Flood Response for CERTs Community Emergency Response Team Participant Introductions Introduce yourself to the class by providing your: Name Reason you want to learn more about flood response Flood Response for CERTs
Module Purpose To teach CERT members how to respond to a flood in a safe and efficient manner. Flood Response for CERTs 4
What You Will Learn CERT Basic Training Concepts That Apply to Flood Response Overview of Flood Response Personal Safety Around Floodwaters Working With Sandbags Building a Sandbag Barrier Activity Flood Response for CERTs 5 Module Objectives
At the end of this module, participants will be able to: Identify the CERT role in responding to floods Explain CERT Basic Training concepts that apply to flood response Describe how to know when a flood response will be needed and how the emergency management system responds to floods Flood Response for CERTs 6
Module Objectives (contd) At the end of this module, participants will be able to: Explain the dangers of floodwaters and how to work safely around them State how to work safely with sandbags Demonstrate how to fill and move a sandbag correctly and construct a sandbag barrier correctly Flood Response for CERTs 7
What Do You Think? What experience do you have with floods or flood response? Flood Response for CERTs 8 Local Flooding History Event Response Lessons learned
Future threats Flood Response for CERTs 9 Review of CERT Basic Training Concepts Onscene Management and ICS Maintaining Personal Safety Typical Flood Response Injuries Flood Response for CERTs
10 Onscene Management Purpose of onscene management is to: Maintain safety of responders Provide clear leadership and organizational structure Improve effectiveness of rescue efforts Flood Response for CERTs 11
Incident Command System (ICS) CERTs are part of ICS Basic ICS structure is established by person who arrives first on scene CERT members always defer to professional responders If no professional responders on scene, CERT Incident Commander/Team Leader (IC/TL) is in charge Flood Response for CERTs 12
What Do You Think? What are the command positions of the ICS? Flood Response for CERTs 13 Team Organization CERT may operate in two ways One team performing all tasks Smaller teams performing specific tasks
In all situations, each unit must have an identified leader To supervise tasks being performed To account for team members To report information to his or her leader Flood Response for CERTs 14 Maintaining Personal Safety Personal safety is CERT members #1 priority Know your limitations
Dont engage in activities that are uncomfortable Use buddy system Flood Response for CERTs 15 What Do You Think? What safety concerns do you have about flood response?
Flood Response for CERTs 16 Typical Flood Response Injuries Working in and around floodwaters is dangerous Reminder: Safety precautions limit injuries Typical injuries Heat- and cold-related injuries Sprains Strains
Lacerations Blisters Flood Response for CERTs 17 Cold-Related Injuries Causes Exposure to cold air or water Inadequate food combined with inadequate clothing and/or heat
Signs and Symptoms Body temperature of 95 Fahrenheit (37 Celsius) or lower Redness or blueness of the skin Numbness accompanied by shivering Older people particularly at risk Flood Response for CERTs 18 Treating Cold-Related Injuries Remove wet clothing
Wrap in blanket or sleeping bag; cover head and neck; protect from weather Conscious survivor: warm, sweet drinks and food; warm bath if possible Unconscious survivor: recovery position Do not use massage Keep survivor from walking around Flood Response for CERTs 19 Heat-Related Injuries Heat cramps
Muscle spasms from over-exertion in extreme heat Heat exhaustion Loss of body fluids through heavy sweating while working in extreme heat Blood flow to skin increases, blood flow to vital organs decreases Result: mild form of shock Heat stroke Life-threatening
survivor's temperature control system shuts down; possible brain damage and death Flood Response for CERTs 20 Treating Heat-Related Injuries Place survivor in cool environment Cool body slowly with cool, wet towels or sheets Have survivor drink water slowly: glass every 15 minutes If vomiting, cramping, or loss of
consciousness: NO food or drink; alert medical professional ASAP Flood Response for CERTs 21 Treating Sprains and Strains Signs Tenderness at injury site Swelling and/or bruising Restricted use, or loss of use Treatment
Immobilize and elevate Treat it as if it were a fracture Flood Response for CERTs 22 What Do You Think? What did you learn in CERT Basic Training about immobilizing a sprain or strain? Flood Response for CERTs
23 Splinting a Sprain or Strain Support injured area above and below site of injury, including joints Assess PMS in extremity before initiating splint Try to splint injury in position that you find it Dont try to realign bones or joints Fill voids to further stabilize and immobilize injury Immobilize above and below injury After splinting, reassess PMS and evaluate against initial PMS assessment
Flood Response for CERTs 24 Treating Lacerations and Blisters Keep blisters clean and intact Control bleeding Direct pressure Elevation Pressure points Dress and bandage wound Irrigate wound with clean, room temperature water
Apply dressing and bandage to keep wound clean and control bleeding Flood Response for CERTs 25 Overview of Flood Response What Is a Flood? The Emergency Management Response Flood Response Supplies, Operations, and Tools
Flood Response for CERTs 26 What Is a Flood? One of most common hazards May be confined or widespread May develop slowly or quickly Types
Coastal flooding (from storms) Overland (from rain, snow melt) Flash floods (from heavy rain in short time) Ice jams (from rapid warming and snow melt) Dam and levee failure Flood Response for CERTs 27 Scenario
Flood Response for CERTs 28 What Do You Think? How do you know if a flood is coming? Flood Response for CERTs 29 National Weather Service
Storm Prediction Center issues watches and warnings CERT members should monitor these alerts during severe thunderstorms and coastal storms Flood Response for CERTs 30 Flood Watch Indicates that flooding is possible and situation could worsen
During a flood watch, you should: Watch water levels Stay tuned for further advisories Alert neighbors Flood Response for CERTs 31 Flood Warning Issued when flooding is expected Flash flood warning issued after few hours of locally heavy rainfall, a dam or levee
failure, or water released from ice jam Flood Response for CERTs 32 Flood Warning (contd) During a flood warning, you should take action Alert neighbors Listen to radio or television for further instruction If any possibility of flash flooding, move to
higher ground immediately Prepare to evacuate Evacuate Flood Response for CERTs 33 The Emergency Management Response Response protocols vary by community Protocols are described in communitys Emergency Operations Plan Roles and responsibilities
Many public and private partners contribute to flood response Roles and responsibilities are determined by local jurisdiction and may change Flood Response for CERTs 34 CERT Roles and Responsibilities
CERT roles will vary by type of incident Adhere to protocols for that incident Do not self-activate Remember personal safety Dont take on more than you can handle CERT Safety Officer and IC/TL will help monitor individual and team safety and well-being Flood Response for CERTs 35
Flood Response Supplies Sandbags Polyethylene: commonly called Poly Lumber and planking Shovels, wheelbarrows, etc. Other basic supplies Drinking water and sanitation supplies First aid kit and gloves Flood Response for CERTs 36
Flood Response Operations 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Supply and transportation Filling sandbags Moving sandbags Building a sandbag barrier
Flood patrols Support services Flood Response for CERTs 37 Flood Response Equipment Pumps Trucks Forklifts Front-end loaders
Sandbag-filling machines Flood Response for CERTs 38 Flood Response Barriers Tubes filled with water Jersey wall
Sandbags filled with sand, dirt, gravel Hay bales or wood covered with poly Flood Response for CERTs 39 Personal Safety Around Floodwaters Flood Response for CERTs 40
Realities of Flood Response for CERTs Mentally and physically demanding Personal safety is top priority You know your limitations better than anyone Flood Response for CERTs 41 Fatigue Work is exhausting Listen to your body
Take breaks as needed, especially when working extended hours Flood Response for CERTs 42 Weather Weather conditions can affect a flood response by making tasks more difficult Dress appropriately for weather
Dress in layers Flood Response for CERTs 43 Mental Preparation Flood response is long process Work is repetitive Signs of progress are limited Experience can be frustrating
Take breaks to keep yourself alert Flood Response for CERTs 44 What Do You Think? What are some of the most common dangers during a flood response? Flood Response for CERTs
45 Dangers of Flood Response Icy/muddy conditions Electrical equipment and machinery Swift water movement Contaminants Temperature (hot and cold) Debris Sand boils Flood Response for CERTs
46 Sand Boils Occur when pressure of floodwater causes water to bubble up on dry side of sandbag barrier Generally harmless if contain clean, clear water Extremely dangerous if contain sand (dirty) May lead to eventual barrier failure Treat all sand boils as dirty
Do not ignore Surround with ring of sandbags Flood Response for CERTs 47 Common Ailments and Injuries Hyperthermia Hypothermia Sprains and strains Raw hands Blisters
Lacerations Flood Response for CERTs 48 Work Smart Take care of yourself Stay healthy Practice safety Watch out!
Flood Response for CERTs 49 Working with Sandbags Operation 2 Filling sandbags Operation 3 Moving sandbags Operation 4 Building sandbag
barrier Flood Response for CERTs 50 Sandbagging Tools Sand (or dirt) Bags (cloth or plastic) Shovel Flood Response for CERTs
51 How to Fill a Sandbag Two- or three-person operation #1. Holds empty bag on ground #2. Fills 1/2 to 2/3 full #3. Stacks and stockpiles Flood Response for CERTs 52
General Sandbagging Tips Keep elbows in when filling sandbags Rotate duties Holding Shoveling Stacking Wear gloves Do not tie sandbags Flood Response for CERTs
53 Move a Sandbag Correctly Lift with your knees, not your back Use a passing line to move sandbags Diagonal-pass formation is most effective General rule: When constructing barrier on incline, taller volunteers should be at end of line farthest from barrier Flood Response for CERTs
54 Exercise Diagonal-Pass Formation Flood Response for CERTs 55 Filling and Moving Safety Concerns Maintain situational awareness If large vehicles are in the area, listen for
the sound of them backing up Be careful when working around powerloading equipment Flood Response for CERTs 56 How to Build a Sandbag Barrier Flood Response for CERTs 57
Pyramid or Vertical? General rule: Do not stack sandbags vertically May be placed one on top of another if floodwater: Is not fast moving Is up to a foot high with no debris Flood Response for CERTs 58
Building a Barrier Safety Concerns Maintain situational awareness Treat all sand boils as dirty Be cautious when working on levees; barriers may break Flood Response for CERTs 59 Summary Types of floods common in the local area
Review of relevant concepts from CERT Basic Training Remember onscene management and ICS structure Personal safety is paramount Conduct medical assessment and treatment Types of floods and flood watches and warnings Emergency management system response to floods Flood Response for CERTs 60
Summary (contd) Flood response supplies, operations, equipment Flood realities and dangers How to fill and move sandbags safely and correctly How to build a sandbag barrier safely and correctly Flood Response for CERTs 61
Additional Resources www.ag.ndsu.edu/disaster/flood.html www.redcross.org/en/prepare/events OSHA Fact Sheets: Flood Hazards and Flood Cleanup Flood Response for CERTs 62
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