Fruits Foods I: Fundamentals Definition Fruit: The ripened ovary, seeds and surrounding tissue of a flowering plant Fruit Classifications Simple Fruits: develop from one flower (=one fruit)
DRUPES fruits with a hard pit POMES fruits with seeds and a central core Ex. Grapefruit, oranges, lemons Aggregate Fruits: develop from several fruits in one flower Ex. Apples, pears CITRUS
Ex. Peaches, plums, apricots Ex. Raspberries, Strawberries, Blueberries Multiple Fruits: develop from a cluster of several flowers Ex. Pineapples. figs Nutrients in Fruit Fruits are composed of: Water 70-95%
Carbohydrates Main source of calories in fruit Starts out in form of starch but as it ripens, it is converted to sugar Fiber found in skinnn! Vitamins Ascorbic acid, Vitamin A, B vitamins Minerals Potassium, calcium, phosphorous, magnesium, iron, zinc, selenium Nutrients in Fruits Skin Try
= Nutrients to peel as thinly as possible to retain nutrients or leave skin on altogether Skin also contains tons of fiber Colors in Fruits Fruits get their color from chemicals in them Carotenoids Yellow-Orange Includes beta-carotene from vitamin A (which is good for EYESIGHT) Anthocyanins Red-Blue
Forms of Fruit Fresh Fruit Selection: Fruit should feel heavy for its size If purchased during off season, it is MORE expensive. Besides for bananas, apples and pears, GREEN fruits should be avoided because they do not ripen well. Mature fruit has reached its full size and color This can be indicated by a slight tenderness when pressed Will also have a pleasant aroma Preparation: Once
cut, should be served ASAP. Storage: Can be stored in refrigerator for up to a week. Refrigeration slows ripening. Benefits: MOST nutritious form of fruit. The least processing the better! Forms of Fruit Frozen Fruit Serving: Should be served
slightly frozen Benefits: Lasts longer than fresh fruit Is considered a convenience food Forms of Fruit Canned Benefits: Is considered a convenience food Usually least expensive form of fruit Forms: Heavy
syrup most sugar Medium syrup medium amt. of sugar Light syrup lighter amt. of sugar Juice least amount of sugar Forms of Fruit Dried Benefits: Is considered a convenience food Perfect for snacks because it is an excellent source of concentrated nutrients Fruit Preparation Enzymatic Browning The
discoloration that comes when fruits interact too long with the oxygen in the air. Ex. Bananas & Apples that turn brown when they are cut and sit out too long Prevention Add an acid like orange or lemon juice Fruit Preparation Remember to ALWAYS wash
fresh fruit in cool water before consumption and/or preparation This removes dirt & pesticides Cooking Mediums: Use water when sauce is expected as the end product Cinnamon sticks can be added to enhance flavor Use
sugar to help fruits retain their shape Fruit Preparation Cooking Methods: Poaching Method of turning fruit in hot liquid so that it retains its shape Should be done until fruit is tender Baking Firm fruits bake best Boiling Fruit
Sauces: during preparation, the texture of fruits is broken down Microwaving Fruit should be microwaved with little liquid Piercing fruit before microwaving prevents bursting
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