Chapter 3 Section 1 - Jenks Public Schools

Chapter 3 Section 1 - Jenks Public Schools

Chapter 3 Section 1 The Six Basic Principles Something to think about!!!! The Declaration of Independence was the promise The Constitution is the way we kept the promise

It was the formation of the people (union) It was the formation of the government It may be old - but it still stands as an important and active part of our history Make up of the constitution The supreme Law of the Land

Framework 6 basic principles Organization Preamble and 7 Articles (or sections) Six basic principles (words to know!!)

Popular sovereignty all political power resides with the people Limited government government can only do things that the people allow Separation of Powers distribute power among the government (break it up like a Kit-Kat Bar!) Checks and Balances complex, ties the branches together, restrains other branches from going overboard Judicial Review interpret what Congress and President do are constitutional Federalism divides government power between states and national government

Legislative Branch Judicial Branch This graphic is on page 68. You need to be able to identify examples of each check & balance

Executive Branch Articles of the Constitution (pg 65) Section Preamble Subject States the purpose of the Constitution Article I Legislative branch Article II

Executive branch Article III Judicial branch Article IV Relations among the States and with the National Government Amending the Constitution Article V Article VI Article VII

National debts, supremacy of national law, and oaths of office Ratifying the Constitution Chapter 3, Section 1 Try it this way Larry Eats Junk Food After School Regularly Articles of the Constitution Section Subject Preamble

States the purpose of the Constitution Article I (Larry) Article II (Eats) Article III (Junk) Article IV (Food) Legislative branch (make laws) Article V (After)

Article VI (School) Article VII (Regularly) Executive branch (execute laws) Judicial branch (interpret laws) Relations among the States and with the National Government (state relationships checks and balances) Amending the Constitution (fix old wrongs) National debts, supremacy of national law, and oaths of office (Constitution takes priority over all other laws) Ratifying the Constitution (governed by the people) Chapter 3, Section 1

Breaking down the Articles The first three Articles outline the basic structure of government The rest of the Articles outline specific topics in more detail Ch 3 Section 2 Formal Amendments Formal Amendments What

are the different ways to formally amend, or change the wording of, the Constitution? How many times has the Constitution been amended? What is the Bill of Rights? Amending the Constitution Amendment

changes in the Constitutions written words Article V sets out: two methods for the proposal two methods for the ratification creating four possible methods of formal amendment. Formal Amendment Process

Amendments to the Constitution The first 10 amendments are collectively known as the Bill of Rights. They set out many of our basic freedoms. Ch 3 Section 3 Informal Amendments Informal Amendment How has basic legislation changed the Constitution over time? What

powers do the executive branch and the courts have to amend the Constitution? What role do party politics and custom have in shaping the Federal Government? Informal Amendment Processes Informal amendment - the process by which over time many changes have been made in the Constitution which have not involved any changes in its written word. The informal amendment process can take place by: (1) the passage of basic legislation by Congress;

(2) actions taken by the President; (3) key decisions of the Supreme Court; (4) the activities of political parties; and (5) custom. Executive Action and Court Decisions Executive Action Court Decisions Presidential actions have The nations courts, produced a number of

most importantly the important informal United States amendments, such as the Supreme Court, use of the military under the power of commander interpret and apply in chief. the Constitution in An executive many cases they hear. agreement - a pact made by the President directly with the head of a foreign state.

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