4th Grade Social Studies - J. Glenn Edwards Elementary

4th Grade Social Studies - J. Glenn Edwards Elementary

4 Grade Social Studies th 1st Semester Review Units 3 & 4 Unit 3 Colonial North Carolina Chapter 5 Settling North Carolina Lesson 1: The Lost Colony Expedition: a journey taken by a group of people Colony: is an area of

land ruled by another country Settler: a person who moves to a new area Europeans began exploring what is now North Carolina in the 1500s The 1st English colony in present-day NC was on Roanoke Englands first 2 colonies failed The lessons learned by the first Roanoke settlers helped teach future settlers

how to survive and succeed Lesson 2: The Carolina Colony Proprietor: a person England forms the who owns something Tax: money paid to a government Governor: a person chosen to lead a colony, territory, or state Cargo: goods that are shipped from one place to another

Carolina colony Carolina Grows towns (such as Bath) Growth causes conflicts with American Indians Pirates like Blackbeard, Stede Bonnet, and Anne Bonny frequently assaulted ships Lesson 3: A Royal Colony Backcountry: a rural region that has few people living in it. Rebellion: a fight against

a government Slavery: a cruel system in which people are bought and sold, then forced to work without pay Right: a freedom protected by the governments laws NC became a royal colony in 1729 Many groups from Europe came to NC seeking better lives Enslaved Africans worked on farms Present-day NC still

shows colonial influences Lesson 4: Old Salem Community: a group The Moravians of people living in the same area under the same laws Apprentice: a person who learns a trade from an adult worker Merchant: a person who buys and sells goods Commerce: the

buying and selling of believed in hard work, cooperation, and strong family ties Salem was an important place of trade Became WinstonSalem, one of NCs largest and most important cities Chapter 6 Life in the Colony Lesson 1: Colonial Work Plantation: a large farm

on which workers living on the farm raise crops Export: a product sent to another place and sold Naval stores: products from pine trees used to build and repair ships Economy: the way people use resources to make, buy, and sell goods and services Colonists farmed land and fished in the Coastal Plain and in the backcountry

Some colonists enslaved people worked in the forests and in towns Lesson 2: Transportation and Early Towns Carriage: a horse- Travel in colonial drawn, wheeled vehicle Cooper: makes or repairs barrels Town Meeting: a gathering where colonists voted on the laws for their

towns and chose leaders NC was slow and difficult Colonial towns were important places for trade and government African Americans did different jobs in colonial towns Some colonial towns still exist today Lesson 3: Living Near the Coast Acre: an area of land

that is about the size of a football field Loft: an area set above a living space Blacksmith: a person who makes objects out of iron, such as horseshoes Colonial coastal living included the following: Wealthy plantation owners lived in large homes Most colonist lived

in smaller homes Most children worked instead of attending school Lesson 4: Backcountry Life Literacy: ability to read and write Militia: a group of ordinary people who train for a battle Inn: where travelers stay Life in the backcountry:

Families grew their own food Had small houses Women cooked and sewed Played lots of games/have gatherings Chapter 7 The Road to Independence Lesson 1: Conflicts Grow Regulator: a backcountry person who wanted to control his own life

Petition: a written request from a group of people Congress: a group of leaders who meet to discuss a subject Revolution: a fight to remove a government from power Conflicts with Britain leading up to the American Revolution in 1775: Stamp Act protests, 1765 Battle of Alamance, 1771 Tea Parties, 1773-1774

Disagreements over taxes led to a war to free colonists from British rule Lesson 2: NC in the War Patriot: someone who wanted freedom from British rule Loyalist: wanted the colonies to remain part of Britain Delegate: a person chosen to act and speak for others Independence: freedom from the rule of another

country Surrender: to give up control The American colonies declared independence in 1776. After 8 years of fighting in the American Revolution, the colonies gained independence from Britain! The American Revolution led to the birth of a new nation

Lesson 3: Statehood Constitution: a Backcountry farmers written plan for government Legislature: a group of people who make and change laws Convention: a meeting that brings people together for a common purpose tried to create the State of Franklin in 1784

The Constitutional Convention created a stronger national government NC became the 12th state in 1789 Unit 4 Living in North Carolina Chapter 8 Freedom and Equality Lesson 1: The Struggle for Freedom Abolitionist: someone who wants to end slavery

Amendment: a change to the Constitution Segregation: the forced separation of blacks and whites Civil rights: the rights that countries guarantee their citizens Slavery ended after the Civil War African Americans still faced discrimination African Americans used nonviolent protests to protect their rights Dr. Martin Luther King was a

leader who support non-violent protests Greensboro Sit-In: in 1960 4 NC students repeatedly went to a restaurant that was segregated. They were asked to leave but wouldnt. Eventually they won! Lesson 2: Equality for All Suffrage: the American Indians right to vote Ratify: to approve and women fought

for equality in education and government. The Nineteenth Amendment protects womens suffrage (right to vote) Chapter 9 Citizenship and Government Lesson 1: Citizenship in NC Jury: a group of people who decide a court case Election: the way voters choose people

to serve in government Volunteer: a person who does a job for no pay Citizens have rights and responsibilities Have to vote Pay taxes The Bill of Rights protects our rights (10 Amendments in the Constitution) Freedoms of

religion, speech, and press Lesson 2: State Government Veto: to reject Capitol: an office building where a government does its work Public Servant: a person who works for the local, state, or national government Three branches of

Government Legislative Branch: makes laws Executive Branch: enforces laws Judicial branch: interprets laws Lesson 3: Local Government County: a section Every city and county of a state containing several cities or towns

Mayor: the elected leader of a city or town in NC has a local government that provides services The elected officials in most cities are the mayor and the city council County governments are often led by commissioners About North Carolina Preamble, Symbols, and other Information

Preamble We, the people of the State of North Carolina, grateful to Almighty God, the Sovereign Ruler of Nations, for the preservation of the American Union and the existence of our civil, political and religious liberties, and acknowledging our dependence upon Him for the continuance of those blessings to us and our posterity, do, for the more certain security thereof and for the better government of this State, ordain and establish this Constitution. NC Symbols State Bird: State Flower:

Cardinal State Saltwater Fish: Channel Bass State Mammal: Gray Squirrel Dogwood State Tree: Pine State Precious Stone: Emerald (largest emerald in North America was found near Statesville NC) Other information Leading crops:

State saying: To be Tobacco, peanuts, soybeans, corn, cotton Leading Industries: Making of chemicals and textiles State Song: The Old North State rather than to seem State Nickname: The Old North State, or The Tar Heel State General Information

We live in the Western Hemisphere. North America is the continent that we live on. Our country is the United States of America . Our state is called North Carolina. Sanford is our town. North Carolina has 3 neighboring states. They are South Carolina, Virginia, and Tennessee. North Carolinas physical features include oceans and mountains. The highest mountain in North Carolina is Mt. Mitchell. North Carolina is located on the East Coast.

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