Feudal Society Ch 24 Three Important Groups Clergy Nobles Peasants Who has the power? Power was based on land ownership King owned all the land
Charles Martel rewarded soldiers with land (fiefs/estates) Land ownership became tied to military service How the nobles got their power Peasants became tied to nobles as
they worked their land and turned to them for protection Weak kings depended on nobles for food and horses Nobles grew more powerful than the king and became independent rulers Lord and Vassal
Im a less powerful noble. I swear to serve you and help you in battle. If your family celebrates a big event, I will give you money. If you are held hostage, I will pay your ransom. Vassal Im the most powerful noble. In return for your allegiance, I will give you a fief (estate) and the right to
govern the people who live in your fief. Dont forget our monthly meetings! Lord The Home of a Noble Manor House Castle Wooden building Palisade wooden
fence One big room Straw-covered floors Ate with their hands Fortress with stone walls Drawbridge Portcullis Keep Housed many people Life as a Noble
Noblemen Ran estate Hunted and fished Held court (parties) Played chess Listened to minstrels Ladies Under authority of her husband Arranged marriages Married between age 12-21 Helped husbands run estate
Raised children Took care of household Cared for sick Knighthood Nobles could be knights warriors on horseback Expected to follow a Code of Chivalry Obey his Lord Respect women Help people in trouble Be honest Fight fairly
Knights Training Page Began at 7 years old Helped knights take care of armor and horses Squire Promoted at 15 years old Went into battle with the knight
Knight Good squires were promoted to knights Ceremony was called dubbing Tournaments Contests of strength, skill, and endurance Festive occasions that drew large audiences
Favorite event was the joust Expensive and potentially deadly, but very popular Life on the Manor Land divided into manors, or farming communities Lord appointed officials to carry out his orders Seneschal: visited fiefs and looked after them Bailiff: made sure peasants worked hard Lord lived in manor house or castle Peasants lived in wood and dirt cottages with thatched roofs See diagram on page 368
Freemen and Serfs Freemen Peasants who paid the lord for the right to work the land Still served the lord Serfs Belonged to the lord Worked for the lord No freedom
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