Greek and Roman Mythology A Review of The Principal Gods and Goddesses What is a myth? A traditional story rooted in primitive folk beliefs of cultures Uses the supernatural to interpret
natural events Explains the cultures view of the universe and the nature of humanity In the beginning... was Chaos (shapeless nothingness) Chaos had two children: Night (darkness) Erebus (death)
All was black, empty, silent, endless. Mysteriously, Love was born of darkness and death. And then... When Love was born, order and beauty began to flourish. Love created Light and Day.
Earth was created. She was the solid ground, but also a personality. The Earth bore Heaven to cover her and be a home for the gods. The First Parents Mother Earth = Gaea (Gaia) Father Heaven = Ouranos (Uranus) They had three kinds of children:
Three monsters with 100 hands and 50 heads Three cyclopes The titans These were the first characters that had the appearance of life, although it was unlike any life known to man. The Titans (The Elder Gods)
There were many of them. Enormous size, incredible strength Cronos (Saturn): Ruler of the titans Rhea: Wife of Cronos Ocean: River that encircled the world Iapetus: Father of Prometheus, Epimetheus, and Atlas (also titans) The Principal Gods
Cronos and Rhea were parents of Zeus (Jupiter, Jove) Poseidon (Neptune) Hades (Pluto) Hera (Juno) Hestia (Vesta) Demeter (Ceres) Other Olympians include
Aphrodite (Venus) Dionysus (Bacchus) Persephone The Olympians Zeus Roman Name: Jupiter (also Jove) Supreme god of
the Olympians. Fathered many characters in mythology Zeus Hera Roman Name: Juno Zeuss sister
and wife Jealous protector of marriage Punished the women Zeus fell in love Poseidon Roman Name: Neptune
God of the Seas and Waters The Earthshaker Hades Roman Name: Pluto God of the Underworld/
Dead Kidnapped Persephone Hestia Roman Name: Vesta Goddess of Home Powerful Protector
Demeter Roman Name: Ceres Goddess of the Harvest A Goddess of the Earth Athena
Roman Name: Minerva Goddess of Wisdom and War Sprang from Zeuss head Ares
Roman Name: Mars God of War Son of Zeus and Hera Bloodthirsty and merciless Hephaestu s
Roman Name: Vulcan (Mulciber) God of Fire/Forge Son of Zeus and Hera Kind, unlike
Apollo Roman Name: Apollo God of Light/Sun and Music Brother of Artemis Artemis
Roman Name: Diana Goddess of the Moon/ Hunt Sister to Apollo Hermes
Roman Name: Mercury Messenger of the Gods Appears in more myths than any other Aphrodite
Roman Name: Venus Goddess of Love and Beauty Sprang from the ocean foam Dionysus
Roman Name: Bacchus God of Wine Patron god of the Greek stage A God of the Earth Persephon
e Roman Name: Proserpina Goddess of the Underworld Daughter of Zeus and Demeter Abducted by
Hades Hebe Roman Name: Juventas Goddess of Youth Cupbearer to the Gods Restored youth to the aged
Eros Roman Name: Cupid Young God of Love Son of Aphrodite and Hephaestus Iris
Goddess of the Rainbow Messenger for Zeus and Hera Daughter of the titan Thaumus and the nymph Electra The Muses
Nine daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne Inspired artists of all kinds Goddesses who presided over the arts and sciences
He is happy whom the muses love. Clio, Urania, Thalia, Melpomene, Erato, Calliope, Euterpe, Terpsichore, Polyhymnia The Graces Three Goddesses
of Grace and Beauty They give life its bloom. Aglaia (Splendor) Euphrosyne (Mirth) Thalia (Good The Erinnyes (The Furies) Roman Name: Furiae or Dirae (The Furies)
Three Goddesses of Vengeance Tisiphone Alecto Megaera They punish The Fates Roman Name: Parcae, Moirae Three sisters Clotho (The Spinner)
Lachesis (The disposer of lots) Atropos (The cutter) They weave, measure, and cut the thread of life for humans. The Satyrs
Gods of the woods and mountains Shepherd gods Goat men (like Pan) Companions of Dionysus They like to drink, The Gorgons
Three snakehaired monsters Medusa is most wellknown Their look turns men to stone. The Centaurs
Half man, half horse Savage creatures (except Chiron) Followers of Dionysus Sources Graphics in this presentation were taken from the following web sites: http://www.bulfinch.org/fables/search.html http://www.pantheon.org/ http://www.messagenet.com/myths/
http://mythman.com/ http://web.uvic.ca/grs/bowman/myth/index.html http://www.paleothea.com/ http://www.entrenet.com/%7Egroedmed/greekm/ myth.html This presentation is for educational purposes only; it has not been and
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