ASPECTS OF CONTEMPORARY ENGLISH - Malekroky

ASPECTS OF CONTEMPORARY ENGLISH - Malekroky

ASPECTS OF CONTEMPORARY ENGLISH Cambridge 2017 NAUGHTY OR NICE? 1. If I was you, Id see a doctor about that cough. 2. Im understanding maths a lot better. 3. Every child needs their mother. 4. My bike got stolen the other night. 5. Can I get a Coke, please? 6. Who were you talking to? 7. Thank you so much. NAUGHTY OR NICE? 1. If I was you, Id see a doctor about that cough.

2. Im understanding maths a lot better. 3. Every child needs their mother. 4. My bike got stolen the other night. 5. Can I get a Coke, please? 6. Who were you talking to? 7. Thank you so much. QUESTION TAGS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Youre French, ... ? You take sugar in your tea, ... ? Ive seen you before, ... ? Youd come if I needed help, ... ? We must exchange numbers, ... ? Youd better spell it for me, ... ? You didnt do it on purpose, ... ? Lets meet later, ... ? QUESTION TAGS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

6. 7. 8. Youre French, arent you ? You take sugar in your tea, dont you ? Ive seen you before, havent I ? Youd come if I needed help, wouldnt you ? We must exchange numbers, mustnt we? Youd better spell it for me, hadnt you ? You didnt do it on purpose, did you ? Lets meet later, shall we ? UNIVERSAL TAG 1. 2.

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Youre French, innit ? You take sugar in your tea, innit ? Ive seen you before, innit ? Youd come if I needed help, innit ? We must exchange numbers, innit ? Youd better spell it for me, innit? You didnt do it on purpose, innit ? Lets meet later, innit ?

LESS & FEWER There are less cars in Paris than there were two years ago. There are fewer cars in Paris than there were two years ago . LESS & FEWER LESS & FEWER Listen to Scott Thornbury and complete the short text The traditional rule is that you use LESS with uncountable nouns, like ___________, _______________ or ____________, and FEWER when reffering to things that you can count, like ____________ , ______________ or _____________ . But its not always that simple, for example, were much more likely to say The journey took less than two hours or People with incomes of 500 USD or less.

In any case, this distinction has only been in place since the _________ . Before that, theres plenty evidence of writers using LESS with countable nouns. In frequency terms, FEWER is still the preferred choice when we re talking about countable nouns, like cars, but its probably better to see this as a ___________ ___________ rather than a question of right or wrong. FEWER, the traditionally-correct usage, sounds a little more formal than LESS, so would be more appropriate in ____________ ____________ or _____________ . But, in most contexts, either of the sentences would be equally acceptable. Scott Thornbury: Which is right: less cars or fewer cars? At http://www.macmillandictionary.com/learn/real-vocabulary/ 6 WAYS TO USE LIKE 1. I was like OMG! 2. I was like (shrug). 3. Mums like When are you going to tidy your room? And Im like Chill! Ive done it already!

4. Ive been writing this blog for, like, 5 years now. 5. So, like, we need to talk about, like, the thing. 6. Like, its been nice seeing you, but I should go. OLDSPEAK 1. I was thinking Oh my God! 2. I shrugged and said I dont know. 3. Mum asked me when I was going to tidy my room and I told her to take it easy and that I had done it already. 4. Ive been writing this blog for around 5 years now. 5. So, umm, we need to talk about, err, the thing. 6. Well, its been nice seeing you, but I should

go. TWO CALIFORNIAN VALLEY GIRLS A: So, like, what do you want to, like, do today? B: I dont know, like, its such a beautiful day out we should, like, go to the beach. A: That sounds like a good idea, but, like, how are we going

to get there? B: Like, lets call Mike and see if hell, like, give us a ride. A: You sure thats, like, a good idea? Like didnt you two, like, just break up? B: Well, I mean, like, the last time we talked he was like I think we should see other people, and then I was like But Mike, I really like you. A: Like, oh my god, and then, like, what did he say next? LOL LMAO- (Im) laughing my .... .... . ROTFL- (Im) ...... on the ....... laughing. ROFLMAO- (Im) ........ on the ....... laughing my ..... ..... . Thats so lols.

We were lolling so much. He who lols last, lols loudest. R.I.P. LOL Complete the text using ONE suitable word in each gap: Facebook says nobody uses LOL any more LOL, the ______________ for laugh out loud and once the universal sign of online amusement, is _____________ fast. If you use the word LOL, you are now totally out-of-date, old hat, finito. This is the shocking _____________ of a Facebook study, which looked at the artificial laughs used by people on the site- and found that LOLs are out of fashion, meaning that the term is on the ________ of extinction. ___________, cool kids go with a more natural haha or a sarky hehe, the study _______ . Only 1.9% of Facebookers used LOL, while 51.4% said haha, 13% chose hehe and 33% used laughing emojis. The longest haha in the study was 600 characters long. So, __________ to

this research, only a tiny ___________ of people are sticking with the dated-sounding LOL. Sources: The Financial Gazette, 10/08/15, Metro magazine, 10/08/15, www.seventeen.com 11/08/15 R.I.P. LOL Complete the text using ONE suitable word in each gap: Facebook says nobody uses LOL any more LOL, the acronym for laugh out loud and once the universal sign of online amusement, is fading fast. If you use the word LOL, you are now totally out-of-date, old hat, finito. This is the shocking conclusion of a Facebook study, which looked at the artificial laughs used by people on the site- and found that LOLs are out of fashion, meaning that the term is on the verge of extinction. Instead, cool kids go with a more natural haha or a sarky hehe, the study revealed . Only

1.9% of Facebookers used LOL, while 51.4% said haha, 13% chose hehe and 33% used laughing emojis. The longest haha in the study was 600 characters long. So, according to this research, only a tiny sliver of people are sticking with the dated-sounding LOL. Sources: The Financial Gazette, 10/08/15, Metro magazine, 10/08/15, www.seventeen.com 11/08/15 R.I.P. LOL 1.9 13.1 51.4 33.7 haha emoji

hehe. lol T I . G N I Z A M A S I T

B E R N E R V E T A O T N I THE IN

D N E I R F . D N E U N O R N

TU A O T N I E K I AND L VERBING OF NOUNS Verbing makes what we say shorter, snappier, fresher It can lend a more dynamic sense to ideas

Verbs converted from nouns are all REGULAR (past forms have ed ending) microwave google ebay breakfast red-card podium beer parent medal VERBING OF NOUNS Did Britain medal in Rio? Rooney was red-carded in the last nights match. Many kids today are not parented properly. Beer me! Vodka me! I heart Cambridge. Do you salad or sandwich?

IN EVERYDAY LANGUAGE You need to ..... the soup a bit more. Whos willing to ..... the party? Your Amazon parcel has been ..... I cant ..... the file. My parents ..... me 50 pounds.

Just .... it when youve read it. Teachers ..... the school disco. June is over. Were ...... now. I need to ..... my CV before sending it. IN EVERYDAY LANGUAGE

You need to salt the soup a bit more. Whos willing to host the party? Your Amazon parcel has been shipped. I cant access the file. My parents gifted me 50 pounds. Just bin it when youve read it. Teachers policed the school disco. June is over. Were Julying now. I need to sex up my CV before sending it. INFLUENCES: THE NET AND DIGITAL COMMUNICATION

to to to to to to to to email text

(un/de)friend Google blog eBay Skype favourite KEEP UP-TO-DATE WITH www.quickanddirtytips.com- the website of Grammar Girl, linguist Mignon Fogarty www.macmillandictionary.com- see Word of the Week articles and the Real Vocabulary videos (with Scott Thornbury) www.urbandictionary.com- a cornucopia of street-speak (some very slang and taboo items)

Read: A Little Book of Language, David Crystal, Yale, 2010 Source: Clare Henderson: Aspects of Contemporary English Cambridge, 2017

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