Good morning, GO! September 29th Now: Review presentations Was haben wir gelernt? Later: Cultural and Language Projects! 1. Jill and Kasey 2. Sarah and Lauren
Goal: Identifying material and non-material culture from various countries Exterior influences on languages. What is a cognate? Look at the list of words you have been given. What words do you recognize? What do the existence of words like these demonstrate about the relationship of languages?
Good morning, GO! September 30th Now: With a partner list words you know in English that are from other languages. Later: Denglish and the rise of English Goal: Description of the exterior influences on languages.
Cognates and Loanwords Cognate having the same linguistic derivation as another; from the same original word or root el parquebrunette Freund Loanword a word adopted from a foreign language with little or no modification
rodeo motif Angst With your group 1. Identify 3 loanwords you have used before. 2. Be prepared to identify the meaning and use of each loanword you choose. Denglish!
Read through the lyrics of the song Denglish by the Wise Guys and answer the following 3 questions: 1. What are three examples that he uses of English loanwords appearing in German? 2. What is the groups overall message in this song? 3. What types of words do you feel English may share the most? Good morning,
GO! October 2nd Now: Webquest discussion! Later: Origins of English! Goal: Description of the exterior influences on languages. Good morning, GO!
October 5th Now: English language progression Later: Origins of English review Perscriptivist and Descriptivist definition of language Goal: Perscriptivism vs. Descriptivism The Angles, the Saxons, and the Jutes (not that they did anything anyway.) Romans departed England in 410 AD
Germanic tribes (Angles, Saxons, and Jutes) began arriving in 450 AD. Anglo-saxon vocabulary was quickly adopted by the English due to its practicality Most words were limited to two syllables Vocabulary related to the human body, familial relationships, farming, weather, and common activities such as cooking, sewing, hunting and carpentry The Angles, the Saxons,
and the Jutes (not that they did anything anyway.) Christian missionaries arrived in 597 AD. Latin began to be integrated into the English languages based on the Christian languages. Vikings arrived in 800 AD contributing over 2000 phrases to the English language. Mostly contributing action words. The Norman Conquest
William the Conqueror Hailed from France Was the only son of the unmarried Duke of Normandy Arrived to England in 1066 AD French became the language of the aristocracy and royal court. Words like judge, jury, evidence, and justice were all contributed to English from French The terms beef, mutton, and pork demonstrate the use of French by the aristocracy
French contributed over 10,000 words and phrases to the English language. English regained power after the 100 years war. Shakespeare William Shakespeare (1564 1616) came to the scene in Stratford, England. He contributed over 2000 phrases and words to the English language through his contributions to literature.
Eyeball, puppy dog, lackluster, besmirch Flesh and blood, house and home, green-eyed monster, and more! Helped English to be seen as an expressive and beautiful language. The King James Bible 1611 A new translation of the Bible was mandated by King James The translation allowed all members of English society to read and
interpret the bible on their own without the need for clergy. Numerous phrases and metaphor were contributed via the King James translation. (roughly 257 examples) Wolf in sheeps clothing. A leopard cannot change its spots. At this time English was in a fluid state and both this translation and Shakespeare were able to make large contributions to the language.
English and Science Scientists began to appear over England in the 17th century. Isaac Newton, Robert Hooke, Robert Boyle, and many more 1660 the Royal academy of science was formed in England. English scientists originally conducted business in Latin until realizing that the English language was capable of describing their discoveries Words were constantly being created to describe new discoveries (gravity, acid, pendulum)
Many human body words were also added at this time. English and Empire 1583 1914 the British empire expanded around the globe contributing its language as well as adopting new words. The Caribbean, India, New Zealand, Australia, and Africa all contributed multiple words to the English language. 400 million people were under the English realm.
The Age of the Dictionary Lexicographers wanted to outline and standardize the English language. Dr. Johnson completed the first noted comprehensible dictionary in 1755. It took him 9 years to complete. Over 42,000 entries
Standardized spelling 1857 began the Oxford English Dictionary and was finally completed in 1928. It continues to be adapted today. Good morning, GO! October 6th Now: Perscriptivism vs. Descriptivism
Later: Perscriptivist and Descriptivist definition of language Goal: Perscriptivism vs. Descriptivism Finnegan Essay 1. Define: Perscriptivism Descriptivism
2. Reflecting on our grammar from yesterday how would a descriptivist view the list and how would a percriptivism view the list? Schools of Thought on Language Perscriptivism Ask the question What should English be like? Tradition of classical grammars and language preservation
Descriptivism What is English like? Focus is on how to describe a language based on its current use. Good morning, GO! Buctober 7th Now: Choose a particular group to which you belong. Brainstorm a list of words/phrases/terms you use with this group you dont normally use
with other people. i.e. Harry Potter fandom patronum, Hogwarts, snitch, Quidditch Soccer team pitch, cleats, sweeper, midfielder, striker Later: Standard English Goal: Perscriptivism vs. Descriptivism Standard English Standard English: the English that with respect to spelling, grammar, pronunciation,
and vocabulary is substantially uniform though not devoid of regional differences is well established by usage in the formal and informal speech and writing of the educated is widely recognized as acceptable wherever English is spoken and understood (Merriam Webster) What do you think?
In groups of 2: Perscriptivism or Descriptivism Which school of thought is more accurate? Give the positive and negative arguments (at least 4), make a judgment about the value of each. Reflection Essay
With what school of thought do you agree? Why? Give specific examples for why you agree with one side or the other. Due Friday Good morning, GO! October
8thdo American speak the most correct language? Now: Where Later: Dialect v. Accent Goal: Describe what a dialect is and our own dialects. Terms to know: Dialect a variety of a language spoken by members of a particular group. The term does not have any positive or negative connotations.
Accent a distinctive mode of pronunciation of a language, especially one associated with a particular nation, locality, or social class. What is the difference between these two terms? Good morning, GO!
October 8th Now: Were you surprised at all by your results on yesterdays dialect quiz? Later: Different regions and their dialects/accents. Goal: Identify important facets of major US speech patterns Terms to know: Dialect a variety of a language spoken by members of a particular group. The term does
not have any positive or negative connotations. Accent a distinctive mode of pronunciation of a language, especially one associated with a particular nation, locality, or social class. What is the difference between these two terms? With your article:
1. What geographic area is your article speaking about? 2. What are some phonological and grammatical differences within these accents/dialects? 3. What are some specific examples of pronunciations or word choices that this region makes? 4. How have these dialects changed over time? Good morning, GO!
October 20th Now: Pawpaw Later: Different regions and their dialects/accents. Presentations! Goal: Identify important facets of major US speech patterns Good morning, GO! October 21th
Now: Dialect reflections from presentations Later: Different regions and their dialects/accents. Presentations! Goal: Identify important facets of Pittsburghese Good morning, GO! October 22nd Now: Dialect reflections from presentations
Later: Different regions and their dialects/accents. Presentations! Goal: Identify important facets of Pittsburghese Unit 2 Test next Tuesday! Pronunciation, Vocabulary, or Eyedialect Pronunciation difference
Standard English words are spelled the same, but pronounced differently downtown - dahntahn Vocabulary difference A non-standard English word that is used in the dialect. thorns - jaggers Eye-dialect is the use of nonstandard spelling for speech to draw attention to an
ironically standard pronunciation. dogs - dogz Reflection Essay How is someones dialect and cultural identity related? Are people proud of their dialect? Are there some areas where people may be embarrassed or ashamed of their dialect?
Due next Thursday Good morning, GO! October 23rd Now: Idioms in the English language Later: Figurative vs. Literal meaning Goal: The role of idioms in the English language
Unit 2 Test next Tuesday! Terms to know: Idiom a group of words established by usage as having a meaning not deducible from those of the individual words (e.g., rain cats and dogs, see the light ).
With a partner come up with a list of idioms we use in the English language.
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