City Charter Overview January 23, 2014 E. Bronson Potter Chief Assistant City Attorney [email protected] 1 Who says we can have a charter? Our forefathers, thats who. Article 11 Section 10 of the State Constitution provides
that cities of over 10,000 pop. are permitted to frame a charter for its own government consistent with the constitution and laws of this state. 2 Our charter was born in 1952 15 Freeholders prepared a draft city charter The charter is the citys organic law and serves to frame the citys form of government. Approved by the voters Amended on a number of occasions, last 2009
3 What does our charter provide for? Article I Form of Government A council-manager form of government. 1.03 All powers of a first class city, subject only to the constitution and state statutes. 1.04 The broadest scope of police powers (health, safety and welfare) available. 4 What are our choices?
3 forms of city government Mayor-Council Strong Mayor (administrative and veto) 80% of all and 50% of 1st and 2nd Council-Manager no we dont say Weak Mayor 20% of all and 50% of 1st and 2nd Commission 3 commissioners <1% (Shelton) 5 Articles I & II The Council Seven councilors including a mayor elected from the city at
large as opposed to by district. Must be qualified electors and live in city for 2 years prior to running. Cannot hold any other public office or be employed by city. Disqualified if convicted of a crime of moral turpitude or 3 consecutive unexcused absences. Only elected officials of city. Four year terms. 6 Article II The Council
Adopts the budget Appoints or removes the city manager Approve payment of debts and claims May create, abolish or realign departments unless function is established by charter (e.g. clerk, manager, city attorney) Disciplines itself Performs legislative function - enacts ordinances or resolutions
Whats the difference? Ordinance is for regulation, bonds or granting franchise. Resolution is less formal, more case specific. E.g. Ordinance to create a park district, but a resolution to name a park. 7 Article II continued Article II Council also addresses: How to fill vacancies-majority vote of council and run in the next general; pro tempore ability. Defines quorum-majority. Procedure for ordinance adoption: 1st and 2nd readings; effective 30 days after passage. Compensation citizen committee on salaries; set
salaries of mayor and council; 2 public hearings; subject to referendum. Reserves to council all other powers not otherwise specified. 8 Section 2.04 The Mayor Presides over meetings Recognized as the head of city government Active as the representative of the city 9
Article III The City Manager Chosen by council solely on the basis of executive and administrative qualifications. Head of the administrative branch of the city. Appoints city attorney with councils approval. Has authority to appoint or remove all employees. Prepares and administers city budget. Advises city council. 10 The City Managers Domain Article III:
City council is not to interfere with appointment or removal of employees. City council is not, except for purposes of inquiry, to deal with the administration of city government except through the city manager. Council is not to give any orders to subordinates of city manager. Council may, in open session, discuss city affairs. Council may directly seek assistance of city attorney. 11 Miscellaneous Charter Provisions Article IV Budget biennial; prepared and submitted to
council by city manager; governed by state law. Article V Bonds and Indebtedness recognition that these are controlled by state law. Article VI Finance - council to, by ordinance, provide for administration of finance, competitive bidding and contracting for public works. Article VII Personnel council to, by ordinance, provide for administration of personnel; approve pay plan. Article VIII General Development makes provision for planning commission; parks and recreation commission. Article IX Elections nonpartisan; primary and general; instant runoff by resolution=single election 12
Article X Initiative and Referendum Initiative is the power of the public to initiate ordinances by petition. Referendum is the means by which the public can have enacted ordinances referred to them for review. State Constitution Article II, Section 1 reserves the power of initiative to the people to propose legislation to the STATE legislature. RCW 35.22.200 allows, but does not require, 1st class charter cities to allow initiative and referendum. No constitutional preeminence.
13 Article X Initiative and Referendum Initiative must be signed by at least 15% of the number of registered voters that voted in last general election. Referendums must be signed by at least 10% of the number of registered voters that voted in last general election. Referendum must be done within 30 days of the passage of the ordinance. City attorney MAY approve the petition as to form (not substance) in advance. Signed petitions are filed with the city clerk who has 20 days to
determine adequacy of statement of circulator and affidavits. 14 Article X Initiative and Referendum If valid, Clerk sends the petition to County Auditor for verification of signatures. Clerk certifies results to city council. If insufficient clerk certifies the particular defect. City council may pass ordinance proposed in initiative (w/in 60 days)or repeal ordinance referred in referendum (w/in 30 days). If ordinance is not passed (for initiative) or repealed (for referendum), it is submitted to voters at the next general election.
Majority vote required for passage. Initiative ordinance cannot be repealed or amended by council for one year. 15 Limitations on initiative and referendum Single subject Clear and unambiguous so that entire effect is clear on its face. Cannot be contrary to constitution, state law or the city charter. Must address legislative (establishes permanent and
general policy) not administrative matters (special or temporary or execution of existing policy) Cannot be on subject that the legislature has delegated to the city council (vs. corporate entity). Cannot interfere with budgetary function, propose tax or appropriation. Requirements for uniform format and signature gathering. 16 Article XI How do we change the charter? Three Methods: 1. Periodic review of our charter is called for
by Section 11.17: Review is at least every 5 years. 15 citizen panel makes recommendation to council Mayor makes appointments subject to council confirmation Council votes to place matter on ballot or not Council may place on ballot for advisory vote 2. Council may submit proposal for amendment to voters. 11.14 3. Citizens may petition for amendment through initiative process. 11.14 17 Questions?
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