Figure 26.0-1 - J. Falabella Portfolio

Figure 26.0-1 - J. Falabella Portfolio

Figure 26.0-1 Why Reproduction Matters 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.0-1a 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.0-1b 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.0-1ba 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.0-1bb 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.0-1c

2016 Pearson Education, Inc. LM Figure 26.0-2 Chapter Thread: High-Tech Babies 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. LM Figure 26.1 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.2 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.3 Eggs

Two offspring arising from asexual reproduction by fission 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.4 Eggs 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.5 Urinary bladder Seminal vesicle (behind bladder)

Prostate gland Erectile tissue of penis Urethra Vas deferens Epididymis Side view Glans of penis Testis Rectum Scrotum Testicle Seminal vesicle

Vas deferens Urinary bladder Sperm duct Pubic bone Erectile tissue Prostate gland Vas deferens Anus Testicle 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Epididymis Testis Scrotum

Front view Urethra Glan s Prepuce Penis Figure 26.5-1 Side view Rectum Seminal vesicle Vas deferens Urinary bladder Pubic bone

Sperm duct Prostate gland Erectile tissue Anus Testicle 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Vas deferens Epididymis Testis Scrotum Urethra Glans Prepuce Penis

Figure 26.5-2 Urinary bladder Seminal vesicle (behind bladder) Prostate gland Erectile tissue of penis Urethra Vas deferens Epididymis Glans of penis Testis Scrotum

Testicle 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Front view Figure 26.6 Ovaries Oviduct Follicles Corpus luteum Uterus Front Endometrium view (lining of uterus) Cervix (neck of uterus)

Wall of uterus Vagina Oviduct Ovary Side view Uterus Urinary bladder Rectum Pubic bone Cervix Urethra Vagina Shaft Glans Prepuce

Clitoris Labia minora Anus Vaginal opening 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Labia majora Vulva Figure 26.6-1 Oviduct Ovary Uterus Side view Urinary bladder Rectum

Pubic bone Cervix Urethra Vagina Shaft Glans Prepuce Clitoris Labia minora Anus Vaginal opening 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Labia majora

Vulva Figure 26.6-2 Oviduct Ovaries Follicles Corpus luteum Wall of uterus Vagina 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Uterus Front Endometrium view (lining of uterus) Cervix (neck of uterus)

Figure 26.7 Cell division continuously produces new cells Epididymis Testis Scrotum Diploid cell 2n Differentiation and onset of meiosis I Primary spermatocyte 2n Meiosis I completed n (diploid)

Testis Seminiferous tubule Secondary spermatocyte n (haploid) Meiosis II n n n n Developing sperm cells Cellular differentiation (cells become specialized)

n n Penis n n Sperm cells (haploid) Mature sperm released into center of seminiferous tubule 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Cross section of seminiferous tubule Figure 26.7-1

Epididymis Testis Scrotum Testis Seminiferous tubule 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Penis Cross section of seminiferous tubule Figure 26.7-2-s1 2n 2016 Pearson Education, Inc.

Diploid cell Figure 26.7-2-s2 Diploid cell 2n Differentiation and onset of meiosis I 2n 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Primary spermatocyte (diploid) Figure 26.7-2-s3 Diploid cell 2n

Differentiation and onset of meiosis I 2n n Primary spermatocyte Meiosis I completed (diploid) n 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Secondary spermatocyte (haploid) Figure 26.7-2-s4 Diploid cell 2n Differentiation and

onset of meiosis I 2n Primary spermatocyte Meiosis I completed (diploid) n n Meiosis II n n n 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. n Secondary spermatocyte (haploid)

Developing sperm cells Figure 26.7-2-s5 Diploid cell 2n Differentiation and onset of meiosis I 2n Primary spermatocyte Meiosis I completed (diploid) n n Meiosis II n n

n n Secondary spermatocyte (haploid) Developing sperm cells Cellular differentiation (cells become specialized) n n n 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. n Sperm cells (haploid)

Mature sperm released into center of seminiferous tubule Figure 26.8 Primary oocyte within follicle Before birth 2n Growing follicle Diploid cell in embryo Differentiation and onset of meiosis I Primary oocyte 2n

(diploid) arrested at prophase of meiosis I; present at birth First n polar body n (haploid) arrested at metaphase of meiosis II n Ruptured follicle Ovulated secondary oocyte A secondary oocyte being released during ovulation

Second polar body Mature egg (ovum) (haploid) 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Ovary Secondary oocyte n Entry of sperm triggers completion of meiosis II Mature follicle LM Completion of

meiosis I and onset of meiosis II Secondary oocyte Corpus luteum Figure 26.8-1 Primary oocyte within follicle 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.8-2-s1 Before birth 2n

Diploid cell in embryo Differentiation and onset of meiosis I 2n Primary oocyte (diploid) arrested at prophase of meiosis I; present at birth 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Primary oocyte within follicle Figure 26.8-2-s2

Before birth 2n Diploid cell in embryo Differentiation and onset of meiosis I Growing follicle 2n Primary oocyte (diploid) arrested at prophase of meiosis I; present at birth n First polar body Completion of

meiosis I and onset of meiosis II n Secondary oocyte (haploid) arrested at metaphase of meiosis II 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Primary oocyte within follicle Mature follicle Figure 26.8-2-s3 Before birth

2n Diploid cell in embryo Differentiation and onset of meiosis I Primary oocyte within follicle Growing follicle 2n Primary oocyte (diploid) arrested at prophase of meiosis I; present at birth

n First polar body Completion of meiosis I and onset of meiosis II n Mature follicle Secondary oocyte (haploid) arrested at metaphase of meiosis II Ruptured follicle Ovulated secondary oocyte

2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.8-2-s4 Before birth 2n Diploid cell in embryo Differentiation and onset of meiosis I Growing follicle Primary oocyte 2n (diploid) arrested at prophase of meiosis I; present

at birth n First polar body Completion of meiosis I and onset of meiosis II Entry of sperm triggers completion of meiosis II n Mature follicle Secondary oocyte n

(haploid) arrested at metaphase of meiosis II n Ruptured follicle Second polar body Mature egg (ovum) (haploid) 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Primary oocyte within follicle Ovulated secondary oocyte

Figure 26.8-3 Secondary oocyte Ovary Ruptured follicle LM Ovulated secondary oocyte A secondary oocyte being released during ovulation Corpus luteum 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.8-4

Ovary LM Secondary oocyte A secondary oocyte being released during ovulation 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.9 (d) Levels of ovarian hormones in blood (a) Control by hypothalamus Inhibited by combination of estrogen and progesterone Hypothalamus 3

Peak causes LH surge 6 Stimulated by high levels of estrogen Releasing hormone Anterior pituitary 7 Estrogen Progesterone 1 FSH LH

(b) Levels of pituitary hormones in blood Low levels trigger menstruation Progesterone and estrogen promote thickening of endometrium 4 Peak triggers ovulation and corpus luteum formation (e) Menstrual cycle Endometrium LH

2 FSH FSH stimulates follicle to grow (c) Ovarian cycle Growing follicle LH peak triggers ovulation 5 Mature follicle Ovulation 5 2016 Pearson Education, Inc.

10 14 15 Days 5 Menstruation Corpus Degenerating luteum corpus luteum Progesterone and estrogen secreted by remnant of follicle Estrogen secreted by growing follicle 0 0

20 25 28 10 14 15 Days 20 25 28 Figure 26.9-1 (a) Control by hypothalamus Inhibited by combination of estrogen and progesterone

Hypothalamus Stimulated by high levels of estrogen Releasing hormone Anterior pituitary 1 FSH LH (b) Levels of pituitary hormones in blood 4 Peak triggers ovulation and corpus luteum formation

LH FSH 2 0 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. FSH stimulates follicle to grow 5 10 LH peak triggers ovulation 14 15 Days 20 25 28

Figure 26.9-2 (b) Levels of pituitary hormones in blood 4 Peak triggers ovulation and corpus luteum formation LH 2 FSH FSH stimulates follicle to grow (c) Ovarian cycle Growing follicle

LH peak triggers ovulation 5 Mature follicle Ovulation Corpus Degenerating luteum corpus luteum Progesterone and estrogen secreted by remnant of follicle Estrogen secreted by growing follicle 0 2016 Pearson Education, Inc.

5 10 14 15 Days 20 25 28 Figure 26.9-3 (c) Ovarian cycle Growing follicle 5

Mature follicle Ovulation Corpus Degenerating luteum corpus luteum Estrogen secreted by growing follicle (d) Levels of ovarian hormones in blood 3 Progesterone and estrogen secreted by remnant of follicle Peak causes LH surge

6 7 Estrogen Progesterone Low levels trigger menstruation 0 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. 5 10 Progesterone and estrogen promote thickening of endometrium

14 15 Days 20 25 28 Figure 26.9-4 (d) Levels of ovarian hormones in blood 3 Peak causes LH surge 6 7 Estrogen

Progesterone Low levels trigger menstruation Progesterone and estrogen promote thickening of endometrium (e) Menstrual cycle Endometrium 0 5 Menstruation 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. 10 14 15

Days 20 25 28 Figure 26.10 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.11 Plasma membrane Head (carries genetic material) Mitochondria Nucleus (produce energy) Acrosome

Flagellum (used for swimming) 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.12-1 2 1 The sperms acrosomal enzymes digest the jelly coat surrounding the egg. 3 The sperm squeezes through cells left over from the follicle. The plasma

membranes of the sperm and egg fuse. 4 The sperm nucleus enters the egg cytoplasm. Acrosomal enzymes Sperm Nucleus Acrosome n n n Follicle cell

Sperm nucleus Plasma membrane Jelly coat n Egg nucleus The sperm and egg chromosomes intermingle. 2n n Cytoplasm

2016 Pearson Education, Inc. 5 Zygote nucleus Colorized SEM Figure 26.12-2 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.13 Zygote 2 cells 4 cells Cleavage

8 cells Inner cell mass Many cells (solid ball) Blastocyst (hollow ball) Ectoderm Mesoderm Endoderm 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Cross section of blastocyst Gastrulation Gastrula (cross section) Figure 26.13-1

Zygote 2 cells 4 cells 8 cells Inner cell mass Many cells (solid ball) 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Blastocyst (hollow ball) Cross section of blastocyst Cleavage

Figure 26.13-2 Inner cell mass Blastocyst (hollow ball) Ectoderm Mesoderm Endoderm Gastrulation Gastrula (cross section) 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Cross section of blastocyst Figure 26.14

2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.14-1 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.14-2 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.15-s1 Oviduct Ovary 1 Ovulation releases secondary oocyte. 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Endometrium Uterus

Figure 26.15-s2 Oviduct 2 Sperm fertilizes ovum, forming a zygote. 1 Ovulation releases secondary oocyte. 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Ovary Endometrium Uterus Figure 26.15-s3

3 Cleavage of embryo starts. Oviduct 2 Sperm fertilizes ovum, forming a zygote. 1 Ovulation releases secondary oocyte. 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Ovary Endometrium Uterus

Figure 26.15-s4 3 Cleavage of embryo starts. 4 The embryo develops into a blastocyst. Oviduct 2 Sperm fertilizes ovum, forming a zygote. 1 Ovulation releases secondary oocyte. 2016 Pearson Education, Inc.

Ovary Endometrium Uterus Figure 26.15-s5 3 Cleavage of embryo starts. 4 The embryo develops into a blastocyst. Oviduct 2 Sperm fertilizes ovum, forming a zygote.

1 Ovulation releases secondary oocyte. 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Ovary Endometrium Uterus 5 The blastocyst implants in the endometrium. Figure 26.16 Endometrium Inner cell mass

January 0 Cavity Uterine cavity (a) Day 6: Before implantation Endometrium Embryo Blood vessel (maternal) Multiplying cells (future placenta) Placenta Developing umbilical cord Mothers

blood vessels Amnion Embryo Chorionic villi Uterine cavity (b) Day 10: Implantation under way 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. (c) Day 31: The embryo and its life-support equipment Figure 26.16-1 Endometrium Inner cell mass Cavity Uterine cavity

(a) Day 6: Before implantation 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.16-2 Endometrium Embryo Blood vessel (maternal) Multiplying cells (future placenta) Uterine cavity (b) Day 10: Implantation under way 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.16-3

Placenta Developing umbilical cord Mothers blood vessels Amnion Embryo Chorionic villi (c) Day 31: The embryo and its life-support equipment 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.17-1 January

February March April 0 Gill pouches Limb buds Tail 5 weeks (35 days) 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Amnion Placenta

Umbilical cord 9 weeks (63 days) 14 weeks (98 days) Figure 26.17-1a Gill pouches Limb buds Tail 5 weeks (35 days) 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.17-1b Amnion Placenta

Umbilical cord 9 weeks (63 days) 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.17-1c 14 weeks (98 days) 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.17-2 May June 20 weeks (140 days) 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. July

August September At birth (280 days) October Figure 26.17-2a 20 weeks (140 days) 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.17-2b At birth (280 days) 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.18 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.18-1

2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.18-2 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.19 Placenta Umbilical cord Uterus Cervix Dilation of the cervix 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Expulsion: delivery of the infant Uterus Placenta

(detaching) Umbilical cord Delivery of the placenta Figure 26.19-1 Placenta Umbilical cord Uterus Cervix Dilation of the cervix 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.19-2 Expulsion: delivery of the infant 2016 Pearson Education, Inc.

Figure 26.19-3 Uterus Placenta (detaching) Umbilical cord Delivery of the placenta 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.20 Collected egg Collected sperm Zygote In vitro fertilization Early embryo

Colorized SEM Implantation 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Colorized SEM Figure 26.20-1 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Cases per 100,000 person-years Figure 26.21 50 45 40 35 30

25 20 15 10 5 0 46.3 39.8 19.0 15.6 Autism Low IQ Diagnoses of developmental disabilities IVF Non-IVF 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.22

2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Table 26.1 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Table 26.2 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Papillomaviruses 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Trichomonas vaginalis Colorized TEM Colorized SEM Herpes simplex

virus Colorized SEM Treponema pallidum Colorized SEM Neisseria gonorrhoe ae Colorized TEM Chlamydia trachomati s Colorized TEM Colorized TEM

Figure 26.UN01 Candida albicans Colorized TEM Figure 26.UN01a Chlamydia trachomatis 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Colorized TEM Figure 26.UN01b Neisseria gonorrhoeae 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Colorized SEM

Figure 26.UN01C Treponema pallidum 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Colorized TEM Figure 26.UN01d Herpes simplex virus 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Colorized TEM Figure 26.UN01e Papillomaviruses

2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Colorized SEM Figure 26.UN01f Trichomonas vaginalis 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Colorized SEM Figure 26.UN01g Candida albicans 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 26.UN02 n

n Lone parent Asexual reproduction Haploid egg Haploid sperm Sexual reproduction 2n Genetically identical offspring 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Genetically unique diploid zygote Figure 26.UN03

Oogenesis 2n Spermatogenesis Primary oocyte Primary spermatocyte Once per month 2n Continuously n Polar body n Secondary

oocyte Secondary spermatocyte n n n Sperm n n n n FERTILIZATION Polar n body n

2n 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. n n Developing sperm cells Mature egg (ovum) n n Zygote Figure 26.UN04 Hypothalamus sends signal about every 28 days.

Anterior pituitary secretes FSH and LH. FSH stimulates follicle growth, and LH triggers ovulation. Estrogen and progesterone stimulate thickening of the endometrium. If egg is not fertilized, a drop in estrogen and progesterone triggers menstruation. Hypothalamus and pituitary stimulate a new cycle. 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. If egg is fertilized, a hormone from the embryo prevents menstruation. Figure 26.UN05 Cleavage Gastrulation

Ectoderm Mesoderm Endoderm Zygote 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. 2-cell embryo Many-celled solid ball Blastocyst (cross section) Gastrula (cross section) Figure 26.UN06

Implantation Zygote Collected egg In vitro fertilization Collected sperm 2016 Pearson Education, Inc. Early embryo

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • 2: The Constitution American Democracy Now, 5th edition

    2: The Constitution American Democracy Now, 5th edition

    Policies caused economic hardship. ... Clause in Article VI of the Constitution states that the Constitution and the treaties and laws created by the national government in compliance with the Constitution are the supreme law of the land.
  • NAESB WEQ Update 20150826

    NAESB WEQ Update 20150826

    Recommendation finally passed with agreement to form a new EC task force to address more fully these two standards. * As of 08/11/2015. At the August 18 2015 WEQ EC Meeting. ... LSE issue * As of 08/11/2015. At the...
  • Clergy, the Church and Church Schools - Luton Deanery

    Clergy, the Church and Church Schools - Luton Deanery

    Church Growth Research Programme,Dearing Report, Working Together Report Church schools are at the heart of our mission to the nation, not as ripe fields for evangelism, but as an expression of the C of E's presence in a community as...
  • The Roman Empire and Han China: A close comparison

    The Roman Empire and Han China: A close comparison

    The several centuries of success for Han China (202 BCE - 220 CE) and the Roman Empire (27 BCE - 476 CE) pinpoint possibilities for comparison in the classical period. They can also help and American audience combine more familiar...
  • Chapter 8: Vapor Power Systems

    Chapter 8: Vapor Power Systems

    E 1 Přednáška č. 6 Carnotizace RC - Regenerativní ohřev
  • Hypothetical Example of Average Drawdown

    Hypothetical Example of Average Drawdown

    Uses specific yield and not storativity to estimate changes in head. Model may not accurately simulate decreases in groundwater levels due to pumping due to use of higher specific yield value (rather than storativity) Simulated gradient is flatter than reality...
  • Chinese IAB (IA +IB) 15 Hobby and Travel

    Chinese IAB (IA +IB) 15 Hobby and Travel

    Chinese IAB (IA +IB) 15 Hobby and Travel module (L29-L30) Hobby and Travel quiz 2 review Step 1 Step 2 Click on Audio Setup Wizard to test your sound if it is good.
  • The Challenge: To Create More Value in All Negotiations

    The Challenge: To Create More Value in All Negotiations

    'The thing about Joe was he took good care of people.'" —Peggy Noonan, "A Life's Lesson," on the astounding response to the passing of journalist Tim Russert, The Wall Street Journal, June 21-22, 2008 Joe J. Jones 1942 - 2015...