Balanced Diet

Balanced Diet

Healthy Eating Covers part of Science Unit 5a: Keeping Healthy by Mrs. Chapman, 2005 Greet School, Birmingham Introduction A Healthy Diet and Our Body Healthy Eating Pyramid The Main Food Groups Fruit and Vegetables Grains and Pulses

Dairy Products Starches, Sugars and Fats Vitamins and Minerals Reading the Labels on Foods Healthy Eating Myths Links for further study A Healthy Diet and Our Body If our bodies are human machines food is our fuel. How well we eat, affects how well our bodies work, and how long we live. It is especially important that we eat heathily as children, as we are still growing and developing; a young plant not given proper nutrients grows up to be a poor specimen .

Foodie fact A healthy diet is sometimes called a balanced diet as it needs to consist of different types of Children that eat breakfast get foods. better scores in tests than Eating properly and regularly is really important; what we eat and drink now, affects children that dont! our health in the future. Back to Introduction Healthy Eating Pyramid

Carbohydrates: take most food from this group (rice, pasta, bread, potatoes) Healthy Eating Pyramid Fruit and vegetables: take 5 portions a day from this group Carbohydrates: take most food from this group (rice, pasta, bread, potatoes) Healthy Eating Pyramid Meat, fish and dairy: take

something from this group Fruit and vegetables: take 5 portions a day from this group Carbohydrates: take most food from this group (rice, pasta, bread, potatoes) Healthy Eating Pyramid Foods high in fats and sugars: take only small amounts from this group Meat, fish and dairy: take something from this group

Fruit and vegetables: take 5 portions a day from this group Carbohydrates: take most food from this group (rice, pasta, bread, potatoes) The Main Food Groups Back to Introduction Fruit and Vegetables Fruits and vegetables grow on plants: underground, on the ground or in trees. Every day we should eat at

least 5 portions of fruit and vegetables. (A portion is about a handful.) Fruit and vegetables give us fibre and vitamins and minerals. Back to Main Food Groups Take 5 a day everyday! Grains and Pulses This food group includes wheat, corn, barley, rice, lentils, beans etc.

These are all from plants and form a staple part of the diet for people all over the world. Grains and pulses give us carbohydrates and proteins. Nuts are another source of protein. Back to Main Food Groups What is..? Rice is the staple food in China and much of the East. What is it in the West (UK, USA)?

Grains and Pulses This food group includes wheat, corn, barley, rice, lentils, beans etc. These are all from plants and form a staple part of the diet for people all over the world. Grains and pulses give us carbohydrates and proteins. Nuts are another source of protein. Back to Main Food Groups Answer Wheat. We eat it in bread, pasta,

cereals, cakes, biscuits and its added to all sorts of foods. Dairy Products Dairy foods are made from milk (usually cows milk, but can be from other animals like goats or sheep). Dairy foods give us proteins and fats. They are also a good source of calcium which is good for bones and teeth. These foods include: Cheese (hard, soft, cottage); Yogurt; Weird

fact Our brains Food high in milk or milk products. are 80% fat. Back to Main Food Groups Meat, Fish and Eggs The main nutrients derived from meat are proteins, but it also gives us fats and some minerals. The meat and fish group includes: Chicken and all poultry; Fish and shellfish;

Beef, pork and lamb. Eggs are included in this group too. Foodie fact Sushi (raw fish) is now Marks and Spencers bestselling lunchtime snack. Athletes eat lots of protein; they help to build muscles. Back to Main Food Groups Starches, Sugars and Fats Sometimes foods are classified into starches, sugars and fats. Starches includes foods like potatoes and provide mainly

carbohydrates. Carbohydrates give us the energy to carry on with our day-to-day lives. Foods high in sugars include those naturally occurring as in fruit, and those containing refined/processed sugars such as sweets, chocolates, cakes etc. We need to limit our intake of refined sugars these are empty calories which give an immediate boost. A small amount of fat is important for health, but eating too much fat is unhealthy. It leads to clogged arteries (restricted blood supply), high cholesterol and becoming overweight. Back to Introduction Vitamins and Minerals Our bodies need all sorts of chemicals (vitamins and minerals) to be healthy. The

most common are: Vitamin A Helps maintain eyesight Sweet potatoes, carrots Vitamin B Help body make protein Green leafy

vegetables Vitamin C Healing skin, preventing colds Citrus fruit, tomatoes Vitamin D Strengthen bones

Milk Sunlight Vitamin E Helps strengthen cells Vegetable oils, nuts Iron Healthy blood Green leafy

vegetables Back to Introduction Reading the Labels on Foods Food labelling is confusing. The front of packaging often tells a different story to the back. Products that claim to be Low in fat on the front, may be loaded with sugar, and sometimes, products saying things like Less than 5% fat have more fat tha similar products! Look at example food labels.

Back to Introduction Food label You cannot trust the front of the pack you need to read the back! Healthy Eating Myths It doesnt matter what I eat as long as I do lots of exercise. Back to Introduction

Healthy Eating Myths It doesnt matter what I eat as long as I do lots of exercise. Wrong! Exercise is good for you, but it still matters what you eat. Eating the right foods means we can learn better and exercise better too! Back to Introduction Healthy Eating Myths

Chocolate is bad for you! Back to Introduction Healthy Eating Myths Chocolate is bad for you! Its true that chocolate isnt the healthiest snack but it isnt innately bad either! So, some chocolate can be part of a balanced diet. Plain (dark) chocolate is better for you

thank milk; it is higher in iron. Back to Introduction Healthy Eating Myths Chewing and digesting a stick of celery uses up more energy than you get from the food. Back to Introduction Healthy Eating Myths Chewing and digesting a stick

of celery uses up more energy than you get from This sounds good,the but food.it isnt unfortunately true! Back to Introduction Links for further study http://www.bbc.co.uk/northernireland/schools/4_11/uptoyou/ http://www.lifebytes.gov.uk/teachers/lb_teachers-eat.htm

Healthy eating and wired for health sites by the government links to appropriate ages: http://www.wiredforhealth.gov.uk/cat.php?catid=886&docid=7219 Food Standards Agency, 5 a day the Bash Street Way aimed at 7-11: http://www.food.gov.uk/interactivetools/educational/bashstreetdiet/ http://www.eatwell.gov.uk/foodlabels/ http://kidshealth.org/kid/stay_healthy/food/vitamin.html http://www.dole5aday.com/MusicAndPlay/M_Games.jsp?topmenu=6 Flash game identify the fruit, interactive, suitable whiteboard, aimed at year 2: http://www.elllo.org/yeartwo/jan17th/vivian/fruit.htm Back to Introduction

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