Electric Connected and Autonomous Vehicles Tim Armitage

Electric Connected and Autonomous Vehicles Tim Armitage

Electric Vehicle Charging in the Urban Environment World Roads Association UK Congress 15th November 2018 Tim Armitage Future of urban mobility Road transport is changing (quickly):

Convergence of key technologies Changes in social attitudes

Global mega-trends Decreasing private ownership Desire for decreased emissions Increasingly connected vehicles Increasingly automated vehicles Decreasing private ownership Less demand for private ownership

Shared ownership will come to dominate Mobility as a service models being introduced Traditional automotive OEMs transitioning to mobility providers Decreasing emissions Government legislation will ban sales of

pure ICE cars from 2040, some pressures to do this much earlier Health concerns focus on NOx, SOx and PM10 Electric and electric hybrid currently only mainstream solution, hydrogen fuel cells may emerge as viable solution

Decreasing emissions Electric vehicle charging still developing Normal (3kW) Fast (7kW) and Rapid (50kW) well established CHAdeMO, CCS and Type 2 connectors New formats up to 350kW rolling-out

Increasingly autonomous vehicles Not just passenger cars Vans, buses and HGVs (platooning) Third generation pods Small parcel delivery vehicles Electric vehicle market: Electric vehicles (pure battery and

hybrid) still a small fraction of parc Supply of vehicles is limited Common belief that there is insufficient charging infrastructure, but: Existing infrastructure is under used Future power demand: If we make some assumptions about

vehicle origin and destinations we can estimate power demand Suburban charging and urban charging have different profiles Future power demand: Possible to map peak demand

throughout urban environment Into an uncertain future Positioning of EV charging facilities to become more strategic than pragmatic Intelligent chargers used to control grid loading Kerb management becomes more

important Interoperability will remain an issue Thanks for listening [email protected]

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