A Comparison of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Abrahamic Religions 1 COS 3 Recognize the worlds major religions and their founders (Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Moses, Jesus, and
Mohammad) 2 Date and Place founded: Judaism approximately 1300 B.C. in Palestine Some say the date is unknown Christianity approximately 33 A.D. in Palestine
Islam 622 A.D. in Saudi Arabia 3 Founders and Early Leaders Judaism Abraham and Moses Christianity Jesus Islam - Muhammad
Christianity bishop, pastor, ministers, priest Islam - imams 5 House of Worship Judaism synagogue or temple Christianity church, cathedral, chapel Islam mosque Day of Worship
Judaism Saturday Christianity Sunday Islam - Friday 6 Original Language Judaism Hebrew Christianity Aramaic and Greek Islam Arabic
Names of God Judaism Yahweh and Elohim Christianity God, the Trinity Islam - Allah 7 Major Locations TODAY Judaism Europe, Israel, North America
Christianity Europe, North and South America Islam Africa, Middle East, and Southeast Asia 8 Early Expansion Judaism Little expansion mostly confined to Israel Christianity by the end of the 4th century
Christianity spread across the entire Roman Empire Islam Within 12 years, entire Arabian peninsula; after 100 years stretched from Spain to Southeast Asia 9 Current Worldwide Followers TODAY Judaism 14 million (ranks 12th)
Christianity 2 billion (ranks 1st) Islam 1.3 billion (ranks 2nd) In the USA Judaism 5.6 million Christianity 159 million Islam 1.1 million 10 Sacred Texts
Judaism Hebrew Bible Christianity Old Testament and New Testament Islam Quran (Koran) 11 Ultimate Reality (Type of Theism) Judaism One God Christianity Trinity (God the father, God the Son,
and God the Holy Spirit) Islam One God 12 Divine Revelation How do we know about God? Judaism through prophets recorded in the Hebrew Bible
Christianity through prophets and Jesus as recorded in the Old and New Testament Islam through Gods final prophet Muhammad recorded in the Quran 13 Identity of Jesus Judaism False prophet
Christianity Son of God, the Messiah, Savior Islam prophet of God 14 Death of Jesus Judaism death by Crucifixion Christianity death by Crucifixion Islam Did not die, but ascended into heaven (a
disciple took his place) 15 Resurrection of Jesus Judaism Denied Christianity Affirmed Islam Denied; since he did not die
16 Means of Salvation Judaism Belief in one God; good deeds Christianity correct belief, good deeds; by faith accept Christ as Savior (Protestants) Islam Belief in one God; good deeds and follow Five Pillars of Faith
17 Afterlife Judaism eternal heaven, or no afterlife Christianity eternal heaven Islam eternal paradise (heaven) Judaism - eternal hell, or no afterlife Christianity eternal hell Islam eternal hell
18 Symbols Judaism Star of David Christianity cross Islam crescent with name of Allah in Arabic 19
View of Fellow Abrahamic Religions Judaism Islam and Christianity are false interpretations and extensions of Judaism. Christianity Judaism is a true religion, but with incomplete revelation. Islam is a false religion. Islam Jews and Christians are respected as fellow believers, but with wrong beliefs and only partial revelation. 20
Paragraph Writing Assignment Using your class notes, you will write a one page essay comparing and contrasting the origins, history and beliefs of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. This is a test grade so make sure you do your best. 21
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