Confucius & Confucianism

Confucius & Confucianism

Confucius China before Confucius The Yellow Emperor Xia and Shang Dynasties 2070 B.C. - 1046 B.C. Zhou Dynasty

1046 B.C. - 256 B.C. Spring and Autumn period 770 B.C. - 476 B.C. Confucius Born in 551 B.C.

died in 479 B.C. Confucianism Concerned primarily with restoring social stability and order What is the basis of a stable, unified, and enduring social order?

a system of social and ethical philosophy only when character is cultivated are our families regulated; only when families are regulated are states well governed.

Confucianism li rituals, norms, institutions, or mores the outer, conforming aspect of Confucianism ren

humaneness, love, kindness, benevolence, or virtue the inner, reforming aspect of Confucianism Li Rites, ceremonies, proper behavior, and good manner

performed in good faith, with everyone keeping to his or her proper role universal harmony no need for physical sanctions, laws, or punishment Ren

Relationship between "two persons extension of filial piety to all human beings each role in the hierarchy of social relations had clearly defined duties reciprocity or mutual responsibility

Five relationships

father-child ruler-subject husband-wife elder brother-younger brother friend-friend Confucianism Persecuted in Qin Dynasty

221 B.C. - 206 B.C. promoted by later rulers Confucianism reinforced by the civil examination system

keju: civil examination from 605 to 1905 In todays China

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