Color Nature's pallet - Mr. Robertson's Classroom

Color Nature's pallet - Mr. Robertson's Classroom

Color Color The visual response of the eye to reflected rays of light

Element of floral design 3 dimensions of color Hue Value Chroma

Hue The descriptive name of a color Pure color without black, white, or gray added Defines a specific spot on the color

wheel There are 12 hues on the color wheel Value

The lightness or darkness of a hue Relative to the gray scale Achieved by the addition of black, white, or gray Shade Tint

Tone Gray Scale A visual aid which represents the transitional graduations of value from white to black, encompassing all

the varying degrees of gray Shade A hue which has been darkened by the

addition of black Deeper in appearance Examples navy is a shade of blue burgundy is a shade of red Tint

A hue which has been lightened by the addition of white Pastel in appearance Examples

Light blue is a tint of blue Pink is a tint of red Tone A hue which has been muted by the

addition of gray Dusty in appearance Examples wedge wood blue is a tone of blue mauve is a tone of red Chroma

The degree of strength, intensity, saturation, or purity of a color A fully saturated hue is a color of the highest chroma or intensity

More pigment would make a color brighter; less would make the color more dull Pigment substance used to provide color to paints, dyes, plastics, and other materials

Intensity reflects the maximum amount of light back to the viewers eye is not mixed with black, white, or gray

Saturation the measure of the intensity or brightness of a color, describing the amount of light reflecting from it The greater the saturation of color, the higher the chroma

Color wheel Diagrammatic representation of all the hues in a color system presented in their proper spectral order. Twelve hour color system which was

developed by Louis Prang, an American Printer in 1876. Color Wheel Primary colors

Red, yellow, & blue, forming the basis of the color wheel, from which all other colors are created Spaced equidistantly apart on the color wheel Cannot be created by mixing any other colors together

Primary Colors Secondary colors

Orange, green, & violet The three hues resulting from the blending of two primary colors Placed in between primary colors Secondary Colors Tertiary colors

Six colors resulting from the blending of a primary color and an adjacent secondary color on the color wheel, mixing primary and secondary colors

Red-orange, red-violet, blue-violet, bluegreen, yellow-green, & yellow-orange Mixing primary & secondary colors Primary color is always listed first with a hyphen in the center of the word Tertiary Colors Chromatic colors

Colors derived from the visible spectrum characterized by the presence of both hue and chroma all colors other than black, white or gray Achromatic colors

Neutral colors which lack hue, black, gray and

white. Do not appear on the color wheel They occur when light is absorbed or reflected without displaying any spectral hue. Achromatic color harmony: a grouping of colors without hue; white, black, and any values of gray. Neutral colors: an achromatic color to which a small amount of hue has been added

Advancing (warm) colors Aggressive or warm Predominantly composed of red or yellow Visually move forward toward the viewer

Warm colors Advancing colors, such as red, orange, yellow Association with fire and sunshine

Energizing or stimulating effect on the viewer Active, cheery, evoking warm and happy feelings Dominating colors, look larger and advance Irritating if too much Receding (cool) colors

Predominantly composed of blues or greens Visually pull back from the viewer Passive or cool Cool Colors

Receding colors Blues, green, and violets Generally associated with water or foliage, cool things Have a calming effect on the viewer

Color harmony Groupings of specific hues and/or different

values of one hue Resulting in a pleasing or useful combination Color harmonies may display different values of the given hue and still be considered complementary color harmony. (example: peach and baby blue) Achromatic/neutral colors can be included in any color harmony

Achromatic color harmony A grouping of colors without hue; white, black, and any values of gray. Monochromatic color harmony

A grouping of different values of one hue May include achromatic colors An example would be blue and tints, tones, shades of blue. Example: blue, navy, wedge wood blue, and light blue

Analogous color harmony A grouping of 3 adjacent hues on the color wheel No more than one primary color

One color dominates Example red-orange, orange, with red dominating Complementary color harmony A pair of hues directly opposite each

other on the color wheel Examples: red & green, violet & yellow, or blue & orange Split complementary color harmony A trio of hues, consisting of a hue and

the two hues on either side of its direct complement Example - violet, yellow-orange, & yellow-green Triadic color harmony

A grouping of three hues which are equidistant on the color wheel Example - primary colors; red, blue & yellow Tints of primaries-pink, baby blue, & soft yellow Tetradic color harmony

A grouping of four hues which are equidistant on the color wheel A double-complement Color Psychology Colors are known evoke moods and

feelings and appeal to our emotions Colors can set the mood of an arrangement and create emotional impressions. Identify color schemes in floral designs

1 Identify color schemes in floral designs 2 Identify color schemes in floral designs

3 Identify color schemes in floral designs 4 Identify color schemes in floral designs

5 Identify color schemes in floral designs 6 Identify color schemes in floral designs

7 Identify color schemes in floral designs 8 Identify color schemes in floral designs

9 Identify color schemes in floral designs 10

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