CANADA What do you know about Canada?

Location Landforms and Bodies of Water Climate Natural Resources

Languages Spoken Ethnic Groups Clothes they wear Canada Geography SS6G5: The student will locate select features of Canada: Atlantic Ocean,

Pacific Ocean, Hudson Bay, St. Lawrence River, the Great Lakes, the Canadian Shield, and the Rocky Mountains Canada is surrounded on three sides by 3 of the Earths major oceans:

Canada is bordered in the South by the United States: They share a 3,000 mile long border. It is the longest unguarded border in the world NORTH: Arctic Ocean


EAST: Atlantic Ocean Canadas location affects trade and travel Having coastlines along

each of the 3 major oceans, along with a southern border with the United States, makes trade / travel with the rest of the world easy for Canadians

Artic ocean Russia na Arctic C Atlantic ocean

Europe Pacific Ocean Asia Canadas Waterways La R wr

iv e er n ce Hudson Bay

HOMES St . The Great Lakes: Superior

n i ga h c Mi ron

Hu e Eri r ta On

io St. Lawrence River The St. Lawrence River is located in Eastern Canada; stretching from

Lake Ontario to the Atlantic Ocean. Why would this water be important? The St. Lawrence River played an important role in Canadas history:

Allowed European explorers to easily travel farther into North America The French explorer Jacques Cartier explored much of the St. Lawrence river system. In 1541 he led an expedition back to Canada, along with a few

Major source of overseas and US/Canada shipping & trade Shortcut that connects the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean Huge producer of hydroelectricity The Great Lakes

The Great Lakes are located in southern Canada, four of which form part of the border between Canada and the U.S. 5 large freshwater lakes in central North America HOMES: (Huron,

Ontario, Michigan, Erie, Superior) Lake Michigan is the only lake that does not touch Canada Serve as the industrial heartland of the continent because of all of the factories

One of the worlds busiest shipping areas Most of Canadas population lives in this region Hudson Bay HUGE inland sea in east central Canada an arm of the Atlantic Ocean Grain from Alberta & Saskatchewan is shipped from Hudson Bay out to the

Atlantic and on to other countries Only navigable from July to October Atlantic Ocean 2nd largest of the earths 5 oceans Most heavily traveled ocean Forms the eastern border of Canada Major shipping route to Europe & Africa

Pacific Ocean Largest & deepest of the worlds 5 oceans Covers 1/3 of the earths surface! Western border of Canada Major shipping route to Asia Canadian Shield

Stretches from Great Lakes to Arctic Ocean; covers half of Canada! Horseshoe region around Hudson Bay The Canadian Shield: Region of mostly thin soil lying on top of rock, with many bare outcrops of rock Thousands of lakes and rivers provides fresh water &

fish MOST important resource (in abundance) throughout the Canadian shield are minerals (from iron ore, to nickel, to silver & gold) You know that means? The Rocky Mountains *Mountains located in Western Canada

*The Rocky Mountains stretch over 3,000 miles from British Columbia in Canada to New Mexico in the U.S. Prove It

Show what youve learned Use R.A.C.E (Restate, Answer, Cite, Explain) to write a constructed response for the following prompt: Canada is located between 3 oceans and 1 country. Name these 4 features bordering Canada? How does Canadas location impact its ability to trade and travel with the rest of the world?

. SS6G6 The student will explain the impact of location, climate, distribution of natural resources, and population distribution on Canada. (A) Impact on where people live (B) Impact on trade

Canada is the largest country (in area), in the Western Hemisphere But, only about 33 million people live in Canada. Canadas population is much smaller than both Mexicos and the United States

Mexicos population is 3 times Canadas population The United States population is 9 times Canadas population The reason that Canadas population is so

much smaller, (while Canada is very large in size), is that much of Canadas land lies in a part of the Northern hemisphere where

the climate is harsh and living conditions are difficult Climate of Canada Most of the southeastern part of Canada

has a humid continental climate. It has warm to hot summers & cold winters There can be up to 60 inches of precipitation per year The climate in the southern and central parts of Canada allow for a long growing season

Canadas central plains are an important source of canola, wheat, and other grains The area in Canada along the Pacific coast has a temperate climate The ocean cools the region in the summer and keeps it warmer in the winter It can receive up to 100 inches of rain in a year

(mostly in the winter) Northern Canada has a subarctic climate It is much colder in this region of the country Here they have long, cold winters and short, cool

summers It is possible to have temperatures below freezing even during the summer This is a Permafrost Map of Canada: (Permafrost is when the soil in an area stays

permanently frozen). 90% of Canadians live in the Southern region of Canada (within 100 miles of the Canada / U.S. border) Most of these people live toward the east and central parts of the country Most Canadians live in towns or cities, only

about 20% live in rural areas Canadas Political Boundaries/Divisions Because so many people in Canada live such a small portion of the country I (within 100 miles of the Canada / United States border) And Because so few people in Canada live

in such a large portion of the country: (in the northern regions) Canada has chosen to divide its land into two different types of political divisions (we divide our countrys land into states here in the U.S.) Provinces Territories

Canada has 10 provinces (These are similar in their structure and purpose to our own States. British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, & New Brunswick)

Canada has 3 territories (These are all located in the northern regions of Canada where there are far fewer people and thus less reason to formalize these areas into provinces) Natural Resources of Canada Canada is rich in natural resources

Some of their most important of these resources (found primarily in the Canadian Shield), are iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, diamonds, and silver Canadas large number of lakes and rivers are an excellent source of fish, fresh water, and hydroelectricity

Good soil in Canada allows farmers to grow crops for the people of Canada with enough left over to trade with other countries About 5% of Canadas land is arable (farmable) While this may seem like only a small amount

of land, 5% of Canada is actually quite large (remember that Canada is the largest country in the Western Hemisphere) Forests in Canada are a major natural resource with an abundance of timber, which is harvested in Canada to be used by its own people as well as traded with

other countries around the world. The forests are also home to abundant wildlife Canada also has a large supply of natural energy resources, such as coal, oil, and natural gas They have enough to supply their own needs

and sell the rest to other countries Review of Canadas Natural Resources: Minerals found in the Canadian Shield (iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, diamonds, & silver) Fish, fresh water, hydroelectricity from lakes & rivers Many crops due to good soil

Timber & wildlife from the forests of Canada Coal, oil, & natural gas Because many of the natural resources of Canada are located in remote areas of the country, small communities are found spread across the country where mining, logging, and farming are important

Goods from these areas are shipped by rail or highway to larger cities for trade with other parts of Canada and the world An excellent system of highways, railroads, and air transportation have been built throughout Canada and adapt to the colder climate Summary & Review

These are the questions located at the end of your notes You must write the questions and your answers on YOUR OWN sheet of paper. 1. What 3 oceans and 1 country make up Canadas 4 borders? North Arctic Ocean East Atlantic Ocean South The United States

West The Pacific Ocean Summary & Review 2. How does Canadas location impact its ability to trade / travel with the rest of the world? Canada is surrounded by three oceans: Arctic to the north, Atlantic to the east, and Pacific to

the west. The Unites States forms Canadas southern border. This location makes travel and trade with the rest of the world easy for Canadians. Summary & Review 3. Why is Canadas population so small, even though it is a very large country?

Because a large part if Canadas land lies so far north in the northern hemisphere that the climate is harsh and living conditions difficult. Most of Canada is uninhabitable due to its harsh, cold climate Summary & Review

4. Where do most Canadians live? 90% of all Canadians live in southern Canada (within 100 miles of Canadas border with the United States) Summary & Review 5. Why do most Canadians live in this region?

Because the farther north you travel in Canada, the colder the temperatures become, the harsher the climate is, and the more difficult it is to survive Summary & Review 6. How does the Pacific Ocean impact Canadas Pacific coast region?

The ocean creates a temperate climate in the region, it cools the area in the summer and helps keep it warmer in the winter Summary & Review 7. Describe the climate of Northern Canada?

Northern Canada is much colder than the rest of the country. They have cold winters and cool summers. The climate is harsh, making living conditions difficult Summary & Review 8. List Canadas major natural resources: Lakes & Rivers: fresh water, fish,

hydroelectricity and routes for trade and travel Good Soil: crops like canola, wheat & other grains Forests: timber Canadian Shield: minerals, like uranium, gold, and silver Natural Energy: coal, oil, & natural gas

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