Chapter 3

Chapter 3

Chapter 3 ACADIA French and First Nations From what we have learned in Chapter 1 and 2, describe what we know about the relationship between the First Nations and the French in your notebook. Why did the French try to encourage a positive relationship with the First Nations? What survival techniques did the First Nations teach the French? French and First Nations

Cut out the map and glue it in your notebook Colour in the four areas, be sure to include a legend Under the map, copy out the 4 points from page H46 in your text Answer the following questions in your notebook: What do you notice about the position of British colonies? Please open your text to page 46, we will read through to page 49. French and First Nations In order to compete with the British, New France needed the support of the First Nations. 1. First Nations gave fur traders an efficient system for transporting furs to

central points: 1. Carried furs to a central point 2. At the central point, transferred their furs to a larger canoe heading to Montreal or Quebec City 2. They built canoes similar to the First Nations 1. 2. 3. 4. They were small Only two people could fit

They were narrow and travelled faster They were light, which made them easy to carry on portages 3. First Nations showed them how to make snowshoes out of animal skin and wood to help them walk on snow French and First Nations 4. First Nations taught them how to make dog sleds: iv. v. vi. vii.

Teams of 6-12 dogs Could pull loads of furs across great distances Were up to 3 metres long Built of wood, strapped together with raw materials 5. The First Nations signed a treaty called The Great Peace of Montreal with New France agreeing to cooperate with each other. Part of the agreement was that First Nations would not help the British (when the war broke out in 1750s, the Iroquois stayed neutral). 6. Homework: answer questions 1 and 2 on page h49 The loss of Acadia

1. What evidence is there that the British were in a strong position in North America in the 1740s? They controlled a lot of territory around New France, and their fur trade activities were expanding 2. How did the French try to strengthen their position against the British in their relationship with the First Nations peoples? From the time of the Great Peace (1701) onwards, the First Nations demonstrated a preference for the French over the British (largely because the British continually seemed to want to expand the activities of the fur trade merchants and settlers deeper into First Nations territory).

The loss of Acadia Open your text to page H50. We will read to page h52. Locate and copy out the following definitions: oath of allegiance and expulsion ( not in book). Copy the following into your notebook: The Battle over Acadia The government of France sometimes seemed to have forgotten about the colony of Acadia. The Acadians could never count on aid from France. France and Britain used Acadians as chips in their global poker games. Sometimes Acadia was won, then just as easily lost by the French government, as France and Britain battled for control of North America.

The Loss of Acadia Acadia changes hands: 1603-1613 French 1628-1635 English pirates 1635-1654 French 1654-1667 English 1667-1690-French 1697-1710-English 1710-1760- English How did the Acadians handle this situation? Generally, they tried to ignore it. They went about their lives expecting little from France. They felt as if they were independent, hard working farmers and fisherman.

The loss of Acadia Lets have a look at the pictures in this section of the book: What do you notice about the map on page H50, when you compare it to the map you previously glued into your notes? What would make Louisburg a good location for a fort? How does the picture at the bottom of page H51 compare/contrast to the French colony of New France? What are your thoughts about the picture on page H52? Homework: questions 1 and 2 on page H53 The loss of Acadia Please take out your homework from last class

1. Where were the wars between Britain and France fought? Why did the these battles take place in so many different parts of the world? 1. As well as in Europe, Britain and France fought each other in Asia, Africa, the Caribbean, and North America. They were fighting for global power and so they fought each other everywhere they competed for dominance. 2. Why did France give up Acadia while keeping Guadeloupe and Martinique? What does this tell you about the products from each place? 1. France preferred to keep Guadeloupe and Martinique because they grew sugar, which was a very valuable item in Europe. Acadia could supply furs, but France reasoned that it could still get furs from New France. Sugar seemed more valuable than furs so, France decided to give up Acadia.

The Seven Years War The quiz on Chapter 3 will be held on Tuesday, April 21st. This is the day AFTER our field trip to the civilization museum. Study everything from Chapter 3, including all we do this week right up until Friday. All notes from the powerpoints, homework questions and notes from the Seven years war may be on the test. The Seven Years War To this point, did Britain or France have more success in war in North America?

What major advantage did the British have if they wanted to attack Quebec? Imagine yourself as a French soldier, how would you feel about a possible war? How would you feel as a British soldier? The Seven Years War Today, you will be divided into groups and assigned a section of the text book. Your job is to read through and make jot notes of important points on a piece of chart paper. Remember that you are looking for important points, do not include everything. If you choose, you can supplement the

information in the text with additional research. Next period, your peers will be copying your notes as their notes for The Seven Years War, so be sure to take your time and put forth your best effort. The Seven Years War Your information must be: I. Accurate II.Complete III.Concise IV.Neat enough to be read by everyone V. Organized ( title, headings,

subheadings, formatting) The Seven Years War Groups Topics 1. Rayan, Zaynab and Zeinab The British Fleet pg 54-55 2. Jawad and Zainab

The Attack on the Beauport Shore/Beauport feint (pg 56) 3. Hadi and Hawraa Anse-au-foulon pg 56 4. Hassan, Maya, Hamza Plains of Abraham ( pg 57) 5. Serene, Mahdi, Maye

Thin Red Line pg 57-58 6. Mayah, Reem and Yousef Articles of capitulation/ Treaty of Paris, 1763 pg 58-59 The Seven Years War Look at the pictures of Quebec City (page 54). Review what we learned about the Plains of Abraham. Why would it be difficult to capture this city by approaching it from the St Lawrence river? Examine the map on page 55. Review what we learned

about the Beauport Shore. Why do you think Montcalm expected British to attack Beauport Shore? Review what you learned about the Thin Red Line. What qualities would you need as a soldier to wait in line until your enemy was 70 m away, then open fire under the command of a soldier? Chapter 3 quiz Review:

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