Cost Accounting Standards -Policies and Procedures- CAS Overview OMB CIRCULAR A-21 University to comply COST ACCOUNTING with existing standards
STANDARDS CAS 501 CAS 502 CAS 505 CAS 506 Mu d ire qu Re
s t In c lu de Describes how University Business is Conducted DISCLOSURE STATEMENT (DS-2) 2
What is OMB Circular A-21? Circular A-21 first issued in 1958 by the Office of Management and Budget Federal effort to establish government wide cost principles Applicable to research and development grants, contracts, and other funding agreements with educational institutions A-21 has undergone numerous revisions over the past 44 years 3 1996 A-21 Revisions
Facilities & Administrative costs replaced the phrase indirect costs Four Cost Accounting Standards (CAS) applicable to educational institutions incorporated into A-21 Institutions receiving more than $25 million in federal sponsored agreements must submit a Disclosure Statement 4 A-21 Highlights Definition of Terms Direct Costs
Facilities &Administrative (F&A) Costs Determination and Application of F&A Cost Rate or Rates General Provisions for Selected Items of Cost Section J www.whitehouse.gov/omb/circulars/a021/a021. html full text of A-21
5 OMB Circular A-21 Direct Costs Direct costs are those costs that can be identified with a particular cost objective (grant, contract or direct functional activity) relatively easily with a high degree of accuracy 6 OMB Circular A-21 Facilities and
Administrative Costs (F&A) F&A (formerly Indirect Costs) are those costs incurred for common or joint objectives and therefore cannot be identified readily and specifically with a particular sponsored project, instructional activity, or any other institutional activity. 7 OMB Circular A-21 Functional (Expense Purpose)
Categories Direct functions Instruction & Departmental Research Organized Research Other Sponsored Activities Other Institutional Activities Indirect functions Depreciation or Use Allowance
Student Services & Administration Library 8 F&A Rates Rates are based on calculations performed once every 3 5 years http://www.ovpr.uga.edu/sponprog/freqinfo.html#Indir ectCost UGAs Rates F&A costs are partial recovery of actual costs incurred If distinction between direct and indirect (F&A) is not
maintained, government could be paying twice for the same type of cost Negotiators/Auditors look for these type of errors 9 Cost Accounting Standards Why are they required? As noted in the Federal Register: Based on information that some institutions of higher education were improperly allocating indirect costs to federal research programs and charging unallowable costs to federal awards...
10 Applicable Standards CAS 501: Consistency in estimating, accumulating and reporting costs CAS 502: Consistency in allocating costs incurred for the same purpose CAS 505: Accounting for Unallowable Costs CAS 506: Accounting Period 11
Main Principles of CAS Costs must be treated in a consistent manner for all sponsored projects (federal and nonfederal) CAS 501 Amounts budgeted in proposal should correspond to actual expenses incurred for the project CAS 501 Cost Sharing proposed is committed once proposal is accepted CAS 501 12 Main Principles of CAS Administrative costs cannot be charged
directly to a sponsored project CAS 502 Unallowables (entertainment, alcohol, bad debt expense, fines & penalties) must be identifiable in accounting system CAS 505 Fiscal year must be used as cost accounting period CAS 506 13 Major Issues Involving CAS Consistent Treatment of Costs (Direct vs. Facilities and Administrative Costs, F&A)
Compliance with A-21 on departmental costing (normal direct/F&A) Identification and treatment of unallowable costs Service Centers 14 What is a Disclosure Statement? Describes educational institution and its cost accounting practices UGA was required to submit a Disclosure Statement, (DS-2), in July 1996 Changes in costing practices will have to be
approved by DHHS Compliance to the CAS and our DS-2 will be audited by DHHS 15 HHS Audit of Disclosure Statement General - Written Policies - Dissemination of Policies - How well policies are being followed The greatest vulnerability at most institutions is Standard 502 Consistency in allocating
costs incurred for the same purpose 16 HHS Audit of Disclosure Statement (continued) Desk review by Division of Cost Allocation Audit by OIG auditors adequacy and compliance On-site Audits Audit report to DCA and University Resolution of audit findings by DCA On-going monitoring via A-133 audits 17
Policies All proposals submitted under the UGA or UGARF name must be reviewed by the appropriate Sponsored Programs office. Proposal budgets must be developed using cost items and categories that are consistent with the Universitys accounting system. Specific items of cost must be consistently budgeted in similar circumstance (direct or indirect). 18
Policies, continued Salaries and benefits for administrative and clerical positions in academic units shall normally be charged to the respective departmental administrative account (GJ). General office supplies, postage and basic telephone charges shall normally be charged to the respective departmental administrative account (GJ). 19 Policies, continued Total direct costs to complete sponsored
projects must be recorded in either the sponsored or cost sharing account within the same fund and activity. Costs that are considered unallowable by the federal government must be identified and accounted for separately in the Universitys financial records. 20 Policies, continued The University shall consistently use the same accounting period for purposes of estimating, accumulating and reporting
Salaries & Benefits University employee salaries and benefits required to complete a sponsored project should be budgeted and charged as a direct cost. Allowable project salaries and benefits should be charged to a sponsored or cost sharing account. 23 Salaries and Benefits, cont.
When original charges for salaries must be adjusted due to changes in actual workload, appropriate Personal Activity Reports (PAR) or journal vouchers should be submitted to record the adjustment in the accounting records. See PAR policies and procedures at http://www.busfin.uga.edu/accounting/par.htm Send PARs to Accounting Department (attn: Kim Eberhart, 542-4139 or [email protected]) Send JVs to Payroll Department 24
Personnel Activity Report (PAR) The University of Georgia Personnel Activity Report School/College/Unit: College of Arts and Sciences Home Based Department: Biochemistry Employee: Pay Type:
John Doe 11 123-45-678 Date Paid: Account Number & Activity Description 6/30/98 Pay Period: 6/30/98
-- % of Activity-Payroll Distribution Should Be 10-11-GH168-XXX Instruction - Instruction 22% 22%
10-25-GR168-XXX Research - Departmental 78% 48% 10-21-CR168-123 NIH Hemoglobin/Doe 30%
25 Salaries and Benefits, cont. To correct a charge made in error to a sponsored account, move the charges to the appropriate paying account providing adequate explanation. The explanation: To move charge to correct account is not sufficient. 26 Administrative Salaries
Salaries and fringe benefits for departmental administrative and clerical support staff should be budgeted and charged to departmental administration (GJ). 27 Administrative Salary Exceptions In instances where sponsored projects require the service of administrative or clerical staff beyond the normal level of department administration, the total costs of these services may budgeted/charged when: Type and nature of services is not provided by the
department administrative account (GJ) The services are required by the project scope Costs can be accurately identified to the project, and The approved budget narrative clearly describes the need for the service 28 Administrative Salary Exceptions Salaries for administrative or clerical personnel may be direct charged to a sponsored project if it involves (per OMB A-21): Extensive data accumulation and analysis
Preparation and production of manuals or large reports or books Extensive travel and meeting arrangements for conferences and seminars Management of a project at locations which are remote from campus and similar situations 29 Fringe Benefits All fringe benefits, vacation pay (including termination lump sum payments), holiday pay, sick leave pay and other paid absences are to be charged to the current paying
account(s), including sponsored accounts, in such a manner that each paying account pays its prorated share of the actual costs based on the payroll distribution. 30 Operating Supplies and Expense Operating expense type costs which can be specifically identified to a sponsored project should be budgeted, charged and reported as a direct cost to the project or cost sharing account.
Service or recharge center charges must be based on actual utilization and cost-based charge rates. 31 Telecommunication Charges (operating expense) Telecom charges for academic department required to support basic activities should be charged to the departmental administration account (GJ). Equipment and toll charges for phones needed for field sites, cellular phones while on travel
status and large projects requiring dedicated lines may be charged directly to a sponsored account. These charges should be described in the budget and approved by the sponsor. 32 Postage & Office Supplies (operating expense) The cost of postage, general offices supplies (paper, pencils, notebooks, etc.) and memberships should normally be charged to the respective departmental administration account (GJ). Postage and general office supplies can be direct
charged to sponsored account when: The project requires a substantial amount of this item and it can be specifically identified The items are justified in the budget narrative and approved by the sponsor 33 Real Estate Rent (operating expense) Excluded from F&A calculation Rent / lease expense may occasionally be a direct charge to a sponsored project when: It is in lieu of hotel (travel) costs for long term
field work Apartments are leased to provide lower-cost housing University owned space is not available for the completion of the project 34 Utility and Custodial Services (operating expense) May be contracted direct costs when space is rented and the off-campus F&A rate is applied.
35 Motor Vehicle Expenses (operating expense) Motor vehicle maintenance expenses of project dedicated vehicles and vehicles used in the field may be directly charged to a sponsored project. Motor vehicle expenses incurred while on travel status may be directly charged to a sponsored project. 36
Corrections To correct a charge made in error to a sponsored account, move the charge to the appropriate paying account providing adequate explanation as to how the error occurred. The explanation: To move charge to correct account is not sufficient. 37 Corrections, continued Submit journal voucher to the Contracts and Grants Department.
http://www.busfin.uga.edu/forms/ accounting_jv.pdf 38 Cost Overruns / Deficits When its necessary to remove excess charges incurred with the operating supplies and expense category, a Journal Voucher (JV) should be prepared transferring the excess expense to an account within the same function as follows: To the cost sharing account when one exists
To any other appropriate account in the same function 39 Subawards (operating expense) Subawards to other organizations should be budgeted, charged and reported as direct costs. The applicable F&A rate will be applied to the first $25,000 of each subaward regardless of the period covered by the subaward if the basis is MTDC (modified total direct costs).
40 Travel Travel costs of University employees which can be specifically identified to a sponsored project can be a direct cost. Travel costs in academic departments which are associated with the basic activities of the University should be charged to the appropriate non-sponsored activity account. 41 Equipment
Definition: An item with a unit costs $5,000 or more and a life expectancy of three years. The equipment item must be specifically identified and utilized on a sponsored project. Equipment must be purchased within the project period. Equipment purchased late in the project period may require approval of the sponsor. Cost is excluded from the F&A calculation under the MTDC basis. 42 Equipment Cost Share Cost sharing on equipment items must be in
the form of an original purchase of equipment within the project period. The costs of previously purchased equipment cannot be included as direct cost sharing since it is considered to be part of the F&A rate. 43 Aid Allowable stipends, fellowships and tuition & fees that can be specifically identified to a project can be charged as a direct cost. This type of cost will be excluded from the
F&A calculation in an MTDC basis. 44 Facilities and Administrative Costs (F&A) The Universitys federally approved F&A rates are all to be calculated on a MTDC basis Every effort should be made to used these rates. When absolutely necessary, other rates may be acceptable.
45 Example 1 We received a Research Award (R01) from NIH and my administrative specialist tracks all the budgeting and accounting. Can I charge part of their salary to this grant? 46 Example 2 We received a large program project
grant from NSF and my administrative specialist coordinates multiple sites subcontract budgets, data management, and mass participant mailings. Can I charge part of their salary to this grant? 47 Example 3 Every year the Principal Investigator has to mail in a technical/progress report to the agency. Is this an allowable charge to the grant?
48 Example 4 In regards to corrections made on restricted accounts, would the explanation to use up remaining grant funds suffice as an adequate explanation? 49
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