow of work in a computer, or control or monitor events. Computer program listings may be submitted in patent applications as set forth in paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section. M. Kaan DERCOLU 50 LNKLER https://www.epo.org/news-issues/issues/software.html ftp://ftp.cordis.lu/pub/innovation-smes/docs/brochure_ipr_software_protection_en.pdf http://www.iusmentis.com/patents/software/ http://www.iusmentis.com/computerprograms/protection/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_patent http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_software_patents

http://www.spi.org/ http://www.wipo.int/edocs/mdocs/scp/en/scp_15/scp_15_3-annex2.pdf M. Kaan DERCOLU 51 zet Bilgisayar programlar edebiyat eseri olarak kabul edilir ve korunur. Edebiyat eserleri Bern szlemesine gre yaratldklar andan balayan bir uluslararas korumadan yararlanr. Herhangi bir kayt gerekmez. Bilgisayar program yazanlarn, kant oluturmak amacyla zaman damgas almalarnda yarar vardr. (tasdix gibi) lgili koullar salayan bilgisayar programlar patent veya faydal model belgesi veya ticaret srr olarak korunur. Ticaret srlarnda bilgi gizli tutulursa, haksz rekabet hkmlerine gre korunur. Bilgisayar programlar, teknik bir sorunu aklar ve algoritma, akm emalar ile zerse, patent ile de korunur. M. Kaan DERCOLU 52 Summary Computer programs are regarded as literary works and protected.

The literary works is based an international protection. No registration required. Owner of computer program, to create Timestamp. There is a benefit in getting them. (such as TASDIX) The computer programs that provide the relevant conditions are either patent or utility model document or trade secrets. If trade secrets are kept confidential, unfair competition will be protected according to the provisions. Computer programs reveal a technical problem, and the algorithm it is protected by patent. M. Kaan DERCOLU 53 M. Kaan DERCOLU Patent ve Marka Vekili / Patent and Trademark Attorney Avrupa Patent Vekili / European Patent Attorney Ankara Patent Brosu Limited irketi Kurucu Orta ve Ynetim Kurulu Bakan Ankara Patent Bureau Ltd., Founding Partner and Head of Board of Directors ODT Mimarlk Fakltesi Endstri rnleri Tasarm Blm Yar-Zamanl retim Grevlisi METU Faculty of Architecture, Department of Industrial Design, Part-Time Instructor [email protected] [email protected] www.kaandericioglu.com www.ankarapatent.com

12.03.2018 - M. Kaan DERCOLU - Ankara Patent Brosu 54 Questions/Sorular What is the scope of protection of computer programs according to international treaties? What are the other two fields providing protection of computer programs? Which law would protect computer programs as literary and artistic work in Turkey? Bilgisayar programlar uluslararas andlamalara gre hangi kapsamda korunur? Bilgisayar programlarnn, korunmasn salayan dier iki alan hangileridir? Bilgisayar programlar Trkiyede hangi kanuna gre eser olarak korunur? M. Kaan DERCOLU 55

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