English 10 - welcome to ms. oliverio's CLASSROOM webpage!

English 10 - welcome to ms. oliverio's CLASSROOM webpage!

CP ENGLISH 10 Please have out a pen or pencil, your novel, an extra sheet of lined paper. Today Take you will: the final TKAM assessment Return your novel to Ms Oliverio Smile knowing that this was your FINAL novel for your sophomore year. No HW tonight. ENGLISH 10 Please have out your binders to take

notes today. You may title your notes Phrases See me if you need to make up any portion of the test from the past two days. FIRST A REVIEW What is the difference between an independent clause and a dependent clause? Example: IC = The boy washed his hands. (Stands

DC alone) = Before the boy washed his hands (Needs more information in order to make sense) MORE REVIEW What types of clauses does a simple sentence consist of? One A compound Two

A Ind. Clause. What must be placed between sentence?these two clauses? Ind. Clauses A semi-colon or FANBOYS. For, and, nor, but, or yet, so complex sentence? One Ind. Clause + One Dep. Clause When must a comma be inserted between these two clause types? When the Dep. Clause comes

first! PHRASES PHRASE VS CLAUSE Phrases Clauses A group of words A group of words That does NOT contain That does contain A subject and a verb A subject and a verb before St. Louis

before we went to St. Louis Jayne was smiling widely. Minnie Mouse, a famous cartoon character, first appeared in 1937. smiling widely a famous cartoon character THE PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE Pre-: in relation to Posit-: to place, set, position Prepositions are used to show

the relationship between two things in space, in time, or in condition. PREPOSITIONS & SPACE Heres a rabbit And heres a box. To understand what a preposition does, how many ways can we position these two objects? THE RABBIT IS NEXT TO THE BOX. THE RABBIT IS BEHIND THE BOX. THE RABBIT IS INSIDE THE BOX. PREPOSITIONS & SPACE Prepositions which show the

relationship between two items in space are common. Memorizing some list isnt necessary. Just remember all the ways you can position a rabbit around a box. PREPOSITIONS & TIME Prepositions also show the relative position of two events in time. After the game we went out for pizza. Snow showers in March are common.

Murph visited the bathroom before his wedding ceremony. FREQUENTLY USED PREPOSITIONS

about away from beside during on underneath above apart from besides except onto until according to around between for out (out of) up

across aside from

beyond from outside upon after at by in (into) over with against because of by means of including past within

along before by way of like through without along with behind

OF near to amid or amidst below despite of towards among beneath down off PRACTICE In the following sentences, identify the PREPOSITION and the Object of the preposition: The book on the bathroom floor is swollen from shower steam. The

sweet potatoes in the vegetable bin are green with mold. The note from Beverly confessed that she had eaten the leftover pizza. Consider: Which? How? When? Where? PRACTICE In the following sentences, identify the PREPOSITION and the Object of the preposition: Freddy is stiff from yesterday's long football practice. Before class, Josh begged his friends for a

pencil. Feeling brave, we tried the Dragon Breath Burritos at Tito's Taco Palace. BEGIN TONIGHTS HOMEWORK Complete Pages 2-3 of the provided Packet. We will go over answers tomorrow. Consider: Where? Which? How? When?

ENGLISH 10 Please have out your completed Prepositional Phrases HW from yesterday. Today you will: Review all homework answers Complete a hunt prepositional phrases activity Discuss Prepositions and punctuation DIRECTIONS: IN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES CIRCLE THE PREPOSITION(S). The boy was cold so he went inside the house Near the school, the students were talking. During the school dance, the young couple danced awkwardly. Someone walked into the classroom late.

The iPhone sat upon the dresser in the girls bedroom. He leaned against the wall and thought about the choice hed made. The three friends decided to stand in front of the kid being bullied. The girls father and mother decided the stray dog could not stay outside the house. Someone is at the door, please answer it. Lansing and Detroit are two of the biggest cities in Michigan. DIRECTIONS: IN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES CIRCLE THE PREPOSITION(S) AND DRAW AN ARROW TO THE OBJECT OF THE PREPOSITION(S). The book with the black cover contains valuable information. All the passengers were without fear when the plane hit turbulence. That gift, inside the big box, is from me. My boss, during the football game, pulled me into work. The authors clues, within the first few chapters, will

foreshadow the ending. Among the students, that boy was the best option. The extra clothes are in the closet under the shoe boxes. Oscar, without the others, will go to the school. The students, beside the lockers, are obviously late. Tell me more about the book you read last week. USE THE PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES PROVIDED TO WRITE A COMPLETE SENTENCE. CIRCLE THE PREPOSITION AND DRAW AN ARROW TO THE OBJECT OF THE PREPOSITION. Under the bed After the movies Inside the classroom Within city limits Toward the back On top of the house Since last night Around the house Before breakfast Down by the beach

SIZ MINUTE EGG HUNT I have hidden 10 Easter eggs in this room for you to locate. Do not reveal the location of these once you find them Instead you are going to tell me that youve found them by listing prepositional phrases which state the location. The difficulty will increase with the more you find. For example: The Easter egg is next to the Smart Board. The Easter egg is next to the Smart Board and above the chalk. The Easter egg is next to the Smart Board, above the chalk, and under a shamrock. The Easter egg is next to the Smart Board, above the chalk, under a shamrock, and behind the chair. The 10th egg you find must be identified using 10 PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES!!! MUAHAHA!

20 QUESTIONS Within your groups, play the game of 20 Questions. Have one person select a secret item from within the room. You may ONLY ask questions which incorporate prepositional phrases. Is the object near the windows? Is the object beneath either of the clocks? Is the object above computers? You may NOT ask what the object looks like. WORK ON YOUR HW FOR THE REMAINDER OF CLASS Packet

Work Pgs 4-5 You may only be working on this for the remainder of class REMEMBER: Prepositional Phrases usually answer the questions: WHERE? WHEN? WHICH? HOW? ENGLISH 10 BELL WORK Examine the following word sets, tell me each group serves as a phrase or clause. Be prepared to explain your answers! Have out your HW from last night. = Phrase. Answers WHICH?

Of the pieces above the garage = Phrase. Answers WHERE? = Phrase. Answers WHICH? Of angry teenagers Until we learn the results She drove the bus. = Dependent clause. Sub +Verb

= Independent clause. Sub +Verb LETS GO OVER YOUR HW 1. The car crashed into the pole. 2. The firefighters worked hard during the fire. 3. George walked toward the school after soccer practice. (2 prepositional phrases) 4. Lucy tripped over the bump in the ground. (2 prepositional phrases) 5. Ask your mother for the answers. 6. Yesterday, the new security guard stood inside the lobby and watched carefully. 7. He searched under his bed hoping to find his backpack? LETS GO OVER YOUR HW 8. The school dance, after school, will take place in the gym. (2 prepositional phrases) 9. Edgar walks in front of the three kids, ignoring them completely. 10. There is no doubt that, behind all the lies, she wanted to help. 11. On the fridge, my daughters project, from school, is proudly hung. (2 prepositional phrases) 12. A group of angry bees attacked viciously.

13. Devon gave his wife a vase with flowers inside of it. (2 prepositional phrases) 14. You sounded upset on the phone, but now you seem okay. 15. The man looked full after dinner but ordered desert anyway. PREPOSITIONS AND STYLE Writers will often use a series of prepositional phrases to create suspense. CAUTION: Too many prepositional phrases strung together can also be overwhelming. In the middle of the stormy afternoon out at the point of the bay near the lighthouse parking lot next to the visitors center, a solitary figure hunched over the wheel of a 1972 Chevelle idling its massive engine. SOMETHING NEW

1) 2) Beware the dreaded Both of the trolls lived under the bridge. OF Some of the elves refused to help Santa make the toys. 1) Draw a box around the subject of each sentence. 2) Draw a box around the verb of each sentence. 3) Underline the prepositional phrases in the sentences below 4) Circle the preposition 5) Draw an arrow to the object of the preposition. EXAMPLE FROM HW

3) One of the dragons eggs cracked! 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Draw a box around the subject of each sentence. Draw a box around the verb of each sentence. Underline the prepositional phrases in the sentences below Circle the preposition Draw an arrow to the object of the preposition. FOR THE REMAINING CLASS TIME Complete

the provided Prepositional Phrases assignment We will go over the answers on Monday. If you finish early, see me to retrieve a Prepositional Mad Libs sheet to complete with other people at your desk. Or create your own MadLib sheet for me to use with my other classes. PREPOSITIONS AND PUNCTUTATION A comma attaches a series of prepositional phrases at the beginning of a sentence (introductory) Except when the very next word after the

comma is a verb. Among the tall sycamores along the river , we set up our overnight camp. Among the tall sycamores along the river was where we set up our overnight camp. ENGLISH 10 Please have out your homework from this past weekend. Also, have out your binders. We will be

moving forward and discussing a NEW type of phrase today. APPOSITIVE PHRASES PUT PARENTHESES AROUND EACH PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE 1. The cow jumped over the moon. 2. The dish ran away with the spoon. 3. Old Mother Hubbard went to the cupboard. 4. I came to Casablanca for the waters. 5. They take care of everything from soup to nuts. 6. Lets keep this between you and me. 7. Hank drank three pints of soda. 8. Bill filled three holes with sand. 9. Nancy fancied a piece of cake with chocolate icing. 10. She hung her coat in the closet. 11. A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush. 12. A package came for Bill. DIRECTIONS: PUT PARENTHESES ( ) AROUND EACH PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE; THEN DECIDE WHETHER THE OBJECT IS A NOUN (N) OR A PRONOUN (P).

14. I sent it to Jerry, George, and Elaine. 15. I sent it to them. 16. People in glass houses shouldn't throw stones. 17. The neighbors across the street often throw stones at us. 18. Stones were thrown by me and my brother. EXERCISE 1: DIRECTIONS: UNDERLINE THE PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES IN THE SENTENCES BELOW. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

7. Both of the trolls lived under the bridge. Some of the elves refused to help Santa make the toys. One of the dragon's eggs cracked! Two of the baby dragon's claws stuck through the shell. Many of the ogres had blood dribbling down their chins. Most of the knights who had come to slay the ogres had been devoured. Either of the fairies could have been the one of evil repute. EXERCISE 1: DIRECTIONS: UNDERLINE THE PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES IN THE SENTENCES BELOW. 8. None of the children had been switched at birth. 9. Most of the mothers hoped so, at least. 10. However, one of the babies had little wings.

11. The sorceress's bag of winds had been stolen by the sailor. 12. In the dark of the night the sailor sneaked away from the island. 13. The sailor opened the bag of winds. 14. One of the winds filled the sails. 15. Another of the winds blew open the sorceress's window. 16. A lamp of crystal fell and shattered, waking the sorceress. EXERCISE 1: DIRECTIONS: UNDERLINE THE PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES IN THE SENTENCES BELOW. 17. The eyes of the sorceress's cat glowed red with anger. 18. The sorceress of unsurpassed kindness and power awoke. 19. The winds of the bag howled for the sorceress. 20. Most of the winds returned to sorceress. 21. The one remaining wind blew the sailor far from

the island. 22. A drawer of the bureau opened, and the winds folded themselves into the drawer. 23. The sorceress waved her hand, and all of the pieces of crystal reassembled into a lamp. APPOSITIVES A SPICY SUBSTITUTE Phrases which immediately redefine a noun *REMEMBER - PHRASES DO NOT INCLUDE A VERB Appositives can vary in length. A short appositive is fewer than 5 words A long appositive is 5+ words Which underlined segment below contains an appositive? Chicago, home of the NL Chicago, which is the

Cubs, is the largest city home of the NL Cubs, is in the Midwest. the largest city in the Midwest. APPOSITIVES Example 1: Chicago, home of the NL Cubs, is the largest city in the Midwest. Example 2: Chicago, which is the home of the NL Cubs, is the largest city in the Midwest. Example 2 is NOT a phrase; it is a dependent clause.

APPOSITIVES AND PUNCTUATION Short appositives need no punctuation Long appositives must be set off with commas. **The important point to remember is that a nonessential appositive is always separated from the rest of the sentence with comma(s). My teacher Ms. Oliverio likes grammar. Ms. Oliverio, my sophomore-year English composition teacher, likes grammar. APPOSITIVES AND PUNCTUATION When the appositive begins the sentence, it looks like this: A hot-tempered tennis player, Mozena charged the umpire and tried to crack the poor man's skull with a racket. When the appositive interrupts the sentence, it looks like this: Mozena, a hot-tempered tennis player, charged the

umpire and tried to crack the poor man's skull with a racket. And when the appositive ends the sentence, it looks like this: Upset by the bad call, the crowd cheered Mozena, a hottempered tennis player who charged the umpire and tried to crack the poor man's skull with a racket. APPOSITIVES AND STYLE To develop a more natural voice in your writing, use appositives to replace a series of short, choppy, and ineffective sentences convey dramatic pauses or emphasis serve as a transitional element from one idea to the next The man was a software engineer for Microsoft. He played blues guitar in a band called The Pocket Protectors.

The man, a software engineer for Microsoft, played blues guitar in a band called the Pocket Protectors. Eleanor Roosevelt, a courageous woman of compassion and of conscience, played a significant role in ending segregation in the armed forces during World War II. The leading Hollywood heartthrob in the 1920s was Douglas Fairbanks. A natural acrobat, this early star of the silver screen performed all of his own stunts. PRACTICE: 1. The monkey, a nimble animal, is often found in the jungle. 2. Amanda Blevins, a teacher at Tri-Valley, works with many aspiring musicians. 3. Before you trash BoBo, your last childhood

stuffed animal, consider saving it. 4. The coast of Africa, one of the world's largest continents, is a prosperous trading region. TONIGHT FOR HOMEWORK Complete parts 1-4 of the assigned packet which we will go over tomorrow in class. You should use the remaining class time to get started. WELCOME BACK! ENGLISH 10

HAVE OUT YOUR APPOSITIVE HOMEWORK FROM LAST NIGHT. THIS WILL BE CHECKED AS PART OF A COMPLETION GRADE. Today you will: Receive a course scheduling sheet for next year. DUE FRIDAY! Review the HW assignment from last night in your groups. Complete a small in class activity dealing with appositive phrases. *Any missing/late work you have should be turned in to the class bin. I will submit final 3nd quarter grades for this class this weekend. APPOSITIVE FOUND IN EACH SENTENCE.

1. The monkey, a nimble animal, is often found in the jungle. 2. Amanda Blevins, a teacher at Tri-Valley, works with many aspiring musicians. 3. Before you trash BoBo, your last childhood stuffed animal, consider saving it. 4. The coast of Africa, one of the world's largest continents, is a prosperous trading region. 5. Mr. Shawger hired two new teachers, Mr. West and Ms. Verhoff. 6. The fastest animal, the peregrine falcon, can travel more than 100 miles per hour at certain times. 7. Our family visited The Smithsonian Institution, a vast network of galleries in Washington, D.. 8. Our neighbor and his daughters, Allie and Cherokee, take walks every evening. 9. The giant plane, a Boeing 747, launched into the air. 10. The flashlight should be returned to Evan, the owner. ADDING APPOSITIVE PHRASES AS SPECIFIED IN PARENTHESIS. PUNCTUATE THE APPOSITIVE PHRASES USED AND UNDERLINE THEM. (NOTE: YOU CAN ADD APPOSITIVES AFTER ANY NOUN IN THE SENTENCE.)

11. Gage turned the car to the left. (Begin your appositive with a negation.) 12. The smugglers took the contaminated fish to market. (Begin your appositive with the word fish.) 13. The pilot ate his dessert while he was piloting the plane. (Begin your appositive with the pronoun something.) 14. The students entered the talent show. (Begin your appositive with the connective word especially.) ADDING APPOSITIVE PHRASES AS SPECIFIED IN PARENTHESIS. PUNCTUATE THE APPOSITIVE PHRASES USED AND UNDERLINE THEM. (NOTE: YOU CAN ADD APPOSITIVES AFTER ANY NOUN IN THE SENTENCE.) 15. The woman drank tea before sleeping. (Begin your appositive with the word tea.) 16. The boys choose to go watch action movies. (Begin your appositive with the negation never.) 17. Doughnuts are often high in fat. (Begin your appositive with the pronoun the kind.) 18. The dinner was given by the people at the church. (Begin your appositive with the connective mainly.)

WRITE THREE SENTENCES INCLUDING APPOSITIVES OR APPOSITIVE PHRASES: 1) One sentence with an appositive beginning the sentence. 2) One sentence with an appositive interrupting the sentence. 3) One sentence with an appositive ending the sentence. PART IV. COMBINE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES USING APPOSITIVE PHRASES. PUNCTUATE AND UNDERLINE THE APPOSITIVES THAT ARE USED.

22. A. The California coastline is the longest of all the states. B. The California coastline is a national treasure. 23. A. The sick elephant attacked its trainer. B. The sick elephant is the one in the third cage. PART IV. COMBINE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES USING APPOSITIVE PHRASES. PUNCTUATE AND UNDERLINE THE APPOSITIVES THAT ARE USED. 24. A. The careless man shot a condor. B. The condor is the rarest bird in California. 25. A. The basketball players make millions of dollars a year. B. Kobe makes millions of dollars a year. (Hint: Use a connective word.) C. Shaq makes millions of dollars a year. CREATE APPOSITIVE PHRASES WITHIN YOUR

GROUPS WHICH CENTER AROUND THE FOLLOWING TOPICS: Easter Springtime Ms. Oliverio Homework Taco Bell

TONIGHT FOR HOMEWORK Complete parts V-VI of the appositive phrases packet. PERIOD 4 FIND YOUR NEW SEATS 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Kane Ludwig Bryce Mahon Destiny Moyer

Jackson Clapper Royce Susil Kelsey Heagen Evan Ashton Mason Clark Averie Kowalski 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Parker Kelly Jaden Johnson

Michael Carter Hannah Harris -----Hannah Roberts Degan Sharrer Colt Moore Noah Turner 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) Erik Daniels Sheyenne Harris Hunter Frakes

Easton Wilcox Spencer Jenkins Tyler Carroll Tristin Squires PERIOD 7 FIND YOUR NEW SEATS 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Austin Penny Jared Bryan Cherokee

Newell Bryce Miller Brett Swope Jack Price Jon Tanner Wyatt Lane Gage Batteiger 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Jordan

Schneider Trey Bonar Ted McPherson Allie Scott Jacob Mozena Tyler Hurley ------Cordell Williams Brianna Garletts 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) Shaide Ryan Nick Waltz

Chris Kraus Kyle Hindel Kaitlin Rutter Earnest Foreman Keaton Harter ENGLISH 10 Please have out your appositive phrases homework at the start of class for us to go over. If completed, please turn in your schedule request sheet from yesterday to the class bin. Turn

in any late/missing work to the class bin. I will be submitting grades this weekend. Part V: DIRECTIONS: Underline the appositive phrases in the sentences below. (Not all sentences will have appositives.) 1. Queen Victoria, one of England's greatest monarchs, ruled for sixty-three years. 2. Jaden made the salad, a tossed one with French dressing. 3. Mr. Penny, the pro at the country club, is giving me golf lessons. 4. James Hilton's book Lost Horizon has been filmed twice. 5. Chemistry, Brianna's favorite subject on her schedule, is easy for her. 6. Jackson is visiting in Peoria, his old hometown from his childhood. 7. Mr. and Mrs. Miller, our neighbors for the past eight years, are moving to Dallas. 8. Have you ever read The Red Pony, a novel by John Steinbeck? 9. Groucho Marx, the star of many film comedies, also had his own television show. 10. The boys repaired our television set, an eighteen-year-old portable. 11. The poem, one of Robert Frost's best, is called "The Death of the Hired Man. 12. I can't find my notebook, the one I use for history class. 13. Jack's new suit, a gray flannel one, makes him look much older. 14. We enjoy walking, an exercise which requires no great skill. 15. The theater, an old and drafty one, is nevertheless always crowded.

Part VI: DIRECTIONS: Insert punctuation as necessary following the rules for appositives. Some sentences may not need punctuation. 1. My tutor Mrs. Tippie has taught for many years. 2. The two-car garage is attached to the house a three-story restored Victorian with wrap-around porch. 3. My sister a graduate of the University of Iowa is now studying law. 4. Our dog a cocker spaniel named Farley is ten years old. 5. Mrs. Brennan the president of the company will speak at the dinner

6. American journalist John Reed helped found the Communist Labor Party in America. 7. My sister, who is a supervisor at Crenos, drives a company car a 2007 Volkswagen Turbo Beetle. 8. I took a cookie from Hannah the woodcutter's daughter. 9. Og the King of Bashan in the Bible was saved from the flood by climbing onto the roof of the ark. 10. I once saw the famous ballerina Margot Fonteyn. 11. Elkie Fern a professional botanist from the University of Vancouver led the kids on a nature hike. 12. Elsa a good country woman from Freesia has a daughter Ulga. 13. Sllversmith and a soldier Paul Revere was famous for his "midnight ride. 14. I read a biography of Disraeli the 19th-century statesman and novelist.

ADDITIONAL PRACTICE FILL IN THE APPOSITIVE PHRASE AS I REVEAL THE REST OF THE SENTENCE Leonardo DiCaprio was awarded his first Grammy, ______________________. Ms. Oliverio, ________________________, wants each of her students to excel. Brandon paid $350 for his new iPhone, ______________. Chipotle, ____________________, will be closed on Sunday.

___________________, prom is likely to be a success this year. Easter, ___________________, will occur on Sunday, March 27th during our Spring Break. PARTICIPIAL PHRASES OUR FINAL PHRASE TYPE!! Participial phrases are a group of words that begins with a verb. This group of words acts like an adjective. This phrase must be attached to its noun. Grinning shyly at the teachers discomfort with texting, the student nevertheless taught her instructor how to send his first txt msg. PARTICIPIAL PHRASES AND

PUNCTUATION When participial phrases begin a sentence, they are ALWAYS connected with a comma When participial phrases appear elsewhere, they are set off with commas ONLY when the phrase is NON-ESSENTIAL. SINCE ALL PHRASES REQUIRE TWO OR MORE WORDS, A PARTICIPLE PHRASE WILL OFTEN INCLUDE OBJECTS AND/OR MODIFIERS THAT COMPLETE THE THOUGHT. HERE ARE SOME EXAMPLES: Crunching caramel corn for the entire movie

Washed with soap and water Stuck in the back of the closet behind the obsolete computer PARTICIPLE PHRASES ALWAYS FUNCTION AS ADJECTIVES, ADDING DESCRIPTION TO THE SENTENCE. READ THESE EXAMPLES: The horse trotting up to the fence hopes that you have an apple or carrot. Trotting The water drained slowly in the pipe clogged with dog hair. Clogged

up to the fence modifies the noun horse. with dog hair modifies the noun pipe. Eaten by mosquitoes, we wished that we had made hotel, not campsite, reservations. Eaten by mosquitoes modifies the pronoun we. PARTICIPIAL PHRASES AND STYLE You can create a more natural writing style with participial phrases by using them to Combine short, choppy sentences De-emphasize less significant but still interesting information Create dramatic tension Vince Lombardi was never satisfied with mediocre

effort. He often blasted his football players with cold showers after a particularly poor performance. Never satisfied with mediocre effort, Vince Lombardi often blasted his football players with cold showers after a particularly poor performance. Noblesville, known for many years as the most Republican community in the nation, has been featured on 60 Minutes twice. Standing on the brink of history, waiting until that last moment to depress the launch button, NASA Mission Control Chief Eugene Krebs never doubted the success of the Apollo 11 mission. HOMEWORK FOR TONIGHT Pages 1-2 of your new participial phrases packet. EXERCISE #5 1. The tourists saw several museums filled with masterpieces from the Renaissance. 2. Anyone entering the area will be subject to a security check. 3. Please scan all of the letters written before 2008.

4. Angered by the waiter's attitude, Mr. Stingy did not leave a tip. 5. The child threw his spoon into the soup spilling part of the soup onto the tablecloth. 6. Annoyed by the noisy students, Bill left the library early. 7. Nobody knew the man sitting next to the governor. 8. Sentries placed at the gates guarded the castle. 9. Troubled by constant complaint, the community association called a meeting. 10. Two men loaded supplies into the truck parked at the service entrance. 11. Rebuffing our efforts at explanation, the company dismissed us. 12. The elephants were relocated by helicopters equipped with long steel cables. 13. Jen liked to think of the ocean as a habitat for creatures sharing the planet with her. 14. Citizens forced into poverty by unfair government policies will usually support a new candidate. 15. Dazzled by the orchestra's brilliant performance, the audience clapped wildly. 16. The crowds, milling around the accident scene, were dazed by what they had seen. 17. The movers finally arrived in a large van loaded with furniture and boxes. 18. We looked over the rules explaining the game. 19. A wave curling over the surfer seemed to swallow him for a moment. 20. The team soundly defeated anyone threatening their push to the championship. EXERCISE #6 21. Stumbling over the junk I decided to clean up the garage. 22. The farm devastated by the storm lay in ruins.

23. Having studied for hours I went for a walk. 24. We watched the cliff being dashed by the waves. 25. Packing carefully we prepared for our camping trip. 26. Yelling with all our might we sat in the cheering section. 27. Did anyone ever tell you that you have a winning smile? 28. Feeling like a fool I appeared from behind the curtain in a checkered costume. 29. Blushing Estrella accepted the praise of her cycling buddies. 30. What should we do with this picked fruit? 31. The leaning buildings were knocked down by the wrecking ball. 32. Breathing hard the runners crossed the finish line. 33. The dog caught between the two fierce cats fled the yard. 34. Badly injured the accident victims were helicoptered to the trauma center. 35. Holding our breaths we watched the hero being stalked by the villain. 36. The crumpled shipment of dishes contained many cracked items. 37. Tires screaming the racing car rounded the track. 38. The photographer shooting the wedding focused several pictures on the smiling parents. 39. The speaker at the museum was a respected environmentalist. 40. My typing rate changed drastically due to my broken wrist. 41. Hoping for the best we opened the basement door after the raging flood. 42. The team has finally broken its losing streak! 43. Dont forget your backpack lying behind the sofa.

SUMMARY Mark It What It Does Example How to Spot It Prepositional Appositive Verbal A phrase beginning with a preposition and ending with a noun or pronoun A phrase beginning with a noun that immediately follows another noun

A phrase beginning with a verb form (typically ending in ing, -ed/-en, or t) On the road near Chattanooga, we stopped at an antiques store before lunch. My sister Jeanne is an accountant. The Pet of the Week was a cat, a longhaired Persian named Murray. Seated in the rear of the room, the tardy student slid inconspicuously into her seat.

The girl visiting her aunt arrived by train. Shows the relationship between two objects or ideas in terms of space or time Immediately redefines a noun Acts as an adjective A comma attaches a series of introductory prepositional phrases Commas set off long appositives of more than 5 words. Short A comma attaches an

introductory verbal phrase.

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