Ethogram Notes Charting Animal Behavior Ethogram = behavior inventory used for quick recording of behaviors takes 1000s of hours for a
complete catalog of behaviors helps decrease subjectivity Ethogram Procedure 1. Identify behaviors What is the animal doing? 2. Categorize behaviors Create categories
Create sub-categories Ethogram Procedure 3. How to record behaviors? Options: A. make list of behaviors, check mark if occurs ( no matter how long it happens)
B. create time budget- mark amount of time during which behavior occurred Ethogram Procedure 4. Decide who to observe Options : A. watch one individual = case study gives in depth information about one animal
what to do if individual hides, or can no longer be seen? Ethogram Procedure B. Watch several animals in a group Scanning the group Decide on time interval, scan entire group at interval, record presence of given behavior
OR randomly pick individuals, observe for set amount of time, then move to next random animal & do same Concerns 1. How observant / trained to recognize behaviors is the observer? Do you know what to look for?
Experience really helps(I know when the horse is going to try to buck me off) Concerns 2. Effect of the observer Wild animals do not behave normally in presence of humans
Habituation? Hide observer? (behind a blind?) Concerns 3. Inter-observer
reliability Do I see / interpret same behaviors as you? Are two observers seeing / recording same behaviors?
Are they recording the same behaviors, but naming them differently? Concerns Other Concerns? What if you cant see your animal? What if your animal sleeps the whole time? What if the animal doesnt seem to be doing
anything? (Become a closer observer!) Others? Practice http://www.members.home.nl/akodde/behave.htm
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