English History (An Overview)

English History (An Overview)

Put in order... Industrial Revolution Anglo-Saxon invasion Magna Carta (the Great Charter) Romans leave the country

The peasant uprising (John Wycliffe and the Lollards) arrival of the Celtic people Roman invasion The Rebublic of England (Oliver Cromwell)

The First World War Norman invasion The first parliament is called (by Simon de Montfort) Roman Invasion

Conquered in 43AD The North of the island was not conquered. In 122 A.D., Emperor Hadrian built a wall separating North and South. Hadrians Wall 117km long

5m high A Legend King Arthur The sword in the stone The knights of the round table The search for the Holy Grail (cup)

Fought the Saxons Another Legend The Story of Robin Hood King Richard was away from England for many years, fighting wars. Prince John and the Sheriff of Nottingham were cruel to the people. Robin Hood lived in Sherwood Forrest, with his Merry Men. He robbed from the rich, and gave to the poor.

The Crusades several wars during the 12th and 13th centuries, against Muslims in the Holy Land (such as Jerusalem). England fought in only some of the crusades.

Social Structure Celtic tribes 20-30 tribes, each with a king people worked on their familys farm trained Druids were important in religiou s life women could be soldiers and leaders Queen Boadicea fought the Romans Social Structure

Roman invasion Roman army and politicians were in control people in cities adopted Roman culture but country areas were less affected After the Romans left many people left the cities culture had been influenced, but not completely changed Social Structure

Anglo-Saxon invasion a complex class system lower classes had to do some work on the nobles farm seven kingdoms, always fighting finally they united under King Alfred to defend against the Danes Social Structure Norman invasion the development of a feudal system:

Feudalism: nobles received land from their l ord, and had to fight in his army Manorialism: villeins (serfs) received land from a noble, and had to do work for him feudalism declined in the 14th century peasants had more freedom they paid rent to the noble who owned the l and Social Structure

Industrial Revolution cloth-making became very profitable nobles created large farms for sheep (enclosure) many peasants lost their land these people moved into the cities they became the working class The Right to Vote

The first parliament of 1265: only men who owned a lot of land could vote First Reform Act 1832: about 7% Second Reform Act 1866: about 15% Third Reform Act 1884: most men 1918: women over 30 1928: women over 21

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