Canadas PresentationScience, name (Name of presenter) Technology and (Position) Innovation (STI) (Division/Post name, Landscape City) December 2015 A Global Leader in STI Canada is a world leader in science, technology and innovation (STI). A highly-educated, highly-skilled workforce, strong academic institutions, advanced infrastructure, and solid programs to support research and development (R & D), help shape Canadas STI landscape. Canada offers a winning environment for research and innovation, including highly competitive tax incentives and other mechanisms to encourage domestic innovation and international collaboration. Canadas Innovative Edge Canada is recognized by the World Economic Forum (WEF) as one of the most innovative and competitive economies in the world. Canada consistently ranks as one of the top global performers based on several WEF indicators; e.g. 7th in quality of education and 6th in financial market development.
Although Canada accounts for only about 0.5 percent of the worlds population, it generates four percent of its academic papers. From 20032011, Canada led the G-7 in the number of scientific publications on a percapita basis. R & D-intensive sectors in Canada enjoy the lowest costs and one of the best R & D tax incentives in the G-7. The Government of Canada is taking significant steps to ensure Canada maintains its competitive advantage in STI, such as collaborating internationally, encouraging private sector investment and through dedicated funding programs. Canadian Innovation at Work From the birch bark canoe to the Blackberry smartphone, Canada is a nation built on innovation. Canadas STI accomplishments have led to numerous important contributions to global progress. The following provides a sampling of Canadian inventions: Amplitude modulation Analytical plotter (3-D maps) Artificial blood cell Blackberry smartphone CADPAT digital camouflage Canadarm (Aerospace) CPR mannequin Computerized Braille Cystic fibrosis gene Electric cooking range Electric wheel chair Film colourization Garbage bag (polyethylene) Heart pacemaker HIV-suppressing drug: 3TC Hydrofoil boat IMAX movie system Insulin process JAVA software programming Jolly Jumper for babies Kerosene distilling process Key frame animation Lane divider line
Lawn sprinkler Newsprint Postal sorter (automatic) Robertson screwdriver Snowblower Snowmobile Standard Time Telephone Telephone handset Train axle oiler Canada is a Valuable STI Partner International R & D collaborations and partnerships are a key component of Canadas economic agenda. Canada wants to deepen collaborative ties and two-way knowledge flow with partners from around the world. Canada has a strong and diversified economy, a broad resource base, and a stable banking and tax environment. Also appealing for entrepreneurs and investors are Canadas scientific talent, innovation capacity and expertise across a wide array of industries. Bilateral STI Agreements and Arrangements International partnerships are an essential catalyst for STI, as these collaborations often accelerate the pace of discovery and result in improved commercialization. Since 1965, Canada has built formal STI relationships and partnerships with key countries and innovation networks around the world. Canada concluded 13 bilateral agreements and arrangements, including with Brazil, China, the European Union, France, Germany, India, Israel and Japan. Canada maintains successful R & D partnerships through government, business, private and public organizations, and academic channels.
Main R & D Performers in Canada Higher Education Scientific discovery and publications Graduate and postgraduate research Business $12.36 B $15.4 B $2.64 B$.17 B Government Policy and regulatory mandates Support to industry and academic partners Product and process development New knowledge commercialization Total R & D* Performed in Canada in 2014: $30.57B *Includes Natural Sciences, Engineering, Social Sciences and Humanities Private Non-Profit Includes such groups as private research institutes, philanthropic foundations and health organizations Source: Statistics Canada, CANSIM Table 358-0001: Gross domestic expenditures on research and development, by science type, and by funder and performer sector R & D Funding Canadian businesses are Canadas largest R & D performer, providing
$14.12 billion of R & D funding. The federal government is the second largest source of R & D funding contributing $5.81 billion. It also performs $2.31 billion of R & D in Canada (approximately 7.6 percent of total R & D). Provincial government and provincial research organizations perform $338 million of R & D in Canada. Sources of R & D funding in higher education include: Government : more than $4.5 billion Private, non-profit : more than $1.1 billion Business: nearly $1 billion Funding and Research Structure Research Research and and Research Research Training Training Funding Funding Research Research and and Commercialization Commercialization Funding Funding Research Research Performed Performed in in Federal Federal Labs Labs Granting Granting Agencies: Agencies: Natural Natural Sciences Sciences & & Engineering Engineering
Research Research Council Council of of Canada Canada (NSERC) (NSERC) Social Social Sciences Sciences & & Humanities Humanities Research Council of Research Council of Canada Canada (SSHRC) (SSHRC) Canadian Canadian Institutes Institutes for for Health Health Research Research (CIHR) (CIHR) Foundations: Foundations: Mitacs Mitacs Canada Canada Foundation Foundation for for Innovation Innovation Genome Genome Canada Canada Canada Canada Revenue Revenue Agency Agency -Scientific Scientific Research
Research & & Experimental Experimental Development Development (SR&ED) (SR&ED) tax tax credits credits National National Research Research Council Council -Industrial Industrial Research Research Assistance Assistance Program Program (NRC-IRAP) (NRC-IRAP) Sustainable Sustainable Development Development Technology Canada Technology Canada (SDTC) (SDTC) Networks of Centres Networks of Centres of of Excellence Excellence of of Canada Canada (NCE) (NCE) Centres Centres of of Excellence Excellence for for Commercialization and Commercialization and Research Research (CECR)
(CECR) Business-Led Business-Led Networks Networks of of Centres Centres of of Excellence Excellence (BL-NCE) (BL-NCE) National National Research Research Council Council (NRC) (NRC) Communication Communication Research Research Centre Centre Canada (CRC) Canada (CRC) Science-based Science-based federal federal Departments Departments & & Agencies: Agencies: -- Agriculture Agriculture and and Agri-Food Agri-Food Canada Canada -- Canadian Canadian Space Space Agency Agency -- Environment Environment Canada Canada -- Fisheries Fisheries and and Oceans
Oceans Canada Canada -- Health Health Canada Canada -- Natural Natural Resources Resources Canada Canada Industrial Industrial Research Research Government Government Research Research Research Research in in Universities, Universities, Colleges Colleges and and Teaching Teaching Hospitals Hospitals Government of Canadas Role in STI PARLIAMENT PARLIAMENT Global Global Affairs Affairs Canada Canada (GAC) (GAC) Prime Prime Minister Minister of of Canada Canada Minister Minister of
of International International Trade Trade CABINET CABINET Minister Minister of of ISED ISED Minister Minister of of Science Science Innovation, Innovation, Science Science and and Economic Development Economic Development Canada Canada The Government of Canada is one player in Canadas highly-diversified STI landscape. Its multi-faceted role includes: Policy and regulatory mandates Funding and administering partnership programs Supporting industry and academic partners Undertaking government-based R & D work Investing to support and encourage private sector investment in innovation Global Affairs Canada (GAC) oversees the international aspects of STI for Canada while Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada focusses on the domestic aspects. GACs role includes managing bilateral S&T agreements and helping Canadian companies find international R & D partners. Federal STI Platform Three Key Pillars People People Knowledge
Knowledge Innovation Innovation Inspire, Inspire, develop, develop, attract attract and and retain retain the the highly highly talented talented researchers researchers needed needed to to meet meet the the demands demands of of the the modern modern global global economy, economy, both both in in the the lab lab and and in in the the boardroom, boardroom, while while encouraging encouraging young young Canadians Canadians to
to seek seek rewarding rewarding careers careers in in science, science, technology, technology, engineering engineering and and mathematics. mathematics. Tackle Tackle national national and and global global challenges challenges by by supporting supporting worldworldleading leading research research through through legacy legacy investments investments such such as as the the Canada Canada First First Research Research Excellence Excellence Fund. Fund. Encourage Encourage greater greater
partnerships partnerships among among Canadian Canadian businesses, businesses, universities universities and and colleges colleges to to drive drive innovation innovation and and encourage encourage the the adoption adoption of of new new processes processes and and technologies technologies that that help help Canadian Canadian businesses businesses compete compete and and win win in in the the global global marketplace. marketplace. Federal STI Platform - Research Priorities Environment and Agriculture Health and Life Sciences
Water: Health, Energy, Security Biotechnology Aquaculture Sustainable methods of accessing energy and mineral resources from unconventional sources Food and food systems Climate change research and technology Disaster mitigation Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) New media, animation and games Communications networks and services Cybersecurity Advanced data management and analysis Machine-to-machine systems Quantum computing Neuroscience and mental health Regenerative medicine Health in an aging population Biomedical engineering and medical technologies Advanced Manufacturing
Automation (including robotics) Lightweight materials and technologies Additive manufacturing Quantum materials Nanotechnology Aerospace Automotive Natural Resources and Energy Arctic: Responsible development and monitoring Bioenergy, fuel cells and nuclear energy Bio-products Pipeline safety Federal STI Platform in Action Global conditions are changing and require innovative responses from businesses. With a focus on providing industry-driven support, the government is working to ensure that Canadian businesses remain technologically advanced and internationally competitive. The federal approach is being refined to foster a more powerful business-pull on Canadas strong STI capacity. One way to do this is by fostering synergies among STI players through collaboration, networks and clusters. Venture Capital Venture capital (VC) plays a vital role in research-to-market realization. Canadas 2012 federal budget announced $400 million to: help increase private-sector investments in early-stage risk capital, and support the creation of large-scale VC funds led by the private sector that focus on ICT, life sciences, and clean and sustainable technology.
In 2013, the Government of Canada announced its Venture Capital Action Plan (VCAP) -- a comprehensive approach to deploy $400 million in new capital over seven to 10 years, which is expected to attract close to $1 billion in new private-sector investments in funds of funds. Venture Capital In 2014, Canadian companies attracted over $2.3 billion in venture capital financing. As a percentage of GDP, Canada ranks second only to the United States among G-7 countries in terms of attracting VC financing. Information and communication technology (ICT) companies have consistently attracted the most VC funding in Canada. Source: Industry Canada. 2014. Q4 2014 Venture Capital Monitor. Retrieved from www.ic.gc.ca/vcmonitor. Canadian Academic Excellence Large network of universities and colleges actively engaged in research. Lead G-7 for R & D performed by higher-education sector. Canadian researchers are active, producing a relatively higher volume of scientific articles than peers in most industrialized countries. High relative share of the top-cited scientific articles worldwide. Net migration of researchers into Canada. Highest share of tertiary graduates among working-age population in the OECD. Higher Education Expenditures on R & D (HERD), 2000-2014 14 HERD funded by other sectors
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Year Source: Statistics Canada, CANSIM Table 358-0001: Gross domestic expenditures on research and development, by science type and by funder and performer sector Helping You Connect The Canadian Trade Commissioner Service (TCS) - part of Global Affairs Canada (GAC) - is active in more than 160 locations across Canada and worldwide . The TCS has links to global innovation networks including businesses, other government departments, STI stakeholders, and provincial, territorial and international partners. We can help make connections with the right partners for your STI endeavours. Connect with the TCS tradecommissioner.gc.ca
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