Chapter 2 - Section 1 "Our Political Beginnings"

Chapter 2 - Section 1 "Our Political Beginnings"

September 24, 2012 Monday BELLWORK: Why did colonists leave England and move to America? What were they searching for? OBJECTIVES: SWBAT identify the different types of colonies

created in America and landmark documents leading to our separation from Great Britain. AGENDA: 1. Chapter 2 Section 1 Guided Notes 2. HOMEWORK Chapter 2-1 Questions

Signing the Magna Carta - All elections are free. - Right to a fair and speedy trial. - Limit cruel and unusual punishment.

*Examples include: Breaking wheel, boiling to death, flaying, disembowelment, crucifixion, impalement, crushing, stoning, execution by burning, dismemberment, sawing, and scaphism.

- Under direct control of the crown. System of government: *Appointed governor and appointed council. *Both appointed by the king himself. * Bicameral legislature

*Bicameral Two house legislature. * First part of the legislature was appointed by the king. * Second part of the legislature was wealthy male landowners.

* Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. *Ruled by a proprietor: Individual or small group granted land by the king. Example: William Penn granted Pennsylvania by King Charles II * Had a governor and a legislature

- Appointed by the proprietor, not the king. * Connecticut and Rhode Island *In a charter colony, the King granted a charter to the colonial government establishing the rules

under which the colony was to be governed. * Governor and legislature elected by: White male property owners. * These colonies were very liberal which mean that they did not have to answer directly to the crown.

1.)Explain the concepts of ordered government, limited government, and representative government. 2.) What were some of the fundamental rights and principles established in the Magna Carta, the Petition of Right, and the English Bill of Rights?

3.) Identify and describe the three types of government in the English colonies. 4.) Explain the difference between a bicameral and a unicameral legislative body. 5.) In what ways were the 13 colonies similar to one another? How did they differ?

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