Advanced manufacturing Lab, Industrial Enginnering Dep ...

Advanced manufacturing Lab, Industrial Enginnering Dep ...

CAD/CAM (21-342) Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory Department of Industrial Engineering Sharif University of Technology Session # 19 Course Description Instructor Omid Fatahi Valilai, Ph.D. Industrial Engineering Department, Sharif University of Technology Email: [email protected] , Tel: 6616-5706 Website: Sharif.edu/~fvalilai Class time Saturday- Monday

10:30-12:00 Course evaluation Mid-term Final exam Quiz Exercise (25%) (40%)

(5%) (30%) Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology CAD/CAM (21-342), Session #19 2 Course Description (Continued ) Mid-term session: Monday: 8th Ordibehesht 1393, 10:30 ~ 12:30 Final Exam: Saturday: 24th Khordad 1393, 15:00 ~ 17:30 Reference:

Lee, Kunwoo; Principles of CAD/CAM/CAE systems, 1999, Addsion Wesley Abouel Nasr, Emad; Kamrani, Ali K.; Computer-Based Design and Manufacturing: An Information-Based Approach, 2007, Springer, New York Benhabib, Beno; Manufacturing: Design, Production, CAD/CAM, and Integration, 2003, Marcel Dekker Inc, New York Radhakrishnan, P.; Subramanian, S.; Raju, V.; CAD/CAM/CIM, 3rd edition, 2005, New age international (P) limited publishers, New York Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology CAD/CAM (21-342), Session #19 3 Course Description (Continued..)

Contents: Introduction to CAD/CAM/CAE systems (5 sessions) Components of CAD/CAM/CAE systems (2 sessions)

Geometric modeling systems (3 sessions) Optimization in CAD (5 sessions) Rapid prototyping and manufacturing (3 sessions) Virtual engineering (2 sessions) Product Life Cycle Cost Model (2 sessions) Computer-Based Design and Features/Methodologies of Feature Representations Feature-Based Process Planning and Techniques (3 sessions) Collaborative Engineering (2 sessions)

Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology CAD/CAM (21-342), Session #19 (5 sessions) 5 Course Description (Continued..) Contents: Feature-Based Process Planning and Techniques (3 sessions) Mapping the Extracted Manufacturing Features to Process Planning Intelligent Feature Recognition Methodology (IFRM) Implementation

Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology CAD/CAM (21-342), Session #19 6 Introduction to CAD/CAM/CAE systems Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology CAD/CAM (21-342), Session #19 7 Feature-Based Process Planning and Techniques Implementation consideration Mapping the Extracted Manufacturing Features to Process Planning

After extracting the manufacturing features from the designed part, it is necessary to map all the extracted manufacturing features to the process planning point of view as an application of CAM. It is necessary to determine the detailed machining information for each feature and the designed part by identifying: The operation sequence of the designed part, The operation type, The machine, The cutting tool, The tool approach/machining direction, and The removed machining volume for each feature. Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology CAD/CAM (21-342), Session #19 8

Feature-Based Process Planning and Techniques Implementation consideration Mapping the Extracted Manufacturing Features to Process Planning Machining operations The main objective of any machining operation is to create the required shape of the designed part by removing the excess material from the work piece in form of chips. Turning, Milling, Drilling, Grinding, Broaching and

Sawing. Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology CAD/CAM (21-342), Session #19 9 Feature-Based Process Planning and Techniques Implementation consideration Mapping the Extracted Manufacturing Features to Process Planning Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology CAD/CAM (21-342), Session #19 10

Feature-Based Process Planning and Techniques Implementation consideration Mapping the Extracted Manufacturing Features to Process Planning Machining Sequence Procedure Machining Direction Procedure Machining Information Procedure Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology CAD/CAM (21-342), Session #19 11 Feature-Based Process Planning and Techniques Implementation consideration

Mapping the Extracted Manufacturing Features to Process Planning Machining Sequence Procedure For each feature recognized, its origin is designated as the point on the feature closest to the origin. Sort all the features based upon the z coordinate (in descending order) of their respective origin. The feature with the highest z value will be the first in machining sequence and the feature with the lowest z value will be the last in machining sequence. Multiple features with same z value of their origin will be machined in the sequence in which they were originally recognized. Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology CAD/CAM (21-342), Session #19 12

Feature-Based Process Planning and Techniques Implementation consideration Mapping the Extracted Manufacturing Features to Process Planning Machining Direction Procedure Each feature has a different machining direction based on its design and orientation. When a feature is recognized, its machining direction is also identified based on the directions that are available for machining that feature and also the orientation of the feature. The directions are identified using crucial edges as references in every feature. Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology CAD/CAM (21-342), Session #19 13

Feature-Based Process Planning and Techniques Implementation consideration Mapping the Extracted Manufacturing Features to Process Planning Machining Sequence Procedure Steps of machining direction procedure are addressed: Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology CAD/CAM (21-342), Session #19 14 Feature-Based Process Planning and Techniques Implementation consideration Mapping the Extracted Manufacturing Features to Process Planning Machining Information Procedure

This procedure addresses how the machining operations, machines, and tools associated for each recognized feature are identified A map of features to machining information is defined. The program uses this map to associate each feature to the machining operations involved in creating that feature. The mapped machining operations will indicate the machine to be used in machining the feature. The program also map machining operations to tools that will be used with each such machining operation. The machining volume (V) for each extracted manufacturing feature is calculated. Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology CAD/CAM (21-342), Session #19 15 Feature-Based Process Planning and Techniques

Implementation consideration Mapping the Extracted Manufacturing Features to Process Planning Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology CAD/CAM (21-342), Session #19 16 Feature-Based Process Planning and Techniques Implementation consideration Mapping the Extracted Manufacturing Features to Process Planning Machining Information Procedure The machining volume (V) for each extracted manufacturing feature is calculated.

Step through (with round corner) Step Blind (with round corner) Slot through (with round corner) Slot Blind (with round corner) Pocket through (with round corner) Pocket Blind (with round corner) Hole through Hole Blind Dovetail Slot V slot Cone Sink

Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology CAD/CAM (21-342), Session #19 17 Feature-Based Process Planning and Techniques Implementation consideration Mapping the Extracted Manufacturing Features to Process Planning Machining Information Procedure The machining volume (V) for each extracted manufacturing feature is calculated. Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology CAD/CAM (21-342), Session #19 18

Feature-Based Process Planning and Techniques Implementation consideration Mapping the Extracted Manufacturing Features to Process Planning Machining Information Procedure The machining volume (V) for each extracted manufacturing feature is calculated. Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology CAD/CAM (21-342), Session #19 19 Feature-Based Process Planning and Techniques Implementation consideration Intelligent Feature Recognition Methodology (IFRM) Implementation At first we should generate the geometrical attributes of the designed part by CAD system and save them

into a geometrical attributes file. Then the feature recognition program will be executed to read and interpret this geometrical attributes and transform them into design information. Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology CAD/CAM (21-342), Session #19 20 Feature-Based Process Planning and Techniques Implementation consideration Intelligent Feature Recognition Methodology (IFRM) Implementation Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology CAD/CAM (21-342), Session #19

21 Feature-Based Process Planning and Techniques Implementation consideration Intelligent Feature Recognition Methodology (IFRM) Implementation Feature's extraction and classifications methodology: Extract the geometry and topology entities for the designed object model from IGES file: (a) Identify vertices, edges, faces, loops of the object. Extract topology entities in each basic surface and identify its type: (a) Identify the total number of loops in each surface. (b) Identify the basic surface due to total number of loops. (c) Classify the loops into different types (concave, convex, and hybrid). Test the feature's existence in the basic surface based on loops

Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology CAD/CAM (21-342), Session #19 22 Feature-Based Process Planning and Techniques Implementation consideration Intelligent Feature Recognition Methodology (IFRM) Implementation Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology CAD/CAM (21-342), Session #19 23 Feature-Based Process Planning and Techniques Implementation consideration

Intelligent Feature Recognition Methodology (IFRM) Implementation Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology CAD/CAM (21-342), Session #19 24 Feature-Based Process Planning and Techniques Implementation consideration Intelligent Feature Recognition Methodology (IFRM) Implementation Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology CAD/CAM (21-342), Session #19 25

Feature-Based Process Planning and Techniques Implementation consideration Intelligent Feature Recognition Methodology (IFRM) Implementation Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology CAD/CAM (21-342), Session #19 26 Feature-Based Process Planning and Techniques Implementation consideration Intelligent Feature Recognition Methodology (IFRM) Implementation Feature's extraction and classifications methodology: Identify feature type: (a) Identify exterior form features (FFexterior) by searching for the hybrid loop. (b) Identify interior convex form features (FFinterior) by searching for the convex loop.

(c) Identify interior concave form features (FFinterior) by searching for the concave loop. Identify the detailed features and extract the related feature geometry parameters: (a) Identify feature's details (number of surfaces, surface type). (b) Identify the parameters of each feature: length (L), width (W), height (H), radius (R). (c) Identify the relative location of each feature due to the origin coordinates of the object. Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology CAD/CAM (21-342), Session #19 27 Feature-Based Process Planning and Techniques Implementation consideration Intelligent Feature Recognition Methodology (IFRM) Implementation

Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology CAD/CAM (21-342), Session #19 28 Feature-Based Process Planning and Techniques Implementation consideration Intelligent Feature Recognition Methodology (IFRM) Implementation Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology CAD/CAM (21-342), Session #19 29 Feature-Based Process Planning and Techniques Implementation consideration

Intelligent Feature Recognition Methodology (IFRM) Implementation Feature's extraction and classifications methodology: Identify the detailed machining information for each feature and the designed part: (a) Identify the operation sequence of the designed part. (b) Identify the operation type, the machine, and the cutting tool for each feature. (c) Identify the tool approach/machining direction for each feature. (d) Identify the removed machining volume for each feature. Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology CAD/CAM (21-342), Session #19 30 Feature-Based Process Planning and Techniques Implementation consideration Intelligent Feature Recognition Methodology (IFRM) Implementation

Advanced Manufacturing Laboratory, Department of Industrial Engineering, Sharif University of Technology CAD/CAM (21-342), Session #19 31

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