Chapter 11

Chapter 11

CHAPTER 11 MANAGING WEIGHT AND EATING BEHAVIORS CHAPTER 11 FOCUSES ON HEALTHFUL WAYS TO MANAGE WEIGHT,THE NEGATIVE IMPACT OF EATING DISORDERS, AND HOW NUTRITIONAL NEEDS CHANGE

THROUGHOUT LIFE. CHAPTER 11 LESSON 1 THE ABILITY TO MANAGE WEIGHT IN HEALTHFUL WAYS REQUIRES AN UNDERSTANDING OF THE METHODS USED TO DETERMNE A HEALTHY WEIGHT RANGE AND THE FACTORS THAT IMPACT AN INDIVIDUALS FOOD NEEDS. BIG IDEA- BELLRINGER WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO HAVE A HEALTHY WEIGHT? DOES YOU WEIGHT

EFFECT YOUR SELF IMAGE? LESSON 1 MAINTAINING A HEALTHY WEIGHT MAINTAINING HEALTHY WEIGHT CAN PROTECT HEALTH AND PREVENT DISEASE. THE CALORIE CONNECTION- YOU MAINTAIN YOUR WEIGHT BY TAKING IN AS MANY CALORIES AS YOU USE. CALORIES- ARE UNITS USED TO MEASURE THE ENERGY FOUND IN FOOD. THE BALANCE BETWEEN THE CALORIES

YOU TAKE IN AND THOSE YOU BURN IS CALLED ENERGY BALANCE. YOUR ENERGY BALANCE METABOLISM- THE PROCESS BY WHICH THE BODY BREAKS DOWN SUBSTANCES AND GETS ENERGY FROM FOOD. IT TAKES 3,500 CALORIES TO EQUAL 1 POUND OF BODY FAT. IF YOU CONSUME 500 FEWER CALORIES THAN YOU USE EVERY DAY, YOU WILL LOSE 1 POUND A WEEK.

HOW MANY CALORIES? FOODS HIGH IN FAT WILL ALSO BE HIGH IN CALORIES. A GRAM OF FAT CONTAINS 9 CALORIES WHILE A GRAM OF PROTEIN OR CARBOHYDRATE CONTAINS 4. FOOD PREPARATION ALSO PLAYS A ROLE IN HOW MANY CALORIES.

MAINTAINING A HEALTHY WEIGHT BODY MASS INDEX AND BODY COMPOSITION HELP YOU JUDGE WHETHER YOUR WEIGHT IS HEALTHY. TO MAINTAIN A HEALTHY WEIGHT, BURN THE SAME AMOUNT OF CALORIES THAT ARE CONSUMED. THE RIGHT WEIGHT FOR EACH PERSON IS BASED ON SEVERAL FACTORS, AGE,GENDER,HEIGHT,BODY FRAME,AND STAGE AND RATE OF GROWTH.

Body Mass Index BMI-a measure of body weight relative to height. Overweight-heavier than the standard weight range for your height. Body composition-it is important to compare the ratio of fat to lean tissue. Ex. Skin-fold testing

YOUR WEIGHT AND YOUR HEALTH BEING EITHER OVERWEIGHT OR UNDERWEIGHT CARRIES HEALTH RISKS. WEIGHING TOO MUCH CAN INCREASE YOUR RISK FOR HEALTH PROBLEMS. TEENS WHO WEIGH TOO LITTLE MAY FEEL WEAK,TIRE EASILY, OR HAVE TROUBLE CONCENTRATING.

WEIGHING TOO MUCH 13% OF TEENS IN THE UNITED STATES ARE OVERWEIGHT. THIS % HAS TRIPLE SINCE THE 1980S. OBESE-HAVING AN EXCESS OF BODY FAT. CARRIES SERIOUS HEALTH RISKS. WEIGHING TOO LITTLE UNDERWEIGHT-BELOW THE STANDARD WEIGHT RANGE FOR YOUR HEIGHT.

CARRIES HEALTH RISKS,SOME THIN PEOPLE MAY HAVE TROUBLE FIGHTING OFF DISEASE. TOO THIN NOT GETTING ENOUGH CALORIES AND NUTRIENTS THAT GROWING BODIES NEED. MANAGING YOUR WEIGHT STAY PHYSICALLY ACTIVE AND EAT HEALTHFUL FOODS.

YOU MUST ADJUST YOUR CALORIES TO GAIN OR LOSE WEIGHT. 1. TARGET A HEALTHY WEIGHT 2. SET REALISTIC GOALS 3. PERSONALIZE YOUR PLAN 4. PUT GOALS IN WRITING 5. EVALUATE YOUR PROGRESS HEALTHFUL WAYS TO LOSE WEIGHT 1. CHOOSE NUTRIENT-DENSE FOODS 2. WATCH PORTION SIZES

3. EAT FEWER FOODS THAT ARE HIGH IN FATS AND ADDED SUGARS. 4. ENJOY FAVORITE FOODS IN MODERATION 5. BE ACTIVE 6. \TONE MUSCLES 7. STAY HYDRATED HEALTHFUL WAYS TO GAIN WEIGHT 1. SELECT FOODS FROM THE 5 MAJOR FOOD GROUPS THAT ARE

HIGHER IN CALORIES. 2. CHOOSE HIGHERCALORIE,NUTRIENT-RICH FOODS 3. EAT NUTRITIOUS SNACKS 4. GET REGULAR PHYSICAL ACTIVITY PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND WEIGHT MANAGEMENT HELP YOU LOSE OR MAINTAIN A HEALTHY WEIGHT 1. HELPS RELIEVE STRESS 2. PROMOTES A NORMAL APPETITE

RESPONSE 3. INCREASE SELF-ESTEEM 4. HELPS YOU FEEL MORE ENERGETIC LESSON 2 BODY IMAGE AND EATING DISORDERS BELLRINGER-WHAT ARE SOME FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE YOU

BODY IMAGE? YOUR BODY IMAGE MAIN IDEA-THE MEDIA AND OTHER INFLUENCES CAN EFFECT YOUR BODY IMAGE. BODY IMAGE-THE WAY YOU SEE YOUR BODY TEENS SOMETIMES COMPARE THE BODY WITH MODELS AND ARE NOT REALISTIC. PEERS TRY TO ACCEPT YOURSELF THE WAY

YOU ARE. FAD DIETS FAD DIETS-WEIGHT LOSS PLANS THAT TEND TO BE POPULAR FOR ONLY A SHORT TIME. LOSE WEIGHT QUICK, PUT BACK ON QUICK! WEIGHT CYCLING-A REPEATED PATTERN OF GAINING AND LOSING WEIGHT. FADS DIETS CAN POSE SERIOUS HEALTH RISKS. TEENS SHOULD TALK TO A PHYSICIAN IF THEY WANT TO LOSE WEIGHT!!

TYPES OF FAD DIETS 1. MIRACLE FOODS- FOODS THT BURN FAT(NOT) 2. MAGIC COMBINATIONS-FOODS IN COMBINATION THAT CAUSE RAPID WEIGHT LOSS. 3. LIQUID DIETS-REPLACING FOOD WITH LIQUID. 4. DIET PILLS-ADDICTIVE-SERIOUS SIDE EFFECTS 5. FASTING-DEPRIVES THE BODY OF NEEDED NUTRIENTS AND CAN RESULT IN DEHYDRATION

RECOGNIZING FAD DIETS IF THE DIET DOES NOT FOLLOW THE FOOD GUIDE PRYAMID. TELLS YOU WILL LOSE MORE THAN 2 POUNDS A WEEK NO PHYSICAL ACTIVITY WATCH OUT FOR CERTAIN WORDSEFFORTLESS,MIRACULOUS ETC. EATING DISORDERS -EXTREME,HARMFUL EATING

BEHAVIORS THAT CAUSE SERIOUS ILLNE OR EVEN DEATH. MENTAL ILLNESS DEPRESSION LOW SELF-ESTEEM TROUBLED RELATIONSHIPS RUN IN FAMILIES-GENETICS MAY BE A FACTOR ANOREXIA NERVOSA IS AN EATING DISORDER IN WHICH AN IRRATIONAL FEAR OF

WEIGHT GAIN LEADS TO PEOPLE TO STARVE THEMSELVES. MAINLY AFFECTS GIRLS AND YOUNG WOMEN. DISORDER AFFECTS A PERSONS SELF CONCEPT AND COPING ABILITIES. OBSESSIVE BEHAVIORS AVOID FOOD AND MEALS EATING ONLY A FEW KINDS OF FOOD IN SMALL AMOUNTS

WEIGHING OR COUNTING CALORIES IN EVERYTHING THEY EAT EXERCISE EXCESSIVELY WIEGHING THEMSELVES REPEATEDLY

HEALTH CONSEQUENCES MALNUTRITION STARVATION BONES BRITTLE HEART RATE DROPS HEART PROBLEMS SUDDEN CARDIAC DEATH BULIMIA NERVOSA

-IS AN EATING DISORDER THAT INVOLVES CYCLES OF OVEREATING AND PURGING, OR ATTEMPT TO RID THE BODY OF FOOD. BINGES-EATING HUGE AMOUNTS PURGING-VOMITING OR USING LAXATIVES EXERCISE FRANTICALLY DANGERS DEHYDRATION,SORE THROAT,SWOLLEN GLANDS,DAMAGED TEETH FROM STOMACH ACID,CHEMICAL IMBALANCES,HEART FAILURE,AND DEATH.

BINGE EATING DISORDER -IS AN EATING DISORDER IN WHICH PEOPLE OVEREAT COMPULSIVELY. COMMON IN MALES 1/3 OF ALL CASES CONSEQUENCES: OVERWEIGHT, OBESE,DO NOT PURGE, HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE,TYPE 2 DIABETES,ANS CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE

SEEKING HELP EATING DISORDERS ARE SERIOUS AND DANGEROUS ILLNESSES. NEED HELP TO OVERCOME THEM COUNSELING,NUTRITIONAL GUIDANCE,A DOCTORS CARE, AND EVEN HOSPITAL STAY. PSYCOHOLOGICAL AND FAMILY THERAPY LESSON 3 LIFELONG NUTRITION

BIG IDEA-YOUR AGE,GENDER,LIFESTYLE,AND HEALTH NEEDS CAN AFFECT YOUR BODYS FOOD NEEDS. BELLRINGER-WHAT FACTORS COULD AFFECT A PERSONS NUTRITIONAL NEEDS? LIFELONG NUTITIONAL NEEDS EVERYONE HAS DIFFERENT NUTRITIONAL NEEDS

FACTORS THAT AFFECT YOUR NUTRITIONAL NEEDS 1. AGE 2. GENDER 3. ACITIVITY LEVEL VEGETARIAN DIETS VEGETARIAN-IS A PERSON WHO EATS MOSTLY OR ONLY PALNTBASED FOODS. HEALTHIER LOWER IN SATURATED FATS HIGHER IN FIBER

LOWER RISKS OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES. DRAW BACKS-LOWER CERTAIN NUTRIENTS DIETARY SUPPLEMENTSPRODUCTS THAT SUPPLY ONE OR MORE NUTRIENTS AS A SUPPLEMENT TO,NOT A SUBSTITUTE FOR;HEALTHFUL FOODS TO OBTAIN ALL THE NUTRIENTS.

HEALTH CONDITIONS 1. DIABETES 2. FOOD ALLERGIES 3. LACTOSE INTOLERANCE 4. CELIAC DISEASE-GLUTEN INTOLERANCE(PROTEIN) 5. HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE 6. HIGH CHOLESTEROL NUTRITION FOR ATHLETES EATING RIGHT AFFECTS AN

ATHLETES PERFORMANCE TEEN ATHLETES NEED 2,0005,000 CALORIES PER DAY MAKING WEIGHT- WRESTLERS\ BOXERS STICK TO A SENSIBLE PLAN TO 1 LB. PER WEEK. HYDRATION TEEN GIRLS-9 GLASSES OF NONCAFFEINATED FLUIDS EACH DAY TEEN BOYS-13 GLASSES EACH DAY AVOID DEHYDRATION-CAN LEAD TO AN

IMBALANCE OF ELECTROLYTESMINERALS THAT HELP MAINTAIN THE BODYS FLUID BALANCE. DRINK WATER 15MINUTES BEFORE AND AFTER ACTIVITY AND DURING THE WORKOUT. AVOID PERFORMANCE ENHANCERS

-SUBSTANCE THAT BOOST ATHLETIC ABILITY ILLEGAL ANABOLIC STEROIDS DANGEROUS ANDROSTENEDIONE-ANDRO-SAME SIDE EFFECTS AS STEROIDS CREATINE-HELPS RELEASE ENERGY.DAMAGE HEART,LIVER,KIDNEYS ENERGY DRINKS-CAFFEINE-INCREASES HEART RATE,LOSE FLUIDS,LEADS TO DEHYDRATION

EATING BEFORE A COMPETITION EAT 3 TO 4 HOURS BEFORE COMPETITION STOMACH SHOULD BE EMPTY BY COMPETITION EAT A LOT OF CARBOHYDRATES LOW IN FAT AND PROTEIN GOOD FOODS:PASTA,RICE,VEGETABLES, BREADS,AND FRIUTS DRINK PLENTY OF WATER

USING SUPPLEMENTS HERBAL SUPPLEMENTS-DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS CONTAINING PLANT EXTRACTS ARE NOT REGULATED BY THE FDA. NO SUBSTITUTE FOR FOOD CONCERNS ABOUT DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS MULTIVITAMIN AND MINERAL SUPPLEMENTS-ARE GENERALLY SAFE AS LOND AD THEY ARE USE CORRECTLY. MEGADOSES-VERY LARGE AMOUNTS OF

ANY SUPPLEMENT IS DANGEROUS.

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