CHAPTER 6 KEY ISSUE 2 Why Do Religions Have Distinctive Distributions (Origin and Diffusion) Big Question Describe in detail when, where, and how the worlds four largest religions as well as Judaism originated. Key Terms Torah
Muhammad Abraham Quran Yahweh Mecca Covenant Medina
Jesus Hijrah Emperor Constantine . Siddhartha Gautama Seven Sacraments Buddah Great Schism
Four Noble Truths Eastern Orthodox Christianity Aryans Reformation movement Vedas Martin Luther Origin of Judaism What we know about the origin of Judaism comes from the first
five books of the old testament known as the Torah In the Torah, God chose a shepherd from Ur named Abraham to be the father of the Hebrew people The Hebrew people were monotheistic and worshipped a God named Yahweh Origin of Judaism Around 1900 B.C. God told Abraham that his people were the chosen people of God and he should move them to the land of Canaan Abraham made a covenant, or pact, with God that the Hebrew people would obey Yahweh and in return, God would protect the Hebrew people
Origin of Judaism In the 1800s B.C. the Jews moved to Egypt where they were enslaved by the Pharaohs for 430 years In 1445 B.C. Moses led the Jews out of Egypt and made a second pact with God when he received the ten commandments (the basis for religious law in Judaism) Origin of Christianity The two largest religions in the world both began in Southwest Asia (the Middle East) Christianity: Founded on the teachings of a Jew named Jesus, who was born
in Bethlehem in 4 B.C. and was crucified in Jerusalem in 30 A.D. After Jesus was executed, he was resurrected and brought to heaven by God Origin of Christianity The followers of Christ, known as Christians, believed that Jesus died for their sins and was resurrected to give them hope for salvation Christian missionaries carried the teachings of Jesus across the Roman empire through relocation diffusion Origin of Christianity
Christians were persecuted for trying to convert the polytheistic Romans, but they still created their own church based out of Rome (Roman Catholic Church) In 313 A.D. Roman Emperor Constantine legalized the religion in the empire, allowing it to spread freely The religion became the official religion of the Roman Empire in the 5th century (hierarchical diffusion) Origin of Christianity The Roman Catholic Church became the main branch of Christianity with the Bishop of Rome (the Pope) as its leader Catholics believe in the teachings of the bible with the church as the interpreter. They also believe in the infallibility of the Church, and the seven sacraments
Origin of Christianity The Orthodox Church dates to the 5th century A.D. when the Pope of Rome and the eastern Patriarch of Constantinople began to dispute the Bibles teachings. Eastern and Western Christians began to follow the teachings of their specific leader and the Great Schism (split) occurred in 1054 Eastern Orthodox Christianity is very similar to Catholicism. It also follows the seven sacraments but does not accept the doctrine of the Catholic church after the 8th century. It speaks Greek and Russian instead of Latin and allows priests to marry Origin of Christianity The Protestant branch of Christianity
began with the Reformation movement in the 1500s when Martin Luther posted 95 theses (or complaints) about the Church on the door of the church in Wittenberg Germany. People began breaking away from the control of the Catholic Church and began practicing Christianity their own way Protestants reject the seven sacraments in favor of having faith to achieve Grace. Also believe salvation can be achieved by direct communication with God.
Origin of Islam Like Christianity, Islam gets its roots in Southwest Asia Christianity, Islam, and Judaism all trace their origins back to Abraham. Christians and Jews trace their story through Abrahams first wife Sarah and her son Isaac and Islam traces its story through Abrahams second wife Hager and her son Ishmael Hager and Ishmael were brought to Mecca on the
Arabian Peninsula and eventually, one of Ishmaels descendants named Muhammad became the Prophet of Islam Origin of Islam In 610 A.D. Muhammad was meditating in a cave when the angel Gabriel visited him. Gabriel revealed Gods word to Muhammad who then wrote the words of God down in the Quran Muhammad began to preach the
word of God but feared persecution In 622, Muhammad was commanded by God to flee Mecca which he and his followers did. They fled 200 miles north to Medina This event is known as the Hijrah, or flight, and is considered the beginning of the Islamic faith Origin of Islam Muhammad later moved back to Mecca and converted the city to Islam 632 Muhammad died with no sons and no successor
Muhammad's death and questions over his successor led to the splitting of Islam into two branches Sunni and Shiite Origin of Buddhism Buddhism, like Islam and Christianity has a precise origin, based on the life of a man In 563 B.C. Siddhartha Gautama was born in Lumbini (present day Nepal) to a privileged life Prince Siddhartha was sheltered from lifes hardships so he
decided to take a series of trips to experience the real world Origin of Buddhism On these trips he encountered the sick, the poor, and the suffering of others as well as a monk that taught him how to withdrawal from the world After his trips, Siddhartha left his palace and lived in the forest for the next 6 years During these years, Siddhartha meditated and searched for enlightenment which he found Origin of Buddhism Once he reached this point, Siddhartha
became the Buddha the awakened or enlightened one Over the next 45 years, Buddha preached his views across India, trained monks, and established Buddhists orders Buddhas principal teachings are known as the Four Noble Truths Origin of Buddhism Three branches of Buddhism are: 1. Theravada the oldest and original teaching of Buddha. Followers believe that Buddhism is a full-time job and one must give up worldly goods and
become a monk 2. Mayahana Split from Theravada around 100 B.C. and believe in including others in achieving enlightenment. Also emphasize a less-demanding approach to Buddhism 3. Vajrayana Believe in the practice of rituals called tantras. Split from Buddhism in the 700s A.D. Origin of Hinduism Ethnic religion of India with unknown origins
Believed to have originated in the Indus River Valley sometime between 2500 B.C. and 1500 B.C. Best guess is that a group called the Aryans invaded India in 1400 B.C. and mixed religious beliefs with the people already living in India Origin of Hinduism What was created was Hinduism and its practices were recorded called Vedas Key Hindu texts were written around 2,000 years ago and
the oldest surviving temples date back to 200 A.D. Big Questions Terms Torah Describe in detail when, where, and how the worlds four largest religions as well as Judaism
originated. & Key Muhammad Abraham Quran Yahweh Mecca
Covenant Medina Jesus Hijrah Emperor Constantine . Siddhartha Gautama
Seven Sacraments Buddah Great Schism Aryans Four Noble Truths Eastern Orthodox Vedas Christianity
CHAPTER 6 KEY ISSUE 2 Why Do Religions Have Distinctive Distributions (Origin and Diffusion) Big Question Describe the historical diffusion patterns of the universalizing religions of Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism. Describe the recent migration patterns of Christians, Muslims, and Jews and describe whether these migration patterns match the distribution
patterns of those faiths. Key Terms Relocation diffusion Hierarchical diffusion Contagious diffusion Ashoka Israel Historical Diffusion of Religions The universalizing religions (Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism) have diffused from specific hearths to regions around the world Most ethnic religions have typically remained clustered
Historical Diffusion of Religions Diffusion of Christianity From its hearth in Southwest Asia, Christianity diffused rapidly after the death of Jesus by all three methods of diffusion First using relocation diffusion when missionaries used sea routes and Roman
highways to carry the teachings of Jesus throughout the empire Historical Diffusion of Religions Next, Christianity spread throughout Europe by means of hierarchical diffusion when emperors, kings, and religious leaders made it the official religion of their lands Since 1500, the religion has diffused by contagious diffusion
by Christians resettling in places such as the Americas, Africa, and Asia and converting the natives Historical Diffusion of Religions Diffusion of Islam Within a century of Muhammads death, his successors had spread Islam across huge areas of land from India to Persia to North Africa and even into to Europe (Spain)
This contagious diffusion through conquest was very rapid and very successful Like Christians, Muslims also spread their faith through tradeinto Southeast Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa Historical Diffusion of Religions Diffusion of Buddhism Buddhism spread slowly from its hearth in South Asia It spread most rapidly under Ashoka, the
Emperor of the Magadha empire. Around 250 B.C. Asoka became a Buddhist and diffused the religion through hierarchical diffusion The religion continued to spread over the centuries through contagious diffusion into places such as Sri Lanka, Kashmir, Burma, China, Korea, and Japan Some relocation diffusion has occurred to Europe and the Americas Recent Migration of Christians When people migrate, they bring their religion with them The percent of international migrants does not match the
overall share of adherents to various religions (ex. Christians = 1/3 of people on Earth but of all migrants) Muslims and Jews are also more likely to migrate whereas Buddhists, Hindus, folk religionists, and unaffiliated people are less likely to migrate Recent Migration of Christians The destinations of migrants also do not match the distributions of those migrants North America has 12% of worlds Christians but receives 34% of migrants of that faith Europe = 26% of worlds
Christians and receives 38% of migrants Latin America and Africa (which have the most Christians) receive few migrants Migration of Muslims and Jews The international migration patterns of Muslims and Jews do not match the distributions of those faiths Southwest Asia and North Africa are home to only 20% of Muslims but receives the highest number of
migrants (34%)even more odd is Europe with only 3% of Muslims but attracting 34% of international migrants South and Southeast Asia have 45% of all Muslims but only attract 9% of migrants Migration of Muslims and Jews Jews have been migrating for thousands of years but since the creation of Israel in 1948, 73% of Jewish international migrants go there Because of the creation of the Jewish state of Israel, the distribution of Jews in Europe has gone from 90% a century ago to 15% today
Big Questions Terms Describe the historical diffusion patterns of the universalizing religions of Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism. Describe the recent migration patterns of Christians, Muslims, and Jews and describe whether these migration patterns
match the distribution patterns of those faiths. & Key Relocation diffusion Hierarchical diffusion Contagious diffusion Ashoka Israel
Dr. Ashli Wilkins. Dean, Business Affairs Mr. Lynn Bell. Dean, Instructional Affairs . Mr. Tony Holland. Dean, Student Affairs and Sparks Campus . Ms. Jackie Screws--Of course, each institution has a specific organizational structure. The Wallace Community College administration is...
Objects classes, interfaces, packages, annotations Using interfaces - example(3) Declaration of interface StockWatcher: This interface defines three constants, which are the ticker symbols of watchable stocks. This interface also declares, but does not implement, the valueChanged method.
In realtà la riforma è stata preparata dai papi tedeschi che lo avevano preceduto e si compie con i papi a lui seguenti. L'elezione del papa tedesco Clemente II (Natale 1046), operata da Enrico III segnava certamente un cambio di...
The International Children's Day has been introduced in Poland in the early fifties of 20thcentury (1950s). It was easily adopted by Polish children and adults. It coincided with the beginning of summer and since it takes place near the end...
Bilimsel araştırma alanlarını temsil etmek üzere seçilir Bilimsel Dergiler Bilimsel iletişime katkı sağlayan yazarlar Bu yazarların ürettiği eserler Oeuvre: Belli bir yazara ait yayın grubu (White, 2003-pearson r) Atıf dizinlerinde yazar isimleri yazarların çalışmalarının bir alt grubuna karşılık gelir (McCain,...
Chapter 13: Management of Common Illnesses, Disease, and Health Conditions: CV and Resp. Bonnie M. Wivell, MS, RN, CNS Stroke and TIAs: Warning Signs Sudden numbness or weakness of face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body...
When this condition is declared for the Gainesville area, the UF president or his designee may declare the university closed. When the university is declared closed, all employees of the libraries will be instructed to leave the library facilities except...
Order of growth . The leading term of a formula. Expresses the behavior of a function toward infinity. CS 477/677 - Lecture 2. Asymptotic Notations. A way to describe behavior of functions in the limit. How we indicate running times...
Ready to download the document? Go ahead and hit continue!