(Edison) Incandescent lighting (Bell) Telephone Skyscrapers Department Stores
Roeblings and Brooklyn Bridge Texas Crude Shale Oil is Discovered
Electricity to Business and Home Indoor Lighting-West Orange Telephone Bell Labs
Central Pacific Meets Union Pacific Promontory Pt, Utah Time Zones
Hard and Dangerous Work Millionaires and Crooks Carnegie, JP Morgan, Pullman get rich Credit Mobilier scandal lines the pockets of politicians by overcharging construction
Farmers lose out land near RR Price fixing charges small farmers more Granger laws established (Munn v Illinois) govt can regulate private industry to help consumers ICC estb interstate rates Bad times leads to oligopoly in RR, other
Business Savvy? Carnegie promoted efficiency, internal competition, vertical and horizontal integration Holding companies and Trusts consolidate and build control over entire industries:
J.P. Morgan US Steel buys Carnegie Steel, John D. Rockefeller-Standard Oil Robber Barons squeeze then jack up prices Philanthropists Social Darwinism poor are lazy and inferior Sherman Antitrust largely unenforced
Rise of Labor Unions Conditions appalling: 7 days, no vacation, no breaks, 14 hr days, poor air/heat, no sick pay, dangerous, dirty, kids and women exploited the most, pay so low
everyone had to work to pay rent/food Samuel Gompers heads AFL-craft union Eugene Debs heads RR union-industry Mother Mary Harris Jones- crippled childrens march
Strike! Great Strike of 1877 RR workers protest several pay cuts Haymarket Riots Chicago crowd gathered to protest police brutality-bomb thrown at policeseveral killed Homestead Strike Carnegie Steel-12 dead,
closed down for 6 mos but mgt won Pullman Strike scabs hired led to violence, workers blacklisted Uprising of 20,000-led by Pauline Newman-estb ILGWU-Shirtwaist Fire 1911
More Recent Union Membership Show Me The Money Immigration and Urbanization 1880 - 1920
Immigration 1880 - 1920 Jacob Riis Progressive Photographer -5 cents a spotcheap housing, steady work
The Seedy Side of Life Tenement Living Air Shafts used as Public Toilets Taking Turns Sleeping
Social Gospel Movement Hull House- Jane Addams Unsafe Heating Fire Hazard
Crime- Bandits Roost Police had little impact Immigration Restrictions Nativist movement favoritism to US born Formed Immigration Restriction League
Influenced Congress to pass Chinese Exclusion Act 1882 repealed 1943 Gentlemans Agreement ended Japanese segregation in San Francisco Political Machine
Legal Mafia A Pyramid System to secure votes Trade votes for favors Political Boss controlled government money Graft payout for favors-police on take
Cities improved infrastructure Infamous William Boss Tweed -headed NYC dems called Tammany Hall Boss Tweed-Political Machine
Boss Tweed National Politics Also Affected by Graft
Spoils System aka Patronage Civil Service qualifications Hayes (1876) couldnt get reforms passed
Garfield (1880) assassinated Arthur his VP got Pendleton Civil Service Act through Cleveland (1884) tries to fight big Biz by reducing tarriffs- (tax on imports) Harrison (1888) friend of Big Biz-pro tariff Cleveland re-elected (1892) 2 non-consecutive
terms Life at the Turn of the 20 Century Chapter 8
th Sections Science and Urban Life Expansion of Public Education Segregation and Discrimination
Dawn of a Mass Culture Urban Life Skyscrapers- advances due to elevators and steel structure Electric Transportation-faster, further
Engineering-suspension bridges Open spaces-Frederick Olmsted-Central Park Urban Planning-parks, wide avenues, lakefronts, playgrounds, commercial
Flat Iron Building NYC Mass Transit Trolley Mass Transit Subway
Urban Planning Science and Technology Printing process faster and cheaper Airplane travel-Orville and Wilbur Wright Photography
Educational Advances and Set Backs Elementary School is compulsory 8-14 yrs in most states by the end of the Civil War High School becomes compulsory early
1900s, broaden curriculum Kindergarten added African Americans mostly excluded from secondary education at turn of century Universities broaden curriculum Universities for African Americans began
Champions of Education Booker T Washington-a gradual improvement - African Americans need an education in useful skills like education, agriculture, mechanical skills Tuskegee
Institute W.E.B. DuBois-immediate inclusion through a liberal arts education- to take leadership role now, not later- Niagra Movement-became the NAACP
Advocates of Education Segregation is Legalized African Americans win the right to vote and hold office from Civil War This right eroded by discriminatory
practices like literacy tests, poll taxes and the grandfather clause Lynching not following racial etiquette Racial segregation or Jim Crow laws estb Plessy v Ferguson 1896 Debt peonage
Leisure Grows into an Industry
Amusement parks Bicycle Tennis Boxing Baseball
Snacks: Coca Cola, Hershey Bar, Tootsie roll, Campbell Soup, Nabisco crackers Circus Movies Vaudeville Ragtime
Ashcan Artists- John Sloan McSorleys Ashcan Artist-Robert Henri The Laundress
Ashcan Artist-John Sloan Sunday, Women Drying their Hair
Let's explore this link a bit more. How is soil used in sports? As a running/playing surface. ... Durability of the sports field matters - what if the texture was wrong for this sand trap, and all the sand blew...
Educational Structure and Infinite Campus MUST match!The Educational Structure grade span MUST match the grades that students are enrolled in, in Infinite Campus! When they do not match, it causes issues with: SBAC Assessment - students will not show up...
Baldwin's rule; Borda+STV: in each round we eliminate one alternative with the lowest Borda score. break ties when necessary. Nanson's rule. Borda with multiple runoff: in each round we eliminate all alternatives whose Borda scores are below the average [Marquette,...
Coalition for Physician Enhancement Webinar #4June 13, 201711 AM EasternDaylight Time. Physician Opioid Prescribing. Understanding, Identifying, and Remediating Problematic Behaviors. David Bazzo, MD - University of California School of Medicine. Mara McErlean, MD - Albany Medical College. Rob Steele, MD...
Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (MDoNER) has approved US$ 9.2 million towards the construction of state-referral hospital which is at advanced stage of completion. The State Government has initiated Vanaspati Van project to enhance availability of herbal medicines...
Applications software has a far greater potential to impact value-added processes and to be strategically used than does system software. An operating system is a set of programs that controls the computer hardware and coordinates application software. Operating systems perform...
Support for most of VOIP Softswitches and SBC Prepaid Peering - charging and limiting multi-session calls using balance management (Quota management). HTTP API for external systems and customization. High call capacity. Unlimited rate tables. Real time monitoring& alerts.
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