Capitalization of titles in apa, mla, and turabian
CAPITALIZATION OF TITLES IN APA, MLA, AND TURABIAN Alden David Martinez Summer 2014 CAPITALIZATION OF TITLES IN APA Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6 th Edition
Capitalization of Titles in APA Capitalize the first, last, and major words in titles of books and articles within the body of the paper All verbs (including linking verbs), nouns, adjectives, adverbs, and pronouns are major words. When a capitalized word is a hyphenated compound, capitalize both words. Also, capitalize the first word after a colon or a dash in a title. In her book, History of Pathology The criticism of the article, Attitudes Toward Mental Health Workers
Ultrasonic Vocalizations Are Elicited From Rat Pups Memory in Hearing-Impaired Children: Implications for Vocabulary Development Capitalization of Titles in APA EXCEPTION: In reference lists, capitalize only the first word, the first word after a colon or em dash, and proper nouns. Do not capitalize the second word of a hyphenated compound. Liu, D., Wellman, H.M., Tardif, T., & Sabbagh, M. A. (2008). Theory of mind
development in Chinese children: Ameta-analysis of false-belief understanding across cultures and languages. Developmental Psychology, 44, 523531. Doi:10.1037/0012-1622.214.171.1243 Capitalization of Titles in APA DO NOT capitalize conjunctions (FANBOYS, etc.), articles (a, an, the), or short prepositions (of, at, by, etc.). These three type of words are not considered major words. HOWEVER, capitalize ALL words of four (4) letters or more. Capitalize major words in article headings and subheadings.
EXCEPTION: In indented paragraph (Levels 3, 4, and 5) headings, capitalize only the first word and proper nouns. Capitalize major words in table titles and figure legends. In table headings and figure captions, capitalize only the first word and proper nouns. Capitalization of Titles in APA Capitalize references to titles of sections within the same article. as explained in the Method section Capitalize exact, complete titles of published and unpublished tests. Words such
as test or scale are not capitalized if they refer to subscales of tests. Advanced Vocabulary Test Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory Stroop Color-Word Interference Test the authors Mood Adjective Checklist BUT MMPI Depression scale Capitalization of Titles in APA
Do not capitalize shortened, inexact, or generic titles of tests. A vocabulary test Stroop color test CAPITALIZATION OF TITLES IN MLA MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th Edition Capitalization of Titles in MLA
When citing a title of a published work in your research paper, take the title from the title page. Do not reproduce any unusual typographic characteristics, such as special capitalization or lowercasing of all letters. A title page may present a title designed like one of the following examples: MODERNISM & NEGRITUDE READING SITES Social Difference and Reader Response Turners early sketchbooks
Capitalization of Titles in MLA The titles on the previous slide should appear in a research paper as follows: Modernism and Negritude Reading Sites: Social Difference and Reader Response Turners Early Sketchbooks Capitalization of Titles in MLA In a title or subtitle, capitalize the first, last, and all principal words, including those that follow hyphens in compound terms:
Nouns flowers, as in The Flowers of Europe Pronouns our, as in Save Our Children; that, as in The Mouse That Roared Verbs watches, as in America Watches Television; is, as in What Is Literature? Adjectives ugly, as in The Ugly Duckling; that, as in Who Said That Phrase? Adverbs slightly, as in Only Slightly Corrupt; down, as in Go Down, Moses Subordinating conjunctions after, although, as if, as soon as, because, before, if, that, unless, until, when, where, while, as in One If by Land and Anywhere That Chance Leads
Capitalization of Titles in MLA Do not capitalize the following parts of speech when they fall in the middle of a title: Articles a, an, the, as in Under the Bamboo Tree Prepositions against, as, between, in, of, to, as in The Merchant of Venice and A Dialogue between the Soul and Body Coordinating conjunctions and, but, for, nor, or, so, yet, as in Romeo and Juliet
The to in infinitives How to Play Chess Capitalization of Titles in MLA When the first line of a poem serves as the title of the poem, reproduce the line exactly as it appears in the text. Dickinsons poem I heard a Fly buzzwhen I died contrasts the everyday and the momentous.
CAPITALIZATION OF TITLES IN TURABIAN A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations Chicago Style for Students and Researchers, 7 th Edition Capitalization of Titles in Turabian Headline-style capitalization is intended to distinguish titles clearly from
surrounding text. In this style, capitalize the first letter of the first and last words of the title and subtitle and all other words, except as follows: Do not capitalize articles (a, an, the), the coordinating conjunctions (and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet), or the words to and as unless such a word is the first or last word in the title or subtitle. Do not capitalize prepositions (of, in, at, above, under, and so forth) unless they are emphasized (through in A River Runs Through It) or used as adverbs (up in Look Up), adjectives (on in The On Button), or conjunctions (before in Look Before You Leap).
Capitalization of Titles in Turabian Headline-style capitalization is intended to distinguish titles clearly from surrounding text. In this style, capitalize the first letter of the first and last words of the title and subtitle and all other words, except as follows: Do not capitalize the second part (or subsequent parts) of a hyphenated compound unless it is a proper noun or adjective. Do not capitalize parts of proper nouns that are normally in lowercase (van in Ludwig van Beethoven).
To Have and to Hold: A Twenty-first-century View of Marriage The Economic Effects of the Civil War in the Mid-Atlantic States Four Readings of the Gospel according to Matthew Still Life with Oranges Capitalization of Titles in Turabian Although many short words are lowercase in this style, length does not determine capitalization. You must capitalize short verbs (is, are), adjectives (new), personal pronouns (it, we), and relative pronouns (that), because they are not among the
exceptions listed above. Use lowercase for long prepositions (according) since they are among the exceptions. Two kinds of titles should not be presented in headline style even if you use it for all other titles: For titles in languages other than English, use the sentence-style capitalization. For titles of works published in the eighteenth century or earlier, retain the original capitalization (and spelling), except that words spelled out in all capital letters should be given with an initial capital only.
Capitalization of Titles in Turabian Sentence-style capitalization is a simpler, though less distinct, way of presenting titles than headline style. In this style, capitalize only the first letter of the first word of the title and subtitle and any proper nouns and proper adjectives thereafter. Seeing and selling late-nineteenth-century Japan Natural crisis: Symbol and imagination in the mid-American farm crisis
Capitalization of Titles in Turabian Sentence style is also used for titles of works in foreign languages. Foreign languages have capitalization principles different from English, so if you are uncertain about these principles in a particular language, consult a reliable authority. Speculum Romanae magnificentiae Historia de la Orden de San Gernimo
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