C H A P T E R 5 Dynamics of Uniform Circular Motion

C H A P T E R 5 Dynamics of Uniform Circular Motion

CHAPTER 5 Dynamics of Uniform Circular Motion Uniform circular motion is the motion of an object traveling at a constant (uniform) speed on a circular path. Q. Do we need a force to keep an object on this circular path? A. Yes. Centripetal Force The tension in the guideline is the centripetal force, which pulls the

plane inward. Centripetal Force The centripetal force is the net force required to keep an object of mass m, moving at a speed v, on a circular path of radius r, and it has a magnitude of Direction: The centripetal force always points toward the center of the circle and continually changes direction as the object moves.

Centripetal acceleration is: Period and Speed The period T is the time required to travel once around the circle that is, to make one complete revolution. The speed v is the distance traveled (circumference of the circle = 2r) divided by the time T: P57. Each of the space shuttle's main engines is fed liquid hydrogen by a high-pressure pump. Turbine blades inside the pump rotate at 617 rev/s. A point on one of the blades

traces out a circle with a radius of 0.020 m as the blade rotates. (a) What is the magnitude of the centripetal acceleration that the blade must sustain at this point? Car on a Flat-Curve Question: What is the centripetal force for a car moving along a cul-desac? Answer: Static frictional force between the road and the tires. Example 7: At what maximum speed can a car safely negotiate a

horizontal unbanked turn (radius = 51 m) in dry weather (coefficient of static friction = 0.95)? Question: Why do airplanes make banked turn? Answer: To generate the centripetal force required for the circular motion.

Problem 29 A jet flying at 123 m/s banks to make a horizontal circular turn. The radius of the turn is 3810 m, and the mass of the jet is 2.00 x 10^5 kg. Calculate the magnitude of the necessary lifting force.

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