Fasting - Gordon College

Fasting - Gordon College

Mark: Jesus as Amazing Servant of the Lord Amazing Servant Mk. 1:22, 27 People amazed at Jesus Mk. 6:6 Jesus amazed at people Authorship What kind of person was Mark?

Since he is inspired does it make any difference who he was? What kind of personal trail does the writer leave in the text he/she writes? NameJohn, Mark (Acts 12:12) Authorship Apostolic meeting place in his houseActs 12:12 Pitcher bearer?-- 14:13upper room, last supper Personal touch14:51f.

Peters secretary?Papias, 1 Pet. 5:13 Barnabas younger cousin Col. 4:10 1 MJ Paul/BarnabasActs 12:25; 13:5 Quits at Perga why? Acts 13:13; 15:36ff. Why suggestions: Homesick, Paul, Gentiles? Authorship Can godly folks disagree so strongly they split? Paul/Barnabas Peters affirmation 1 Pet 5:13

Do people change over time? Do young people make bad choices they regret later? Paul finally values him 2 Tim 4:11 For Demas, because he loved this world, has deserted me and has gone to Thessalonica. Crescens has gone to Galatia, and Titus to Dalmatia. Only Luke is with me. Get Mark and bring him with you, because he is helpful to me in my ministry. Nature of reconciliation: the struggle

Authorship: Internal evidence Omits Peter as hero 3x (walks on water, keys of kingdom, temple tax) Peters 3 bungles elaborates on (get behind me Satan, transfiguration, denials) Peters comment: 7:19 (In saying this, Jesus declared all foods clean.) cf. Acts 10-11 Scriptural honesty: apostles have problems,

realism, not legend When was Mark written? Early Church - Peter connection Papias, Peter dead by 65 AD so before that so Peter could ratify it Synoptic ordering first gospel 40-65 AD Date: pre 65 AD Mk 13:2 temple destruction prediction (temple destroyed 70)

Liberal aversion to predictive prophecy and miracles: Vaticinium post eventu13:2 To whom was Mark written? Audience? Church History says: Rome (Eusebius, Papias) Presence in Rome (1 Pet. 5:13; Col. 4:10) Non-Jewish audience examples Translates Hebrew expressions: talitha cum 5:41, Boanerges 3:17

Explains Jewish customs 14:12-Passover lamb, 7:2ff Unwashed hands explanation No mention of the law (Cf. Mat 5:17f;); No sending of 12 order not to go to Gentiles (Mt 10) Explains geography (13:3) Mount Olivestemple) Latin Audience Rome: puts Greek into Latin au]lh?j aules palace praetorium (Mk 15:16)

Roman folks mentioned: Rufus, Alexander (Mk 15:21) cf. Romans 16:13. Simon Cyrenes kids Roman conceptual framework: power, demons, crowds, banquets Importance of understanding who the audience is and who the author is (today many drop the author in favor of the audience; both/and) Portrayal of Christ First Gospel cf. Acts 10:34-43

Eu-aggelion (angelion): eu=good, message Mk 1:1f.deity of Christ (OT quotes) Mk 1:2: messenger prepares way before you (=Jesus) Mal. 3:1f messenger prepares way before me (=YHWH)comes into his temple Mk 1:3 voice crying in the desert prepare the way of the YHWH (Is. 40:3) Gospel

Why is it called good news? Life/death; sin/pardon, emptiness/love, breathiness/significance, God/human, kingdom near Christ as human: eats, drinks, hungry, touches Christ as divine in Mark 1 (OT) So John came baptizing preparing way before Jesus Jesus Bapt. Mk. 1:11: You are my Son, Ps. 2:7 (son of

God=Messiah). Whom I am well pleased=Is. 42:1 (of the suffering servant on whom God will put his Spirit and he will bring deliverance and justice to the earth. Who is the Son of Man? What does son of ____ mean? 3 options Jesus Self-identificationwhat he calls himself (Mat 16:13; Mark 2:10) 5 Nuances of the Son of Man [IASED]

Identification with humans Mt 8:20foxes have holes Authority Mk 2:10SM ability to forgive sin/heal Suffering: Messiah ben David//Messiah ben Joseph Mk 8:31 (suffering); 9:31 (kill); 10:33 (betrayal) Eschatological coming judgment: Mk 14:61f Christ as divineSon of Man Dan. 7:13 Divine: Mk. 14:61ff; cf. Mat 26:63f Messianic secret Question: Why did Jesus tell people not to

tell what he did? Messianic secretWhy? Healed ones settings/reason: crowds/magician Mk. 1:44f Demons settings/reason: bad PR; Mk. 1:33; 3:11 Disciples settings/reason: understand; Mk 9:9f Marks Characteristics

Brevity actions not wordstoo busy to eat (3:20; 6:31) Miracles Faith character contrasts [disciples//suppliants] suppliants + faith 2:5; 5:34, 36 opponents 2:7 disciples-little faith 4:40 contra John: faith comes after miracles--Jn 2:11

Marks Characteristics Vividness graphic details 1:13, 26, 27, 31 Euthus=immediately 42x 1:12, 5:42... Present tense used Marks characteristics Realism disciples not understanding Only here the Jesus = carpenter 6:3 Suffering emphasized: 8:31; 9:31; 10:33ff

Minor characters//disciples 3 boat scenes [boat [rebuke] + miracle] 1. Stills storm why afraid + 3 miracle stories of folks who overcame fear: Gerasene demoniac, Jairus daughter, hemorrhaging woman; 2. Walks on water;--dont be afraid + Canaanite woman overcomes obstacle daughter healed 3. No bread/yeast: rebuke of disciples, + 2 step blind man healed Centurion at the cross: gets itMk 15:39

Question: Forgives sin Mk 2 Is there ever a connection between sin and sickness?give examples Question of Jesus authority and growing opposition: healing yes; forgiving sinwoe, thoughts of opponents 2:6f Context of the story: Why did Jesus switch from healing to forgiveness? How is it true that forgiving sins is easier than

healing? a fortiori argument Sin Sickness connection is there a connection? Yes/no, careful (balance) --Randy Purposes of sickness: punishment, repentance, wisdom, obedience, humility, glory of God Healing today? Jesus acknowledges need for doctors (Mk. 2:17) Paul acknowledges need for medicine 1 Tim 5:23 Not all sickness from sin: Jn. 9:2; Lk. 13:4f

Paul sick: 2 Cor 12:7thorn in flesh Job sick means of attaining knowledge Already: see Jesus healing folks; Not yet: perfect state where sickness banished Rev. 21:4 Geographical Questions: 2 Geographical contradictions? 1) Mark--Mk. 7:31 Tyre, cf. 2 Sam 24:6; 2) Gerasa--Mk. 5:1

Question: end of Mark 16 Endings of Mark: short, medium, long Purpose of short ending finishes with fear of minor characters (women) 16:8 John Marks personal history; disciples flee too (14:50f) Church at Roman fear and flight (audience) The theological significance of the long

ending? Be careful

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