Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA2) Overview

Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA2) Overview

NPS Data from the Achievement Network Assessment #1 ANet: 3rd Grade Assessed Standards ELA Standard NPS # of averag questions e RI.3.1 Ask and answer questions using key details from the text 6 35% RI.3.2 Determine main idea; identify details that support the main idea 2 29% RI.3.3 Describe relationships in informational texts using signal words RL.3.1 Ask and answer questions using key details from the text 3 1 42% 36% RL.3.2 Recount & determine the lessons of culturally diverse texts using key details 2 47% RL.3.3 Describe characters & explain impact 2 62% RI.3.4 Determine academic vocabulary & domain-specific word meanings 3 41% RI.3.5 Use features to efficiently read a text

1 43% RI.3.6 Distinguish student's point of view from author's point of view 3 40% RL.3.4 Determine the meaning of words (literal vs. nonliteral) 1 48% RL.3.5 Refer to text parts using literary terms; describe progression 1 24% L.3.5 Understand figurative language, word relationships & word nuances 2 54% Math Standards # of NPS Question Averag s e 3.OA.1 Interpret Products of Whole Numbers 3 59% 3.OA.3 Multiplication and Division Fact Word Problems 3 60% 3.OA.7 Multiplication & Division Facts within 100 3

70% 3.NBT.1 Rounding Whole Numbers 3 59% 3.NBT.2 Add and Subtract Whole Numbers 6 66% 2 ANet: 4th Grade Assessed Standards ELA Standards RI.4.1 Refer to explicit/inferential details in the text RI.4.2 Determine main idea, identify supporting details; summarize RI.4.3 Explain events/ ideas in informational texts using text details RL.4.1 Refer to explicit and inferential details in the text RL.4.2 Determine theme from text details; summarize RL.4.3 Describe characters, setting, or events using text details RI.4.4 Determine academic vocabulary & domain-specific word meanings RI.4.5 Describe the structure of events/ideas/concepts/ information in a text. RI.4.6 Compare/Contrast first/secondhand account of the same topic; describe differences in focus/information RL.4.6 Compare/contrast points of view of different stories; difference between first/third-person narration L.4.5 Understand figurative language, word relationships, & word nuances # of NPS Question Averag s e Math Standards # of NPS Questio Averag ns e

5 31% 4.NBT.1 Place Value 3 28% 3 36% 4.NBT.2 Read, Write, and Compare Whole Numbers 3 58% 4 41% 4.NBT.3 Round Whole Numbers 3 54% 4.NBT.4 Add and Subtract Whole Numbers 3 66% 3 37% 1 27% 2 36% 4.NBT.5 Multiply Whole Numbers 6 43% 2 49% 4.NBT.6 Divide Whole Numbers

6 37% 2 36% 4.OA.1 Multiplicative Comparisons 3 45% 4.OA.2 Multiplication and Division Word Problems 3 44% 4.OA.3 Multi-Step Word Problems and Estimation Strategies 3 45% 1 21% 1 25% 4.OA.4 Factors, Multiples, Prime, and Composite 3 48% 3 38% 4.OA.5 Identify and Generate Patterns 3 47% 3 ANet: 5th Grade Assessed Standards ELA Standards RI.5.1 Quote text accurately to explain explicit

and inferential ideas RI.5.2 Determine two or more main ideas from the text; identify details that support the main idea; summarize RI.5.3 Explain relationships between two or more text components, using text details RL.5.1 Quote text accurately to explain explicit and inferential ideas RL.5.2 Determine theme from text details; summarize RL.5.3 Compare/contrast elements of story using text details RI.5.4 Determine academic vocabulary & domain-specific word meanings RI.5.6 Analyze multiple accounts of the same event/topic; note similarities/differences in point of view RL.5.4 Determine the meaning of figurative and non-figurative words and phrases RL.5.5 Explain how text parts provide overall structure of a text # of NPS Question Averag s e 3 66% Math Standards 5.NBT.1 Relative Place Value in a Multi-Digit Number 5.NBT.2 Products of Powers of Ten: Patterns in Zeroes and Decimal Points # of NPS Question Averag s e 3 54% 3 36% 5.NBT.3a Read and Write Decimals 3 38% 5.NBT.3b Compare Decimals 3

48% 5.NBT.5 Multiply Whole Numbers 6 56% 5.NBT.6 Divide Whole Numbers 6 49% 2 53% 2 41% 6 36% 2 25% 3 45% 1 59% 1 52% 3 41% 5.OA.1 Parentheses in Expressions 3 52% 2 57% 5.OA.2 Write Expressions and Interpret Without Evaluating

3 47% RL.5.6 Describe how narrator/speaker's point of view influences description of events 2 38% L.5.5 Understand figurative language, word relationships, & word nuances 3 47% 4 ANet: 6th Grade Assessed Standards ELA Standards RI.6.1 Cite text explicitly when analyzing & inferencing RI.6.2 Determine a central idea supported by details; objectively summarize RI.6.3 Analyze the development of key concepts RL.6.1 Cite text explicitly when analyzing & inferencing RL.6.2 Determine theme/central idea from text details; objectively summarize RL.6.3 Describe plot progression in text RI.6.4 Determine meaning of words (figurative, connotative, and technical) RI.6.5 Analyze how a part of the text fits into the overall structure of the text; contributes to the development of ideas RI.6.6 Determine author's point of view or purpose using textual evidence RL.6.4 Determine the meaning of figurative/non-figurative/connotative words and phrases; analyze word choice impact RL.6.5 Analyze how text parts fit in the overall structure of a text; contribute to the development of theme/setting/plot RL.6.6 Explain how author develops the point of view of the narrator/speaker L.6.5 Understand figurative language, word relationships, & word nuances # of NPS Question Averag s e 2 46%

1 47% 2 44% 4 26% 2 1 33% 27% 1 40% 1 42% 1 53% 4 30% 4 30% 2 32% 5 31% Math Standards 6.NS.5 Contextual Positive and Negative Rational Numbers 6.NS.6a Opposites 6.NS.6b Signs of Numbers and Ordered Pairs 6.NS.6c Rational Numbers on Number Lines and Coordinate Planes 6.NS.7a Rational Number Inequalities and Number Lines 6.NS.7b Order Rational

Numbers in Real World Context 6.NS.7c Absolute Value 6.NS.7d Absolute Value Comparison 6.NS.8 Graph and Find Distance Between Coordinate Points 6.G.3 Polygons in the Coordinate Plane 6.NS.4 Greatest Common Factor and Distributive Property # of Question NPS s Average 3 3 70% 42% 3 55% 3 57% 3 48% 3 3 55% 33% 3 46% 3 48% 3 56% 3 45% 5

ANet: 7th Grade Assessed Standards ELA Standards RI.7.1 Cite several pieces of textual evidence when analyzing & inferencing RI.7.2 Determine and analyze two or more central ideas; objectively summarize # of NPS Question Averag s e 2 61% 2 44% RI.7.3 Analyze text element interactions RL.7.1 Cite several pieces of textual evidence when analyzing & inferencing RL.7.2 Determine/analyze development of theme/central idea from text details; objectively summarize 2 59% 5 34% 3 36% RL.7.3 Analyze text element interactions RI.7.4 Determine meaning of words (figurative, connotative, and technical); analyze impact of word choice RI.7.5 Analyze how the organization of a text contributes to the whole and to the development of ideas RI.7.6 Determine author's point of view or purpose; analyze how author distinguishes his/her position RL.7.4 Determine the meaning of words (figurative/connotative language); analyze impact of word choice (rhymes/repetition of sound) on a section of text RL.7.5 Analyze the structure of diverse literature & it's effect on meaning L.7.5 Understand figurative language, word relationships, & word nuances 4

53% 1 60% 1 61% 2 45% 3 58% 1 12% 3 57% Math Standards 7.EE.3 Solve Multi-Step Problems with Rational Numbers 7.NS.1a Contextual Opposite Quantities 7.NS.1b Understand, Show, and Interpret Sums of Rational Numbers 7.NS.1c Understand Subtraction as Additive Inverse 7.NS.1d Properties of Addition and Subtraction of Rational Numbers 7.NS.2a Multiply Rational Numbers 7.NS.2b Divide Rational Numbers 7.NS.2c Use Properties for Multiplication and Division of Rational Numbers 7.NS.2d Rational Numbers and Decimal Form 7.NS.3 Solve Real-World and Mathematical Problems with Rational Numbers # of NPS Question Averag s e 3 36%

3 47% 3 43% 3 41% 3 45% 3 31% 3 44% 3 33% 3 44% 3 49% 6 ANet: 8th Grade Assessed Standards ELA Standards RI.8.2 Determine and analyze the development of a central idea; objectively summarize # of NPS Questions Average 1 55% RI.8.3 Analyze text connections & distinctions RL.8.1 Cite strongest textual evidence when analyzing & inferencing RL.8.2 Determine/analyze development of theme/central idea from text details; objectively summarize 1

44% 6 37% 5 48% RL.8.4 Determine meaning of words RL.8.3 Analyze how events and dialogue propel plot or reveal characterization 4 41% 2 33% 2 61% RI.8.4 Determine meaning of words (figurative, connotative, and technical); analyze impact of word choice including analogies/allusions RI.8.5 Analyze paragraphs/sentences of text and their effects on developing/refining concepts RI.8.6 Determine author's point of view or purpose; analyze how author acknowledges/responds to conflicting evidence/viewpoints RL.8.6 Analyze how differences in points of view of characters/audience/reader create suspense/humor L.8.5 Understand figurative language, word relationships, & word nuances 2 34% 2 55% 2 34% 2 27% Math Standards # of

NPS Question Avera s ge 8.EE.1 Integer Exponents 8.EE.2 Square Root and Cube Root Problems 3 48% 3 33% 8.EE.3 Scientific Notation 8.EE.4 Scientific Notation Operations 8.G.7 Mathematical and Contextual Problems with the Pythagorean Theorem 8.G.8 Pythagorean Theorem and Distance in a Coordinate System 8.NS.1 Rational Numbers and Decimal Expansion 8.NS.2 Irrational Numbers and Rational Approximations 8.G.9 Volume: Cones, Cylinders, and Spheres 3 44% 3 63% 3 46% 3 45% 3 38% 3 41% 3 41%

7 Anet Interim Assessment #1: Overview Interim Assessment #1 (A1) provided baseline data. Average Percentage Correct in ELA and Math by Grade 70% 60% 50% 40% ELA Math 30% 20% 10% 0% Grade 2 Grade 3 Grade 4 Grade 5 Grade 6 Grade 7 Grade 8 8 ANet: ELA Key Ideas and Details standards RL.1 (Reading Literature) and RI.1 (Reading Informational Text) are foundational standards 70% 60% 50% 40% RL1 Average RI 1 Average 30% 20% 10% 0% 3rd Grade 4th Grade 5th Grade 6th Grade

7th Grade 8th Grade 9 ANet: ELA Craft and Structure standards Craft and structure standards include interpretation, structural analysis, and point of view. 60% 50% 40% RL RI 30% 20% 10% 0% 3rd Grade 4th Grade 5th Grade 6th Grade Note: The 4th grade assessment only tested one of the RL Craft and Structure standards. 7th Grade 8th Grade 10 ANet: Highest Performance by Common Core Math Standards Note: To ensure these data are useful in informing instruction, teachers should consider the extent to which each standard was taught to mastery and the number of items assessing it on the A1 interim Grade Standard Reassesse d in A2? # of items on A1 interim

Average % correct 3 3.OA.7: Multiplication & Division Facts within 100 Yes 3 70% 4 4.NBT.4: Add and Subtract Whole Numbers Yes 3 66% 5 5.NBT.5: Multiply Whole Numbers Yes 6 53% 6 6.NS.5: Contextual Positive and Negative Rational Numbers No 3 70% 7 7.NS.3: Solve Real-World and Mathematical Problems with Rational Numbers No 3 49% 8

8.EE.4: Scientific Notation Operations Yes 3 63% 11 ANet: Lowest Performance by Common Core Math Standards Note: To ensure these data are useful in informing instruction, teachers should consider the extent to which each standard was taught to mastery and the number of items assessing it on the A1 interim Grade Standard Reassesse d in A2? # of items on A1 interim Average % correct 3 3.OA.1: Interpret Products of Whole Numbers Yes 3 59% 4 4.NBT.1: Place Value Yes 3 28% 5 5.NBT.2: Products of Powers of Ten: Patterns in Zeroes and Decimal Points Yes 3 36%

6 6.NS.7c: Absolute Value Yes 3 33% 7 7.NS.2a: Multiply Rational Numbers Yes 3 31% 8 8.EE.2: Square Root and Cube Root Problems Yes 3 33% 12 Additional NPS Assessment Data from Fall 2013 DRA2 Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA2) Overview Formative assessment for K-3 measuring student performance in oral reading fluency, reading engagement, and comprehension. Utilizes fiction and non-fiction. Grades 1-3 are assessed in September and May. Kindergarten students are assessed in January. Benchmark levels range from 1-38 and reflect growth in literacy skills. DRA2 Level Skills Addressed Levels A-2 Concepts About Print (CAP), Tracking/Directional Rules , Print conveys the message,

Word Concepts, High Frequency Words Predictable Language Structures, Story Elements, Prediction, Oral Retelling of Text Levels 3-6 Levels 8-14 High Frequency Words, Fluency- phrasing, Prediction, Story Elements-Setting Fiction Text Features, Oral Retelling of Text Levels 16-28 Compare and Contrast Texts, Literary Language Structures, Character Traits, Oral Retelling of Text, Nonfiction Text Features- (e.g. Table of Contents, labels and captions, graphs, glossary) Levels 30-38 Multi-syllable domain specific vocabulary, Elements of Realistic Fiction, Informational Text, Written Summary of Text Read 15 Students scoring at or above benchmark decrease by 20% from first to second grade. Percentage of Students Achieving at Benchmark 70.00% 60.00% 50.00% 40.00% Students Achieving at Benchmark 30.00% 20.00% Percentage of Students Achieving at Benchmark 10.00% 0.00% First Grade Second Grade *Data reflects schools in a single network. Third Grade 16 School-specific DRA-2 results reflect significant variability. *Data reflects schools in a single network. 17 56% of second grade students assess below

the benchmark level. The proficiency benchmark level for the 2nd grade Fall DRA-2 is Level 16. 21% of students are scoring in the lowest range of benchmark levels (A-4). 28% of students are scoring above Benchmark Level 16. Break-out of benchmark levels achieved by 2nd grade students. 100 2 nd grade Fall benchmark level 90 80 70 60 Number of students N=399 50 40 30 20 10 0 A-4 6-8 10-14 *Data reflects schools in a single network. 16 18 20 24 28 30-38 18 DRA-2: First graders show mixed performance after the transition from kindergarten. 100.00% 90.00% 80.00% 70.00% 60.00% Spring 2013 Fall 2013 50.00% 40.00% 30.00%

20.00% 10.00% 0.00% School A School B School C *Data reflects schools in a single network. School D School E School F School G School H School I 19 DRA-2 Data Takeaways The decline in the Fall of 2nd grade suggests that students arent achieving mastery by the end of 1st grade. However, 24% of second-graders are scoring just below the benchmark proficiency level. DRA-2 Questions to Consider How can the DRA-2 shape instructional strategies, particularly for students just below benchmark? For example, teachers are encouraged to use Running Records during Small Group Instruction between assessment periods. Evaluate staffing strategies: Are teachers the appropriate fit for the grade level? How are schools using evaluation data to coach 1st and 2nd grade teachers? 20 SRI Scholastic Reading Inventory (SRI) Overview Administered as a computer-adaptive assessment to grades 3-8. Designed to measure reading comprehension. Students select reading genres of interest and answer questions based on literature passages. Students receive personalized reading recommendations, as well as a reading level (Lexile score). 22 SRI: Students testing proficient or above range from 22% in 3rd grade to 40% in 8th grade. 100%

90% 80% 70% 60% Advanced Proficient Basic Below Basic 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 3rd Grade 4th Grade 5th Grade 6th Grade 7th Grade 8th Grade 23 Data as of 11/30/2013 SRI Data Takeaways The number of students performing at Below Basic declines steadily from 3rd to 8th grade. Students performing at the Basic level remain relatively consistent, ranging from 34% to 38% SRI Questions to Consider What can SRI scores tell school leaders when considered alongside other interim assessments, such as Achievement Network? For example, student proficiency on different text types. 24

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