Cb. 17 Crosáileacha Géineolaiochta

Cb. 17 Crosáileacha Géineolaiochta

Cb. 17 Crosil Ghiniteach Toirchi Speirmchill haplideach (n) le 23 crmasm Ubhchill haplideach (n) le 23 crmasm SIOGT dioplideach (2n) le 46 crmasm a dhanfaidh deighilt tr MHIOTIS chun leanbh a chruth. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zwibgNGe4aY&index=4&list=PL6rkTpJCao_ShthTqvoj2XvEskLMRDXup DNA - achoimre! 1

Gineolaocht Staidar ar oidhreacht & eagslacht i bplanda & in ainmhithe Le foghlaim: Tarma a bhaineann le gineolaocht Na Croslacha: Crosil Mhonaihibrideach (aon trith amhin) Crosil Dhhibrideach (dh trith) Comhcheannas Nascil Gnasnascil (m.sh. Dathdhaille & Haemaifilia) 2 Dhl Mhendel: Dl an Leithscartha (Law of Segregation) Dl na Saorshrtla (Law of Independent Assortment) 2 Gaimit - na gnaschealla Cad iad? Cealla haplideacha (n) at in ann

comhthth (fuse) chun siogt a chruth. sPEIRM uBH Toirchi = gaimit fhireann & gaimit bhaineann ag teacht le chile chun cill aonin nua a chruth (siogt). 3 Crmasm = struchtir ina bhfuil na ginte (DNA) le fil sa niclas. Crmasm= ____% ____ & ___% pritin (hiostn).

Fireann Baineann Lon seasta crmasm i niclas gach cille maidir le gach aon orgnach, m. sh. t ___ crmasm i ngach cill* sa duine. 4 Gin = cuid den DNA a thugann an cd do thrith (pritin) irithe. Gin Le fil ar na crmasim Bonn suomh cinnte ag gach gin ar an gcrmasm; an lcas a

thugtar mar ainm ar an suomh seo. cill Niclas crmasim Gin 5 Crosil... Sa Ghineolaocht: sidtear litreacha chun cur sos a dhanamh ar ghin/ar thrith. sidtear 2 litir le haghaidh gach trithe/gine at againn cn fth? Rialacha1. sid an cheannlitir don ghin cheannasach (m.sh. m t sile donna ceannasach ar shile glasa, sid an litir D chun cur

sos ar an 2 dhath). 2. Is fidir 2 leagan de gach gin a bheith ann, ceann ceannasach n ceann claitheach. sid ceannlitir don leagan ceannasach donn = D & litir i gcs ochtair (lower case) don leagan claitheach glas = d. 6 Cleachtadh Cad iad na litreacha a dsidfe sna csanna seo a leanas? m.sh. T sile donna ceannasach ar shile gorma. (i) litir chun cur sos ar an ngin seo? D n d (ii) sile donna? D (iii) sile gorma? d ; Sampla 2 - T loign (dimples) ceannasach ar gan loign a bheith

agat. (i) Roghnaigh an litir a dsidfe chun cur sos ar an ngin seo._____ (ii) Chun cur sos ar an leagan ceannasach? _______ (iii) Chun cur sos ar an leagan claitheach? ______ 7 Aillil: Leaganacha difrila den ghin channa ar an lcas canna ar chrmasim homalgacha. An ghin a bhaineann le dath sl: T 2 leagan aillil difrila ag an bpire crmasm seo.

http://www.you tube.com/watc h?annotation_i d=annotation_7 68817&feature =iv&src_vid=S7 o6aampzaA&v= WVCz-MI9mmo 8 Pire crmasm - heitrisigeach n homaisigeach I gcill dhioplideach bonn ____ chip de gach gin. Ms aillil ionanna iad, deirtear go bhfuil siad homaisigeach. M aillil agsla iad, deirtear go bhfuil an

chill heitrisigeach. 9 homaisigeach: Dh aillil ionanna ar na crmasim m.sh. DD n dd (homaisigeach ceannasach (DD) n claitheach (dd) ). Heitrisigeach: Dh aillil agsla ar na crmasim homalgacha m. sh. Dd 10 Crmasim homalgacha: Pir crmasm ar a bhfuil na ginte aillil canna. Sa chill dhioplideach

(2n) bonn 2 chip de gach crmasm, (iompraonn siad ginte do na trithe canna). T an d aillil sna ginte seo ceannasach n claitheach. 11 omh mhicreascp leictreonach ina dtaispentar na 23 pire crmasm homalgach a bhonn i ngach* cill ag duine. Cn inscne (gender) at ag an duine seo?

12 Is fidir ginte agsla a bheith i lthair i gcill ach n g go n-sidf iad go lir. Nuair a sidtear an ghin, lirtear toradh na gine i bhfoirm pritine. Trascrobh (d) Liri Gine: An priseas ina gcuirtear an teolas at sa ghin i lthair i bhfoirm pritine. Aistri 13

Ceannasach: Trith a lirtear nuair a bhonn an aillil i lthair (sa staid homaisigeach n heitrisigeach). MM n Mm Claitheach: Trith nach lirtear nuair nach mbonn ach aillil amhin i lthair. (Sa staid homaisigeach amhin a lirtear an trith) mm Ceannasach n claitheach? Loign Breicn Gruaig rua Sile gorma Maothn cluaise saor n ceangailte 14 Ceannasach Claitheach

Sile: Donn Sile: Gorm, Glas, Liath Widows Peak mar phatrn gruaige Loign Gan Widows Peak Gan mrn airde Airde mhaith balta teanga a rolladh Maothn cluaise saor Gan bheith balta teanga a

rolladh Maothn cluaise ceangailte Gruaig nach bhfuil fionn Gruaig fhionn Gan loign 15 Ginitopa: liosta na nginte at san orgnach Feinitopa: tugtar an feinitopa ar na trithe fisicila a fheictear san orgnach. m.sh. Sile donna

16 Ceist: (2010) Dan idirdheal idir na pir tarma seo a leanas tr abairt amhin a scrobh i dtaobh gach ball ar leith de gach pire. (i) Haplideach agus dioplideach (ii) Homaisigeach agus heitrisigeach (iii) Ginitopa agus feinitopa 17 An tarmaocht! Crmasim homalgacha: Pir crmasm ar a bhfuil na ginte canna Lcas: suomh cinnte ag gach gin ar an gcrmasm Aillil: Leaganacha agsla den ghin channa ar an lcas canna ar chrmasim homalgacha Homaisigeach: Dh aillil ionanna: BB n bb Heitrisigeach: Dh aillil agsla: Bb

Ceannasach: Trith a lirtear nuair a bhonn an aillil i lthair sa staid homaisigeach n sa staid heitrisigeach Claitheach: Trith nach lirtear nuair nach mbonn ach aillil amhin i lthair. Is sa staid homaisigeach amhin a lirtear an trith Ginitopa: liosta na nginte at san orgnach Feinitopa: tugtar an feinitopa ar na trithe fisicila a fheictear san orgnach de bharr an ghinitopa agus na timpeallachta Gaimit: cealla haplideacha at in ann comhthath (23 crmasm) 18 Na 5 chinal crosla ginit at le foghlaim 1. Monaihibrideach* Ardleibhal 2. Dhibrideach 3. Comhcheannasach* 4. Nasctha

Ardleibhal 5. Gnasnasctha https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pNrcw1KaLus 19 Obair ranga 1. ? Buneolas: Obair ghrpa - ag sid na bposa cairtchlir, oibrigh amach: 1. Dath sl/gruaige a bheidh ann de thoradh chomhthth na speirme & na huibhe at ar do bhord. 2. Tabhair do chuid freagra.

Luaigh(i) An Ginitopa (ii) An Feinitopa (iii) Aillil- Heitrisigeach/ Homaisigeach Sile donna ceannasach Gruaig dhonn/dhubh ceannasach ar aon dath eile. 20 Obair Ranga 2 - Oibrigh amach (do thuist) conas a fuair t dath do shl? Buneolas: Sile Donna/Glasa/ Liatha ceannasach ar Shile Gorma. 21

(1) Crosil Mhonaihibrideach: fachaint ar thrith AMHIN a dfheadf cur ar aghaidh m.sh. dath sl Cuimhnigh: Faigheann na gaimit CIP AMHIN de gach gin = aillil (litir) amhin homaisigeach: Dh aillil ionanna ar na crmasim homalgacha m.sh. BB n bb heitrisigeach: Dh aillil agsla ar na crmasim homalgacha m. sh. Bb Cleachtadh 1 Lon an bosca thos: Seo eolas faoi dhath gruaige (rua vs donn, donn ceannasach) Tuist: BB

& bb Gaimit: https://www.yout ube.com/watch?v =S7o6aampzaA Sliocht F1: Freagra: Monaihibrideachiontach Ginitopa F1: ____________ Feinitopa F1:_____________

23 I bplanda irithe, t blthanna dearga ceannasach ar bhlthanna bu. M chrosiltear planda homaisigeach ceannasach le planda homaisigeach claitheach, scrobh: 1. An litir chun blth dearg a liri ____ 2. Ginitopa an phlanda homaisigigh cheannasaigh ____ 3. Feinitopa an phlanda homaisigigh cheannasaigh _______ 4. Ginitopa na ngaimit a dhanann s ____ 5. Feinitopa an phlanda homaisigigh chlaithigh ________ 6. Ginitopa an planda homaisigigh chlaithigh ____ 7. Ginitopa na ngaimit a dhanann s ____ M ghintear 100 planda, c mhad a bheidh (i)Obairdearg ____ romhaire: http://biology.clc.uc.edu/courses/bio105/geneprob.htm (ii) homaisigeach claitheach ____

Ceist 1: M phsann fear, a bhfuil sile gorma aige, bean at heitrisigeach i gcomhair sl donn, cad iad na ginitopa & feinitopa a dfhadfadh a bheith ag a bpist?(donn ceannasach) Freagra: Ceist 2: I bpiseanna, t solta glasa (G) ceannasach & solta bu (g) claitheach. Crosiltear planda onphraithe (pure breeding) glas le planda onphraithe bu. Cad iad na tortha fideartha sa chrosil seo agus sa ghlin (F1) & F2 m tharlaonn finphailni? 26 Cleachtadh 3: Lean an cur chuige canna ars leis an eolas seo faoi bhreicn (freckles):

Ff Tuist: & FF n 27 Cleachtadh 4: Lean an cur chuige canna ars leis an eolas seo ar dhath gruaige: T dath gruaige donn ceannasach ar ghruaig rua. T tuismitheoir amhin homaisigeach ceannasach & an duine eile heitrisigeach don dath gruaige. Faigh F1/sliocht 1 : Tuist:

& Gaimit: F1/Sliocht 1: 28 Ceist 5. Ailbneachas (Albinism): Feictear ailbneachas sa staid homaisigeach claitheach amhin. M t leanbh le hailbneachas ag gnththuist, cad ginitopa na dtuist? Cn dchlacht a bh ann go mbeadh leanbh le hailbneachas acu? Staidar Ginealach (Pedigree study) Crann teaghlaigh a dhanann cur sos ar thrithe oidhreachta a tharlaonn i dtuismitheoir & sa sliocht ghlin go glin

Sen Mire Cros. 2. Comhcheannas: N bhonn ceachtar ceann den d aillil ceannasach. Bonn feinitopa idirmhenach ann (hybrid) le meascn den 2 dhath. (1)B ghearr-adharcach: Dearg RR (dath an chta) Bn rr Runach Rr (2)Blth srubh lao Dearg RR : Bn rr (dath an bhltha) Bndearg Rr

Ceist 1: I mb irithe, t na haillil i gcomhair dhath an chta, dearg (D) agus bn (d) comhcheannasach & bonn dath runach ar bh at heitrisigeach (Dd). M chrosiltear b dhearg le b bhn, c na ginitopa a bheidh mar thoradh air? Ginitopa na dtuist: Gaimit: F1 F1 Ginitopa: Feinitopa: DD D

x agus Dd dath runach dd d Ceist 2: Bonn comhcheannas le feiceil sa bhlthphlanda an srubh lao i.e. sa staid heitrisigeach (Rr) bonn s bndearg. Tabhair an feinitopa & ginitopa do na croslacha seo a leanas: (i) Planda bn le planda dearg (ii) Dh phlanda bhndearga *gnthrialacha I

gceist ACH tabhair faoi deara go bhfuil comhcheannas sa mheascn anois freisin 33 3. Anois, crosiltear F1 x F1; c na tortha a bheidh ann? Tuist: x Gaimit: Bain sid as Cearng Punnett chun an mhata a

dhanamh anseo F2 Ginitopa: Feinitopa: Dearbh Inscne (gender) _______pire crmasm i gcill dhioplideach dhaonna. 22 pire uasm (autosomes) & pire amhin gnaschrmasm. Na gnaschrmasim a rialaonn inscne. 2 chrmasm sa bhaineann XX.

Crmasm mr & ceann nos l san fhireann ar a dtugtar XY. XY XX 35 I rith mise sna huirocha (testes), dantar speirm le Xchrmasm & speirm ina bhfuil Y-chrmasm. Is an fireann a dhearbhaonn inscne an phiste. Iompratear ginte irithe ar an X- & Y-chrmasm amhin. Deirtear gur ginte gnasnasctha iad seo.

X X X X Y X Y http://biology.slss.ie/resources/Monohybrid%20crosses.pdf 36 Ardl. Gregor Mendel

Athair na Gineolaochta Rinne Mendel a chuid oibre le planda pise. Cn fth? 1. Danann piseanna finphailni (gan feithid); mar sin, n thagann pailin phlanda eile chun an phis a phailni planda onphraithe (pure-bred). 37 2. Fsann planda pise go tapa; mar sin, bh tortha aige go tapa. 3. Bh trithe anagsil & iad inaitheanta go hasca ar na planda m.sh. dath peitil, fad gais 38

Turgnamh Mhendel: Chrosil s planda ard onphraithe le planda abhcach (dwarf) onphraithe. Bh an chad ghlin (F1) go lir ard. Ach nuair a lig s do na planda seo finphailni, fuair s 787 planda arda agus 277 planda abhcacha sa dara glin (F2). Seo cimheas 3:1. Ceist:Cn trith ar a ndearna s staidar (thuas)? Crosil Mhonaihibrideach: crosil ina ndantar staidar ar thrith shingil san orgnach. 39 Ard Abhcach

Tuist Gaimit Ginitopa: Tt Feinitopa: Ard Sliocht F1 Uibheacha Feinitopa: Sliocht F2 Cimheas: sliocht ard

abhcach 40 Conclid Mhendel: I ngach planda t dh thoisc a rialaonn an trith, na _________. Iompraonn na gaimit na trithe seo ach n bhonn ach toisc/ _______ amhin i ngach gaimit (mis). Dfhadfadh leaganacha agsla de gach toisc a bheith ann __________ & ___________. 41 (ARDL.) Dl an Leithscartha (Segregation) / An Chad Dl ag Mendel = T dh aillil i ngach orgnach do

gach trith. Scarann na haillil seo isteach sna gaimit nuair a chruthatear iad, sa treo is nach mbonn ach aillil amhin i ngach gaimit. Dl an Leithscartha A a Scarann crmasim homaisigeacha na chile mis Crmasm homaisigeach le pire aillil A

a Gaimit le haillil amhin gach pire. (Ardl.) (Cros.3) Crosil Dhhibrideach Dfhach Mendel ar dh thrith le chile freisin an chrosil dhhibrideach. m.sh: Tuist: Ard, Dearg x Abhcach (Abhc.), Bn F1: F2: Ard, Dearg Ard, dearg (9) Ard, bn Abhc., deargAbhc., bn

(3) (3) (1) Cosil leis na tuist Athchuingreacha Cosil leis na tuist Tuist: Ard, Dearg Ginitopa: TTRR Gaimit: x TR

tr F1 Ginitopa: F1 Feinitopa: TtRr Ard, Dearg F1 x F1 ginitopa: Gaimit F2: Abhcach, Bn ttrr TtRr TR, Tr, tR, tr

x TtRr TR, Tr, tR, tr TR Tr tR tr TR TTRR TTRr

TtRR TtRr Tr TTRr TTrr TtRr Ttrr tR TtRR TtRr

ttRR ttRr tr TtRr Ttrr ttRr ttrr Sa chrosil seo, fanann dh thrith (airde & dath) le chile i sliocht F1, ach scarann siad na chile & bogann siad, neamhsplech ar a chile, sa chad ghlin eile (F).

Conclid n gcrosil dhhibrideach: Bonn planda F1 go lir ard & dearg. D bhr sin, t ard ceannasach ar abhcach & dearg ceannasach ar bhn. Planda onphraithe iad na tuist (homaisigeach). Is iad TTRR & ttrr ginitopa na dtuist. Is iad TR agus tr na gaimit. Conclid n gcrosil dhhibrideach: Ginitopa F1 n: TtRr (heitrisigeach). Bonn na ceithre thrith is fidir a bheith ann le feiceil i sliocht F2 i.e ginitopa tuist agus athchuingreacha (recombinants). Chun an toradh seo a fhil, caithfidh na planda in F1 4 chinal gaimit a dhanamh i minicochta cothroma (equal frequencies). Is iad TR, Tr, tR, tr na gaimit. Is ar na tortha seo a bhunaigh Mendel an dara dl,

Dl na Saorshrtla. Dl na Saorshrtla: Is fidir le gach ball i bpir aillil (n ginte) comhcheangal go randamach le ceann ar bith de phire aillil eile. Dh phire crmasm homaisigeach T t https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=o0Cl7I3KSGs dhibrideach R Scarann na crmasim homaisigeacha na chile agus tagann siad le chile go

randamach. t t Mis T T R r r R r 4 chinal gaimit i minicocht chothrom

(Cimheas = 1:1:1:1) Achoimre: Bheife ag sil leis an gcimheas seo i gcrosil dhhibrideach (ag taispeint an Dara Dl ag Mendel) : 1. M t na tuist heitrisigeach (TtRr x TtRr) cimheas: 9:3:3:1 2. M t tuiste amhin heitrisigeach & an tuiste eile homaisigeach claitheach (TtRr x ttrr) cimheas: 1:1:1:1 Ceist: T muc ghuine heitrisigeach maidir leis na ginte aillileacha A agus B. T an d ghin seo suite ag lcais ar phir agsla de chrmasim homalgacha. T A ceannasach ar a & B ceannasach ar b. Crosiltear muc ghuine at heitrisigeach maidir le A & B le muc ghuine at claitheach maidir le A & B. 1. Luaigh ginitopa an athar & na mthar. 2. Cn % seans at ann go mbeidh aon cheann den sliocht comhionann leis an athair n leis an mthair?

Tuist: Gaimit: AaBb aabb x ab AB n Ab n aB n ab AB Cearng Punnett F1: x ab

AaBb Ab Aabb aB aaBb ab aabb CEIST 2008 (b) Sa chuil tortha, Drosophila, t an aillil do chorp liath (L) ceannasach ar an aillil do chorp abainn (l) & t an aillil do sciathin fhada (F) ceannasach ar an aillil do sciathin

iarmharacha (f). T an d phire aillil ar phir agsla crmasm. (i) Dan amach na ginitopa agus na feinitopa is fidir a bheith i sliocht na crosla seo a leanas: corp liath, sciathin fhada (heitrisigeach do gach ceann) X corp abainn, sciathin iarmharacha. 52 FREAGRA: Tuist: LlFf x Gaimit: LF n Lf n lF n lf

LF LlFf F1: lf llff X Lf Llff lf lF llFf lf llff

Feinitopa: Ginitopa: LlFf, Llff, llFf n llff 53 Ardl. (Cros.4) Nascil (linkage) = ginte a bhonn suite ar an gcrmasm canna (& mar sin cuirtear ar aghaidh le chile iad). N shrathaonn na ginte go neamhsplech. N bhonn aon athchuingreach ann. A a T gin A nasctha le gin B

T gin a nasctha le gin b B b Tuist: sciathn fada x sciathn gearr corp liath corp dubh F1: F2: sciathn fada corp liath Idirpr (interbreed) sciathn fada + sciathn gearr corp liath

corp dubh Cimheas: tuist 3 :1 Sliocht cosil le Is fidir seo a liri tr fhachaint ar dh chrosil idir tuist le ginitopa cosla ach i gcs amhin nl na ginte nasctha agus sa chs eile, t. Crosil 1 (Ginte GAN nascil): Crosil idir tuiste heitrisigeach do sholta bu, mne & tuiste homaisigeach do sholta glasa, rocacha. T bu ceannasach ar ghlas, mn ceannasach ar rocach. Tuist

Bu, Mn BbMm Gaimit BM, Bm, bM, bm Ginitopa F1: BbMm Feinitopa F1: Bu Mn x Glas, Rocach bbmm Bbmm bm

bbMm Bu Rocach bbmm Glas Mn Glas Rocach Tarlaonn athchuingreacha 57 Crosil 2 (Ginte Nasctha): Crosil idir cuil tortha le gnthaintin (G) agus corp liath (L) at heitrisigeach do na trithe agus na ginte seo nasctha agus cuil le haintin casta (g) agus corp dubh (l) ina bhfuil na ginte seo claitheach agus nasctha i.e. GgLl x ggll. Tuist: Gaimit

Gnth, liath GgLl x Casta, dubh ggll GL, gl Ginitopa F1 Feinitopa F1 gl GgLl ggll Gnth, Liath

Casta, dubh N bhonn athchuingreacha ann - (F1 dreach cosil le tuist) 58 Conclid: Feictear n d chrosil thuas go bhfaightear tortha an-agsil. Gan nascil, faightear ceithre fheinitopa agsla sa chimheas 1 : 1 : 1 : 1 agus Le nascil, faightear dh fheinitopa agsla sa chimheas 1 : 1 thuist a bhfuil ginitopa cosla acu. 59

Ceist: Crosiltear luch heitrisigeach a bhfuil na ginte A & B aige le luch at homaisigeach claitheach maidir le A & B. Taispentar an sliocht (F1) sa tbla thos. Ginitop A a B b 151 a aabb 146 D mbeadh na ginte in ann srtil go amhsplech, c na tortha a mbeadh t ag sil leo? An ritonn na tortha seo leis na tortha lena raibh ag sil? ) Luaigh cis leis na tortha thuas (sa tbla).

Ardl. (Cros.5) Gnasnascil Na ginte at ar na gnaschrmasim. T an X-chrmasm nos faide n an Ychrmasm agus bonn nos m ginte air. De ghnth iompratear trithe gnasnasctha ar an X-chrmasm. Sampla doidhreacht ghnesnasctha: 1. Dathdhaille dhearg/ghlas n 2. Haemaifilia. 61 62 Sampla de seo n an ghin ghnasnasctha: 1. Daille ar dhathanna dearg/glas. T an ghin is cis leis an dathdhaille claitheach & suite ar an gcuid den X chrmasm nach bhfuil pirt chomhfhreagrach aici ar an Y-chrmasm. Is fidir crosil ghnasnasctha a dhanamh ar dh shl: 1. Mar seo XX, XY

2. Mar larid chrmasmach 63 Aillil do dhathdhaille = C n c gan (t an galar seo claitheach) C : XX Tuist Gaimit c c

XY : X n X C c Bean, iomprir F1: XC Xc c X n Y X XC Xc

Xc Xc Bean, dathdhall c Y XC Y Xc Y Fear, gan ghalar Fear, dathdhall 64 Baineann (XX): dh AILLIL leis an trith ghnasnasctha - is fidir an ghin chlaitheach a fhol, ach is iomprir

m.sh. XHXh Bonn trithe gnasnasctha (mar Haemaifilia) nos coitianta san fhear n sa bhean. Fireann (XY): le gin amhin leis an trith ghnasnasctha n fidir an ghin a fhol & is aillil shingil san X-chrmasm a rialaonn trithe irithe. gan ghalar: XHY n le Haemaifilia- XhY Ginte gnasnasctha an gaol idir ginitopa agus feinitopa.

m. sh. Galar Haemaifilia (h = gin chlaitheach) (H = gnthghin) XHXH gnthbhean XHY gnthfhear XHXh iomprir XhY haemaifiliach Tuist: Iomprir mn XHXh Gaimit: XH , Xh le le gnthfhear XHY

agus XH , Y XHXH XHY XhXH XhY Feinitopa: gnth- gnth- iomprir fear bhean fhear mn haemaifil. Sliocht F1: Ceist: Phs gnthfhear bean a bh ag iompar na dtrithe do dhathdhaille (d). Cn feinitopa a bheadh ag a bpist?

Tuist: Ginitopa: Gaimit: F1 ginitopa: Feinitopa: Ceist Riocht gnasnasctha (X) i ndaoine is ea dathdhaille dhearg/ uaine. M phsann fear a bhfuil dathdhaille air iomprir (heitrisigeach) mn, cn dchlacht (i gcatadn n i gcodn) at ann: 1. go mbeidh dathdhaille ar mhac sa phsadh seo? 2. go mbeidh dathdhaille ar inon sa phsadh seo?

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    This program is not meant as a substitute for a program or course of study in carbon monoxide recognition and treatment, or emergency medicine. This is for review only. Please refer to your physician or local Medical Director for approved...
  • Communication-Aware Allocation and Scheduling Framework for ...

    Communication-Aware Allocation and Scheduling Framework for ...

    Additive Model. Overall bus BW equal to BW of concurrent tasks. Larger granularity helps with simpler optimization. Bus Modeling-If there is bus congestion, it can slow down the whole program and cause problems-When the bus requires a BW for concurrent...
  • The Art of Multiprocessor Programming

    The Art of Multiprocessor Programming

    Solidity Pitfalls and Hazards (Part Three) CS1951 L. Spring 2019. Maurice . Herlihy. Brown University. 28 February 2019
  • Presentazione di PowerPoint - SIAMS

    Presentazione di PowerPoint - SIAMS

    AOUC Firenze, Florence, Italy [email protected] SOCI SIAMS Centri SIAMS in Italia settentrionale Centri SIAMS in Italia centrale Centri SIAMS in Italia meridionale e insulare SOCI SIAMS Centri SIAMS in Italia settentrionale Centri SIAMS in Italia centrale Centri SIAMS in Italia...