1960's - Alvin Independent School District

1960's - Alvin Independent School District

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- Youth - Youth In the 60s hippies drugs sex youth rebellion rock & roll PMD Youth Rebellion

The 1960s were the age of youth because of the post-war baby boom . After World War II, there was an unprecedented number of teenagers and young adults in the 1960s. Their parents were economically prosperous middle aged men and women with plenty of resources to satisfy their childrens wishes. However, a large movement of the 1960s was the conservative backlash, which was generated primarily by young adults against their parents generation. No longer content to portray the image that a generation ahead of them represented, the youth wanted change. Youth Rebellion

Ambitious and original, they were the new heroes and heroines who helped propagate a new market of pop music, clothing, house furnishings, make-up, and even state-of-the-art toys. They rebelled and attacked not only traditional entertainment and lifestyles, but also the values and traditions their parents had embraced: authority, good work ethic, religion, marital fidelity, patriotism and, whatever "the establishment" represented. The youth rebellion was the emerging of a new culture. (The Counter Culture) Elements of the Anti-conformity/rebellion Counterculture

Hippies & Flower Children Young people questioned American materialism, and cultural/political norms The concept of Free Love Experimentation with sex & drugs (marijuana and the newly introduced LSD) Psychedelic drugs expand the minds consciousness Hippies Hippie : a person of unconventional appearance, typically having long hair and wearing beads, associated with a subculture involving a rejection of conventional values and the taking of hallucinogenic drugs.

The movement originated on college campuses in the United States, although it spread to other countries, including Canada and Britain. The hippies primary tenet was that life was about being happy, not about what others thought you should be. Hippies Their if it feels good, do it attitudes included little forethought nor concern for the consequences of their actions. Rejected established institutions. Calling them The Establishment, Big Brother, and The Manalso rejected middle class values, opposed nuclear weapons and the Vietnam War.

Believed the dominant mainstream culture was corrupt and inherently flawed and sought to replace it with a Utopian society. Often vegetarian and believed in eco friendly environmental practices. Hippies Opposed political and social violence and promoted a gentle ideology that focused on peace, love, and personal freedom. Lived in communes or aggregated communities of other hippies. Some described the 1960s hippies movement as a religious movement. Created their own counter culture founded on psychedelic rock and the embracement of the sexual revolution.

The peace symbol became the hippie official logo and the VW bus their official means of group transportation. Often drove VW buses painted with colorful graphics so they could quickly pack up and travel to where the action was at any given time. Their gypsy like travel habits also meant many hitchhiked to get to and from major hippie events. Hippies Hippie dress, which they believed was part of the statement of who you were, included brightly colored, ragged clothes, tie-dyed tshirts, beads, sandals (or barefoot), and jewelry, all of which served to differentiate them from the straight or square mainstream segments of society. Their aversion to commercialism also influenced their style of dress.

Clothing was often purchased at flea markets or second hand shops. Hippie men wore their hair long and typically wore beards and mustaches while the women wore little or no makeup and often went braless (occasionally shirtless). Drugs Movement After World War II, the pharmaceutical industry exploded with research into new drugs. They produced drugs to prevent disease, to cure disease, to alleviate pain, to keep you alert, to help you to sleep, to lessen worry, to reduce hyperactivity in children, and to remove the symptoms of psychological disorders. Thanks to the industry's aggressive media campaigns, every

medicine cabinet filled up with drugs for every sort of ailment. The phrase "better living through chemistry" came from a DuPont advertisement. Drugs movement Drugs were portrayed as wonders of modern technology. Soon all diseases would be conquered by taking some drug. It was a time of unbridled optimism and the pharmaceutical propaganda worked very well. So in the early 60's, drugs were not seen as evil. Yes, heroin was that bad drug that junkies were addicted to. But all the rest were good. It's taken a decades long, anti-drug propaganda campaign to undo the pro-drug pharmaceutical company brainwash.

Even today, we eagerly express the politically correct line "drugs are bad," while drinking highly caffeinated energy drinks. Drugs Movement In the 1950's the Beats were fond of marijuana and wrote and sang about it, often in veiled terms. Illegal since the 30's, it was underground and occasionally someone famous would be busted with it. But the Beats, like most people, were far fonder of alcohol. Beats were aware that marijuana increased sensitivity and creativity. Artists, poets, writers, musicians, all felt inspired under its influence. It would usually surface at parties and along with alcohol (usually wine), helped lower inhibitions and get the party moving. It was in this group context where the uninitiated would usually encounter their first joint.

With the hippies, the group scene was just as important and influential. When you saw your friends all participating in an illegal act without negative consequence, and lots of positive ones, who could resist? Colorful fashions, several art movements and of course the incredible outpouring of musical talent in the 1960's was directly due to the impact of psychedelic drugs. Having such open minds, hippies were the ones who experimented with and experienced the insights these drugs provide, thus unleashing a barrage of new ideas upon society. LSD, first synthesized from ergot, a grain fungus, by Albert Hofmann in Drugs movement

1938. After Timothy Leary, a doctor in psychology who started the Harvard Psilocybin Project took the drug himself , he began promoting the personal use of LSD for personal enlightenment. Speaking at the San Francisco Human Be-In in 1967, he delivered the famous phrase Turn on, tune in, drop out. Drugs Movement As LSD use became more widespread the drug also became more hazardous. Many reports appeared of large numbers of LSD users hospitalized, some of them for considerable periods, following LSD trips. Patients and others who took LSD before 1962 received precisely measured doses. With the manufacture

of black-market LSD, no such precision was possible. The amount of LSD needed for one trip is so small as to be barely visible. A drop of liquid LSD was placed on a sugar cube. Some might contain too little LSD to produce a trip, or many times the recommended amount. As more amateurs began to produce the drug, contamination became a real problem. Even a slight error in the synthesizing process resulted in an end product containing not only the desired chemical but also other potentially hazardous chemicals. One major adverse effect of the LSD trip is the flashback - a sudden and unexpected reexperiencing of some portion of an earlier trip, weeks or even months afterward. As late as 1967, only 11 cases of flashbacks were reported in the medical literature. By 1969, it is estimated that one out of every 20 hippies who used LSD suffered flashbacks of some kind. - Art -

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T 32 CANS - Andy Warhol Daniel Spoerri Made many pieces called snare-pictures. Snare pictures are a type of assemblage or object art, such as remains of meals eaten by individuals, including the plates, silverware and glasses, all of which are fixed

to the table or board, then displayed on the wall. Daniel Spoerri - More of Andy Warhol - These 2 works of George Segal were made as if they were ordinary people, because thats exactly what he modeled his scenes from. These were both released in 1964. Minimalist artists such as Donald Judd (left) and Tony Smith (right) were interested in simple geometric shapes.

This art form allows the focus to be not only on the art itself, but the surroundings as well. Minimalism Continued Carl Andre - Space Donald Judd - Seriality Fluxus - (Latin meaning FLOW) consisted of books, boxes, manifestos, posters, photographs, films, and performance relics. Fluxus wasnt a movement. It was an idea. The style of art. A way of life. Eric Andersen, George Brecht, John Cale, John

Cavanaugh, Willem de Ridder, Albert Fine, Ken Friedman, Fred Lieberman, George Maciunas, Yoko Ono, Ben Patterson, James Riddle, Paul Sharits, Bob Sheff, Stanley Vanderbeek, Ben Vautier, Robert Watts Flux year box 2 was made by these 17 artists Finger box set number 26 - Ay-O - Music- 60s Music Movement And Influences In the early and late sixties, Rock and Roll, Blues and Pop Music were at their highest point of Popularity. Such acts

as, Jimi Hendrix, The Jackson 5, The Beatles, The Doors, Bobby Blue Bland, Etc. Also In The Sixties The British Invasion was quickly taking its Course. And despite being foreigners, Groups such as The Beatles quickly adapted to American Music Culture. Believe it or not, If it werent for Super Stars such as Jimi to balance the scale, all of America wouldve been under foreign control. BRITISH INVASION Starting with The Beatles. The Beatles were the spark of the British Invasion in the 1960s, the Four man

group from Liverpool had one of the largest impacts o American Culture. One was their hair style. The Beatles were the reason for the whole long hair, hippie style look in this time period. Another was their creative Innovations. Some of the early Pioneers of Rock Videos/Music Videos. And last, their Charity Concerts(Concert Of LP Generation Defining Albums

Jimi Hendrix and B.B. Kings The Kings Jam Included Hippy Like Content And Amazing Electric Guitar Techniques Which Moved Audiences. Bobby Blue Blands Two Steps From Blues and Heres The Man! Which leaned towards a more melo, soft, jazz like vibe leading into the mid and late sixties. Jackson 5s ABC Which reached out to a younger, energetic audience. David Ruffins My Whole World Ended and Feelin Good Touched Womens hearts and mens emotions with an old school RnB style and southern type instrumentation.

60s Music Influences On September 11th, 2001, JAY-Z released one of his best bodies of work ever, labeled,The Blueprint. The Blueprint, ever since it was released, has been considered one of the best Rap Albums in History. How Does This Pertain To The Sixties music Movement? Well, His young prodigy, friend and producer, Kanye West, created songs on the album sampled from various 60s artist. Such As The Takeover(The Doors-5 to 1)~Which Is Considered One Of The Best Diss Tracks Ever Created. Izzo(H.O.V.A)(Jackson5-I Want You Back) U Dont Know(Bobby Byrd-Im Not To Blame) Heart Of The City(Bobby Blue Bland-Aint No Love In The Heart Of The City)

Never Change(David Ruffin-Common Man) It was for tracks and samples such as these that makes The Blueprint one of Take A Listen https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Scsi7H2f3q g Bibliography Arts - http://www.artsconnected.org/collection/118487/art-in-the-1960s?print=true Youth/Drugs- www.Google.com Art- www.Google.com and www.Youtube.com Music- www.Google.com and www.Youtube.com

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