CPP/DCPAS PowerPoint Template (Calibri Bold, Font Size 20-36)

CPP/DCPAS PowerPoint Template (Calibri Bold, Font Size 20-36)

Lesson 5: Monitoring Performance DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (2) Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lesson, you will be able to:

1. 2. 3. 4. Identify key aspects of the Monitoring Phase. Explain the value of monitoring performance continually. Explain the process used to address performance issues. Identify elements of a formal Performance Improvement Plan (PIP). ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016

(3) Performance Management Performance management is an ongoing process consisting of: Planning work and setting expectations Monitoring performance continually Evaluating performance in a summary fashion Recognizing and rewarding good

performance ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (4) Monitoring Performance DODI Instruction 1400.25, Vol. 431 ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY

DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (5) Monitoring Performance ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (6) Monitoring Phase Roles and Responsibilities

Supervisors Continuously communicate; provide encouragement, meaningful feedback, and recognize accomplishments Provide employees an opportunity to highlight their successes relative to the performance elements and standards Identify needed changes to performance elements as appropriate Review IDPs to identify development opportunities Identify employees skills and abilities, and look for opportunities to further develop them Document performance discussions Recognize and reward performance throughout the performance appraisal cycle ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY

DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (7) Monitoring Phase Roles and Responsibilities Employees Ask questions Engage in self-development Keep supervisor informed on outcomes Provide input during performance discussions Identify changes to performance elements as appropriate Identify challenges impeding ability to be successful

Work with supervisor to find solutions to barriers to success Keep a record of their accomplishments so that they are able to discuss them throughout the cycle ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (8) Effective Communication ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY

DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (9) Elements of Effective Communication What are the elements of effective communication between supervisors and employees? Continuous, meaningful feedback on employees strengths and areas for improvement Guidance on employees projects and responsibilities Active listening

Expanded perspective for supervisor ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (10) Upward Feedback Upward feedback from employee to supervisor can benefit both supervisors and employees in an effective performance management program Upward feedback:

Strengthens working relationships between supervisors and employees Improves two-way communication Increases morale and job satisfaction Enhances organizational goal achievement Identifies and helps to remove barriers Encourages proactive engagement Allows for jointly consideration of the bigger picture ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (11)

Discussion: Benefits of Continuous Performance Conversations What are the benefits of having continuous performance discussions? ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (12) Exercise: Informal Feedback Session Gone Wrong Video ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY

DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (13) Exercise: Informal Feedback Session Gone Right Video ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (14)

Barriers to Performance Success ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (15) Small Group Exercise: Overcoming Barriers Break into small groups List three barriers employees may face in achieving a fully successful or above rating For each barrier identified, suggest a mitigating action. Be prepared to share your work with the rest of the class

ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (16) Revise the Performance Plan in the Monitoring Phase Organizational goal or mission changes Revise when: Assignment(s), position, or duties change

Outside influences beyond an employees control make the original performance standards unachievable Assumptions about what can be reasonably achieved during the performance appraisal cycle changed NOTE: Minimum 90 day employee monitoring period for new/changed elements per DOD 1400.25 Vol 431, 3.2.d ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016

(17) Avoiding Year-End Surprises Continuous performance discussions help ensure clear understanding of outcomes at the final performance appraisal discussion. The overall goal is mutual understanding between employee and supervisor helps eliminate surprises at the final performance appraisal discussion ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016

(18) Communicating Achievements Employee input is strongly encouraged to ensure supervisors have a full range of information when evaluating employee accomplishments Employee input should: Identify accomplishments in a clear, concise manner Describe how accomplishments relate to the performance elements and standards

Demonstrate how accomplishments contributed to organizational goals ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (19) Exercise: Sample Discussion Questions Sample discussion questions can be found in the following documents: Sample Performance Discussion Questions for Managers to Ask Employees

Sample Performance Discussion Questions for Employees to Ask Managers Find a partner Complete role-playing scenarios for each section of the sample discussion ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (20) Addressing Issues: Informal Feedback

First step in addressing performance issues Informal feedback may take several forms Steps for effective informal feedback are: State what has been observed using facts, not emotions Describe how the performance fails to meet standards Wait for a response (let them talk) Ask for a solution; give suggestions if needed

Agree on a solution together Set a follow-up date and time Make sure you document everything! ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (21) Checklist: Communicating Performance Expectations Are you sure the issue is primarily a performance problem (as opposed to

misconduct)? Have you communicated performance standards to the employee? Are the standards clear and reasonable? Have you asked the human resources staff to review the standards for any possible problems? Have you given the employee specific examples of when their work did not meet the standards? ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016

(22) Early Intervention Is Key Feedback and assistance should be provided to employees early on, whenever there is a need for improvement or when there is a decline in performance What actions should be taken? ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (23)

Steps to Addressing Performance Issues ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (24) Exercise: What Would You Do? Video Part 1 Performance Management is a COLLABORATION between Supervisors and Employees

DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (25) Exercise: What Would You Do? Video Part 2 Performance Management is a COLLABORATION between Supervisors and Employees (former pg 29) DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016

(26) Steps to follow for Addressing Performance Issues *NOTE: refer to Collective Bargaining Agreements, and contact HR before taking this step ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (27) How Employees Can Improve Performance?

Ask clarifying questions Ask for specific examples of Fully Successful performance Request additional job-related training or assistance Adhere to responsibilities outlined in the PIP document; actively seek assistance when needed ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (28)

Exercise: What Would You Do? Video Part 3 Performance Management is a COLLABORATION between Supervisors and Employees DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (29) Communication and Clarification ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY

DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (30) Formal Feedback: 8 Tips for Effective Counseling Sessions ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (31) Formal Feedback Writing the PIP

ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (32) Exercise: Improving Performance Scenario Break into small groups Review the case study and discuss with your group appropriate methods for immediately addressing performance that deviates from an acceptable level Be prepared to share your work with the rest of the class

ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (33) Exercise: Improving Performance Scenario Scenario: An employee is turning in work late on a regular basis The employee has been on the performance plan for more than 90 days ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2

July 2016 (34) Exercise: Scene 1 Taking immediate action, the supervisor notes that the employees performance plan includes a standard that work be performed in a timely manner Supervisor schedules a meeting with employee ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY

DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (35) Exercise: Scene 2 The supervisor meets with the employee privately and discusses the missed deadlines, the performance plans requirement, and the employees unacceptable

performance You have been late turning in your report for the past four weeks. Your performance plan states that you need to complete tasks on time. ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (36) Exercise: Scene 3

As a follow-up, the supervisor sends the employee an email summarizing (and documenting) their informal conversation. Performance Management is a COLLABORATION between Supervisors and Employees DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (37) Exercise: Scene 4 The employee continues to miss deadlines. The supervisor provides the employee with additional feedback: a formal memorandum of counseling, specifically

referencing the deadlines that have been missed. The supervisor attaches the message assigning the work and its deadline as well as the employees dated message with the final work product. The employees dated message is proof that the work product is late consistently. Performance Management is a COLLABORATION between Supervisors and Employees DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (38) Exercise: Scene 5

The employee still continues to miss deadlines. What does the supervisor do? Performance Management is a COLLABORATION between Supervisors and Employees DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (39) Exercise Debrief: Improving Performance Scenario Any final thoughts? Performance Management is a COLLABORATION

between Supervisors and Employees DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (40) Importance of Taking Immediate Action Failure to take immediate action with employee issues could mean: ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016

(41) Preventative Actions ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (42) Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lesson, you will be able to:

Identify key aspects of the Monitoring Phase. Explain the value of monitoring performance continually. Explain the process used to address performance issues. Identify elements of a formal Performance Improvement Plan (PIP). ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (43)

Questions Are there any questions? ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (44) Additional Resources DODI 1400.25, Volume 410, DoD Civilian Personnel Management System: Training, Education, and Professional

Development. DODI 1400.25, Volume 431, DoD Civilian Personnel Management System: Performance Management and Appraisal Program DODI 1400.25, Volume 451, DoD Civilian Personnel Management System: Awards. Learning and Development Roundtable. Boosting the Effectiveness of Frontline Management (Washington D.C.: Corporate Executive Board, 2009).

U.S. Department of Defense, Report of the New Beginnings Design Teams: Proposals and Recommendations for the Design of Personnel Authorities in Section 1113(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Washington D.C.: November 2011) U.S. Merit Systems Protection Board, A Call to Action: Improving First-Level Supervision of Federal Employees, (Washington D.C: Government Printing Office, 2010). DCPAS Resources and References web site includes: DCPAS HR Toolkit, Tip Sheets and Checklist, MyPerformance

Training Videos, and MyPerformance User Guides https://www.cpms.osd.mil/Subpage/NewBeginnings/ResourcesReferences/ DCPAS LERD web site: https://dodhrinfo.cpms.osd.mil/Directorates/HROPS/Labor-and-Employee-Relations/Pages/Home1.aspx ITS NOT ABOUT THE 365 TH DAY DPMAP Rev.2 July 2016 (45)

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