2017 LEGISLATIVE SESSION NOMA Presentation

2017 LEGISLATIVE SESSION NOMA Presentation

Controlled Substances (CS) New Mandates, including use of CS in Treating Pain AB 474 effective Jan. 1, 2018 Weldon (Don) Havins, MD, JD, LLM (Health Law) Professor and Director of Medical Jurisprudence Touro University Nevada Joseph P Hardy, MD Associate Professor of Primary Care Touro University Nevada DISCLOSURES NO CONFLICTS TO DISCLOSE

Joe Hardy, MD Weldon (Don) Havins, MD, JD wehavins.com All course materials may be downloaded from this website Review Journal Article, Saturday, Jan 13, 2018 AB 474 of 2017 Sec. 3; NRS 441A.150 effective Jan 1, 2018 Cases of drug overdose or suspected overdose must be reported to the Chief Medical Officer by the provider of health

care who knows of, or provided services to, the person. Any provider who willfully fails, neglects or refuses to comply is guilty of a misdemeanor and may be subject to an administrative fine of $ 1000 for each violation, as determined by the Board of Health. Board of Health regulation R053-18A Discharge means the physical release of a patient, regardless of whether the patient is alive, from a medical facility or from the care of a provider of health care to any other place, including, without limitation, the home of the patient, a transitional medical facility, a treatment center, the office of a coroner or a funeral home.

Drug overdose means any intentional or accidental consumption of a controlled substance listed in schedule I, II, III, IV or V in an amount that exceeds the amount prescribed or intended to be consumed that: 1. Results in a patient receiving services from a provider of health care in a clinical setting; and 2. Corresponds to the code T40, T41.1, T42 or T43 BOH Reg R053-18A A provider of health care who provides services to a patient who has suffered or is suspected of having suffered a drug overdose shall, regardless of whether the patient is alive and not later than 7 days after discharging the patient, report the drug overdose or suspected drug overdose to the Chief Medical Officer or his or her designee. A provider of health care who provides outpatient services to a

patient whom the provider of health care reasonably believes previously suffered or is suspected of having suffered a drug overdose is not required to make a report of the drug overdose unless the provider of health care believes that such a report was not made by any other provider of health care; if so, 7 days to report. BOH Reg R053-18A No report required by provider of health care if the patient who has suffered or is suspected of having suffered the drug overdose was receiving hospice care or palliative care at the time of the drug overdose or suspected drug overdose. BOH Reg. R053-18A

Report of the overdose must include, if known: (a) The name, address and telephone number of the provider of health care making the report; (b) The name, address, telephone number, sex, race, ethnicity and date of birth of the patient who suffered the drug overdose or suspected drug overdose; (c) The number assigned to the medical record of the patient; (d) The date on which the drug overdose or suspected drug overdose occurred; (e) A statement of the disposition of the patient; (f) ICD 10 code relating to the overdose or suspected overdose BOH Reg. R053-18A If the facility has more than one provider

who provides care to the patient, the facility shall develop administrative procedures to ensure that only one provider reports. The Chief Administrative Officer shall develop a system to record such reports. Nevada Chief Medical Officer address not in AB474 Nevada State Chief Medical Officer Nevada Department of Health and Human Services 4150 Technology Way Carson City, NV 89706 775-684-4200

AB 474 of 2017 Sec. 13, NRS 629.061 effective Jan 1, 2018 Medical Record (MR) production Law enforcement or board investigator declaring exigent circumstances requires providers immediate production of medical records (at the time of the request); if MRs are out of State, 5 days. (Sec. 13) Regular production of MRs by the custodian of MRs is 10 days (20 days if out of State).

See SB 291 (2017) AB 474 of 2017 all 6 Boards effective Jan 1, 2018 NRS 630.2535; NRS 631.344; NRS 632.2375; NRS 633.473; NRS 635.116; NRS 636.2881 Each (of the six) Board shall, by regulation, require each practitioner certified or registered to dispense CS to complete 2 hours of training relating to the misuse and abuse of CS, the prescribing of opioids or addiction during each relicensure period. These CMEs may be used to satisfy 2 hours of any continuing education requirement.

(FYI, AB 105, effective July 1, 2017, requires 2 CME hours every four (4) years in suicide prevention.) NBOM Regulation R116-17A NAC 633.250: Each osteopathic physician and PA, for licensure renewal, must attest he or she has completed 2 hours continuing education related to misuse and abuse of CS, the prescribing of opioids or addiction. Each osteopathic physician shall complete 2 hours instruction on evidencebased suicide prevention and awareness every 4 years.

NBME Existing Mandate to Report Violations NRS 630.3062 The following acts, among others, constitute grounds for initiating disciplinary action or denying licensure: 6. Failure to report any person the licensee knows, or has reason to know, is in violation of the provisions of this chapter or the regulations of the Board within 30 days after the date the licensee knows or has reason to know of the violation. NRS 630.3062 The following acts, among others, constitute grounds for initiating disciplinary action or denying licensure: 3. Making or filing a report which the licensee knows to be false, failing to file a record or report as required by law or knowingly or willfully obstructing or inducing

NBOM Existing Mandate to Report Violations NRS 633.511(1) The grounds for initiating disciplinary action pursuant to this chapter are: (p) Failure to report any person the licensee knows, or has reason to know, is in violation of the provisions of this chapter or the regulations of the Board within 30 days after the date the licensee knows or has reason to know of the violation. (o) Making or filing a report which the licensee knows to be false, failing to file a record or report that is required by law or knowingly or willfully obstructing or

inducing another to obstruct the making or filing of such a record or report. Controlled Substances Drugs and other substances that are considered controlled substances under the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) are divided into five schedules. Substances are placed in their respective schedules based on whether they have a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States, their relative abuse potential, and likelihood of causing dependence when abused.

Schedule II - Controlled Substances Substances in this schedule have a high potential for abuse which may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence. Examples of Schedule II narcotics include: hydromorphone (Dilaudid), methadone (Dolophine), meperidine (Demerol), oxycodone (OxyContin, Percocet), and fentanyl (Sublimaze, Duragesic). Other Schedule II narcotics include: morphine, opium, codeine, and hydrocodone. Examples of Schedule IIN stimulants include: amphetamine (Dexedrine, Adderall), methamphetamine (Desoxyn), and methylphenidate (Ritalin) Other Schedule II substances include: amobarbital, glutethimide, and pentobarbital.

Schedule III - Controlled Substances Substances in this schedule have a potential for abuse less than substances in Schedules I or II and abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence. Examples of Schedule III narcotics include: products containing not more than 90 milligrams of codeine per dosage unit (Tylenol with Codeine), and buprenorphine (Suboxone). Examples of Schedule IIIN non-narcotics include: benzphetamine (Didrex), phendimetrazine, ketamine, and anabolic steroids such as Depo-Testosterone. Schedule IV - Controlled Substances

Substances in this schedule have a low potential for abuse relative to substances in Schedule III. Examples of Schedule IV substances include: alprazolam (Xanax), carisoprodol (Soma), clonazepam (Klonopin), clorazepate (Tranxene), diazepam (Valium), lorazepam (Ativan), midazolam (Versed), temazepam (Restoril), and triazolam (Halcion). AB 474 of 2017 effective Jan 1, 2018 Sec 57; NRS 639.23915 Before prescribing a CS (II, III, IV), a practitioner must consider the following factors, when applicable:

1. Whether there is reason to believe that the patient is not using the CS as prescribed or is diverting the CS for use by another person. 2. Whether the CS has had the expected effect on the symptoms of the patient. 3. Whether there is reason to believe that the patient is using other drugs, including alcohol, Schedule I CS or prescription drugs that: a. May interact negatively with the CS prescribed; or b. Have not been prescribed by a practitioner who is treating the patient. AB 474 of 2017 effective Jan 1, 2018 Sec 57; NRS 639.23915 Before prescribing a CS (II, III, IV), a practitioner

must consider the following factors, when applicable: 4. The number of attempts by the patient to obtain an early refill of the prescription. 5. The number of times the patient has claimed that the controlled substance has been lost or stolen. 6. Information from the PMP that is irregular or inconsistent or indicates that the patient is inappropriately using a CS. 7. Whether previous blood or urine tests have indicated inappropriate use of CS by the patient. AB 474 of 2017 effective Jan 1, 2018 Sec 57; NRS 639.23915 Before prescribing a CS (II, III, IV), a practitioner must

consider the following factors, when applicable: 8. The necessity of verifying that CS, other than those authorized under the treatment plan, are not present in the body of the patient. 9. Whether the patient has demonstrated aberrant behavior or intoxication. 10. Whether the patient has increased his or her dose of the CS without authorization by the practitioner. 11.Whether the patient has been reluctant to stop using the CS or has requested or demanded a CS that is likely to be abused or cause dependency or addiction. 12.Whether the patient has been reluctant to cooperate with any examination, analysis or test recommended by the practitioner. 13. Whether the patient has a history of substance abuse.

AB 474 of 2017 effective Jan 1, 2018 Sec 57; NRS 639.23915 Before prescribing a CS (II, III, IV), a practitioner must consider the following factors, when applicable: 14. Any major change in the health of the patient, including, pregnancy, or any diagnosis concerning the mental health of the patient that would affect the medical appropriateness of prescribing the CS for the patient. 15. Any other evidence that the patient is chronically using opioids, misusing, abusing, illegally using or addicted to any drug or failing to comply with the instructions of the practitioner concerning the use of the CS.

16. Any other factor that the practitioner determines is necessary to make an informed professional judgment concerning the medical appropriateness of the prescription. AB 474 Sec 60, NRS 639.23507 PMP Mandate Before prescribing Practitioner must obtain a PMP utilization report on the patient before issuing an initial prescription for a CS (II, III, IV) and at least every 90 days thereafter. The practitioner shall: a. Review the PMP report to access whether the prescription for the CS is medically necessary, and b. Determine whether the patient has been issued

another prescription for the same CS for ongoing treatment; if so, the practitioner shall not prescribe the CS. AB 474 of 2017 effective Jan 1, 2018 Sec. 7; NRS 453.162; NRS 639.2353 Each prescription for Controlled Substances (CS) II, III, and IV must include: i. DEA number of the prescriber ii. ICD 10 diagnosis iii. Fewest number of days to consume the quantity of CS

prescribed; number of refills, and iv. Each state in which the patient to whom the CS was prescribed has resided or filled a prescription for CS II, III, or IV. (see AB474 Sec. 7(e)(2); however, this is not required in Sec. 61 of AB474 which amends NRS 639.2353 of the BOP statutes; but, it is required in the prescription medication agreement nevertheless) Controlled Substance (CS) NOT for Pain 16 considerations before prescribing Check the PMP (and every 90 days thereafter)

Review the PMP report to access whether the prescription for the CS is medically necessary Determine whether the patient has been issued another prescription for the same CS for ongoing treatment; if so, the practitioner shall not prescribe the CS Prescription: ICD 10 Diagnosis code; DEA AB 474 of 2017 effective Jan 1, 2018 Sec 53; NRS 639.235(4), NRS 639.23911 Before issuing an initial prescription for CS (II, III, IV) for the treatment of pain, a practitioner must:

a. Have established a bone fide relationship with the patient (a bona fide relationship between the patient and the person prescribing the controlled substance shall be deemed to exist if the patient was examined in person, electronically, telephonically or by fiber optics, including, without limitation, through telehealth, within or outside this State or the United States by the person prescribing the controlled substances within the 6 months immediately preceding the date the prescription was issued) AB 474 of 2017 effective Jan 1, 2018 Sec 53, 54; NRS 639.23911, NRS 639.23912

Before issuing an initial prescription for CS (II, III, IV) for the treatment of pain, a practitioner must: b. Perform an evaluation and risk assessment which must include: 1. Obtaining and reviewing a medical history 2. Conducting a physical exam 3. Make a good faith effort to obtain and review the MRs from other providers who have provided care to the patient practitioner shall document efforts to obtain such MRs and the conclusions from reviewing these MRs mental health and risk of abuse,

dependency and addiction of the patient 4. Assess the using methods supported by peer-reviewed scientific research and validated by a nationally recognized organization AB 474 of 2017 physical exam is not limited dentists, optometrists, podiatrists Not within the scope of practice Mental health test used at Touro

Becks depression inventory Test for risk of abuse, dependency and addiction used at Touro POMI (Prescription Opioid Misuse Index) AB 474 of 2017 effective Jan 1, 2018 Sec 53; NRS 639.23911 Before issuing a prescription for a CS (II, III, IV) for the treatment of pain, a practitioner must: c. Establish a preliminary diagnosis of the patient and a treatment plan tailored toward treating the pain of the patient and the cause

of that pain; d. Document in the MR the reasons for prescribing the CS instead of an alternative treatment that does not require the use of a CS; and AB 474 of 2017 effective Jan 1, 2018 Sec 53, 54; NRS 639.239112, NRS 639.23912 e. Obtain informed consent to use a CS for the treatment of pain from: i. The patient, if the patient is 18 years of age or

older or legally emancipated and competent to give such consent; ii. The parent or guardian of a patient who is less than 18 years of age and not legally emancipated; or iii. The legal guardian of a patient of any age who has been adjudicated mentally incompetent. AB 474 of 2017 effective Jan 1, 2018 Sec 53, 54; NRS 639.23911, NRS 639.23912 The informed consent must include information concerning: 1. potential risks and benefits of treatment using the

CS including if a form of the CS that is designed to deter abuse is available the risks and benefits of using that form 2. proper use of the controlled substance 3. any alternative means of treating the symptoms of the patient and the cause of such symptoms 4. the important provisions of the treatment plan established for the patient AB 474 of 2017 effective Jan 1, 2018 Sec 53, 54; NRS 639.23011, NRS 639.23912 The informed consent must include:

5. the risks of dependency, addiction and overdose during treatment using the CS 6. methods to safely store and legally dispose of the CS 7. the manner in which the practitioner will address requests for refills of the prescription 8. if the patient is a woman between 15 and 45 the risks to a fetus of chronic exposure to CS during pregnancy the risks of fetal dependency on the CS and neonatal abstinence syndrome effective Jan 1, 2018

AB 474 of 2017 Sec 53, 54; NRS 639.23911, NRS 639.23912 The informed consent must include: 9. if the CS is an opioid the availability of an opioid antagonist without a prescription, and if the patient is an unemancipated minor the risks that the minor will abuse or misuse the CS or divert the CS for use by another person, and ways to detect such abuse, misuse or diversion

AB 474 of 2017 effective Jan 1, 2018 Sec 52(2); NRS 639.2391 Pain Treatment with a CS including an opioid For treatment of acute pain, shall not prescribe CS for more than 14 days and, if the CS is an opioid, and the patient has never been issued an opioid or it has been more than 19 days since initial prescription for an opioid, prescription may not exceed 90 MMEs per day.

AB 474 of 2017 effective Jan 1, 2018 Sec 53, 54; NNRS 639.23911, NRS 639.23912 If a practitioner prescribes a CS (II, III, IV) for the treatment of pain, the practitioner shall not issue more than one additional prescription that increases the dose of the CS unless the practitioner meets with the patient, in person or using telehealth, to reevaluate the treatment plan. Initial Prescription for CS

(II, III, IV) for Pain Same as not for pain, plus: If acute pain: CS for no more than 14 days; if prescribing an opioid, no more than 90 MMEs if opioid nave Bone fide relationship Evaluation and risk assessment i. Medical history ii. Physical exam iii. Document good faith effort to obtain and review prior

medical records, and document conclusions of review in patients MRs Initial Prescription for CS (II, III, IV) for Pain iv. Access mental health and risk of abuse, dependency, and addiction with qualifying tests Preliminary diagnosis and treatment plan to treat the patients pain and the cause of

the patients pain Document in the MR the reasons for prescribing the CS instead of an alternative treatment that does not require the use of a CS Initial Prescription for CS (II, III, IV) for Pain Obtain an informed consent to use a CS for the treatment of pain from the appropriate

authority (person, parent, legal representative) The informed consent must include the eight (8) required elements, plus, if an opiate, four (4) additional elements. No more than one increase in the CS unless re-evaluation of treatment plan in-person or telehealth AB 474 of 2017 effective Jan 1, 2018 Sec 56; NRS 639.23914 Pain Treatment using a CS for > 30 days If a practitioner intends to prescribe a controlled substance (II, III, IV) for more than 30 days for

the treatment of pain, the practitioner must, not later than 30 days after issuing the initial prescription, enter into a prescription medication agreement with the patient, which must be: Documented in the patients MRs; and updated at least once every 365 days while the patient is using the CS, or updated whenever a change is made to the treatment plan. AB 474 of 2017 effective Jan 1, 2018 Sec 56; NRS 639.23914 Pain Treatment using a CS for > 30 days A prescription medication agreement must include:

a. The goals of the treatment of the patient b. Consent of the patient to testing to monitor drug use when deemed medically necessary by the practitioner; c. A requirement that the patient take the CS only as prescribed; d. A prohibition on sharing medication with any other person; AB 474 of 2017 effective Jan 1, 2018 Sec 56 Pain Treatment using a CS > 30 days

A prescription medication agreement must include: e. A requirement that the patient inform the practitioner: i. Of any other CS prescribed to or taken by the patient; ii. Whether the patient drinks alcohol or uses marijuana or any other cannabinoid while using the CS iii. Whether the patient has been treated for side effects or complications relating to the use of the CS, including whether the patient has experienced an overdose; and iv. Each state in which the patient has previously resided or had a prescription for a CS filled; AB 474 of 2017

effective Jan 1, 2018 Sec 56 Pain Treatment using a CS > 30 days A prescription medication agreement must include: f. Authorization for the practitioner to conduct random counts of the amount of the CS in the possession of the patient; g. The reason the practitioner may change or discontinue treatment of the patient using the CS; and h. Any other requirements that the

Using a CS for the treatment of pain for >30 days Prescription Medication Agreement must contain all 10 elements (plus any additional desired by the practitioner) must be renewed every 365 days, and updated after any change in the treatment plan AB 474 of 2017 effective Jan 1, 2018 Sec 55; NRS 639.23913 Pain Treatment using a CS > 90 days

Before prescribing a CS (II, III, IV) to continue to treat pain for 90 days or more, a practitioner must: a. Require the patient to complete an assessment of the patients risk for abuse, dependency and addiction that has been validated through peerreviewed scientific research; b. Conduct an investigation, including appropriate hematological and radiological studies, to determine an evidence-based diagnosis for the cause of the pain; AB 474 of 2017 effective Jan 1, 2018 Sec 55;p NRS 639.23913

Pain Treatment using a CS > 90 days Before prescribing a CS (II, III, IV) to continue to treat pain for 90 days or more, a practitioner must: c. Meet with the patient, in person or using telehealth, to review the treatment plan to determine whether continuation of treatment using the CS is medically appropriate; and d. If the patient has been prescribed a dose of 90 MMEs or more of an opioid per day for 90 days or longer, consider referring the patient to a specialist

AB 474 of 2017 effective Jan 1, 2018 Sec 52, NRS 639.2391 Pain Treatment using a CS If practitioner prescribes more than 365 days of CS pain medication (II, III, IV) in 365 days, practitioner must document in MR the reasons, or for a larger quantity of CS (II, III, IV) than will be used in 90 days, the prescriber must document in the MR the reasons. AB 474 of 2017

effective Jan 1, 2018 Sec 55; NRS 639.23913 Pain Treatment using an opioid If the practitioner decides to continue to prescribe a dose of 90 MMEs or greater per day, the practitioner must develop and document in the patients MRs a revised treatment plan with must include an assessment of the increased risk for adverse outcomes. Using a CS (II, III, IV) for the treatment

of Pain 90 days complete another assessment for the patients risk of abuse, dependency, or addiction (COMM test) conduct an investigation to determine an evidenced-based diagnosis for the cause of the pain meet with patient, in-person or telehealth, to determine whether continuation with a CS for the treatment of pain is medically appropriate if patient is on a dose of 90 MMEs or greater, consider referring to a specialist if continuing 90 MMEs or >, document in MR the revised

treatment plan, including risk for adverse outcomes AB 474 of 2017 effective Jan 1, 2018 Sec 9; NRS 453.164 Board of Pharmacy (BOP) may access the PMP to identify any suspected fraudulent, illegal, unauthorized activity related to prescribing, dispensing, or use of a CS. Discovered information shall be reported to law enforcement or licensing board. Dispensing Licensees must present proof of authorization to access the PMP to be relicensed.

AB 474 of 2017 effective Jan 1, 2018 Sec. 15, NRS 630.323; Sec. 22, NRS 631.364; Sec. 28, NRS 632.352; Sec. 33, NRS 633.574; Sec. 40, NRS 635.152; Sec. 45; NRS 636.338 Failure to comply with requirements of NRS 453.163, 453.164, 639.23507, and sections 52 to 58 of AB 474, and any regulations adopted by the BOP, subjects the licensee to licensure discipline. Fraudulent, illegal, unauthorized or otherwise inappropriate prescribing, administering or dispensing of a CS subjects the licensee to

licensure discipline. AB 474 of 2017 effective Jan 1, 2018 Sec. 15, NRS 630.323; Sec. 22, NRS 631.364; Sec. 28, NRS 632.352; Sec. 33, NRS 633.574; Sec. 40, NRS 635.152; Sec. 45; NRS 636.338 If licensing Board Executive Director (ED) receives complaint from law enforcement, BOP, or any other source, that the licensee has: has issued a fraudulent, illegal, unauthorized or inappropriate CS prescription, or a pattern of such prescribing, or a patient (of the licensee) who has

acquired, used or possessed a CS (II thru IV) as above, then: AB 474 of 2017 all 6 Boards effective Jan 1, 2018 review and evaluation Sec. 15, NRS 630.323; Sec. 22, NRS 631.364; Sec. 28, NRS 632.352; Sec. 33, NRS 633.574; Sec. 40, NRS 635.152; Sec. 45; NRS 636.338 ED, or designee, must notify licensee as soon as practicable (may delay notification if criminal investigation ongoing)

ED, or designee, reviews PMP licensees information the licensee is required to attest that licensee has complied with NRS 639.23507 (reviewed patients PMP and CS is medically indicated; confirm if ongoing treating CS not written by another prescriber) AND has complied with AB AB 474 of 2017 all 6 Boards, effective Jan 1, 2018 Sec. 15, NRS 630.323; Sec. 22, NRS 631.364; Sec. 28, NRS 632.352; Sec. 33, NRS 633.574; Sec. 40, NRS 635.152; Sec. 45; NRS 636.338 After review and evaluation, if ED, or designee, determines that the licensee may

have issued a fraudulent, illegal, unauthorized or inappropriate prescription, the ED, or designee, may refer for criminal prosecution & the Board must proceed as if a written complaint had been filed against the licensee. After conducting an investigation and a hearing, if licensee is found guilty, the licensing AB 474 of 2017 all 6 Boards, effective Jan 1, 2018 Sec. 15, NRS 630.323; Sec. 22, NRS 631.364; Sec. 28, NRS 632.352; Sec. 33, NRS 633.574; Sec. 40, NRS 635.152; Sec. 45; NRS 636.338 If the Board determines from investigation that

the public health, safety, or welfare, of any patient is at risk of imminent or continued harm, the Board may summarily suspend licensees authority to prescribe CS (II, III, IV) pending a determination upon the conclusion of a hearing to consider a formal complaint against the licensee. AB 474 of 2017 all 6 Boards, effective Jan 1, 2018 Sec. 15, NRS 630.323; Sec. 22, NRS 631.364; Sec. 28, NRS 632.352; Sec. 33, NRS 633.574; Sec. 40, NRS 635.152; Sec. 45; NRS 636.338 Such summary suspension may be issued by the Board, President of

the Board, presiding officer of an investigative committee (IC) conducting the investigation or member of the Board who conducted the investigation. If IC chair or investigating member issues the summary suspension order, that person may not participate in any further proceedings related to the order. The licensing Board must hold a hearing and render a decision concerning [whether to file] the formal complaint within 60 days of the summary suspension order for the Medical Board, Nursing Board, Podiatric Board, and Optometric Board, or within 180 days for Osteopathic Medical Board and Dental Board. AB 474 of 2017 all 6 Boards,

effective Jan 1, 2018 Sec. 15, NRS 630.323; Sec. 22, NRS 631.364; Sec. 28, NRS 632.352; Sec. 33, NRS 633.574; Sec. 40, NRS 635.152; Sec. 45; NRS 636.338 The licensing Board shall adopt regulations providing for disciplinary action against a licensee for inappropriately prescribing a CS (II, III, IV) or violation of Section 52 to 58 of AB 474, and any regulations of the BOP, to include additional continuing education concerning prescribing CS II, III, IV.

AB 474 of 2017 effective Jan 1, 2018 Sec 58; NRS 630.23916 The BOP may adopt any regulations necessary or convenient to enforce the provisions of NRS 639.23507, and Sections 52 to 58 of AB 474. Such regulations may impose additional requirements concerning the prescription of CS II, III, IV for the treatment of pain. A practitioner who violates any provision of this act or any furthering regulations is: a. Not guilty of a misdemeanor; and [is] b. Subject to professional discipline. Controlled Substance (CS) NOT for Pain

16 considerations before prescribing Check the PMP (and every 90 days thereafter) Review the PMP report to access whether the prescription for the CS is medically necessary Determine whether the patient has been issued another prescription for the same CS for ongoing treatment; if so, the practitioner shall not prescribe the CS Prescription: ICD 10 Diagnosis code; DEA Initial Prescription for CS

(II, III, IV) for Pain Same as not for pain, plus: If acute pain: CS for no more than 14 days; if prescribing an opioid, no more than 90 MMEs if opioid nave Bone fide relationship Evaluation and risk assessment i. Medical history ii. Physical exam

iii. Document good faith effort to obtain and review prior medical records, and document conclusions of review in patients MRs Initial Prescription for CS (II, III, IV) for Pain iv. Access mental health and risk of abuse, dependency, and addiction with qualifying tests Preliminary diagnosis and treatment plan

to treat the patients pain and the cause of the patients pain Document in the MR the reasons for prescribing the CS instead of an alternative treatment that does not require the use of a CS Initial Prescription for CS (II, III, IV) for Pain Obtain an informed consent to use a CS for

the treatment of pain from the appropriate authority (person, parent, legal representative) The informed consent must include the eight (8) required elements, plus, if an opiate, four (4) additional elements. No more than one increase in the CS unless re-evaluation of treatment plan in-person or telehealth Using a CS for the treatment of pain for 30 days Prescription Medication Agreement must contain all 10 elements (plus any

additional desired by the practitioner) must be renewed every 365 days, and updated after any change in the treatment plan Using a CS (II, III, IV) for the treatment of Pain 90 days complete another assessment for the patients risk of abuse, dependency, or addiction (COMM test) conduct an investigation to determine an evidenced-based diagnosis for the cause of the pain

meet with patient, in-person or telehealth, to determine whether continuation with a CS for the treatment of pain is medically appropriate if patient is on a dose of 90 MMEs or greater, consider referring to a specialist if continuing 90 MMEs or >, document in MR the revised treatment plan, including risk for adverse outcomes Thank God He Stopped Talking!!! [email protected]

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