American Hemerocallis Society Daylily Exhibitions

American Hemerocallis Society Daylily Exhibitions

AMERICAN HEMEROCALLIS SOCIETY DAYLILY EXHIBITIONS EXHIBITION JUDGES CLINIC I A. INTRODUCTION TO JUDGING-60 MINUTES 1. RESPONSIBILITIES AND REQUIREMENTS-10 MINUTES 2. ETHICS OF JUDGING-15 MINUTES 4. JUDGES ACCREDITATION-5 MINUTES 3. JUDGING STANDARDS, ORGANIZATION & RULES-30

MINUTES 1. RESPONSIBILITIES & REQUIREMENTS (PAGE 9) RESPONSIBILITIES REPRESENT THE AMERICAN HEMEROCALLIS SOCIETY (AHS) A JUDGES ACTIONS REFLECT NOT ONLY UPON THEMSELVES, BUT DIRECTLY UPON THE AHS JUDGES ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR THEIR TRAINING AND CONTINUED EDUCATION

JUDGES ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR THEIR ETHICAL DEMEANOR 1. RESPONSIBILITIES & REQUIREMENTS (PAGE 9) REQUIREMENTS MUST HOLD THE CURRENT YEARS MEMBERSHIP IN AHS JUDGES MUST KNOW, GROW AND SHOW REPRESENTATIVE CULTIVARS OF ALL DAYLILY SIZES, FORMS AND SUBFORMS, COLORS AND PATTERNS JUDGES SHOULD MAINTAIN A PERSONAL COLLECTION OF REGISTERED DAYLILIES FROM HYBRIDIZERS IN VARIOUS GEOGRAPHICAL AREAS. JUDGES SHOULD BE FAMILIAR WITH THE CHARACTERISTICS

OF AS MANY CULTIVARS AS POSSIBLE JUDGES SHOULD SHARE THEIR SKILLS AND EXPERIENCE WITH NEWER JUDGES AND WITH THE PUBLIC JUDGES SHOULD IMPROVE THEIR OWN JUDGING SKILLS BY ATTENDING CLINICS, NOT ONLY IN THEIR OWN REGION, BUT IN OTHER REGIONS WHENEVER POSSIBLE JUDGES MUST OWN AND BECOME FAMILIAR WITH THE CONTENTS OF DAYLILY EXHIBITIONS VIOLATING ETHICAL(PAGES PRINCIPLES AS

2.JUDGES ETHICS OF JUDGING 9-12) SET FORTH IN DAYLILY EXHIBITIONS RISK LOSING THEIR JUDGING CERTIFICATION JUDGES MUST AVOID ANY ACTIONS THAT MIGHT BE PERCEIVED AS COMPROMISING THE INTEGRITY OF THE JUDGING PROCESS JUDGES SHOULD ACCEPT ALL INVITATIONS THEY ARE ABLE TO HONOR JUDGES WHO FEEL THAT THEY ARE NOT GETTING SUFFICIENT JUDGING OPPORTUNITIES SHOULD DISCUSS THIS

SITUATION WITH THEIR REGIONAL EXHIBITION JUDGES LIAISON JUDGES MAY NOT JUDGE IN SHOWS THAT HAVE NOT BEEN ACCREDITED BY THE AHS 2. ETHICS OF JUDGING-CONTINUED (PAGES 9- 12) JUDGES CANNOT EXHIBIT IN THE HORTICULTURE DIVISION OF A FLOWER SHOW IN WHICH THEY ARE JUDGING JUDGES MAY AGREE TO FILL-IN IN THE EVENT OF A LAST-MINUTE EMERGENCY OR AN EXTENUATING CIRCUMSTANCE, HOWEVER THEIR EXHIBITS MUST BE RE-TAGGED AS DISPLAY ONLY

JUDGES CANNOT JUDGE A SHOW IF THEY HAVE, OR ANTICIPATE HAVING, A SIGNIFICANT PRIOR KNOWLEDGE OF EXHIBITS JUDGES SHOULD NEVER JUDGE ANY CLASS IN WHICH THEY HAVE PRIOR KNOWLEDGE OF THE EXHIBIT THAT COULD BRING THEIR IMPARTIALITY INTO QUESTION JUDGES ARE TO REPORT TO THE DESIGNATED AREA ONLY FOR INSTRUCTIONS AND JUDGING AT THE TIME INDICATED ON THE INVITATION OTHER THAN JUDGING, JUDGES HAVE NO AUTHORITY IN ANY OTHER PHASE OF A SHOW

2. ETHICS OF JUDGING-CONTINUED (PAGES 9- 12) JUDGES SHOULD FOLLOW THE SHOW SCHEDULE AND ALL OTHER INSTRUCTIONS OF THE SHOW OFFICIALS, ORAL OR WRITTEN, UNLESS THEY OBVIOUSLY CONFLICT WITH THE AHS STANDARDS AND RULES JUDGES MUST WITHHOLD THEIR PREJUDICES IN REGARD TO COLOR, FORM, SIZE, GEOGRAPHICAL PREFERENCES, HYBRIDIZERS, AND GROWERS JUDGES SHALL GIVE AWARDS IN STRICT ACCORDANCE WITH

THE AHS JUDGING RULES THE EXHIBIT ITSELF HANDLED BY A JUDGE JUDGES MUST REFRAIN FROM CRITICIZING THE LOCAL ORGANIZATION, ITS MEMBERS, THE SHOW, OTHER JUDGES, AND FELLOW PANEL MEMBERS MUST NEVER BE TOUCHED OR

3. JUDGING STANDARDS, ORGANIZATION & RULES (PAGES 12-15) AHS EXHIBITION JUDGES SHALL DO ALL HORTICULTURE JUDGING BY THE AHS STANDARDS SET FORTH IN DAYLILY EXHIBITIONS. JUDGES NOT FOLLOWING THE AHS STANDARDS AS SET FORTH IN DAYLILY EXHIBITIONS RISK LOSING THEIR JUDGING CERTIFICATION EACH PANEL SHALL BE THE FINAL AUTHORITY FOR EACH CLASS IT JUDGES EACH PANEL SHALL CONSIST OF AT LEAST THREE AHS EXHIBITION JUDGES. TWO MUST BE SENIOR EXHIBITION JUDGES; THE REMAINING MAY BE JUNIOR EXHIBITION JUDGES

AHS EXHIBITION JUDGES DO NOT JUDGE THE DESIGN SECTIONS ONLY THE CLASSIFICATION CHAIR HAS THE AUTHORITY TO DISQUALIFY AN ENTRY 3. JUDGING STANDARDS, ORGANIZATION & RULES (CONTINUED) (PAGES 12- 15) THE APPROPRIATE AHS SCALE OF POINTS WILL BE USED FOR (1) REGISTERED CULTIVARS ON-SCAPE, (2) SEEDLINGS ONSCAPE, AND (3) INDIVIDUAL FLOWERS OF REGISTERED CULTIVARS OFF-SCAPE. CLASSES NOT CONFORMING TO THESE SCALES OF POINTS ARE NOT TO BE JUDGED.

THE AHS STANDARD SYSTEM OF AWARDS WILL BE USED. IN EACH CLASS: ONE FIRST (BLUE) AND SCORING NINETY POINTS OR MORE ONE THIRD (YELLOW) AND SCORING EIGHTY POINTS OR MORE ONE SECOND (RED) AND SCORING EIGHTY-FIVE POINTS OR MORE 3. JUDGING STANDARDS, ORGANIZATION & RULES (CONTINUED) 15)

(PAGES 12- THERE ARE FOUR MAJOR AWARDS FOR ON-SCAPE HORTICULTURE EXHIBITS: 1. AHS PURPLE AWARDAWARDED TO EVERY BLUE AWARD-WINNING CULTIVAR SCORING NINETY-FIVE OR ABOVE. (SECTIONS 1-10 ONLY) 2. AHS SECTION ROSETTEAWARDED TO THE BEST ON-SCAPE HORTICULTURE EXHIBIT AMONG THE AHS PURPLE AWARD WINNERS WITHIN EACH ELIGIBLE SECTION. (SECTIONS 1-10 ONLY). TO RECEIVE AN AHS SECTION ROSETTE, AN ON-SCAPE ENTRY MUST SCORE NINETY-FIVE OR ABOVE USING THE AHS SCALE OF POINTS 3. AHS BEST-IN-SHOW ROSETTEAWARDED TO THE BEST OF ALL ONSCAPE HORTICULTURE EXHIBITS AMONG THOSE WINNING AN AHS

SECTION ROSETTE. 4. AHS SWEEPSTAKES ROSETTEAWARDED TO THE EXHIBITOR WITH THE MOST BLUE RIBBON AWARDS IN THE AHS ROSETTE-ELIGIBLE HORTICULTURE SECTIONS. 3. JUDGING STANDARDS, ORGANIZATION & RULES (CONTINUED) 15) HORTICULTURE DIVISION I, ON-SCAPE THE ELEVEN MANDATORY SECTIONS IN DIVISION I

EXTRA LARGE CULTIVARS SEEDLINGS LARGE CULTIVARS SMALL CULTIVARS MINIATURE CULTIVARS DOUBLE, POLYMEROUS, AND MULTIFORM CULTIVARS SPIDER CULTIVARS UNUSUAL FORM CULTIVARS YOUTH REGIONAL POPULARITY POLL (ONE TO FIVE CULTIVARS, INCLUDING TIES, FROM THE MOST RECENT POLL) THE AHS ACHIEVEMENT MEDAL FOR THREE SCAPES OF A SINGLE SEEDLING

(PAGES 12- 3. JUDGING STANDARDS, ORGANIZATION & RULES (CONTINUED) (PAGES 12- 15) HORTICULTURE DIVISION II, OFF-SCAPE OPTIONAL DIVISION, NOT ELIGIBLE FOR ROSETTES AND OTHER AHS SPONSORED AWARDS MAY BE SUBDIVIDED SIMILARLY TO SECTIONS ONE THROUGH NINE OF THE ON-SCAPE DIVISION, BUT NONE OF THE SECTIONS ARE MANDATORY

AN OFF-SCAPE CATEGORY FOR SEEDLINGS IS SPECIFICALLY EXCLUDED FROM COMPETITION 3. JUDGING STANDARDS, ORGANIZATION & RULES 15) (CONTINUED) RULES OF EXHIBITION JUDGING (PAGES 12- ALL HORTICULTURE ENTRIES ELIGIBLE FOR AHS ROSETTES AND OTHER AHS-SPONSORED AWARDS MUST BE ENTERED ON SCAPES

REGISTERED CULTIVARS ARE TO BE EXHIBITED ON SCAPES SUGGESTED NOT TO EXCEED AN OVERALL SPECIMEN HEIGHT OF 36 ALL SEEDLINGS COMPETING FOR THE AHS SECTION ROSETTE SHALL BE SEVERED AS CLOSE TO THE BASE AS POSSIBLE, REGARDLESS OF HEIGHT. SCAPES OF VERY TALL SEEDLINGS MAY BE TRIMMED TO ALLOW TRANSPORT, BUT THE CUT PORTION OF THE SCAPE MUST BE PRESERVED AND PLACED NEXT TO THE CONTAINER FOR JUDGING A SCAPE WITH TWO OR MORE OPEN FLOWERS SHALL BE CONSIDERED ABOVE A SCAPE WITH ONLY ONE OPEN 3. JUDGING STANDARDS, ORGANIZATION & RULES (CONTINUED)

15) RULES OF EXHIBITION JUDGING (CONTINUED) (PAGES 12- IN JUDGING REGISTERED CULTIVARS, NO POINTS ARE ALLOWED FOR THROAT COLOR, COLOR OF THE REVERSE OF THE FLOWER, OR DISTINCTION OF BUD COLOR IN JUDGING SEEDLINGS, POINTS MAY BE CONSIDERED FOR FOR THROAT COLOR, COLOR OF THE REVERSE OF THE FLOWER, OR BUD COLOR, BUT ONLY AS THEY AFFECT POINTS FOR DISTINCTION REMOVED POLLEN OR ANTHERS SHALL BE CONSIDERED

FAULTS MISSING OR MALFORMED PISTILS OR STAMENS SHALL BE CONSIDERED FAULTS, EXCEPT IN DOUBLES. MISSING AND/OR MALFORMED PISTILS AND STAMENS ARE NORMAL IN 4. EXHIBITION JUDGE ACCREDITATION (PAGES 15-17) AHS EXHIBITION JUDGES HAVE THE FOLLOWING FIVE LEVELS OF ACCREDITATION: STUDENT-IN-TRAINING JUNIOR EXHIBITION JUDGE

SENIOR EXHIBITION JUDGE EXHIBITION CLINIC INSTRUCTOR HONORARY EXHIBITION JUDGE 4. EXHIBITION JUDGE ACCREDITATION (CONT.) (PAGES 15-17) STUDENT-IN-TRAINING BEFORE APPLYING FOR STUDENT-IN-TRAINING ACCREDITATION AS AN AHS EXHIBITION JUDGE, AN APPLICANT MUST MEET THE FOLLOWING REQUIREMENTS:

MAINTAIN AHS MEMBERSHIP FOR AT LEAST TWELVE CONSECUTIVE MONTHS. BE A PAID-UP AHS MEMBER AS OF JANUARY 1 ANNUALLY. HAVE A KEEN INTEREST AND KNOWLEDGE OF DAYLILIES. GROW DAYLILIES FROM AT LEAST TEN HYBRIDIZERS. OBTAIN THIS DAYLILY EXHIBITIONS AND BECOME FAMILIAR WITH ITS CONTENTS BEFORE ATTENDING CLINIC I (INTRODUCTORY JUDGES TRAINING CLINIC).

ATTEND CLINIC I AND PASS A WRITTEN TEST ON THE MATERIAL COVERED 4. EXHIBITION JUDGE ACCREDITATION (CONT.) (PAGES 15-17) JUNIOR EXHIBITION JUDGE TO BECOME A JUNIOR EXHIBITION JUDGE, THE STUDENTIN-TRAINING MUST: ATTEND AND SUCCESSFULLY COMPLETE CLINIC II (SECONDARY JUDGES TRAINING CLINIC). BE A PAID-UP AHS MEMBER AS OF JANUARY 1 ANNUALLY.

ATTEND AND SUCCESSFULLY COMPLETE THE WRITTEN POINT-SCORING EXAMINATION IN CLINIC II 4. EXHIBITION JUDGE ACCREDITATION (CONT.) (PAGES 15-17) SENIOR EXHIBITION JUDGE TO BECOME A SENIOR EXHIBITION JUDGE, THE JUNIOR EXHIBITION JUDGE MUST SERVE: AS A JUNIOR EXHIBITION JUDGE ON PANELS WITH TWO SENIOR EXHIBITION JUDGES TWICE AT AHS ACCREDITED FLOWER SHOWS-OR-

TWICE ON MASTER PANELS AT ACCREDITED AHS CLINICS-ORONE OF EACH OF THE ABOVE. -ANDCOMPLETE TWO OF THE FOLLOWING: EXHIBIT IN AN ACCREDITED AHS FLOWER SHOW SERVE ON THE CLASSIFICATION COMMITTEE OF AN ACCREDITED AHS FLOWER SHOW SERVE AS A CLERK IN THE HORTICULTURE ON-SCAPE DIVISION OF AN ACCREDITED AHS FLOWER SHOW EDIT AND PRODUCE THE SCHEDULE FOR AN ACCREDITED AHS FLOWER SHOW

CHAIR OR CO-CHAIR AN ACCREDITED AHS FLOWER SHOW 4. EXHIBITION JUDGE ACCREDITATION (CONT.) (PAGES 15-17) RENEWAL FOR SENIOR EXHIBITION JUDGES A SENIOR EXHIBITION JUDGE MUST: ATTEND AT LEAST ONE REFRESHER (CLINIC III) EVERY FOUR YEARS TO MAINTAIN ACCREDITATION. A ONE-YEAR EXTENSION MAY BE GRANTED IN HARDSHIP CASES. THIS REQUEST MUST BE SUBMITTED TO THE AHS EXHIBITION JUDGES CHAIR BEFORE DECEMBER 1 OF THE FOURTH YEAR IF A CLINIC WILL NOT BE COMPLETED.

EXHIBIT FLOWERS IN AN AT LEAST ONE ACCREDITED AHS SHOW EVERY FOUR YEARS. VERIFICATION FORM FOUND IN SHOW SCHEDULE IT IS THE RESPONSIBILITY OF ALL JUDGES NOT ONLY TO SHOW DAYLILIES, BUT TO CONTINUE TO GROW A REPRESENTATIVE SAMPLE OF ALL FORMS OF DAYLILIES. B. CHARACTERISTICS OF DAYLILIES-60 MINUTES 1. THE SIZES: SINGLE, DOUBLE & POLYMEROUS, SPIDER, UNUSUAL FORM,

MULTIFORM, SCULPTED 3. THE SUBFORMS EXTRA LARGE, LARGE, SMALL, MINIATURE, 2. THE FORMS: (PAGES 18-35) CIRCULAR, FLAT, TRIANGULAR, RECURVED, STAR, TRUMPET, INFORMAL

4. COLOR AND PATTERNS 5. TEXTURE AND SUBSTANCE 6. SCAPE HEIGHT AND BRANCHING 1. THE SIZES (PAGE 18) FLOWER SIZE IS DETERMINED BY REGISTRATION DATA IN THE AHS HEMEROCALLIS CHECK LIST AS MEASURED BY THE HYBRIDIZER. THERE ARE FOUR CATEGORIES OF BLOOM SIZE IN DAYLILIES: MINIATURE LESS THAN 3" IN DIAMETER SMALL 3" OR MORE BUT LESS THAN 4" IN DIAMETER

LARGE 4" OR MORE BUT LESS THAN 7 IN DIAMETER EXTRA LARGE 7 OR MORE IN DIAMETER 2. THE FORMS (PAGES 18-24) DAYLILY BLOOMS HAVE A WIDE ARRAY OF FORMS. CURRENTLY, ONLY SIX FORMS HAVE BEEN OFFICIALLY DEFINED BY THE AHS FOR THE PURPOSE OF REGISTRATION RECORDS: SINGLE DOUBLE SPIDER UNUSUAL FORM

POLYMEROUS SCULPTED 2. THE FORMS (CONTINUED) (PAGE 18) SINGLE: A BLOOM THAT HAS THREE PETALS, THREE SEPALS, ONE PISTIL, AND SIX STAMENS H. Jared Timothy Bell H. Heaven to Me (Bell-T., 2016) Photo by Tim Bell (Bell-T., 2016) Photo by Tim Bell 2. THE FORMS (CONTINUED) (PAGES 18-19) DOUBLE: A BLOOM THAT HAS EXTRA PETALS OR

PETALOIDS (PETAL-LIKE TISSUE) LYING ON OR ABOVE THE THREE PETALS AND THREE SEPALS OF A SINGLE DAYLILY. IN ORDER TO FULLY QUALIFY AS A DOUBLE, THE FLOWER MUST POSSESS AT LEAST 3 EXTRA PETALS OR PETALOIDS. Hose-in-hose H. Double My Sunshine (Gossard-D., 2012) Photo by Tim Bell Peony -style 2. THE FORMS (CONTINUED) (PAGE 19) SPIDER: CULTIVARS QUALIFY FOR THE SPIDER CLASS IF THEIR PETALS HAVE A LENGTH TO WIDTH RATIO OF AT LEAST 4:1. PETAL LENGTH IS MEASURED WITH THE SEGMENT FULLY EXTENDED; WIDTH MEASUREMENT IS TAKEN AT THE WIDEST POINT, AS THE FLOWER GROWS NATURALLY. H. Ghost Ranger

H. Dr. Octopus (Elliott-S.) Photo by Scott Elliott (Gossard, 2013) Photo by Jamie Gossard 2. THE FORMS (continued) Unusual Form: The Unusual Form class is based exclusively on form, not on color or color patterns. The flower must have distinctive petal or sepal shapes, or a combination of both on all three petals or all three sepals. It includes three basic sub forms: crispate, cascade and spatulate. Crispate Pinch, flex, twist, curl, or display these characteristics in combination. Twisted/Curled Crispate, presenting a corkscrew or pinwheel effect Quilled Crispate with floral segments turning in upon

themselves along their lengths to make a tubular shape Pinched Crispate with pinching on the outer third of the petals. 2. THE FORMS(continued) Cascade Pronounced curling or cascading (like a waterfall or wood shavings) Spatulate Spatulate (like a kitchen spatula), with segments markedly wider at the ends Unusual Forms often exhibit more than one of the characteristics and may vary from hour to hour and day to day. Twisted cascade presentation

Reflexed spatulate with quilled sepals All 3 petals or all 3 sepals must exhibit an unusual form characteristic, though not necessarily the same characteristic. The UF definition recognizes variation in form. The standard of consistency has a different meaning for the UF flower. The judge looks for consistent display of UF characteristics, but not necessarily the same characteristics every day. 2. THE FORMS (CONTINUED) (PAGE 22) POLYMEROUS: THIS FORM IN DAYLILIES IS OFFICIALLY DEFINED AS HAVING MORE THAN THE NORMAL NUMBER OF SEGMENTS IN EACH FLORAL WHORL (USUALLY FOUR OR FIVE) IN THE OUTER WHORL AND MORE THAN THREE PETALS (USUALLY THE SAME NUMBER AS SEPALS) IN THE INNER WHORL H. Hello Polly H. Octomom

(Herr-D., 2015) Photo by Don Herr (Cochenour, 2009) Photo by Janice Kennedy 2. THE FORMS (CONTINUED) (PAGE 23) MULTIFORMS: THIS GROUP IS NOT AN OFFICIAL FORM, BUT RATHER CONSISTS OF FLOWERS POSSESSING COMBINATIONS OF FORMS. ALL OF THESE ARE EXHIBITED IN SECTION 5-DOUBLE AND POLYMEROUS, EXCEPT UNUSUAL FORM SPIDERS, WHICH ARE SHOWN IN SECTION 6-SPIDERS H. Firefly Frenzy (Joiner-J., 2002) Photo by Jan Joiner H. Wildman George (Elliott-S., 2012) Photo by Melodye Williams Unusual form (Crispate) doubles

2. THE FORMS (CONTINUED) (PAGE 24) SCULPTED: A TERM USED TO DESCRIBE THREE- DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURAL FEATURES INVOLVING OR EMANATING FROM THE THROAT, MIDRIB OR ELSEWHERE ON THE SURFACE OF THE PETALS. SCULPTED DAYLILIES BELONG TO ONE OF THREE DIFFERENT GROUPS: PLEATED, CRISTATE & RELIEF H. Living in Luxury Seedling H. Buttermilk Pie (Carr, 2003) Photo by Julie Covington (Photo by Claudia Conway) (Norris-R., 2012) Photo by Julie Covington

3. THE SUBFORMS CIRCULAR TRIANGULAR STAR INFORMAL TRUMPET FLAT RECURVED 3. THE SUBFORMS (CONTINUED) (PAGE 24) CIRCULAR THE FLOWER APPEARS ROUND. SEGMENTS GENERALLY OVERLAP, GIVING A FULL APPEARANCE. THEY TEND TO BE SHORT, WIDE, AND STUBBY. H. Dating a Royal

H. Little Tea Set (Douglas-H., 2013) Photo by Julie Covington (Herrington-K., 2006) Photo by Julie Covington 3. THE SUBFORMS (CONTINUED) (PAGE 25) TRIANGULAR TYPICALLY, SEPALS RECURVE TO MAKE THREE FLAT SIDES WHILE LONG PETALS EXTEND INTO MODIFIED POINTS. H. Along Came Amanda H. Flamboyant Eyes (Herrington-T., 2012) Photo by Claude Carpenter

(Carpenter-J., 1993) Photo by Julie Covington 3. THE SUBFORMS (CONTINUED) (PAGE 25) STAR PETALS AND SEPALS TEND TO BE LONG AND POINTED, SEPARATED BY SPACES. SEGMENTS RADIATE TO SIX POINTS. H. Christmas in Oz H. Black Arrowhead (Herrington-K., 2004) Photo by Claude (Roberts-N., 2002) Photo by Julie Carpenter Covington

3. THE SUBFORMS (CONTINUED) (PAGE 26) INFORMAL SEGMENTS HAVE NO DEFINABLE SHAPE AND PLACEMENT MAY BE IRREGULAR, WIDELY SPACED, OR FLOPPY. RECURVED. SEGMENTS FLARE, BUT ENDS OF SEGMENTS ROLL OR TUCK UNDER. 3. THE SUBFORMS (CONTINUED) (PAGE 26) TRUMPET THE FORM RESEMBLES A TRUE LILY. SEGMENTS RISE FROM THE THROAT IN AN UPWARD PATTERN WITH LITTLE FLARE. THIS IS OFTEN CALLED A CHALICE OR CUP. H. Golden Raintree (Herrington-T., 2015) Photo by Claude Carpenter 3. THE SUBFORMS (CONTINUED) (PAGE 27) FLAT FLOWERS ARE COMPLETELY OPEN AND SPREAD OUT EXCEPT FOR THE

CONCAVE THROAT . H. Lillians Deceitful Lies H. Beth Creveling (Manning, 2012) Photo by Claude Carpenter (Apps, 2011) Photo by Beth Creveling 4. COLORS & PATTERNS (PAGES 27-35) MODERN DAYLILIES FLAUNT A COMPLEX AND FASCINATING VARIETY OF COLOR PATTERNS. SELFS BLENDS POLYCHROMES BITONES BICOLORS PATTERNS

EYES & BANDS HALOS WATERMARKS CONTRASTING EDGES DOTS AND STIPPLING CONTRASTING MIDRIBS DIAMOND DUSTING 4. COLORS & PATTERNS (CONTINUED) (PAGE 27) SELFS THE FLOWER SEGMENTS (PETALS AND SEPALS) ARE ALL THE SAME SINGLE COLOR. THE STAMENS AND THROAT MAY BE DIFFERENT. H. Balls of Lightning H. Yellow Monkey (Joiner, 1990) Photo by Tim Fehr

(Gossard, 2006) Photo by Claude Carpenter 4. COLORS & PATTERNS (CONTINUED) (PAGE 28) BLENDS THE FLOWER SEGMENTS ARE AN INTERMINGLING OF TWO OR MORE COLORS, FOR EXAMPLE, PINK AND ROSE. AS IN A SELF, THE PETALS AND SEPALS ARE BOTH THE SAME BLEND OF COLORS. STAMENS AND THROAT MAY BE DIFFERENT. H. Signature Truffle

H. Big Smile (Kirchhoff-D., 2004) Photo by Claude Carpenter (Apps, 1999) Photo by Beth Creveling 4. COLORS & PATTERNS (CONTINUED) (PAGE 28) POLYCHROMES THE FLOWER SEGMENTS HAVE AN INTERMINGLING OF THREE OR MORE COLORS; FOR EXAMPLE: YELLOW, MELON, PINK AND LAVENDER. STAMENS AND THROAT MAY BE DIFFERENT. H. Golden Hibiscus H. Our Friend Sally

(Morrison-J., 1992) Photo by Janice Wood (Carpenter-J., 2002) Photo by Julie Covington 4. COLORS & PATTERNS (CONTINUED) (PAGE 29) BITONES THE PETALS AND SEPALS DIFFER IN SHADE OR INTENSITY OF THE SAME BASIC COLOR. THE PETALS ARE THE DARKER SHADE, WHILE THE SEPALS ARE LIGHTER. H. Saketumi Seedling

(Elliott-S., 2016) Photo by Scott Elliott Photo by Bob Scott 4. COLORS & PATTERNS (CONTINUED) (PAGE 29) REVERSE BITONES THE PETALS AND SEPALS DIFFER IN SHADE OR INTENSITY OF THE SAME BASIC COLOR. THE PETALS ARE THE LIGHTER SHADE, WHILE THE SEPALS ARE DARKER. H. Orchid Harmony Seedling (Gates, 1991) Photo by Tim Fehr

Photo by Jamie Gossard 4. COLORS & PATTERNS (CONTINUED) (PAGE 30) BICOLORS THE PETALS AND SEPALS ARE OF DIFFERENT COLORS, FOR EXAMPLE, RED AND YELLOW OR PURPLE AND GOLD. THE PETALS ARE THE DARKER THAN THE SEPALS. H. My Friend Ellen H. Tooth and Nail (Scott-B., 2010) Photo by Bob Scott (Benz-J, 2006) Photo by Claude Carpenter 4. COLORS & PATTERNS (CONTINUED) (PAGE 30)

REVERSE BICOLORS THE PETALS AND SEPALS ARE OF DIFFERENT COLORS, FOR EXAMPLE, RED AND YELLOW OR PURPLE AND GOLD. THE SEPALS ARE THE DARKER THAN THE PETALS. H. Obannon Orchid H. Debbie (Williams-S., 2013) Photo by Tim Fehr (Davis-W. B., 1958) Photo by Janice Wood 4. COLORS & PATTERNS (CONTINUED) (PAGE 31) PATTERNS

A DAYLILY THAT EXHIBITS VARIATIONS IN HUE, VALUE, OR SATURATION OF THE BASE, MIDRIB, OR THROAT COLOR, IN SUCH A WAY THAT A DESIGN IS CREATED BEYOND THAT OF A BOLD OR SOLID EYE, BAND, HALO OR WATERMARK, WITH OR WITHOUT SIMPLE PICOTEE EDGING. EXCLUDES SELFS, SIMPLE BITONES, AND SIMPLE BICOLORS . H. Cosmic Kaleidoscope Seedling (Carpenter-J., 2006) Photo by Julie Covington Photo by Margo reed 4. COLORS & PATTERNS (CONTINUED) (PAGE 31) EYES & BANDS THE FLOWER HAS A ZONE OF DIFFERENT COLOR OR A DARKER SHADE OF THE SAME COLOR LOCATED BETWEEN THE THROAT AND THE TIPS OF THE SEGMENTS.

IF THE ZONE OCCURS ON BOTH THE PETALS AND THE SEPALS, IT IS TERMED AN EYE. H. Crazy Ivan H. Babys Got Blue Eyes (Grace-Smith, 2005) Photo Claude Carpenter (Gossard-D., 2014) Photo by the hybridizer 4. COLORS & PATTERNS (CONTINUED) (PAGE 32) EYES & BANDS THE FLOWER HAS A ZONE OF DIFFERENT COLOR OR A DARKER SHADE OF THE SAME COLOR LOCATED BETWEEN THE THROAT AND THE TIPS OF THE SEGMENTS.

IF THE ZONE OCCURS ONLY ON THE PETALS, IT IS CALLED A BAND. H. Along Came Amanda (Herrington-T., 2012) Photo by Claude Carpenter 4. COLORS & PATTERNS (CONTINUED) (PAGE 32) HALOS IF THE ZONE IS FAINT OR ONLY LIGHTLY VISIBLE, IT IS CALLED A HALO H. Graceland (Morss, 1987) Photo by Beth Creveling Photo by Scott Elliott 4. COLORS & PATTERNS (CONTINUED) (PAGE 33) WATERMARK

IF THE ZONE IS A LIGHTER SHADE THAN THE REST OF THE SEGMENT, IT IS CALLED A WATERMARK. H. Classy Columbus (Rice-J.A., 2011) Photo by Janice Wood H. Confessions of a Hemaholic (Davisson-J., 2103) Photo by Julie 4. COLORS & PATTERNS (CONTINUED) (PAGE 33) CONTRASTING EDGES SEGMENT EDGES ARE EITHER LIGHTER OR DARKER THAN THE SEGMENT COLOR. H. Amandas Little Red Shoes H. Dental Delight (Eller-N., 2004) Photo by Nancy Eller (Waldrop, 2013) Photo by Bill Waldrop

4. COLORS & PATTERNS (CONTINUED) (PAGE 34) DOTS & STIPPLING THE SURFACE COLOR OF THE FLOWER APPEARS TO BE UNEVENLY DISTRIBUTED OVER THE BACKGROUND COLOR OF THE BLOOM RATHER THAN BEING SMOOTHLY APPLIED. TERMS THAT HAVE BEEN USED TO DESCRIBE UNEVEN COLORATION INCLUDE STIPPLED, DOTS, FLECKED, FLAKED, SPECKLED, SPLATTERED, SPOTTED AND STIPPLED, ACCORDING TO THE APPEARANCE. H. Undefinable H. Spotted Fever (DeVito, 2014) Photo by Nicole DeVito (Brown-Oakes, 1995) Photo by Janice Wood 4. COLORS & PATTERNS (CONTINUED) (PAGE 34) CONTRASTING MIDRIBS THE MIDRIB IS A DIFFERENT COLOR FROM THE REST OF THE SEGMENT.

H. Blueberry Queen H. Tim Herrington (Kirby, 1979) Photo by Tim Fehr (Elliott-S., 2014) Photo by Scott Elliott 4. COLORS & PATTERNS (CONTINUED) (PAGE 35) DIAMOND DUSTING TINY CRYSTALS IN THE FLOWERS CELLS REFLECT LIGHT, ESPECIALLY IN THE SUN, TO GIVE THE FLOWER A SPARKLING OR GLISTENING APPEARANCE AS IF SPRINKLED WITH SILVER DUST OR TINY DIAMONDS. H. Arctic Lace (Stamile, 2003) Photo by Claude Carpenter 4. COLORS & PATTERNS

(CONTINUED) COLOR-CHANGERS A DAYLILY FLOWER IN WHICH A SIGNIFICANT AREA CHANGES TO A COMPLETELY DIFFERENT COLOR DURING THE DAY (SUCH AS FROM RED TO YELLOW) WITHOUT VISIBLE WILTING OR LOSS OF SUBSTANCE. THE TERM DOES NOT INCLUDE FLOWERS THAT MERELY BECOME A LIGHTER SHADE OF THE ORIGINAL COLOR. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS SUCH AS LIGHT SOURCE MAY INFLUENCE THE DEGREE OF COLOR CHANGE. 5. TEXTURE AND SUBSTANCE (PAGE 35) TEXTURE REFERS TO THE SURFACE QUALITY OF THE TISSUE STRUCTURE OF THE DAYLILY BLOOM. THE MAIN TYPES OF TEXTURE IN DAYLILIES ARE:

SMOOTH Ribbed VELVETY CREPED RIBBED H. Corduroy Eyes (Bell-T., 2011) Photo by Tim Bell 5. TEXTURE AND SUBSTANCE (CONTINUED) (PAGE 35) SUBSTANCE IS THE THICKNESS OF TISSUE STRUCTURE, OR THE ABILITY OF THE FLOWER TO WITHSTAND THE ELEMENTS. SUBSTANCE VARIES FROM DELICATE (WHICH STILL MAY BE DURABLE) TO HEAVY AND LEATHERY.

6. SCAPE HEIGHT & BRANCHING (PAGE 35-36) SCAPE HEIGHT LOW 6-24. SCAPES UNDER 12ARE CALLED DWARF. THERE IS NO RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SCAPE HEIGHT AND THE SIZE OF THE BLOOM. MEDIUM 24-36 TALL >36 BRANCHING TOP-BRANCHED.

BRANCHING OCCURS ONLY NEAR THE TOP OF THE SCAPE LOW-BRANCHED. BRANCHING EXTENDS DOWN INTO THE WELL-BRANCHED. MULTIPLE BRANCHES, BEGINNING NEAR THE FOLIAGE TOP OF THE FOLIAGE 6. SCAPE HEIGHT & BRANCHING (PAGE 35-36) Top-Branched

Well-Branched 6. SCAPE HEIGHT & BRANCHING (PAGE 36) 1. A branch is a stem that originates from the primary scape and bears two or more buds. 2. A terminal branch occurs at the top of a scape and may be arranged to form a V (two branches), a W (three branches) or even four or more branches. A terminal branch which does not divide at its terminus is counted as a single branch. ALL terminal branches are counted which meet the required standard of two or more buds per branch.

3. Lateral branches originate from the original scape, occurring where there are bracts. Proliferations and stems with a single bud are NOT considered branches. 4. Sub-branches of lateral branches are NOT included in the count of branches. ONLY stems which originate at the junction of the original scape are counted as branches. 6. SCAPE HEIGHT & BRANCHING (PAGE 36) 1. A branch is a stem that originates from the primary scape and bears two or more buds. 2. A terminal branch occurs at the top of a scape and may be

arranged to form a V (two branches), a W (three branches) or even four or more branches. A terminal branch which does not divide at its terminus is counted as a single branch. ALL terminal branches are counted which meet the required standard of two or more buds per branch. 3. Lateral branches originate from the original scape, occurring where there are bracts. Proliferations and stems with a single bud are NOT considered branches. 4. Sub-branches of lateral branches are NOT included in the count of branches. ONLY stems which originate at the junction of the original scape are counted as branches. CONGRATULATIONS ON MAKING IT TO THE END

OF THE EXHIBITION JUDGES CLINIC ONE CLASS. THANK YOU FOR TAKING THE FIRST STEP TOWARDS BECOMING AN EXHIBITION JUDGE. NOW, GET READY FOR THE WRITTEN TEST!

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