# Angles and Distances - ArbiterSports

Angles and Distances 2014 SUP What is a good angle?

What is a good angle? Where you keep all four elements in front of you Ball Base Offense Defense

More than just having these elements in front of you Must be able to see interaction between these four elements Force Outs Defense controlling ball

Defense contacting base Offense contacting base Tag Plays Defense contacting offense with ball Defense maintaining control of ball Offense contacting base

Seeing the Interactions of the Four Elements While Moving to Position Watch the fielder field the ball Move parallel to the baseline keeping proper distance from the play Let the ball turn your head, taking you to the play

as you square up. STOP, SEE the play, THEN make the call Distance and Primary Viewing Angle 55 Player-78 Reach

12 From the Play 55 Player-7 8 Reach 15 From the Play 5 5 Player-7 8 Reach 18 From the Play

6 2 Player 101 Reach 12 From the Play 6 2 Player 101 Reach

15 From the Play 6 2 Player 10 1 Reach 18 From the Play Primary Positioning

What is a primary position? Initial location used by an umpire to rule on a play as the base runner approaches a base or as a play develops. Primary positions are determined by the prospect of a traditional play.

The umpires line of vision forms a 90-degree angle perpendicular to: The path of the base runner on a tag into the base.

The application of a tag on a tag play not involving a base.

The path of the flight of the ball on force play. Force outs and Plays at 1B 90 degrees from the throw 15-18 feet on a force

No further than a 45o angle from the foul line at 1B Tag Plays Primary Position: 90 degrees to the path of the runner 6-10 from the base they are trying to reach

Secondary Position: Move as necessary to get an unobstructed view of the play Best angle is 90 degrees to the tag This allows you to see thru the tag

Visual indicators for alignment at 1B 90 degrees to the throw Helpful Hints for Proper Angle at 1B

What is a 45 degree angle from 1B line? The front outside corner to the back inside corner of the white portion of 1B makes a 45 degree angle. 45 Degree Angle at 1B

Guideline to keep proper depth Plays at 1B Throw from 2B Distance

from Base Distance from starting Position

Steps into field 18 Feet 3

1 Steps Throw from Short Stop Area Distance from Base Distance

from starting Position Steps into field

18 8 10 2-2.5 Steps Throw From 3B Area

Distance from Base Distance from starting Position

Steps into field 20 15 5

3 Steps Tag Plays Steal at 2B

Views from Different Angles Throw from 3B B A

Throw from Short Stop, F3 pulled off bag for tag A B C

Tag at 1B B C A

Views on throws from 2B B C A Throw from 2B

AB C Throw From Short Stop Area Throw from short stop area

Views on Pickoff at 2B B A Pickoff at 2B

A B Angles and Distance Difficult situations: Fielders blocking view Over throw at a base

When do you to move to a secondary position: The next position assumed by the umpire AFTER the initial plays continuous action. Special Thank You!

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